Archibald Roosevelt
United States Army officer
Archibald Roosevelt
Archibald Bulloch "Archie" Roosevelt, the fourth child of U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt, was a distinguished U.S. Army officer and commander of U.S. forces in both World War I and II. In both conflicts he was wounded. He earned the Croix de guerre and Silver Star with Oak Leaf Cluster, respectively.
Biography
Archibald Roosevelt's personal information overview.
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News
News abour Archibald Roosevelt from around the web
Albert Fall's Teapot Dome - TIME
Google News - almost 6 years
Although President Theodore Roosevelt's sons, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., the Assistant Secretary of the Navy in charge of executing the leases, and Archibald Roosevelt, a vice-president of one of the oil companies, were both cleared of all charges,
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Google News article
A Tyrant 40 Years in the Making
NYTimes - almost 14 years
On the brink of war, both supporters and critics of United States policy on Iraq agree on the origins, at least, of the haunted relations that have brought us to this pass: America's dealings with Saddam Hussein, justifiable or not, began some two decades ago with its shadowy, expedient support of his regime in the Iraq-Iran war of the 1980's. Both
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NYTimes article
Poets and Warriors
NYTimes - almost 19 years
KURDISTAN In the Shadow of History. By Susan Meiselas. With chapter commentaries by Martin van Bruinessen. Illustrated. 388 pp. New York: Random House. $100. Consider first this story: During World War II, Archibald Roosevelt, the grandson of Theodore and cousin of Franklin, was serving as an intelligence officer in Iraq and Iran. In the
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NYTimes article
A. B. Roosevelt, a C.I.A. Veteran And Banking Official, Dies at 72
NYTimes - over 26 years
LEAD: Archibald B. Roosevelt, a former high-level official of the Central Intelligence Agency, died in his sleep Wednesday night in his house in the Georgetown section of Washington. He was 72 years old. Archibald B. Roosevelt, a former high-level official of the Central Intelligence Agency, died in his sleep Wednesday night in his house in the
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FOR THE CHIEF OF PROTOCOL, 'CHARMED' AND BUSY LIFE
NYTimes - about 34 years
There will be five official representatives of the United States Government accompanying Queen Elizabeth and Prince Philip on their nine-day visit to the West Coast, which begins tomorrow. In the party will be Michael K. Deaver, the deputy chief of staff, and his wife, Carolyn; John J. Louis Jr., the United States Ambassador to the Court of St.
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Archibald Roosevelt
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1979
    Age 84
    On October 13, 1979, Roosevelt died of a stroke at the Stuart Convalescent Home in Stuart, Florida.
    More Details Hide Details He was 85 years old, the last child of Theodore and Edith to die (although his half-sister Alice would outlive him by four months). He is buried with his wife at Young's Cemetery, Oyster Bay. His tombstone reads: "The old fighting man home from the wars."
  • 1971
    Age 76
    Archie's wife, Grace Lockwood Roosevelt, died in an automobile crash near her home on Turkey Lane in Cold Spring Harbor in 1971, with her husband at the wheel.
    More Details Hide Details
  • FIFTIES
  • 1954
    Age 59
    In 1954, when the Theodore Roosevelt Association made a decision to award the Theodore Roosevelt Medal for Distinguished Public Service to black diplomat Ralph Bunche, Archie loudly protested the award.
    More Details Hide Details He even went so far as to write and publish a 44-page pamphlet that attempted to prove Bunche had been working as an agent of the "International Communist Conspiracy" for more than two decades. In his introduction to Zygmund Dobbs's The Great Deceit: Social Pseudo-Sciences (Sayville, NY: The Veritas Foundation, 1964), Archie wrote: "Socialists have infiltrated our schools, our law courts, our government, our MEDIA OF COMMUNICATIONS.... the Socialist movement is made up of a relatively small number of people who have developed the TECHNIQUE OF INFLUENCING large masses of people to a VERY HIGH DEGREE."
  • FORTIES
  • 1944
    Age 49
    Archie returned to his unit in early 1944.
    More Details Hide Details For these actions in the Pacific Theater of Operations, Roosevelt was awarded his second and third oak leaf clusters to the Silver Star in lieu of additional awards. Following the end of the war, Archie Roosevelt formed the investment firm of Roosevelt and Cross, a brokerage house specializing in municipal bonds. It is still a going concern with offices in New York City, Providence, Buffalo and Hartford. During the early 1950s, Archie became affiliated with a variety of right wing organizations and causes. He joined the John Birch Society, and was the founder of the controversial Veritas Foundation, dedicated to the routing out of presumed socialist influence at Harvard and other major colleges and universities. Writing in the book America's Political Dynasties (Doubleday, 1966), Stephen Hess commented: "Archie Roosevelt has, in recent years, added the family's name to many ultra-rightist causes. As a trustee of the Veritas Foundation he was a leader among those seeking to root out subversion at Harvard. He also sent a letter to every U.S. Senator, stating 'modern technical civilization does not seem to be as well handled by the black man as by the white man in the United States.' Present civil rights difficulties he blamed on 'socialist plotters.'" Roosevelt also edited 1968's incendiary Theodore Roosevelt On Race, Riots, Reds, Crime. and was the chief sponsor behind "The Alliance," a short-lived organization of the 1950s.
  • 1943
    Age 48
    On August 12, 1943, Roosevelt was wounded by an enemy grenade which shattered the same knee which had been injured in World War I and for which he had been earlier medically retired, earning him the distinction of being the only American to ever be classified as 100% disabled twice for the same wound incurred in two different wars.
    More Details Hide Details At the time of his injury, command of his battalion passed to his executive officer, Major Taylor.
    Working with the Australian 3rd Division, Roosevelt and his battalion landed in New Guinea's Nassau Bay, on July 8, 1943.
    More Details Hide Details Overcoming significant command ambiguities between American and Australian forces because of overlapping spheres of operation, Roosevelt played an important role in the Salamaua campaign. His service was recognized when one of the hotly contested ridge-lines northwest of the island's Tambu Bay was named in his honor. This piece of key terrain during the campaign was originally referred to as "Roosevelt's Ridge" to mark the ridge nearest his battalion to higher HQ. Later, it was referred to as "Roosevelt Ridge" as it was depicted in the official American and Australian campaign histories as well as the US Army Air Force World War II Chronology. See left map.
    Roosevelt was given command in early 1943 of the US Army's 2nd Battalion of the 162nd Infantry also called the 162 Regimental Combat Team, (RCT), 41st Infantry Division in New Guinea commanding this unit until early 1944.
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    During 1943, following the Attack on Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt petitioned President Roosevelt to put his battlefield-honed leadership skills to worthwhile use supporting the war effort.
    More Details Hide Details The president approved his request and he rejoined the Army with a commission as a lieutenant colonel.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1919
    Age 24
    After the death of his father in 1919, he was the one who sent a telegram informing all his siblings.
    More Details Hide Details After the end of the war, he worked for a time as an executive with the Sinclair Consolidated Oil Company, as vice president of the Union Petroleum Company, the export auxiliary subsidiary of Sinclair Consolidated. At the same time his eldest brother Ted was Assistant Secretary of the Navy. In 1922, Albert B. Fall, U.S. Secretary of the Interior, leased, without competitive bidding, the Teapot Dome Field to Harry F. Sinclair of Sinclair Oil, and the field at Elk Hills, California, to Edward L. Doheny of Pan American Petroleum & Transport Company, both fields part of the Navy's petroleum reserves. The connection between the Roosevelt brothers could not be ignored. After Sinclair sailed for Europe to avoid testifying, G. D. Wahlberg, Sinclair's private secretary, advised Archibald Roosevelt to resign to save his reputation. Eventually, after resigning from Sinclair, Roosevelt gave key testimony to the Senate Committee on Public Lands probing the Teapot Dome scandal, in which Roosevelt was not implicated, but where Sinclair and Doheny both gave "personal loans" to Secretary Fall. Following this, Roosevelt took a job working for a cousin in the family investment firm, Roosevelt & Son.
  • 1917
    Age 22
    After being expelled from Groton Archie continued his education at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., the Evans School for Boys, and Harvard University, where he graduated in 1917. Archie married Grace Lockwood, daughter of Thomas Lockwood and Emmeline Stackpole, at the Emmanuel Church in Boston, Massachusetts on April 14, 1917.
    More Details Hide Details The couple spent most of their married life in a pre-Revolutionary house on Turkey Lane in Cold Spring Harbor, New York, not far from Oyster Bay, where they had five children: Archie volunteered for the United States Army during 1917, shipped over to France, and was wounded while serving with the U.S. 1st Infantry Division. His wounds were so severe he was discharged from the Army with full disability. He had ended the war as an Army captain. For his valor, Archie received two Silver Star Citations (later converted to the Silver Star medal when it was established in 1932) and the French government's Croix de Guerre.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1894
    Born
    Born on April 10, 1894.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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