Angela Merkel


Angela Dorothea Merkel is the Chancellor of Germany and Chairwoman of the Christian Democratic Union (CDU). Merkel is the first female Chancellor of Germany. A physical chemist by professional background, Merkel entered politics in the wake of the Revolutions of 1989 and briefly served as the deputy spokesperson for Lothar de Maizière's democratically elected East German government prior to the Reunification of Germany.… Read More

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1954 Birth Merkel was born Angela Dorothea Kasner in 1954, in Hamburg, Germany, the daughter of Horst Kasner (1926–2011), a native of Berlin, and his wife Herlind, born in 1928 in Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) as Herlind Jentzsch, a teacher of English and Latin. … Read More


1973 18 Years Old …  Merkel was educated in Templin and at the University of Leipzig, where she studied physics from 1973 to 1978. … Read More


1977 22 Years Old In 1977, Angela Kasner married physics student Ulrich Merkel and took his surname. The marriage ended in divorce in 1982. Her second and current husband is quantum chemist and professor Joachim Sauer, who has largely remained out of the media spotlight. They first met in 1981, became a couple later and married privately on 30 December 1998. … Read More
1978 23 Years Old Merkel worked and studied at the Central Institute for Physical chemistry of the Academy of Sciences in Berlin-Adlershof from 1978 to 1990. … Read More


1989 34 Years Old In 1989, Merkel got involved in the growing democracy movement after the fall of the Berlin Wall, joining the new party Democratic Awakening. … Read More
1990 35 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Following German reunification in 1990, Merkel was elected to the Bundestag for Stralsund-Nordvorpommern-Rügen in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, a seat she has held ever since. … Read More
1994 39 Years Old In 1994, she was promoted to becoming Minister for the Environment and Nuclear Safety, which gave her greater political visibility and a platform from which to build her political career. … Read More


1995 40 Years Old Merkel has a fear of dogs after being attacked by one in 1995. … Read More
1998 43 Years Old 1 More Event
After Kohl was defeated in 1998, Merkel was elected Secretary-General of the CDU before becoming the party's first woman leader two years later in the aftermath of a donations scandal that toppled Wolfgang Schäuble. … Read More
1999 - 2000 2 More Events
2002 47 Years Old 1 More Event
Following Merkel's election as CDU Leader, she enjoyed considerable popularity among the German population and polls indicated that many Germans would like to see her become Chancellor Gerhard Schröder's main challenger in the 2002 election. … Read More
2003 48 Years Old Merkel advocated a strong transatlantic partnership and German-American friendship. In the spring of 2003, defying strong public opposition, Merkel came out in favour of the U.S. invasion of Iraq, describing it as "unavoidable" and accusing Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of anti-Americanism. … Read More


On 30 May 2005, Merkel won the CDU/CSU nomination as challenger to Chancellor Gerhard Schröder of the SPD in the 2005 national elections. … Read More
2006 51 Years Old 1 More Event
In 2006 Merkel expressed concern about overreliance on Russian energy, but she received little support from others in Berlin. … Read More
2007 52 Years Old 1 More Event
In 2007, Merkel was President of the European Council and chaired the G8, the second woman to do so. … Read More
2008 53 Years Old On 4 October 2008, a Saturday, following the Irish Government's decision to guarantee all deposits in private savings accounts, a move she strongly criticised, Merkel said there were no plans for the German Government to do the same. … Read More
2009 54 Years Old 1 More Event
Her party was re-elected in 2009 with an increased number of seats, and could form a governing coalition with the FDP. … Read More
2011 56 Years Old 1 More Event
The relationship with India on the basis of cooperation and partnership was further strengthened with Merkel's visit to India in 2011. … Read More
2012 57 Years Old 1 More Event
Merkel has been described as the de facto leader of the European Union. Merkel appeared on the Forbes Magazine's List of The World's Most Powerful People as the world's second most powerful person, selected by Forbes magazine in 2012 and 2015.
In July 2013, Merkel defended the surveillance practices of the NSA, and described the United States as "our truest ally throughout the decades".


In recognition of the importance of China to the German economy, by 2014 Merkel had led seven trade delegations to China since assuming office in 2005. … Read More
Her statement "Islam is part of Germany" during a state visit of the Turkish prime minister Ahmet Davutoğlu in January 2015 induced criticism within her party. … Read More
2016 62 Years Old In May 2016, Merkel was named the most powerful woman in the world for a record tenth time by Forbes.
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