Andrés Obrador
Mexican politician
Andrés Obrador
Andrés Manuel López Obrador, also known as AMLO or El Peje, is a Mexican politician who held the position of Head of Government of the Federal District from 2000 to 2005, before resigning in July 2005 to contend the 2006 presidential election, representing the Coalition for the Good of All, a coalition led by the Party of the Democratic Revolution (PRD) that includes the Convergence party and the Labor Party.
Andrés Manuel López Obrador's personal information overview.
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Mexico's Lopez Obrador blasts Trump's immigration policies at LA rally - 7 days
LOS ANGELES (Reuters) - Mexico's home-grown populist and presidential hopeful Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador rallied supporters in Los Angeles on Sunday, criticizing U.S. President Donald Trump's anti-immigration rhetoric and plans for a wall along the border.
Article Link: article
Mexican Presidential Candidate Wins Support With Trump Stance
Wall Street Journal - 7 days
As President Donald Trump upends bilateral relations with Mexico, its leftist presidential hopeful Andrés Manuel López Obrador is gaining momentum on the back of a nationalist backlash against the U.S.
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Wall Street Journal article
Mexico's own populist politician softens tone in bid for presidency - 9 days
MEXICO CITY, (Reuters) - Mexico's home-grown populist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has tapped into wide discontent with the ruling party and resentment toward Donald Trump to make a bid for the center ground, raising his chances of winning the presidency next year.
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Mexico's Powerlessness Against Trump
Huffington Post - 24 days
The most hostile US administration to Mexican interests in a century has just taken office, and the administration of Enrique Peña Nieto has no contingency plan to deal with the fallout. Trump harbors a grudge against Mexico, for no better reason than that Mexico is a convenient scapegoat for many frustrated members of the working class, angry mainly over the loss of manufacturing jobs and the fear of unfettered illegal immigration. Mexico is ethnically and culturally considerably distinct from the US, which has further triggered a sense that national identity is under assault among those opposed to multiculturalism. Mexico is also astonishingly weak in terms of hard power. With virtually zero capability for deterrence, diplomacy is the country's only defense against Trump's aggression. Trump harbors a grudge against Mexico, for no better reason than that Mexico is a convenient scapegoat for many frustrated members of the working class. With this in mind, Mexican policy towa ...
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Huffington Post article
López Obrador omitió activos en su declaración
Wall Street Journal - 5 months
Andrés Manuel López Obrador, uno de los principales aspirantes a la presidencia de México en 2018, que se presenta como una figura honesta en lucha contra una mafia política corrupta, no incluyó dos departamentos de su propiedad en la declaración de bienes que presentó en agosto.
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Wall Street Journal article
Lopez Obrador Hospitalized In Mexico City Due To Heart Complications
Huffington Post - about 3 years
MEXICO CITY (AP) — Two-time Mexican presidential challenger Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has been hospitalized following a heart problem that required surgery. His spokesman Cesar Yanez tells The Associated Press that Lopez Obrador is in good health after being admitted to a Mexico City hospital on Tuesday. Lopez Obrador has refused to accept official results that he narrowly lost the past two presidential elections. In 2006, he paralyzed Mexico City streets with hundreds of thousands of supporters, challenging a ruling that he lost by less than a percentage point to Felipe Calderon. Lately, Lopez Obrador has led protests against a measure proposed by President Enrique Pena Nieto to open the state-controlled oil industry to private investment.
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Huffington Post article
Mexico's Lopez Obrador, fiery leftist, suffers heart attack
LATimes - about 3 years
MEXICO CITY -- Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, Mexico’s fiery leftist leader, suffered a heart attack early Tuesday and was hospitalized in stable condition, doctors said.
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LATimes article
Mexico leftist Lopez Obrador in hospital with heart trouble but fine
Yahoo News - about 3 years
Mexican leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, who was runner-up to President Enrique Pena Nieto in last year's presidential election, is fine after being admitted to hospital with a heart condition, his spokesman said on Tuesday. Lopez Obrador has been spearheading protests against Pena Nieto's push to open up the state-controlled oil sector, a central plank of the president's wider economic reform drive. Cesar Yanez, a spokesman for Lopez Obrador, said the 60-year-old former mayor of Mexico City had experienced pressure on his heart and was being attended by doctors. A fiery orator and leader of the Mexican left, Lopez Obrador's closest brush with the presidency came in 2006, when he was narrowly defeated by conservative Felipe Calderon, and spent much of the next six years saying he had been robbed of victory.
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Yahoo News article
Mexico Proposes Nationwide Unemployment Insurance And Pensions, Among Other Social Programs
Huffington Post - over 3 years
MEXICO CITY — President Enrique Pena Nieto proposed sweeping changes to Mexico's social programs Sunday, laying out a plan for the country's first nationwide pensions and unemployment insurance to be financed by cutting tax loopholes for big business. Pena Nieto's proposal had originally been billed as solely an overhaul of the tax system, and it would cut most of the industry-specific tax loopholes written into Mexico's tax codes over decades. But in his announcement, Pena Nieto went much further. He proposed the country's first carbon tax on fossil fuels used by industry, a levy often touted as a way to combat climate change. He also called for a tax on soft drinks, which he said is needed to combat Mexico's high rate of obesity. "The tax reform is a social policy reform," Pena Nieto said in a speech at the presidential residence announcing the plan. He said he would allow slight deficit spending in 2014 in effort to spur the flagging economy, institute rules to lure the 60 percent ...
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Huffington Post article
Mexico Education Reform Passed By Senate, Looks To Remake Public School System
Huffington Post - over 3 years
MEXICO CITY — Mexico's Senate overwhelmingly passed a sweeping reform of the notoriously dysfunctional public school system early Wednesday, handing President Enrique Pena Nieto an important victory in his push to remake some of his country's worst-run institutions. The Senate voted 102-22 in favor of a standardized system of test-based hiring and promotion that would give the government the tools to break teachers unions' near-total control of school staffing. That control includes the corrupt sale and inheritance of teaching jobs, and it has been widely blamed for much of the poor performance of Mexican schools, which have higher relative costs and worse results than any other in the 34-nation Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development. "The inheritance and sale of jobs has ended," Education Secretary Emilio Chuayffet said on Twitter. "Merit is the ideal means of access to, and progress in, a teaching career." The late-night vote clears a path for Pena Nieto to move forw ...
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Huffington Post article
Mexico leftist vows to block reforms, warns oil firms
Yahoo News - over 3 years
By Simon Gardner CATEMACO, Mexico (Reuters) - Fiery Mexican leftist Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has vowed to stop the government's energy and tax reforms and hopes to lead even bigger protests than when he brought central Mexico City to a standstill after narrowly losing the 2006 presidential election. A colorful renegade and a former Mexico City mayor, Lopez Obrador accuses President Enrique Pena Nieto of trying to sell off Mexico's assets by seeking to lure foreign capital into the state-controlled energy sector. ...
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Yahoo News article
Mexico breaks up armed gang's plot to kill 2 congressmen
Fox News - almost 4 years
Mexican prosecutors said Thursday they have broken up a plot by an armed gang to assassinate two federal legislators in Mexico City. The plan, had it succeeded, would have marked a rare attack on federal officials, who have largely escaped the drug-fueled violence that has claimed the lives of many state and local officials. The intended victims are brothers, one a senator and one a congressman, from the north-central state of Zacatecas. Both Sen. David Monreal Avila and Congressman Ricardo Monreal Avila were warned and placed under protection once the plot was uncovered, based on intelligence information. The armed gang was arrested Thursday at a hotel in downtown Mexico City, Assistant Attorney General Mariana Benitez told reporters. She did not specify how many were detained, what weapons they were carrying or whether they had any ties to drug gangs. "Early today the raid was successfully carried out without violence, and apart from the individuals arrested ... guns and ...
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Fox News article
Mexico's arrested union leader started humble
Fox News - almost 4 years
Elba Esther Gordillo began her career as a school teacher and became one of Mexico's most flamboyant and powerful political operators, displaying her opulence openly with designer clothes and bags. For years, the 68-year-old union leader beat back attacks from dissidents, political foes and journalists who have seen her as a symbol of Mexico's corrupt, old-style politics. Rivals long accused her of corruption, misuse of union funds and even a murder. But prosecutors had never brought a charge against her until Tuesday, when she was arrested and accused of embezzling $160 million in union funds to pay for everything from a house in San Diego and plastic surgery procedures to her Neiman Marcus bill. Gordillo was detained as she landed at the Toluca airport near Mexico City on a private plane from San Diego and whisked away by authorities. Born in the impoverished southern state of Chiapas, Gordillo was just 15-years-old when she joined the Nat ...
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Fox News article
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Andrés Manuel López Obrador
  • 2012
    Age 58
    Obrador told a rally in Mexico City's main plaza Zocalo on 9 September 2012 that he would withdraw from the Democratic Revolution Party "on the best of terms," as well as the Labor Party and Citizens' Movement.
    More Details Hide Details He added that he was working on founding a new party from the Movement for National Regeneration. Unless otherwise noted, in Spanish and published in Mexico.
    He announced his resignation from the party on 9 September 2012.
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    He is the leader of the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA) and was a candidate for 2012 presidential election, representing a coalition of the PRD, Labor Party and Citizens' Movement (formerly Convergence).
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    López Obrador summed up his security policy as "Abrazos, no balazos." (Hugs, not bullets). At the start of his campaign, he said that he would remove Army personnel from the streets, but then said on May 2012 that he would use the military until Mexico has a "trained, skilled and moralized police force."
    More Details Hide Details The election was won by Enrique Peña Nieto of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, with 38.2%, to 31.6% for Obrador. Obrador did not accept the preliminary results, as a majority of votes had yet to be counted. Subsequently, he claimed vote buying and other irregularities, and demanded a full recount by the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE). The Mexican elections were bought with 30 gift cards to local grocery stores by the P.R.I. The IFE found some irregularities, but confirmed the results on 6 July. Obrador rejected this announcement, and on 12 July filed a complaint for invalidation of the election. He alleged vote-buying, spending in excess of election regulations, illegal fund raising, and vote fraud. But on 30 August, the Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary rejected Obrador's complaint.
    In 2012, Obrador was again the candidate of the PRD for President.
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  • 2011
    Age 57
    In November 2011, López Obrador announced some of his economic proposals:
    More Details Hide Details López Obrador announced a tentative cabinet. Among them were: López Obrador had been a firm critic of Felipe Calderón's military approach, and promised a further application of the law, proposing to take care of the victims of the Mexican Drug War and an emphasis on the protection of human rights in the country. He proposed a single police command that would gradually assume the activities of the Mexican Navy and the Mexican Army, as well as a single intelligence agency to tackle the financial networks of the Mexican criminal organizations. The new police force would promote "civic and moral values." He said that he was committed to increase the salaries and benefits given to law enforcement officials throughout Mexico. His security strategy was composed of ten proposals, but all of them had a major theme: organized crime cannot be tackled if the government is responsible for the "erosion of human rights."
  • 2006
    Age 52
    Media figures commented that, while López Obrador had used phrases such as "fraud", "illegitimacy", "corruption", etc. in the 2006 Mexican elections, the same phrases were now used to describe the PRD's election, and many feared that, no matter what the outcome, there would be a "legitimate" and a "spurious" President inside the Party.
    More Details Hide Details According to exit polls conducted by Mitofsky and IMO, Encinas won by 5% and 8% points, respectively. The Mexican Congress was also taken by legislators of the Broad Progressive Front (FAP), the PRD, Labor and Convergence parties, on April 10, 2008 because of their disagreement with the Mexican Government regarding energy policy discussions, claiming they violated the Constitution. López Obrador's followers took both Houses of the Congress and had them chained so nobody could enter, thus avoiding the approval of secondary laws which modified the legal framework of the Mexican national oil company, Pemex. Chairs and tables were used as barricades. López Obrador requested a 4-month long debate on energy policies and not a 50-day debate presented by the PAN, PRI, Green Party and New Alliance.
    On November 20, 2006, Mexican Revolution day, López Obrador's sympathizers proclaimed him "Legitimate President" in a rally at the Zócalo in Mexico City, though no formal poll was taken.
    More Details Hide Details The action was planned in another rally, the "National Democratic Convention", in which supporters gave him the title. At the Convention, López Obrador called for the establishment of a parallel government and shadow cabinet. He also advocated the abolition or reform of several institutions, alleging they are spoiled and corrupt, and asked for changes to the constitution to ensure the institutions work "for the people", and provide welfare and assistance to the elderly and other vulnerable groups. After his supporters proclaimed him as "Legitimate President of Mexico", López created a "Cabinet of Denunciation" to counter all moves done by President Felipe Calderón. It is expected that this "alternative cabinet" be used as a pressure mechanism to the initiatives of the government. In his speech at the proclamation ceremony, López Obrador promised to "procure the happiness of the people", and announced 20 "actions of government":
    On July 8, 2006, López Obrador called for nationwide protests to ask for a recount of all votes, stating that "the government would be responsible for any flare-up of anger after officials rejected his demand for a manual recount of Sunday's extremely close vote."
    More Details Hide Details López's 50 commitments can be found here. López Obrador announced his victory to his supporters on the night of the election day stating that according to exit polls he had won by 500,000 votes. He did not cite any polls at the time, later he referenced Covarrubias and IMO. Several days later, the Federal Electoral Institute published its final tally, which had him down by a margin of .58%, or approximately 243,000 votes. López Obrador then initiated legal challenges, claiming election irregularities in 54% of polling stations, and demanded publicly the votes to be recounted "vote by vote" in all polling stations. The case was discussed by the Federal Electoral Tribunal (TEPJF) and finally dismissed. While the case was discussed in the Electoral Tribunal, the IFE has called for the candidates to refrain from proclaiming themselves as winner, president-elect, or president until the final resolution was taken. Both candidates disobeyed this call. In an interview by U.S. Spanish-language TV network Univisión, López referred to himself as "President of Mexico".
    On July 6, 2006, Felipe Calderón was recognized as the winner of the presidential election by a narrow margin of 243,934 votes, though the claim is disputed by López Obrador, who claims there were widespread irregularities in the vote and wants every single vote recounted (A generalized recount is only legal in extreme circumstances according to Mexican Electoral Tribunal Jurisprudence S3ELJ14-2004).
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    On July 6, 2006 the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) announced the final vote count in the 2006 presidential election, resulting in a narrow margin of .56 percentage points of victory for his opponent, Felipe Calderón. López Obrador appealed against the results and mobilized large protests against the election. However, on September 5, 2006, the Federal Electoral Tribunal (TEPJF) ruled that the election was fair and that Felipe Calderón was winner and would become President of Mexico.
    More Details Hide Details In contesting the election, López Obrador and his coalition made several primary arguments: (a) that President Fox, the CCE and other organizations had illegally interfered in the presidential campaign, which was strictly prohibited by Mexican electoral law, thereby providing grounds to annul the election; that (b) that the votes were fraudulently tallied on July 2 and afterwards; and that (c) there was widespread and significant evidence of electoral irregularities, ranging from stuffed ballot boxes and inconsistent tally reports, to improper and illegal handling of the ballot trail and voter intimidation. Some media believed that López Obrador and his party failed to present sufficient proof of the supposed fraud. Other media believed that López Obrador did present sufficient evidence, and that the Court's decision was flawed or corrupt. The Court did find that President Fox, and the CCE, a business interest group, had interfered in the elections in the form of campaigning for a given candidate, which is against campaign laws. However, the TEPJF determined that it was not possible to accurately evaluate the influence this interference had on the election results, but estimated the impact of Fox's interference as insignificant to the results of the election. The Tribunal stated that, similarly, it could not gauge the impact of CCE's interference.
    Until March 2006 he was considered the presidential front runner by the majority of polls; however, polls in late April showed decline in López Obrador's numbers.
    More Details Hide Details López Obrador was criticized by some left-wing politicians and analysts for including in his close staff many former members of the PRI who actively fought against his party in the 1980s and 1990s, most notably Arturo Núñez (one of the authors of a contingency fund created to resolve liquidity problems of the banking system), Manuel Camacho Solís and Marcelo Ebrard. The guerrilla leader of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), Subcomandante Marcos, openly declared López Obrador to be a false left-wing candidate, arguing that he is a centrist candidate. The "moral leader" and founder of the PRD, Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, did not participate in any campaign events, but stated that he would still vote for his party, the PRD. López Obrador's proposals, including his 50 commitments, produced mixed opinions from analysts. The Washington Post ran a news article indicating that López Obrador used U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt as inspiration for his 50 commitments.
  • 2005
    Age 51
    In September 2005, López Obrador was nominated as presidential pre-candidate for the PRD for the 2006 general election after the "moral leader" of the party, Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, declined to participate in the internal elections when polls showed López Obrador had 90% party support.
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    After congress voted in favor of removing López Obrador from immunity, López Obrador asked for leave from his post for a few days. President Vicente Fox, wanting to avoid a political cataclysm, and knowing that the decision made by the congress was against the will of millions of people, appeared on national TV in April 2005, indicating that the issue would not be pursued any longer.
    More Details Hide Details The whole deal ended up closed on a technicality, and López Obrador, though without immunity, was not prosecuted (and thus remained eligible to compete in the presidential election). A few weeks later, Attorney General Rafael Macedo de la Concha resigned.
  • 2004
    Age 50
    The process was kept slow, until in 2004 the Attorney General's Office asked Congress to strip López Obrador of his immunity under charges of a misdemeanor (ignoring a court order). Under federal law, any person with criminal charges during the electoral process would not be eligible to contest in a presidential election. Because of the general slowness of the judicial system, it was very likely that a process started in 2004 would continue until the presidential campaigns of 2006, and so the process of bringing López Obrador to court would have ended his ambitions of running for the presidency in 2006.
    More Details Hide Details López Obrador used the moment to advance his popularity, and even put himself in a position where he was about to set foot in jail, only to be bailed out by political opponents who claimed López Obrador should follow the same judicial process as anyone else. One of the largest public marches ever seen was organized in support of López against the desafuero. Most analysts agree that the desafuero process was politically motivated by the high approval ratings shown by López Obrador. However, analysts also agree that Lopez challenged the court to picture himself as a victim of the nomenclature an advance politically. Likewise, some newspaper editorial boards throughout the world charged that the desafuero was politically motivated (including The New York Times and the Washington Post) and that it should be stopped, and that excluding Obrador from the upcoming elections would delegitimize the eventual winner. Still, some analysts believed that López should have faced the force of the law, and thus becoming the only public official in Mexican history to be prosecuted (after a long tradition of impunity in government).
  • 2000
    Age 46
    On July 2, 2000 he was elected Head of Government of the Federal District — a position akin to that of a city mayor, but that oversees the Federal District — after having won with 38.3% of votes.
    More Details Hide Details His candidacy was contested by political opponents who claimed he was not a resident of Mexico City, but they negotiated not to make an issue of it. During his time as Head of Government, López Obrador became one of the most recognizable politicians in Mexico. López Obrador left the Federal District government with an 84% approval rating according to Consulta Mitofsky, a leading pollster; according to an article by Reforma newspaper, López kept 80% of the promises he made as a candidate. As mayor, López Obrador implemented various social programs that included extending financial assistance to help vulnerable groups in Mexico City, including single mothers, senior citizens and the physically and mentally challenged. He also founded the first new university in Mexico City in three decades, the Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México UACM. López Obrador hired former New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani to craft a zero-tolerance policy that would help reduce the escalating crime in Mexico City.
  • 1996
    Age 42
    López Obrador was president of the PRD from August 2, 1996 to April 10, 1999.
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    López Obrador gained national exposure as an advocate for the rights of indigenous people when in 1996 he appeared on national TV drenched in blood following confrontations with police force for blocking Pemex oil wells to defend the rights of local indigenous people impacted by pollution.
    More Details Hide Details López Obrador publicly denied being a Protestant, and in a television interview he called himself a Roman Catholic.
  • 1994
    Age 40
    In 1994, López Obrador ran for the governorship of his home state, but lost to the PRI's Roberto Madrazo in a highly controversial election where Roberto Madrazo was questioned for his excessive expenses in political propaganda.
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  • 1988
    Age 34
    López Obrador was president of the PRI in his home state. He resigned his post working for the government of this state in 1988 to join the new dissenting left wing of the PRI, then called the Democratic Current, led by Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas.
    More Details Hide Details This movement formed the National Democratic Front and later became the PRD.
  • 1984
    Age 30
    In 1984, he relocated to Mexico City to work at the Instituto Nacional del Consumidor (National Consumers' Institute), a Government agency.
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  • 1976
    Age 22
    He joined the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in 1976 to support Carlos Pellicer's campaign for a senate seat for Tabasco.
    More Details Hide Details A year later, he headed the Instituto Indigenista (Indigenous People's Institute) of his state.
  • 1953
    Andrés Manuel López Obrador was born in Macuspana, in the southern state of Tabasco, in 1953.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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