Adolf Anderssen

Chess Master
Born Jul 6, 1818

Karl Ernst Adolf Anderssen was a German chess master. He is considered to have been the world's leading chess player in the 1850s and 1860s. He was "dethroned" temporarily in 1858 by Paul Morphy.

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Adolf Anderssen.


1818 Birth Anderssen was born in Breslau (now called Wrocław), in the Prussian Province of Silesia, in 1818. … Read More


1842 24 Years Old Anderssen first came to the attention of the chess world when he published Aufgabe für Schachspieler ("Task for chess players"), a collection of 60 chess problems, in 1842. … Read More
1846 28 Years Old Nevertheless, by 1846 he was able to put up a good fight against another Pleiades member, Tassilo von Heydebrand und der Lasa, who may have been the world's strongest player at the time. … Read More


1848 30 Years Old In 1848 Anderssen drew a match with the professional player Daniel Harrwitz.
On the basis of this match and his general chess reputation, he was invited to represent German chess at the first international chess tournament, to be held in London in 1851. … Read More


1858 40 Years Old Then in late 1858 he was beaten 8–3 by the American champion Paul Morphy in a famous match held in Paris, France (two wins, two draws, seven losses). … Read More
1859 41 Years Old However Morphy returned to the USA in 1859 and soon afterwards announced his retirement from serious chess. … Read More
1860 42 Years Old After the match with Morphy, Anderssen played two matches against Ignác Kolisch, one of the leading players of the time, who later became a wealthy banker and patron of chess. Anderssen drew their match in 1860 and narrowly won in 1861 (5/9; won four, drew two, lost three; Kolisch was ahead at the half-way stage).
1862 44 Years Old 1 More Event
Anderssen won the London 1862 chess tournament, the first international round-robin tournament (in which each participant plays a game against each of the others) with a score of twelve wins out of thirteen games. … Read More
1866 48 Years Old In 1866 Anderssen lost a close match with 30-year-old Wilhelm Steinitz (six wins, eight losses, and no draws; Steinitz won the last two games). Although Steinitz is now known for inventing the positional approach to chess and demonstrating its superiority, the 1866 match was played in the attack-at-all-costs style of the 1850s and 1860s. … Read More


1870 52 Years Old One of his first places was ahead of Steinitz, Gustav Neumann, Joseph Henry Blackburne, Louis Paulsen and several other very strong players at the Baden-Baden 1870 chess tournament. … Read More
1871 53 Years Old Anderssen usually beat Zukertort in matches but his dominance came to an end came 1871.
1877 59 Years Old The Leipzig 1877 tournament, in which Anderssen came second behind Louis Paulsen, was organized to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Anderssen's learning the chess moves. … Read More


1879 61 Years Old 1 More Event
The Deutsche Schachzeitung noted his death in 1879 with a nineteen-page obituary. … Read More
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