Arthur Balfour

Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
Born Jul 25, 1848

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour, KG, OM, PC, DL was a British Conservative politician and statesman. He served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from July 1902 to December 1905, and was later Foreign Secretary in 1916–1919. Born in Scotland and educated as a philosopher, Balfour first entered parliament in the 1874 general election. At first seen as something of a dilettante, he attained prominence as Chief Secretary for Ireland from 1887–1891.… Read More

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1848 Birth Born on July 25, 1848.


1874 25 Years Old 1 More Event
Entering Parliament in 1874, Balfour achieved prominence as Chief Secretary for Ireland, in which position he suppressed agrarian unrest whilst taking measures against absentee landlords. … Read More
1878 29 Years Old In spring 1878, Balfour became Private Secretary to his uncle, Lord Salisbury. … Read More


1880 31 Years Old Balfour divided his time between politics and academic pursuits. Released from his duties as private secretary by the general election of 1880, he began to take more part in parliamentary affairs. … Read More
1885 36 Years Old In 1885, Lord Salisbury appointed Balfour President of the Local Government Board; the following year he became Secretary for Scotland with a seat in the cabinet. … Read More
1887 38 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Although one biographer writes that "it is difficult to say how far the relationship went", her letters suggest they may have become lovers in 1887 and may have engaged in sado-masochism, a claim echoed by A. N. Wilson. … Read More


1890 - 1891 2 More Events
1892 43 Years Old 1 More Event
After the fall of the government in 1892 he spent three years in opposition.
1895 46 Years Old When the Conservatives returned to power, in coalition with the Liberal Unionists, in 1895, Balfour again became Leader of the House and First Lord of the Treasury.
1896 47 Years Old His management of the abortive education proposals of 1896 showed a disinclination for the drudgery of parliamentary management, yet he saw the passage of a bill providing Ireland with improved local government and joined in debates on foreign and domestic questions between 1895 and 1900.
1898 49 Years Old During the illness of Lord Salisbury in 1898, and again in Salisbury's absence abroad, Balfour was in charge of the Foreign Office, and he conducted negotiations with Russia on the question of railways in North China.


1899 - 1903 3 More Events
1904 55 Years Old In foreign affairs, Balfour and his Foreign Secretary, Lord Lansdowne, improved relations with France, culminating in the Entente cordiale of 1904. … Read More
1905 56 Years Old 1 More Event
He resigned as Prime Minister in December 1905 and the following month the Conservatives suffered a landslide defeat at the 1906 election, in which he lost his own seat.
1906 57 Years Old After the disaster of 1906 Balfour remained party leader, his position strengthened by Joseph Chamberlain's absence from the House of Commons after his stroke in July 1906, but he was unable to make much headway against the huge Liberal majority in the Commons. … Read More


1909 - 1910 2 More Events
1911 62 Years Old 1 More Event
He resigned as party leader later in 1911. … Read More
1915 - 1921 5 More Events
1922 73 Years Old 1 More Event
On 5 May 1922, Balfour was created Earl of Balfour and Viscount Thaprain, 'of Whittingehame, in the county of Haddington.'
1924 75 Years Old Balfour was not initially included in Stanley Baldwin's second government in 1924, but in 1925, he returned to the Cabinet, in place of the late Lord Curzon as Lord President of the Council, until the government ended in 1929.
1925 76 Years Old In 1925, he visited the Holy Land.
1928 79 Years Old 1 More Event
Apart from a number of colds and occasional influenza, Balfour had good health until 1928 and remained until then a regular tennis player. … Read More
1929 80 Years Old 1 More Event
Late in January 1929, Balfour was taken from Whittingehame to Fishers Hill House, his brother Gerald's home near Woking, Surrey.
1930 81 Years Old 1 More Event
Finally, soon after receiving a visit from his friend Chaim Weizmann, Balfour died at Fishers Hill House on 19 March 1930. … Read More
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