Anthony Eden

Politician & Conservative Prime Minister
Born Jun 12, 1897

Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, KG, MC, PC was a British Conservative politician, who was Prime Minister from 1955 to 1957. He was also Foreign Secretary for three periods between 1935 and 1955, including during World War II. He is best known for his outspoken opposition to appeasement in the 1930s, his diplomatic leadership in the 1940s and 1950s, and the failure of his Middle East policy in 1956 that ended his premiership.… Read More

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1897 Birth Born on June 12, 1897.
1907 10 Years Old Eden was educated at two independent schools. The first was Sandroyd School in Cobham from 1907 to 1910, where he swam poorly but excelled in languages.


1911 14 Years Old He then started at Eton College in January 1911. … Read More
…  Eden had an elder brother called John, who was killed in action in 1914 and a younger brother, Nicholas, who was killed when the battlecruiser HMS Indefatigable blew up and sank at the Battle of Jutland in 1916.
1915 18 Years Old 1 More Event
Eden’s father had died on 20 February 1915.
His battalion transferred to France on 4 May 1916 as part of 41st Division.


Eden's MC was gazetted in the 1917 Birthday Honours list.
In March 1918, during the German Spring Offensive, he was stationed near La Fere on the Oise, opposite Adolf Hitler, as he learned at a conference in 1935.
1919 - 1921 3 More Events
He graduated from Oxford in June 1922 with a Double First.
He continued to serve as an officer in the Territorial Army until May 1923.
1924 27 Years Old On 1 April 1924 he spoke urging Anglo-Turkish friendship and ratification of the Treaty of Lausanne, which had been signed in July 1923. … Read More
In January 1925 Eden, disappointed not to have been offered a position, went on a tour of the Middle East, meeting Emir Feisal of Iraq. … Read More
On 23 March 1926 he spoke urging the League of Nations to admit Germany, which would happen the following year.


1928 31 Years Old In November 1928, with Austen Chamberlain away on a voyage to recover his health, Eden had to speak for the government in a debate on a recent Anglo-French naval agreement, replying to Ramsay MacDonald (then Leader of the Opposition).
According to Austen Chamberlain, he would have been promoted to his first ministerial job, Under-Secretary at the Foreign Office, if the Conservatives had won the 1929 election.
1931 - 1933 2 More Events
1935 38 Years Old 1 More Event
He entered the Cabinet for the first time in June 1935 when Stanley Baldwin formed his third administration. … Read More
1936 39 Years Old Eden did not protest when Britain and France failed to oppose Hitler's reoccupation of the Rhineland in 1936. … Read More


1938 - 1942 7 More Events
1943 46 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1943 with the revelation of the Katyn Massacre Eden refused to help the Polish Government in Exile.
1944 47 Years Old In 1944 Eden went to Moscow to negotiate with the Soviet Union at the Tolstoy Conference. … Read More
Eden's eldest son, Pilot Officer Simon Gascoigne Eden, went missing in action, later declared deceased, while serving as a navigator with the RAF in Burma, in June 1945. … Read More
1946 49 Years Old 1 More Event
As early as the spring of 1946, Eden openly asked Churchill to retire in his favour. … Read More


1950 - 1953 3 More Events
…  The success of the 1954 Geneva Conference on Indo-China ranks as the outstanding achievement of his third term in the Foreign Office, although he was critical of the United States decision not to sign the accord. … Read More
In April 1955 Churchill finally retired, and Eden succeeded him as Prime Minister. … Read More
His worldwide reputation as an opponent of appeasement, a "Man of Peace", and a skilled diplomat was overshadowed in 1956 when the United States refused to support the Anglo-French military response to the Suez Crisis, which critics across party lines regarded as an historic setback for British foreign policy, signalling the end of British predominance in the Middle East. … Read More


Eden resigned on 9 January 1957, after his doctors warned him his life was at stake if he continued in office.
1960 - 1961 3 More Events
1962 65 Years Old 1 More Event
In July 1962 Eden made front page news by commenting that “Mr Selwyn Lloyd has been horribly treated” when the latter was dismissed as Chancellor in the reshuffle known as the “Night of the Long Knives”.
1963 - 1966 2 More Events
In a 1967 interview Eden explained his decision to resign: "It was not over protocol, Chamberlain's communicating with Mussolini without telling me. … Read More
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