Akbar Bugti
Pakistani politician
Akbar Bugti
Akbar Khan Bugti was the Tumandar (head) of the Bugti tribe of Baloch and served as Minister of State for Interior and Governor of Balochistan Province in Pakistan. After a wave of armed struggle started in Balochistan in 2004, Bugti was widely perceived as the leader but went underground in 2005. On August 26, he was killed in his cave in Kohlu, about 150 miles east of Quetta, leading to widespread unrest in the area.
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Bagehot: The prophetic liberal
The Economist - over 3 years
THE bravest man Bagehot has ever met bid him farewell with this message. “What is better than seeing your enemies driven before you and then taking their women to bed?” Akbar Bugti, a tribal chief in the Pakistani province of Baluchistan, was in poor shape at the time. Holed up in a desert cave, he was down to his last few guns and camels, half crippled by thrombosis and pursued by helicopter gunships. Yet the octogenarian rebel confidently looked forward to better times.Your columnist detected a similar spirit of exuberant defiance in Nick Clegg, leader of the Liberal Democrats, at his party’s annual conference in Glasgow this week. His situation was also unpropitious. Forming a coalition government with the Conservative Party in 2010 has been disastrous for the Lib Dems. As the junior partner in an unpopular, cost-cutting government, Mr Clegg is widely considered cruel and weak. He has been spat at in the street. Dog excrement has been posted through his letterbox.Opinion polls su ...
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The Economist article
Having none of it?: ATC rejects Musharraf’s exemption petition
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 3 years
QUETTA:  A Special Anti-Terrorist Court (ATC), on Monday, rejected the petition filed by the nominated accused General (retd) Pervez Musharraf for exemption from appearing in person in Nawab Akbar Bugti’s assassination case. Issuing orders for the appearance of the accused, the court ordered concerned authorities to ensure arrest of the accused and act upon the orders of Balochistan High Court to arrest the accused who are living abroad. The counsel for General (r) Musharraf, Zeeshan Cheema and Jamil Akbar Bugti’s lawyer Sohail Rajput were also present at the hearing. The court inquired of the investigation team about the on-going investigation process. The investigation team argued that the accused former prime minister Shaukat Aziz, former governor Balochistan Owais Ahmed Ghani and the former DCO Dera Bugti Abdul Samad Lasi were all living abroad. Musharraf’s lawyer, Zeeshan Cheema, urged the court to allow his client immunity from appear ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Kayani to Baloch tribes: reap dividends of peace
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 3 years
QUETTA / ISLAMABAD: Army chief General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani paid a rare visit to the insurgency-hit Dera Bugti district in Balochistan on Friday where he dismissed allegations of the army conducting an operation in the province. It was in 2007 when General Kayani last visited Dera Bugti, the hometown of Nawab Akbar Bugti, who was killed in a military operation in 2006. The army chief’s trip came amid efforts by the new Baluchistan government to restore law and order in the province. Baloch nationalists have often accused the army of committing excesses in the province. However, General Kayani used his address at the Sui Military College on Defence Day to brush aside such charges. He categorically stated that not even a single soldier was involved in any operation in Balochistan. According to the Radio Pakistan, General Kayani said the Frontier Corps and the police were dealing with law and order situation. He highlighted the positive role th ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Sawa 14 August and delusions of the past
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 3 years
KARACHI:  Sawa 14 August is a reflection of Pakistan’s selective amnesia.  Written by famous playwright Anwar Maqsood and directed by Dawar Mehmood of KopyKats productions, the 90-minute one-act play gives a deluded and simplistic account of more than four decades of history. While the play is primarily about “the two people who contributed most to Pakistan’s destruction” — General Ziaul Haq and Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto — it manages to mention everything that appears on the checklist of Pakistan’s problems. Drones, negotiations with the Taliban, Pakistan Peoples Party’s governance (or lack of), assassination of Nawab Akbar Bugti, PIA , railways, Pervez Musharraf’s arrest, target killings and of course, the “minorities” — you name it, they have it. Given the growth of theatre in Pakistan in recent years in which we have seen some brilliant performances, the acting of Gohar Rasheed as Ziaul Haq, Wassam Waheed as Bhutto and Zahid Ahmed as Quaid-e-Aza ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Article 6 and Musharraf
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 3 years
LAHORE: Former military dictator General (retd) Pervez Musharraf would have done the military, this country and its elected government a favour, if he had listened to good advice not to come back to Pakistan. Unfortunately, he seemed to have been living in a fool’s paradise, for he thought that the people of Pakistan would welcome him back, not knowing that his illegitimate tenure was the worst of all military dictators. He chose to defy the Constitution and the writ of law by coming back and challenging the Constitution of Pakistan, a document by virtue of which, every institution of the state derives its moral and legal authority to wield power within the confines of the law. The irrational antics of this man have led to an insurgency in Balochistan, following the unjustified, brutal murder of an aged Baloch leader, Nawab Akbar Bugti, who all his life supported the federation. Today, Pakistan suffers from a total breakdown of law and order, econom ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Fact-finding: Jahangir calls for paradigm shift in Balochistan
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 3 years
QUETTA: Amidst rampant allegations of extrajudicial killings and unabated militant violence in Balochistan, famed rights campaigner Asma Jahangir has appealed to the security and intelligence agencies to work within the ambit of the Constitution. “The government will have to avoid a pro-security policy, and formulate pro-peoples policies,” Jahangir, the former president of the Supreme Court Bar Association, told a news conference in Quetta on Tuesday. It would be disastrous for democracy if the role of security agencies did not change in Balochistan, she added. Jahangir was flanked by columnist Kamran Shafi, Advocate Zahoor Ahmed Shahwani and Advocate Tahir Hussain. Referring to the rising attacks on settlers, Jahangir said the killing of hairdressers, doctors and teachers was not the solution to the problems in Balochistan. Retaliating to an atrocity with atrocity would have disastrous results, she added. “People have taken to the mountains ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Former Pakistani president Musharraf returns home amid death threats
Fox News - almost 4 years
Former Pakistani President Pervez Musharraf ended more than four years in self-exile Sunday with a flight to his homeland, seeking a possible political comeback in defiance of judicial probes and death threats from Taliban militants. The journey from exile in Dubai to the Pakistani port city of Karachi is intended as the first step in his goal of rebuilding his image after years on the political margins. Since the former general was forced from power, Pakistan's civilian leadership has struggled with a sinking economy, resilient Islamic extremist factions and tensions with Washington over drone strikes and the secret raid that killed Osama bin Laden. Musharraf represents a polarizing force that could further complicate Pakistan's attempt to hold parliamentary elections in May and stage its first transition from one civilian government to another. He is viewed as an enemy by many Islamic militants and others for his decision to side with America in the response to the Sept. 11, ...
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Fox News article
Ex-Pakistani strongman vows return ahead of vote
Fox News - almost 4 years
Former Pakistani president Pervez Musharraf said he doesn't fear arrest despite facing criminal charges as he vowed Saturday to return to his homeland and contest upcoming elections after more than four years in exile. But legal problems are only one challenge facing Musharraf as the Taliban warned they have an assassination team ready to kill the one-time military strongman if he sets foot in the country on Sunday as promised. Musharraf announced in early March that he would return to Pakistan to take part in upcoming elections, despite allegations he was part of a conspiracy to assassinate ex-premier Benazir Bhutto, militant threats to his safety and a waning popularity. The deposed general said he would lead his party in elections scheduled for May 11. "I am going back to save Pakistan," he told reporters Saturday during a press conference in Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates. Musharraf has earned a reputation as a strongman who cried wolf after failing to follow throug ...
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Fox News article
Balochistan unrest: Bugti threatens poll boycott, calls for military pullout
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 4 years
ISLAMABAD: The Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP) has warned of boycotting the next general elections if the “ongoing military operation” in the province is not called off. JWP chief Talal Bugti called on party leaders to garner support for his stance saying that free and fair elections are impossible “if intelligence agencies continue to interfere in the province.” During a press conference on Monday, Talal also alleged that foreign intelligence agencies had penetrated the Pakistan security establishment. Endorsing the stance of Balochistan National Party leader Akhtar Mengal, Talal said that the safe and speedy return of missing persons in the province was instrumental to peace. He also spoke about his efforts to urge self-exiled Baloch leaders to participate in the general elections. Wooing the PML-N Talal, the son of former Balochistan chief minister Nawab Akbar Bugti, criticised the current government’s failure to address the problems of the Ba ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Fulfilling my duty as a Pakistani by voicing concern about Balochistan: Sharif
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 4 years
LAHORE: Amid criticising voices from Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP), Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) leader Nawaz Sharif said on Tuesday that he was only “fulfilling his duty” as a citizen of Pakistan when he gave a statement regarding the security situation in Balochistan. Speaking at Asma Jehangir’s residence in Lahore where he had gone for condolence, Sharif said that the Balochistan issue is of a sensitive nature and that it needed attention as the matter had already been delayed a lot. Concurring with Sharif’s statement, Jehangir said that it was quite strange that PPP leaders were demanding that he take the responsibility although it was currently ruling the country. Sharif said, “I want to give this message to the government that I am not deliberately criticising its governance – I am doing this for national interest, not for any personal gains. The government could have easily done a lot in its tenure of over 4.5 years.” Countering ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
‘Seat adjustment’: ECP looks to double Balochistan’s NA seats
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 4 years
ISLAMABAD:  While accusations continue to fly from all sides on the Balochistan crisis, a strategic solution has been proposed to try to help settle the issue. In a sweeping proposal, the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) has suggested to political parties that increased electoral representation could help assuage the sense of deprivation from among the people of the province Despite covering over 40 per cent of the country’s land mass, Balochistan has only 14 representatives in the lower house under the existing formula in which National Assembly seats are determined on the basis of population. Punjab, the largest province in terms of population, has 148. Two measures have been proposed so far. The first one deals with allowing at least one constituency per district, while the other deals with relaxing the population criteria specifically for Balochistan. As a result of these measures, the commission intends to double Balochistan’s const ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
As govt shies away, PML-N backs Baloch chieftain
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 4 years
ISLAMABAD:  As the government and military authorities scrambled to dismiss allegations leveled by a former chief minister of Balochistan, major opposition parties have started endorsing the six-point agenda of the estranged Baloch leader, Sardar Akhtar Mengal. The Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) on Friday put its weight behind Mengal’s proposal, and called for immediate steps to remove the sense of deprivation amongst the people of Balochistan. Parallels with East Pakistan Mengal, the chief of Balochistan National Party, held a meeting with the PML-N chief, Nawaz Sharif, who endorsed the former’s charter saying, “it was because of inefficient policies that our own people were offended.” Nawaz was referring to the East Pakistan situation, with which Mengal drew a parallel, and said his charter was not different from that of Sheikh Mujeebur Rehman. “Why shouldn’t we part our ways peacefully,” Mengal said, adding that the Baloch people ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Balochistan unrest: JWP chief not expecting much from UN team
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 4 years
QUETTA:  The Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP) on Sunday took a swipe at the United Nations as a self-seeking organisation from whom not much could be expected on the issue of alleged rights abuses in Balochistan, its president Talal Bugti said. Though the UN Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances has been apprised of the human rights crisis in Balochistan, Talal warned against placing any faith in the international body as it often deploys peacekeepers in those areas where its interest lies. The delegation of the UN Working Group on Enforced and Involuntary Disappearances, headed by UN Special Rapporteur on Enforced Disappearances Olivier de Frouville, discussed the issue of missing persons with representatives of various nationalist parties and groups for the second consecutive day on Sunday. Separate delegations of the Balochistan National Party (BNP), Jamhoori Watan Party (JWP), Pakhtunkhwa Milli Awami Party, Hazara Qaumi Jirga ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Fires and shrinking exit doors
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 4 years
We should begin by offering our thoughts and condolences to the loved ones of those who passed away in the horrific fires in Lahore and Karachi. I do not possess any expertise on the subject of fire safety to make an elaborate comment. However, someone has failed to do their job and we should insist on not only that investigation reports be made public and heads roll, but also a larger debate of worker safety and industrial regulation be conducted. It is said that when a fire breaks out, there is sometimes not enough panic at the beginning and people suffocate when they could have saved themselves because they are too calm. In the alternative, as is likely to be the case in the recent fires, the exit door/s is inadequate. As the fires in Karachi and Lahore burnt, there was some expression of outrage on the arrival of the UN Mission on Enforced Disappearances in Balochistan. The lack of panic and the shrinking size of the exit door are useful, perhap ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Reign of hatred
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 4 years
Ten labourers were killed in the Dasht area of Mastung district, about 25 kilometres from Quetta, in a brutal incident, where the assailants lined up the workers along the road side where they were working and sprayed them with bullets. This cold-blooded incident indicates that violence is taking an increasingly bold style in the province, despite repeated statements from law-enforcement agencies and the government falsely reassuring the people that things are being brought under control. The manner of killing was also shocking, carried out methodically and in execution style with many witnesses around. The fear without which perpetrators of such crimes are running amok in the province, carrying out such gruesome attacks, is a serious affront to the authorities and those in charge, who have failed on numerous counts to provide security to the people of Balochistan. The fact that the murdered workers were all residents of Quetta has been emphasised b ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Balochistan conundrum: ‘Establishment wants a military solution’
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 4 years
QUETTA:  Jamil Bugti, the eldest surviving son of the slain Baloch chieftain Nawab Akbar Bugti, has said that the establishment does not want a peaceful solution to the Balochistan issue and it is still searching for a military solution. “The only solution is a referendum under the supervision of the United Nations,” he said, while speaking to the media after an event in memory of his father at his resident Bugti Bulak in Mian Gundi, Quetta. Jamil said there was no solution to the Baloch problem in the parliamentary system, which he termed as ‘a fraud’. He added that the Baloch people were fed up with the apologies of ‘Maharajas and Rajas’, and did not trust any leaders. “If the ruling party is unable to arrest the killers of their own leader Benazir Bhutto, how could the Baloch trust them?” Jamil questioned. He claimed that a military operation was still going on in Balochistan, including in Dera Bugti. “The truth will be revealed after me ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Uninterrupted death
The Express Tribune Blogs - over 4 years
Quetta has turned into a city of death. Targeted killings based on sectarian and ethnic factors take place without an end in sight. Entire communities live in fear and people hesitate to leave their homes. When they do, they can never be certain whether they will return safely or not. The three Shias who were shot down in the latest sectarian attack in a drive-by shooting, certainly did not make it back home. It is unclear who their killers were but it can be assumed that the men wielding guns had been sent out by one of the Sunni extremist forces which have set up base in Quetta over the last decade or so. Thousands of sectarian deaths have occurred in the province since the 1990s due to their actions, with Quetta’s small and traditionally peaceful Shia Hazara community most frequently being targeted in recent months. On August 27, sectarian killings alone did not bring death to the province. A day of mourning had been called by the Balochistan Rep ...
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The Express Tribune Blogs article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Akbar Bugti
    THIRTIES
  • 2006
    On Saturday 26 August 2006, a senior army officer leading the advance set off a mine at the cave entrance, which triggered secondary explosions in the cave, where Bugti was hiding, bringing down the entire structure.
    More Details Hide Details The collapse resulted in the death of Bugti, his grandson, 37 armed fighters and 21 soldiers of the Pakistan Army. Military sources originally said that Bugti died in a ground and air operation. Officials gave differing accounts of what happened afterwards and denied that security forces meant to kill him.
    On 26 August 2006, Bugti, along with some personnel of the Pakistan army, was killed when his hide-out cave, located in Kohlu, about 150 miles east of Quetta, collapsed after an explosion set off by a Pakistan Army commander, although the Chief of Army Staff at the time, General Pervez Musharraf, claimed that Akbar Bugti was backed into a corner by the Pakistani Army and decided to blow himself up, instead of facing court for the atrocities he committed against rival tribes.
    More Details Hide Details His death lead to widespread unrest in the area and a surge in the nationalist sentiment in Balochistan.
  • 2005
    In 2005, Bugti and Mir Balach Marri (another tribal leader) presented a 15-point agenda to the Pakistan government. Their stated demands included greater control of the province's resources and a moratorium on the construction of military bases. In the meantime, attacks against the Pakistan Army also increased in the area, including a 2005 attack on a helicopter, in which the head of Pakistan's Frontier Corps and his deputy were injured.
    More Details Hide Details On 24 August 2006, fighting broke out in Kohlu district, Balochistan, when a pair of army helicopters came under fire and one was hit but landed safely, according to a military spokesman. After another helicopter came under fire in the same area, the army moved in.
  • OTHER
  • 1927
    Nawab Akbar Khan Bugti was born on 12 July 1927 in Barkhan (in present-day Balochistan), the rural home of the Khetran, a Baloch tribe, to which his mother belonged.
    More Details Hide Details He was the son of the chief of his tribe, Nawab Mehrab Khan Bugti, and grandson of Sir Shahbaz Khan Bugti. He received his early education from Aitchison College. Being the son of the tribe's chief, he became the tumandar (chief) of his tribe after his father. Sylvia Matheson states in her book, The Tigers of Balochistan, that Bugti told her that he killed for the first time at the age of twelve. Upon her questioning further, he stated, Balochistan, the largest province of Pakistan, is abundant in natural resources but due to the lack of the will of federal government and corruption of local sardars the province includes one of the poorest areas in the country. This perceived injustice has led to the Baloch people calling for greater share in resources and more autonomy. Bugti was involved in these struggles, at times armed ones, in Balochistan in the 1950s, 1960s, and 1970s.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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