Alois Hitler
father of Adolf Hitler
Alois Hitler
Alois Hitler was an Austrian civil servant who was the father of Adolf Hitler.
Biography
Alois Hitler's personal information overview.
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Photo Albums
Popular photos of Alois Hitler
News
News abour Alois Hitler from around the web
Cine este Paula Hitler, cealaltă femeie din viaţa Fuhrer-ului - Romania Libera
Google News - over 5 years
După moartea părinţilor Alois Hitler şi Klara Pölzl, Paula şi Adolf au primit din partea guvernului austriac o pensie. Suma era foarte mică, de aceea Adolf a acceptat să îi cedeze partea lui de bani surorii sale mai mici care avea atunci doar 11 ani
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Google News article
Gallery: Any bidders? Hitler family portraits put up for auction - thejournal.ie
Google News - over 5 years
There is great mystery surrounding the ethnic background oF Alois Hitler, who many historians say was the illegitimate child of a Jewish man. Klara was said to have eyes like Medusa, as a direct result of this painting. Historically, the value of these
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Google News article
Braunau entzieht Hitler Ehrenbürgerwürde - BILD
Google News - over 5 years
Hitler wurde 1889 in Braunau geboren, als viertes von sechs Kindern des Zollbeamten Alois Hitler und dessen Frau Klara. 1892 zog die Familie nach Passau. Hitlers Status als Ehrenbürger von Braunau war bis zuletzt auch unter Experten umstritten
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Google News article
Patriotismo alimentario - La Razón
Google News - over 5 years
Dr Adolf Hitler isch d'r Suu vum öschtriichische Zollbeamte Alois Hitler gsii. Dä Vatter isch pedantisch un autoritär gsii. D Mueter, Klara geb. Pölzl, het dr Bue viilmol in Schutz gnumme. Anne 1900 isch er z Linz uf d Realschuel kumme, d Leischtige
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When Hitler lay low in Liverpool - Liverpool Daily Post
Google News - over 5 years
A new book by former Daily Post & ECHO editor Michael Unger, based on the memoirs of the tyrant's sister-in-law, Bridget, examines the story of the Hitlers of Liverpool IN JUNE, 1910, Bridget Dowling, a naïve Irish girl, married Alois Hitler Jnr in
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Adolf Hitler: the unwanted Liverpool house guest? - Liverpool Echo
Google News - over 5 years
A new book by former Daily Post & ECHO editor Michael Unger, based on the memoirs of the tyrant's sister-in-law, Bridget, examines the story of the Hitlers of Liverpool IN June 1910 Bridget Dowling, a naïve Irish girl, married Alois Hitler Jnr in
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Google News article
Essay: Ein anderes Land - WELT ONLINE
Google News - over 5 years
Noch besser: Was, wenn die katholische Kirche dem Vater Alois Hitler den Dispens für die Ehe mit dessen Nichte - möglicherweise sogar der Enkelin seines eigenen Vaters - verweigert hätte? Hitler widerlegt alle Geschichtstheorien, die dem Individuum
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Google News article
Biografii celebre: Adolf Hitler (I) - Video - Ziare.com
Google News - almost 6 years
Tatal sau, Alois Hitler, recunoscut pentru duritatea extrema, a murit cand Adolf avea 13 ani, intr-un han, in urma unui accident cerebral. Adolf isi incepe studiile la o scoala din Linz, fara a dovedi aptitudini. Abandoneaza liceul, la 16 ani
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Google News article
Adolf Hitler: Semblanza de un extraviado - El Intransigente
Google News - almost 6 years
Su padre, Alois Hitler, era un modesto y severo agente de aduanas. En su estudio How could a monster succeed in blinding a nation?, Miller comenta cómo el Führer le relató a su secretaria que en una ocasión fue capaz de contar los 32 golpes que le
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Google News article
Rodil se je Adolf Hitler - RTV Slovenija
Google News - almost 6 years
Oče Alois Hitler, rojen kot Alois Schicklgruber, je bil carinski uradnik, mati Klara Pölzl pa očetova nečakinja in tretja soproga. Alois Hitler je imel šest otrok, od katerih sta odrasla le Adolf in njegova najmlajša sestra Paula
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Hitler était-il Juif? (13:09) - Le Post (Blog)
Google News - almost 6 years
Alois Hitler, le père d'Adolf, est né le 7 juin 1837, de Maria Anna Schicklgruber, (Maria Anna est donc la grand mère d'Adolf) et de père inconnu.On a retrouvé l'original de l'acte de baptême de l'enfant (donc le père d'Hitler) dans la paroisse voisine
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Google News article
BOOKS OF THE TIMES; Putting Hitler on the Couch, and Finding Bees
NYTimes - about 10 years
The Castle in the Forest By Norman Mailer 477 pages. Random House. $27.95. The wise beekeeper does not wear dark clothing, lest it pick up light-colored pollen. Italian bees are gentler and more chic than the Austrian variety. The mating box, capping fork and spur-wheel embedder are essential tools for apiculture. And all power in the beehive rests
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NYTimes article
Three Quiet Brothers on Long Island, All of Them Related to Hitler
NYTimes - almost 11 years
The Long Island landscaper peeked out the door. It was another visitor arriving with a notebook, a press pass and the H-word on his lips, another journalist asking about his great-uncle Adolf. The visitor asked the landscaper about his father, who was born William Patrick Hitler, son of Alois Hitler Jr., who was Adolf Hitler's half-brother (they
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NYTimes article
NOTED WITH PLEASURE
NYTimes - over 32 years
Making Room for Mammals Some thoughts on the survival and disappearance of species from Stephen Jay Gould's ''Hen's Teeth and Horse's Toes: Further Reflections in Natural History'' (Norton), which is now available in paperback. If life moves ever upward and onward by ruthless battle and elimination of losers, extinction must be the ultimate sign of
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NYTimes article
NOTED WITH PLEASURE
NYTimes - over 32 years
Making Waves Richard Sennett's new novel, ''An Evening of Brahms'' (Knopf) contains some notable insights into musicianship, more particularly into the art of the cello. The finger of the left hand should press the string down just hard enough for the string to touch the fingerboard. All the other fingers should float, the thumb brushing the wood
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Alois Hitler
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1903
    Age 65
    On the morning of 3 January 1903, Hitler went to the Gasthaus Wiesinger (No.1 Michaelsbergstrasse, Leonding) as usual to drink his morning glass of wine.
    More Details Hide Details He was offered the newspaper and promptly collapsed. He was taken to an adjoining room and a doctor was summoned, but Alois Hitler died at the inn, probably from a pleural hemorrhage. Adolf Hitler, who was 13 when his father died, says in Mein Kampf that he died of a "stroke of apoplexy". In his book, The Young Hitler I Knew, Hitler's childhood friend August Kubizek recalled, "When the fourteen-year-old sic son saw his dead father he burst out into uncontrollable weeping." On 28 March 2012, the tombstone marking Alois Hitler's grave, and that of his wife Klara, in Town Cemetery in Leonding was removed by a descendant according to Kurt Pittertschatscher, the pastor of the parish. The descendant is said to be an elderly female relative of Alois Hitler's first wife, Anna, who has also given up any rights to the rented burial plot. The plot was covered in white gravel and a tree which has since been removed. The remains of Adolf Hitler's parents are still interred there.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1895
    Age 57
    He moved his family to the farm and retired on 25 June 1895 at the age of 58 after 40 years in the customs service.
    More Details Hide Details He found farming difficult; he lost money, and the value of the property declined.
  • 1893
    Age 55
    One month after Hitler accepted a better paying position in Linz, on 1 April 1893, his wife and the children moved to a second floor room on Kapuzinerstr. 31.
    More Details Hide Details Klara had just given birth to Edmund, so it was decided she and the children would stay in Passau for the time being. On 21 January 1896, Paula, Adolf's younger sister, was born. She was the last child of Alois Hitler and Klara Pölzl. Hitler was often home with his family. He had five children ranging in age from infancy to 14. Edmund (the youngest of the boys) died of measles on 2 February 1900. Hitler wanted his son Adolf to seek a career in the civil service. However, Adolf had become so alienated from his father that he was repulsed by whatever Hitler wanted. Adolf sneered at the thought of a lifetime spent enforcing petty rules. Hitler tried to browbeat his son into obedience while Adolf did his best to be the opposite of whatever his father wanted.
  • 1889
    Age 51
    On 20 April 1889, she gave birth to another son, future Nazi dictator Adolf.
    More Details Hide Details He was a sickly child, and his mother fretted over him. Alois was 51 when he was born. Hitler had little interest in child rearing and left it all to his wife. When not at work he was either in a tavern or busy with his hobby, keeping bees. In June 1892 Otto was born but died days later. Hitler was transferred from Braunau to Passau. He was 55, Klara 32, Alois Jr. 10, Angela 9 and Adolf was three years old. Beginning on 1 August, the family lived at Theresienstr. 23.
  • FORTIES
  • 1885
    Age 47
    Permission came, and on 7 January 1885 a wedding was held at Hitler's rented rooms on the top floor of the Pommer Inn. A meal was served for the few guests and witnesses. Hitler then went to work for the rest of the day. Even Klara found the wedding to be a short ceremony. On 17 May 1885, five months after the wedding, the new Frau Klara Hitler gave birth to her first child, Gustav. A year later, on 25 September 1886, she gave birth to a daughter, Ida.
    More Details Hide Details In 1887 diphtheria struck the Hitler household, resulting in the deaths of both Gustav and Ida. Klara had been Hitler's wife for three years, and both her children were dead, but Hitler still had the children from his relationship with Matzelsberger, Alois Jr., and Angela.
  • 1883
    Age 45
    He then legitimized his son as Alois Hitler, Jr. Alois' second child, Angela, was born on 28 July 1883.
    More Details Hide Details Hitler was secure in his profession and no longer an ambitious climber. Historian Alan Bullock described Alois as "hard, unsympathetic and short-tempered". Matzelsberger, still only 23, acquired a lung disorder and became too ill to function. She was moved to Ranshofen, a small village near Braunau. During the last months of Matzelsberger's life, Klara Pölzl returned to Alois' home to look after the invalid and the two children (Alois Jr and Angela). Matzelsberger died in Ranshofen on August 10, 1884 at the age of 23. After the death of his second wife, Pölzl remained in his home as housekeeper. Pölzl was soon to be pregnant by Hitler. Smith writes that if Hitler had been free to do as he wished, he would have married Pölzl immediately but because of the affidavit concerning his paternity, Hitler was now legally Pölzl's first cousin once removed, too close to marry. He submitted an appeal to the church for a humanitarian waiver.
  • 1882
    Age 44
    On 13 January 1882, Matzelsberger gave birth to Hitler's illegitimate son, also named Alois, but since they were not married, the child's last name was Matzelsberger, making him "Alois Matzelsberger".
    More Details Hide Details Hitler kept Matzelsberger as his wife while his lawful wife (Anna) grew sicker and died on 6 April 1883. The next month, on 22 May at a ceremony in Braunau with fellow custom officials as witnesses, Hitler, 45, married Matzelsberger, 21.
  • 1880
    Age 42
    Smith states that Alois had numerous affairs in the 1870s, resulting in his wife initiating legal action; on 7 November 1880 Alois and Anna separated by mutual agreement.
    More Details Hide Details The 19-year-old Matzelsberger became the 43-year-old Hitler's girlfriend.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1877
    Age 39
    The official change, registered at the government office in Mistelbach in 1877 transformed him into "Alois Hitler".
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1876
    Age 38
    In 1876, three years after Hitler married Anna, he had hired Klara Pölzl as a household servant.
    More Details Hide Details She was the 16-year-old granddaughter of Hitler's step-uncle (and possible father or biological uncle) Nepomuk. If Nepomuk was Hitler's father, Klara was Hitler's half-niece. If his father was Johann Georg, she was his first cousin once removed. Matzelsberger demanded that the "servant girl" Klara find another job, and Hitler sent Pölzl away.
    Historian Werner Maser claims that in 1876, Franz Schicklgruber, the administrator of Alois' mother's estate, transferred a large sum of money (230 gulden) to him.
    More Details Hide Details
    As a rising young junior customs official, he used his birth name of Schicklgruber, but in mid-1876, 39 years old and well established in his career, he asked permission to use his stepfather's family name.
    More Details Hide Details He appeared before the parish priest in Döllersheim and asserted that his father was Johann Georg Hiedler, who had married his mother and now wished to legitimize him. Three relatives appeared with him as witnesses, one of whom was Johann Nepomuk, Hiedler's brother. The priest agreed to amend the birth certificate, the civil authorities automatically processed the church's decision and Alois Schicklgruber had a new name.
    As Alois himself legitimised Johann Georg Hiedler as his father and the priest changed this on his birth certificate in 1876 this was considered certified proof for Hitler's ancestry, thus Hitler was considered a "pure" Aryan.
    More Details Hide Details Although Johann Georg Hiedler was considered the officially accepted paternal grandfather of Adolf Hitler by the Third Reich, the question of who his grandfather was has caused much speculation and has remained unknown. German historian Joachim Fest wrote that: After the war Hitler's former lawyer, Hans Frank, claimed that Hitler told him in 1930 that one of his relatives was trying to blackmail him by threatening to reveal his alleged Jewish ancestry. Hitler asked Frank to find out the facts. Frank says he determined that at the time Maria Schicklgruber gave birth to Alois she was working as a household cook in the town of Graz, her employers were a Jewish family named Frankenberger, and that her child might have been conceived out of wedlock with the family's 19-year-old son, Leopold Frankenberger. However, all Jews had been expelled from the province of Styria (which includes Graz) in the 15th century and were not allowed to return until the 1860s when Alois was around 30. Also, there is no evidence of a Frankenberger family living in Graz at that time. Scholars such as Ian Kershaw and Brigitte Hamann dismiss the Frankenberger hypothesis (which had only Frank's speculation to support it) as baseless. (Kershaw cites several stories circulating in the 1920s about Hitler's alleged Jewish ancestry including one about a "Baron Rothschild" in Vienna in whose household Maria Schicklgruber had worked for some time as a servant).
  • 1875
    Age 37
    He later became an inspector of customs posted at Braunau am Inn in 1875.
    More Details Hide Details He eventually rose to full inspector of customs and could go no higher because he lacked the necessary school degrees.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1864
    Age 26
    By 1864, after special training and examinations, he had advanced further and was serving in Linz, Austria.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1860
    Age 22
    Alois Schicklgruber made steady progress in the semi-military profession of customs official. The work involved frequent reassignments and he served in a variety of places across Austria. By 1860, after five years of service, he reached the rank of Finanzwach-Oberaufseher (Revenue guard superintendent).
    More Details Hide Details
  • TEENAGE
  • 1857
    Age 19
    Supposedly, Johann Georg Hiedler, who died in 1857, relented on his deathbed and left an inheritance to his illegitimate stepson (Alois) together with his name. Some Schicklgrubers remain in Waldviertel. In early 1869 Hitler had an affair with Thekla Penz (born September 24, 1844) of Leopoldstein, Arbesbach in the district of Zwettel, Lower Austria. This led to the birth of Theresia Penz on October 31, 1869.
    More Details Hide Details Thekla later married a man by the name of Horner, while Theresia married Johan Ramer and produced at least six children while living in the town of Schwertberg. Hitler was 36 years old when he married for the first time. Anna Glasl-Hörer was a wealthy, 50-year-old daughter of a customs official. She was sick when they married and was either an invalid or became one shortly afterwards. Not long after marrying his first wife, Anna, Alois Hitler began an affair with Franziska "Fanni" Matzelsberger, one of the young female servants employed at the Pommer Inn, house number 219, in the city of Braunau am Inn, where he was renting the top floor as a lodging.
  • 1855
    Age 17
    In response to a recruitment drive by the Austrian government offering employment in the civil service to people from rural areas, Alois joined the frontier guards (customs service) of the Austrian Finance Ministry in 1855 at the age of 18.
    More Details Hide Details Historians have discussed three candidates as Alois' biological father: Johann Georg Hiedler, his brother Johann Nepomuk Hiedler (or Hüttler), and Leopold Frankenberger (whose existence has never been documented). Johann Georg Hiedler was during his lifetime the stepfather and posthumously legally declared birth father of Alois. According to historian Frank McDonough, the most plausible theory is that Johann Georg Hiedler was the real father of Alois. An explanation for Alois being sent to live on his uncle's farm as a child is that Hiedler and Maria were simply too poor to raise him, or could not raise him as well as his uncle, or perhaps Maria's health was in decline (she died when he was 10). Werner Maser suggests that Alois' father was Johann Nepomuk, Georg's brother and Hitler's step-uncle, who raised Alois through adolescence and later willed him a considerable portion of his life savings, but never admitted publicly to be his real father. According to Maser, Nepomuk was a married farmer who had an affair and then arranged to have his single brother Hiedler marry Alois' mother Maria to provide a cover for Nepomuk's desire to assist and care for Alois without upsetting his wife. This assumes Hiedler was willing to marry Maria in this situation, and Adolf Hitler biographer Joachim Fest thinks this is too contrived and unlikely to be true.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1837
    Born
    Born on June 7, 1837.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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