Alice of Champagne
Queen consort of Cyprus
Alice of Champagne
Alice of Champagne was a Queen consort of Cyprus by her marriage to Hugh I of Cyprus. She was the daughter of Queen Isabella I of Jerusalem and her third husband Henry II, Count of Champagne. Alice was a regent of Cyprus for her minor son in 1218, and a nominal regent of Jerusalem for her great nephew in 1244-47. She and her sister Philippa spent part of their life fighting for their father's homeland of Champagne, over another branch of their family.
Biography
Alice of Champagne's personal information overview.
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Photo Albums
Popular photos of Alice of Champagne
News
News abour Alice of Champagne from around the web
More ink on the page - Anchorage Press
Google News - over 5 years
This is an unbalancing experience, to have a chick who up until now has existed only in your imagination step onto the stage of Alice's Champagne Palace to read a poem about discovering she likes girls. But she's great, and so are the rest of the
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Martin Road Culvert Replacement Ongoing - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
Message boards and cones will mark the detour site for the duration of the road closure, according to the city. For inquiries about the project, please call the Project Manager, Nick Pezzello or Alice Champagne at 770-641-3707
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Conference support appreciated - Homer News
Google News - over 5 years
... E. Carroll and Beam Funds of ACF, Alaska Airlines, Alaska Coastal Marine, Alaska Humanities Forum, Alaska Professional Communicators, Alaska State Council on the Arts, Alaska Wild Berry Products, Alice's Champagne Palace, Anahata-Yoga and Ayurveda,
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Texas folk singer performs at Alice's Palace - Homer Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
Pier One Theatre is featuring singer/songwriter folk rock performer Johann Wagner from Austin Texas at Alice's Champagne Palace this weekend. Pier One Artistic Director Lance Petersen said that Austin is a great music town and they
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Hospitality Innovator: Keith Iverson - Hotel News Now
Google News - over 5 years
He met his wife-to-be in Alice's Champagne Palace. “I had not quit, and she hadn't quit. Then she quit and I finally hit my bottom and went to AA and quit and one year later we were married.” That transition year, Keith leased Sadie Cove and “somebody
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Humans flock to peep birds and, oh, so much more during shorebird fest Welcome ... - Homer News
Google News - almost 6 years
John Wenger does a birding tour at the mouth of the river from 5-6 pm There's lots more, like the Smokey Bay Music Festival 3-8 pm for families and 8 pm-midnight Saturday for adults at Alice's Champagne Palace, On Wings of Song at 8 pm tonight at the
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Alice of Champagne
    FIFTIES
  • 1246
    Age 50
    Alice retained the title of regent until her death in 1246.
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    When Alice died in 1246, her son, Henry of Cyprus, succeeded her as regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1243
    Age 47
    The High Court of Jerusalem proclaimed Alice and her husband regents for Conrad in 1243, but their power was only nominal.
    More Details Hide Details Raoul of Nesle left the kingdom, and Alice, before the end of the year.
  • 1240
    Age 44
    Alice (who was about forty six) married Ralph of Nesle, a younger son of Ralph, Count of Soissons, who was less than thirty at the time of the marriage in 1240.
    More Details Hide Details In 1242, the citizens of Tyre offered the barons opposed to Frederick's rule (Balian of Ibelin, Lord of Beirut, and Philip of Montfort, Lord of Toron) their assistance against Richard Filangieri, who ruled Tyre on Frederick's behalf. Marsilio Zorzi, the bailli of the Venetian community in the Holy Land offered naval support to the coalition. At the request of the members of the High Court, Philip of Novara, a noted jurist, stated that Frederick had forfeited his right to administer the Kingdom of Jerusalem when his son, Conrad, had reached the age of majority on 25 April 1243. Novara also argued that Alice and her husband were entitled to rule the kingdom as regent for the absent Conrad because she was his closest relative who lived in the Holy Land. The members of the High Court, the representatives of the clergy, the Military Orders and the Italian communities held a joint assembly where Alice and Ralph of Nesle were proclaimed regents on 5 June. She agreed that Balian of Ibelin and Philip of Montfort would keep all royal castles in the kingdom.
    In 1240, she married Raoul of Nesle who was about half of her age at the time.
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  • 1239
    Age 43
    Alice's young third husband, Ralph of Nesle, came to the Holy Land during the crusade of Theobald IV of Champagne in September 1239.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1233
    Age 37
    Alice's second husband, Bohemond, was the son of Bohemond IV and his first wife, Plaisance Embriaco. He only succeeded his father in Antioch and Tripoli in 1233, after his marriage with Alice was annulled.
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    Alice returned to the Holy Land in 1233.
    More Details Hide Details She allegedly renounced the County of Jaffa in favor of her son-in-law, Walter IV of Brienne, who married her daughter, Mary, in the same year, because Walter was styled Count of Jaffa from there on.
    She went to France to personally advance her claim for Champagne and Brie in 1233, but only one local nobleman, Renier II of Nogent, supported her.
    More Details Hide Details Theobald IV of Champagne later captured the fortress of Nogent and confiscated Renier's estates. At Theobald's request, Pope Gregory urged Alice to come to Rome, because the legitimacy of her parents' marriage was to be investigated. Alice refused to appear before the papal tribunal, but renounced her claim to Champagne and Brie for 40,000 livres tournois and estates yielding a yearly income of 2,000 livres in September 1234. In the agreement with Theobald, she also stated that she would not erect fortresses in her estates in Champagne.
  • 1232
    Age 36
    When Henry I of Cyprus reached the age of majority on 3 May 1232, Alice abdicated from her regency of Cyprus, which she had retained despite having left Cyprus.
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  • 1229
    Age 33
    In autumn 1229, Alice arrived in Acre, whereupon she laid claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem against the infant Conrad, son of her niece, Isabella II, and Frederick.
    More Details Hide Details She appeared before the High Court of Jerusalem declaring that Conrad had forfeited his right to the kingdom as he had failed to personally take possession of it within a year and a day of the death of his mother, as required by a local law regarding fiefs inherited by a non resident heir. The members of the High Court, who had recently pledged fealty to Conrad's father, rejected Alice's claim, emphasizing that Conrad was a minor. However, they sent their envoys to Frederick in Foggia, Italy, requesting that he send Conrad to the Holy Land within a year and a day. Frederick informed the envoys that he would do what he thought best in May 1230.
    Frederick made Aimery Barlais, Gavin of Chenichy, Aimaury of Beisan, Hugh of Jebail and William of Rivet baillis of Cyprus without Alice's consent before departing for Italy in May 1229.
    More Details Hide Details Peter I, Duke of Brittany declared that he wanted to marry Alice, but this was refused on 29 May by Pope Gregory because of consanguinity.
  • 1228
    Age 32
    Isabella was engaged to Henry, the youngest son of Bohemond IV, Prince of Antioch and Count of Tripoli, in 1228 or 1229, but their marriage took place only around 1233.
    More Details Hide Details Isabella was regent of the Kingdom of Jerusalem from 1263 to her death in 1264. Her son, Hugh, united Cyprus and Jerusalem in 1268. Alice's and Hugh I's only son, Henry, was born on 3 May 1217 and succeeded his father on 10 January 1218. His rule in Cyprus only commenced following the expulsion in 1233 of the four baillis appointed by the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick.
  • 1227
    Age 31
    Alice and her husband came to Limassol in summer 1227 to meet Frederick, but a disease prevented Frederick from departing Italy.
    More Details Hide Details Pope Gregory declared that Frederick did not fulfill his crusader oath and excommunicated him. Alice and Bohemond's marriage was subsequently annulled. When Philip of Ibelin died, the High Court appointed his brother, John of Ibelin, as bailli without consulting the emperor or Alice. Frederick departed for Cyprus, landing at Limassol on 21 July 1228. Upon arriving, he ordered John of Ibelin to account for the administration of the revenue of Cyprus during his and his brother's time, but John refused, stating that the revenue had been paid to Alice. Frederick dismissed Ibelin and forced Henry I of Cyprus to swear fealty to him. He also demanded an oath of fealty from the Cypriot noblemen, but they were only willing to submit to him as their king's overlord, declaring that they only owed fealty to Alice who served as regent to their king.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1225
    Age 29
    Alice attended the coronation of Isabella II in Tyre before the queen departed for Italy to meet Frederick in 1225.
    More Details Hide Details Frederick persuaded the dying Pope Honorius to delegate two new judges (the Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem and the Bishop of Acre) to investigate the marriage of Alice and Bohemond, accusing Eustorgius of partiality. Honorius' successor, Pope Gregory IX confirmed Honorius' decision.
  • 1224
    Age 28
    Around late 1224 or early 1225, Alice married Bohemond, eldest son of Bohemond IV, Prince of Antioch and Count of Tripoli.
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    After some debate with the bailli about the tithes payable to the Orthodox clergy, Alice left Cyprus and settled in either Tripoli or Jaffa in 1224.
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  • 1223
    Age 27
    The marriage of Frederick and Isabella II, Queen of Jerusalem, daughter and successor of Alice's half-sister, Mary, had been decided in 1223.
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    Rumours surrounding Alice's marriage to William II of Dampierre, Constable of Champagne, spread in France in 1223.
    More Details Hide Details In August that year, Pope Honorius forbade the marriage, at Theobald IV's behest, emphasizing that Alice and William were closely related. According to the Chronicle of the Holy Land, Alice "spent the revenues of the kingdom liberally", resulting in conflict with Philip of Ibelin.
  • 1219
    Age 23
    This led Alice to send envoys to Champagne, against which Blanche of Navarre protested at the Holy See on 23 June 1219.
    More Details Hide Details Negotiations with Pelagius about the status of the Church in the Kingdom of Cyprus concluded with an agreement in October 1220. One of Alice's demands was for Greek Orthodox priests to be exempt from taxation. She also persuaded the pope, who had ordered the abolition of the Orthodox hierarchy on the island, to permit the appointment of Orthodox suffragan bishops in the four Roman Catholic dioceses. In time, the agreement was revised, as the Cypriot noblemen opposed the payment of a tithe (as prescribed by the agreement). The Holy See had also demanded that the estates the nobles had seized from the Orthodox Church be restored to the Catholic clerics. However, this new agreement, reached in 1222, neither freed the noblemen from the tithe nor prescribed the restoration of Church property.
  • 1218
    Age 22
    Alice's brother-in-law, Erard of Ramerupt, renounced his wife's claim to Champagne in return for compensation, even promising to support Theobald IV against Alice in 1218.
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    After Hugh I died in Tripoli on 10 January 1218, Alice assumed the regency for their infant son, Henry I, and installed her uncle, Philip of Ibelin as bailli.
    More Details Hide Details The administration of the kingdom was, according to the contemporaneous lawyer, Philip of Novara, arranged by Hugh I on his deathbed, although Ernoul's chronicle suggests that Alice acted independently. Pope Honorius III instructed his legate, Cardinal Pelagius to protect Alice and her children against "certain men inspired with wicked fervour", suggesting that Alice faced some opposition at the beginning of her regency.
    After her husband's death in 1218, she assumed the regency for their infant son, Henry I of Cyprus.
    More Details Hide Details In time, she began seeking contacts within her father's counties in France to bolster her claim to Champagne and Brie against her cousin, Theobald IV of Champagne. However, the kings of France never acknowledged her claim. After a dispute with Philip of Ibelin, bailli of Cyprus in 1223, she left the island. She married Bohemond, heir to Prince of Antioch and Count of Tripoli, but their marriage was annulled because of kinship. She laid claim to the Kingdom of Jerusalem against the infant Conrad (the son of her niece, Isabella II of Jerusalem and the Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick II) who was absent from the kingdom in 1229, but the High Court of Jerusalem rejected her claim. When her son reached the age of majority in 1232, Alice abdicated her regency and departed for France to claim Champagne and Brie. She would subsequently renounce her claim and returned to the Holy Land.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1213
    Age 17
    Alice's sister, Philippa, married Erard of Ramerupt, who laid claim to Champagne and Brie on Philippa's behalf in 1213.
    More Details Hide Details Blanche of Navarre soon approached the Holy See to demand an investigation into the validity of the second and third marriage of Alice's and Philippa's mother, stating that her first marriage to Humphrey IV of Toron had not been canonically annulled. The inquiry conducted by Cardinal Robert of Courçon at the pope's order concluded that both Humphrey IV and Isabella I had protested against the annulment of their marriage, which suggested that Isabella I's two subsequent marriages were unlawful. However, the Holy See did not complete the investigation and thus the legitimacy of Alice (and her sister) was not questioned.
  • 1210
    Age 14
    Alice and Hugh I married in the first half of 1210, with Alice receiving the County of Jaffa as the agreed upon dowry.
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    In 1210, Alice married her step-brother, Hugh I of Cyprus for which she received the County of Jaffa as dowry.
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  • 1209
    Age 13
    To strengthen her son's position, Blanche also persuaded Philip II of France in 1209 to promise that he would not allow anyone to challenge Theobald IV's right to the two counties before Theobald reached the age of majority.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1205
    Age 9
    Aimery of Lusignan died on 1 April 1205 and a few months later, his widow (Alice's mother), Isabella I, also died.
    More Details Hide Details Isabella I's fourteen-year-old daughter from her second marriage to Conrad of Montferrat, Maria, ascended the throne with Isabella I's half-brother, John of Ibelin, acting as regent. As the new queen's eldest half-sister, Alice became heir presumptive. She was placed under the guardianship of her maternal grandmother, Maria Komnene, according to historian Bernard Hamilton. Maria Komnene conducted the negotiations for the marriage of Alice to Hugh I of Cyprus, Aimery of Lusignan's eldest surviving son and successor, in accordance with the agreement their fathers had reached. Since the marriage of Alice's mother and Hugh I's father made them step-sister and step-brother, a special dispensation was needed. This was granted by Pope Innocent III. Blanche of Navarre supplied Alice's dowry as she sought to ensure that Alice would stay in Cyprus rather than attempting to lay claim to Champagne and Brie.
  • 1198
    Age 2
    Before his departure for the Holy Land, Henry of Champagne had bequeathed the Counties of Champagne and Brie to his brother, Theobald, should he die without issue. Although Alice and her younger sister, Philippa, survived their father, Philip II of France invested their uncle, Theobald III, with Champagne and Brie in January 1198.
    More Details Hide Details Theobald III died on 24 May 1201, leaving Champagne and Brie to his posthumous son, Theobald IV, under the regency of his mother, Blanche of Navarre. However, Theobald IV's position was not secure as Alice and Philippa, both born while their father was count, could challenge a posthumous son's right to rule the counties.
  • OTHER
  • 1193
    Age -3
    Alice, born around 1193, was the eldest daughter of Isabella I of Jerusalem and her third husband, Henry II, Count of Champagne.
    More Details Hide Details Her father and Aimery of Lusignan, Lord of Cyprus, had agreed that Aimery's eldest surviving son was to marry Henry's eldest surviving daughter, stipulating that she would receive the County of Jaffa as dowry. Henry of Champagne died in Acre on 10 September 1197 when he fell from a tower in his palace. A month after his death, his widow (Alice's mother) married Aimery, who had recently been crowned king of Cyprus.
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