Anders Hugoland
Anders Hugoland
Anders Mowatt of Hugoland, also known as Andrew, was an admiral of the Danish Navy in service of Christian IV of Denmark.
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    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1611
    Age 76
    Died in 1611.
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  • 1610
    Age 75
    Andrew Mowatt died in 1610 or 1611.
    More Details Hide Details His wife, Else Mowat, is thought to have died between 1625 and 1631; sources are contradictory.
    Andrew Mowat thereafter served as an admiral in Christian Iv's service in the North Sea until his death around 1610, returning to his native Shetland on numerous occasions.
    More Details Hide Details Many of Andrew's and Else's sons and grandchildren becoming senior naval officers. Andrew became an important landowner in Norway, while still holding his lands in Shetland. He was also a ship-owner, owning several ships he had captained, and a trader of imports in Norway, Scotland and England. 1. Axel Mowat, Admiral in the King's Navy 2. Christoffer Mowat, Vice-Admiral in the Kings Navy (died without issue) 3. Karen Mowat 4. a daughter not named in any sources, possibly named Kirstine. There are documents extant today which provide clues about Andrew Mowat's life. One such is the Mortgage or deed of pawn papers signed on 20 June 1597, by both Anders and Else Mowat as the landowners. The granters of the deed are Andrew Mouat of Hugoland (" Houckeland ") in Shetland, and his spouse Else Trondsdatter, who is declared to be owner of the lands in her own right. She is designed as " of Erisfiordt " or Erisfirth in Norway, and it is signed at Gieresvig in that country on 20 June 1597. Mortgage, or Deed of Pawn, of Land in Shetland, 1597
  • FIFTIES
  • 1590
    Age 55
    Andrew Mawat was again targeted in upon his return to Shetland in 1590 in a second raid where he once more lost money and goods.
    More Details Hide Details Mowat again wrote directly to the queen. The queen answered by saying thsat Captain Beare was dead and without the name of the pirate in the second raid there was nothing she could do. However, Andrew Mowat had a great deal of social credit in two other European Courts. Andrew was a joint subject of James VI of Scotland and Christian IV of Denmark-Norway. James writ to his new brother-in-law Christian about the Mowat case proposing that the goods of Englishmen in Denmark be laid under embargo until the restitution was forthcoming. Christian himself wrote a letter on behalf of Andrew and sent it to Elizabeth. Furthermore Mowat himself was serving in the Danish Navy so could quite easily enforce this decision. A letter written by the Christian IV of Denmark on behalf on Andrew Mowat to Elizabeth I of England regarding pirate attacks on Andrew's ships and his home in Ollaberry.
  • 1586
    Age 51
    On 12 August 1586, Andrew Mowat's home in Shetland was robbed in cash and goods by Captain of the pirates William Beare and the crew of the "Black Lyon".
    More Details Hide Details Other Shetlanders and ships were being robbed and plunered along the Scotland and Shetland coastline. Andrew as well as others wrote letter directly to Queen Elizabeth advising her of this.
  • FORTIES
  • 1580
    Age 45
    Andrew's first wife Ursula died sometime between 1580 and 1586; in 1586 he applied to King James VI of Scotland for permission to travel to Bergen, Norway to marry.
    More Details Hide Details In June 1587, Andrew received permission to move to Bergen and find a suitable wife. It's possible that James VI hoped to place one of his own middle-ranked gentlemen into foreign society, that he might prove useful to the House of Stuart at a later date. This tactic bore fruit in the establishment of the Jacobean Stuart diplomatic corps in Scandinavia. Once in Bergen, Andrew married the twice widowed Else Rustung, daughter of the Admiral of the Danish-Norwegian Navy Kristopher Trondsson Rustung, a.k.a. Kristoffer Throndsen. Else had been married previously to Jon Haard of Gjersvik and Axel Fredriksen, and was a landowner herself, holding lands in Sunnhordland.
  • 1577
    Age 42
    This document, dated 1577, only names three of Andrew and Ursula's known five sons.
    More Details Hide Details The implication is that Malcolm and Patrick were either minors at the time the document was drawn up or they were born after the document was drawn up. 1. John Mowat of Ollaberry, later of Hugoland (born circa. 1564) 2. Gilbert Mowat of Garth, Minister of Delting (born circa. 1565) 3. Patrick Mowat (born circa 1567) 4. Malcolm Mowat (born after 1577) 5. James Mowat of Ure & Burrafirth (born after 1577) 6. Barbara Mowat (married Edward Sinclair of Scalloway) 7. Catherine Mowat, married John Neven of Scousburgh, and was probably mother to his son Ninian. She died after 1610.
    One of the privileges granted to Andrew Mowatt in 1577 was a right to build a house and fortress on Papa.
    More Details Hide Details Mowatt descendants at some time did build a residence there called 'Northhouse,' with the Mowat coat of arms visible on the gateway entrance. However, Andrew and Ursula Mowatt did not take residence there themselves, living instead in Ollaberry, Northmaven. Andrew Mowatt later acquired lands in Hardanger, Gjersvik and Hovland, communities in Norway. In the Register of the Great Seal, on 27 March 1577, there is a confirmation by King James VI of a charter granted by Anders Mowatt in favour of John his eldest son, who stood to inherit 207- 3/8 merks land in Delting, 34½½ in Aithsting, 3 in Walls, 8 in Tingwall, 35 in Yell, and 18 in Unst. If he did not inherit, failing then to Malcolm, second son of the granter, whom failing Patrick, third son, reserving always his own life rent and a life rent on half of the said lands to Ursula Tulloch, his spouse. The charter of confirmation also permits Andrew and John to construct a fortress of stone to defend against possible invaders.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1572
    Age 37
    A document has been reported to exist, allegedly written during the year 1572, stating that the "Lord of Hugoland" was the second son of an unknown Mowatt of Swinie (Swinzie) from Caithness, but unfortunately, the first name of his father is not visible.
    More Details Hide Details However, an assertion exists on the social network aggregator website, Spokeo, that Mowat is a "descendant of the Mowats of Mont Hout, as described by his families ancestral Coat of Arms at Northhouse." The Spokeo web page proposes two women as possible aunts-Agnes Mowat, who married Bartholomew Strang of Voisgarth, and Barbara Mowat, the wife of Thomas Leask of Auchmad).
  • 1566
    Age 31
    The evidence for this come from letters written by Mary, Queen of Scots herself, to one Jens Split as the chief proprietor and the Norwegian authorities on behalf of Andrew and Ursula in September 1566.
    More Details Hide Details These papers refer to Andrew and Ursula's rights of possession. Queen Mary's letter had the desired effect, as it confirmed Andrew and Ursula's right to the lands of Papa and Papaquids. The confirmations were granted at different times between 1570 and 1576 by all the different proprietors. These arrangements were then confirmed in the Scottish courts. The Mowatts were also given the Great Seal of the Realm insuring their firm legal right to the lands of Papa and Papaquids.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1558
    Age 23
    Andrew was appointed "tutor" to Ursula's brother, John Tulloch, in 1558, which indicates John was too young to take on the lease.
    More Details Hide Details After the death of Fru Inger of Austrat, her son-in-law Robert Cheyne came to an agreement with the Norwegian proprietor over the "Papa Property." He ejected Andrew and Ursula from the island and overturned their right to assume control of the income produced by Papa and Papaquids.
    On William's death, prior to 1558, his daughter Ursula was his heiress; there seems to be an agreement that the lease would pass to her and her husband Andrew Mowat of Hugoland.
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    The first mention of Andrew Mowat in any known sources is from 1558.
    More Details Hide Details He was married to Ursula Tulloch, the daughter of William Tulloch of Skea in Northmavine and thus became an important figure in local affairs. Mowat was an estate owner in Shetland, and mentioned as the lord of Hugoland. Since no Mowats are found in earlier Shetland sources, Mowat probably came from the mainland of Scotland in the early 1550s, and was one of the first Mowats to settle in Shetland. In addition to his landed estates on Shetland, which he transferred to his three eldest sons in 1577, Andrew Mowat was also a businessman, owning a number of merchant ships and doing trade with Norway and England. An "Andrew Mowat" is mentioned in a precept of sasine contained in a charter granted by Francis Bothwell, treasurer of Orkney, and Vicar of Unst, in favour of Barthol Strang of Voesgarth, on 12 November 1572.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1535
    Age 0
    Born in 1535.
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