Abigail Adams

First Second Lady of the United States + Second First Lady of the United States

Abigail Adams was the wife of John Adams, who was the second President of the United States, and the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth. She was the first Second Lady of the United States, and the second First Lady of the United States. Adams is remembered for the many letters she wrote to her husband while he stayed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, during the Continental Congresses.… Read More

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1744 Birth Smith married Elizabeth Quincy in 1742, and together they had four children, including three daughters: one born in 1743, Abigail born in 1744 and another born in 1745. … Read More


1762 17 Years Old As third cousins, Abigail and John had known each other since they were children. In 1762, John accompanied his friend Richard Cranch to the Smith household. … Read More
1764 19 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1764 Smith presided over the marriage of John Adams and his daughter. … Read More


1773 28 Years Old Adams was responsible for family and farm when her husband was on his long trips. "Alas!", she wrote in December 1773, "How many snow banks divide thee and me." … Read More


1784 39 Years Old In 1784, she and her daughter Nabby joined her husband and her eldest son, John Quincy, at her husband's diplomatic post in Paris.


1785 40 Years Old After 1785, she filled the role of wife of the first U.S. minister to the Court of St James's (Britain).
1788 43 Years Old They returned in 1788 to a house known as the "Old House" in Quincy, which she set about vigorously enlarging and remodeling. … Read More


1800 55 Years Old 1 More Event
When John was elected President of the United States, Abigail continued a formal pattern of entertaining. With the removal of the capital to Washington in 1800, she became the first First Lady to reside at the White House, or President's House as it was then known. … Read More


1816 71 Years Old …  In a letter to her son near the end of her life, dated May 5, 1816, she wrote of her religious beliefs:
1818 73 Years Old 1 More Event
She also asked Louisa Adams in a letter dated January 3, 1818, "When will Mankind be convinced that true Religion is from the Heart, between Man and his creator, and not the imposition of Man or creeds and tests?" … Read More
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