Arthur Bremer
Failed assassin
Arthur Bremer
Arthur Herman Bremer is an American convicted for an assassination attempt on U.S. Democratic presidential candidate George Wallace on May 15, 1972 in Laurel, Maryland, leaving Wallace permanently paralyzed from the waist down. Bremer was found guilty and sentenced to 63 years (53 years after an appeal) in a Maryland prison for the shooting of Wallace and three bystanders. After 35 years of incarceration, Bremer was released from prison on November 9, 2007.
Biography
Arthur Bremer's personal information overview.
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In Remembrance of a Lifelong Political Thug
The New Republic - almost 5 years
Almost thirty years ago, the Nixon revisionist Joan Hoff pronounced that Watergate was fast becoming a “dim and distant curiosity.” She couldn’t have been more wrong. Few people under the age of 50 are liable to get a reference to a “modified limited hang-out,” but Nixon’s gallery of White House horrors remains the benchmark against which presidential wrongdoing is measured. While anniversaries of lesser scandals like the Lewinsky affairs and even Iran-contra come and go with little attention from the news media, Watergate remembrances persist. One need only scan the obituary headlines in the New York Times:  October 8, 2011: “Kenneth H. Dahlberg, Link in the Watergate Chain, Dies at 94” March 27, 2011: “Henry S. Ruth, Who Helped Lead Watergate Prosecution, Dies at 80.” April 9, 2011: “Frank H. Strickler, Watergate Defense Lawyer, Dies at 92.”  “At death,” wrote Michael Schudson in his important 1992 book Watergate in American Memory, “everyone involved in Watergate is publicly ...
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The New Republic article
Norway's Terror as Systemic Destabilization: Breivik, the Arms-for-Drugs ... - Center for Research on Globalization
Google News - over 5 years
It is exceedingly common for high-publicity deep events to be accompanied by such autodocumentation, After the diaries of Lee Harvey Oswald and Sirhan Sirhan, the alleged diary attributed to Arthur Bremer (the man said to have shot the 1972
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Google News article
Grand Ole Opry Star Billy Grammer - Countrynews (Blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Wallace wurde von einem Mann namens Arthur Bremer mit einem Revolver angeschossen und war von dem Tag an gelähmt und mußte den Rest seines Lebens im Rollstuhl verbringen. Grammer hielt 1974 zur Eröffnung des neuen Grand Ole Opry House in Downtown
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Google News article
The almanac - UPI.com
Google News - over 5 years
In 1972, Arthur Bremer was found guilty of severely wounding Alabama Gov. George Wallace who was campaigning for president. Bremer was sentenced to 63 years in prison. In 1984, the African Republic of Upper Volta changed its named to Burkina Faso,
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Google News article
Bunter Start in die Sommerferien - Nordwest-Zeitung
Google News - over 5 years
Unter den 79 Veranstaltungen befinden sich erstmals auch Termine, die von Gewerbetreibenden wie Bäcker Harald Jürgens, Fleischer Peter Bökamp und Friseurmeister Arthur Bremer möglich gemacht werden. Das sei eine gute Entwicklung, die den Wert des
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Bucket list and horrific history - Tbo.com
Google News - over 5 years
Suffice it to say, he was no John Hinckley, Squeaky Fromme or Arthur Bremer. I broached the subject of Oswald with Pauline Martin, the museum's librarian/archivist. She acknowledged that the curators and "interpretation team" were aware that a
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Top five Famous Assassination Attempts (LIST) Survived - Post Chronicle
Google News - over 5 years
4. George Harrison, whose home was broken into by Michael Abram, who stabbed Harrison on Dec. 31, 1999 before getting into a tussle with his wife. 5. George Wallace, a US presidential candidate who was attacked by a Arthur Bremer in 1972,
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Google News article
You Talkin' To Me? Scorsese, De Niro, Keitel And Foster On The Making Of Taxi ... - Sabotage Times
Google News - over 5 years
Although the film was partly inspired by Jean-Paul Sartre's existential novel Nausea, it was also informed by the diaries of would-be assassin Arthur Bremer, who shot and paralysed right-wing governor George Wallace in 1972. Ironically, the film was
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Google News article
Military funeral for Arthur A. “Bud” Marshall, longtime Pr. George's state's ... - Washington Post (blog)
Google News - almost 6 years
He prosecuted Arthur Bremer, who in 1972 shot Alabama Gov. George C. Wallace, who was running in the Democratic presidential primary, during a campaign event in Laurel. The jury quickly convicted Bremer of attempted murder
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Google News article
Today In History May 15 - WFMY News 2
Google News - almost 6 years
In 1972, George C. Wallace was shot by Arthur Bremer and left paralyzed while campaigning in Laurel, Md., for the Democratic presidential nomination. In 1975, US forces invaded the Cambodian island of Koh Tang and recaptured the American merchant ship
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Jews and Muslims, Confronting Islamophobia, Finding Common Cause – OpEd - Eurasia Review
Google News - almost 6 years
If anything, he was Arthur Bremer. Men whose delusions and twisted imaginations combined all sorts of hatred and set them on a homicidal rampage. Naveed Haq needed treatment, not punishment. Besides, life in a mental asylum for violent felons wouldn't
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Taxi Driver is back at the cinema and after 35 years it's as fresh as ever - The Guardian
Google News - almost 6 years
Also, note the generational links between Arthur Bremer – who shot and paralysed governor George Wallace in 1972, and whose diaries inspired Schrader's script – and John Hinckley Jr, inspired by a film about a would-be assassin, based on the words of a
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Google News article
The eyes in the rearview mirror - Bay Area Reporter
Google News - almost 6 years
Schrader based this device on the Arthur Bremer diaries, discovered after the young Milwaukee malcontent attempted to assassinate 1972 presidential candidate George Wallace. Scorsese and Schrader cleverly link Travis' one attempt at establishing a
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THE WEEK AHEAD; Mar. 13 -- 19
NYTimes - almost 6 years
Film Stephen Holden The eight selections in this year's ''CANADIAN FRONT'' series, the Museum of Modern Art's annual showcase of Canadian cinema playing March 16 to 21 at the Roy and Niuta Titus theaters, include two musicals: a tuneful film-noir, ''Small Town Murder Songs,'' and the singing-and-dancing (on skates) ''Score: A Hockey Musical.'' The
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NYTimes article
OP-ED COLUMNIST; United in Horror
NYTimes - about 6 years
When John F. Kennedy visited Dallas in November of 1963, Texas was awash in right-wing anger -- over perceived cold-war betrayals, over desegregation, over the perfidies of liberalism in general. Adlai Stevenson, then ambassador to the U.N., had been spit on during his visit to the city earlier that fall. The week of Kennedy's arrival, leaflets
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NYTimes article
Cornelia Wallace, 69, First Lady of Alabama
NYTimes - about 8 years
Cornelia Wallace, a former first lady of Alabama who threw herself over her husband, Gov. George C. Wallace, when he was shot in a 1972 assassination attempt, died on Thursday in Sebring, Fla. She was 69. The cause was cancer, her cousin Melissa Boyen said. Cornelia Ellis Snively, a dark-haired beauty known as C'nelia, married George Wallace on
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Arthur Bremer
    FIFTIES
  • 2007
    Age 56
    Bremer was released from prison on November 9, 2007, at the age of 57, having served 35 years of his original sentence.
    More Details Hide Details His almost spotless prison record, apart from the February 1980 incident and three fights during the first six months of his sentence, qualified him for mandatory early release under Maryland law. His probation ends in 2025. Conditions of his release include electronic monitoring and staying away from elected officials and candidates. He must undergo a mental health evaluation and receive treatment if the state deems it necessary, and may not leave the state without written permission from the state agency that will supervise him until the end of his probation.
    After 35 and a half years of incarceration, Bremer was released from prison on November 9, 2007.
    More Details Hide Details Bremer was born in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, the third of four sons to William Bremer (25 June 1913 – 21 April 2002), who was a bread truck driver for the Krohn Cartage Company, and Sylvia Bremer (9 January 1915 – February 2007), a homemaker. His two elder siblings were illegitimate and their fathers were two different men. Bremer was raised by his working-class parents on the South Side of Milwaukee and lived in a dysfunctional household. He was alleged to have had a stormy relationship with both of his parents, though he appears to have been closer to his father. Bremer stated "I would escape my ugly reality by pretending that I was living with a television family and there was no yelling at home or no one to hit me." At school, Bremer did well in English and history and displayed a talent for writing, although his grades were generally low or mediocre. He scored 106 on an IQ test in high school, and 114 on a test he took after his failed assassination attempt, showing that he had at least "above average" intelligence.
  • FORTIES
  • 1996
    Age 45
    He argued in his June 1996 hearing that "Shooting segregationist dinosaurs wasn't as bad as harming mainstream politicians".
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1976
    Age 25
    He entered the presidential election race in 1976 but withdrew early due to poor support. It also played a large part in destroying Wallace's second marriage to Cornelia Wallace. They separated in June 1977 and divorced in January 1978.
    More Details Hide Details Wallace forgave Bremer in August 1995 and wrote to him expressing the hope that the two could get to know each other better. Part of Wallace's letter said "Dear Arthur, your shooting me in 1972 caused me a lot of discomfort and pain. I am a born-again Christian. I love you. I have asked our Heavenly Father to touch your heart, and I hope that you will ask him for forgiveness of your sin so you can go to Heaven like I am going to Heaven. I hope that we can get to know each other better. We have heard of each other a long time." He added, "Please let Jesus Christ be your savior". Bremer did not reply. Wallace died on September 13, 1998.
  • 1974
    Age 23
    Bremer's assassination attempt did not end Wallace's political career. Wallace was twice easily elected governor of Alabama, in 1974 and 1982.
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  • 1973
    Age 22
    A 113-page portion of Bremer's diary was published in 1973 as An Assassin's Diary; it covers the period from April 4, 1972, to the day before he shot Wallace and his subsequent arrest.
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    He had received a death threat in January 1973 from inside the prison, and there was an incident in February 1980 when he destroyed some property.
    More Details Hide Details Bremer was twice disciplined for this. According to 1997 parole records, psychological testing indicated releasing him would be risky.
  • 1972
    Age 21
    He was reprimanded after another fight in December 1972, and then placed in solitary again for 30 days after a third fight in February 1973.
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    Bremer served his sentence at the Maryland Correctional Institution (MCI-H) in Hagerstown, Maryland. Bremer was placed in solitary confinement for 30 days after a fight on October 6, 1972.
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    Public concerns over Wallace's health meant he would never gain the same momentum as he did in the 1972 campaign.
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    It was dated from March 1 to April 3, 1972.
    More Details Hide Details In it, Bremer discussed his hatred for Nixon (Wallace was clearly a secondary target); fantasized about killing unnamed individuals who angered him, or opening fire at random at the corner of 3rd Street and Wisconsin Avenue downtown; and also confessed his admiration for Vel Phillips, a pioneering black office holder of Milwaukee (who was elected and serving as Secretary of State of Wisconsin when the diary was found). The diary was eventually sold to an official of the University of Alabama at Birmingham, who donated it to UAB's Reynolds Historical Library. While Bremer's actions and trial and conviction attracted media attention, he soon faded into comparative obscurity. He did not reach the levels of infamy as Lee Harvey Oswald or John Wilkes Booth, who both killed the presidents they shot.
    Jonas Rappeport, the chief psychiatrist for the circuit court in Baltimore, who spent nine hours with Bremer in June 1972 on four separate occasions, said Bremer had a "schizoid personality disorder with some paranoid and psychopathic features". but also stated that this didn't "substantially impair his capacity to understand the criminality of his actions".
    More Details Hide Details On August 4, 1972, the jury of six men and six women took 95 minutes to reach their verdict. Bremer was sentenced to 63 years in prison for shooting Wallace and three other people. When asked if he had anything to say, Bremer replied, "Well, Mr. Marshall mentioned that he would like society to be protected from someone like me. Looking back on my life I would have liked it if society had protected me from myself. That's all I have to say at this time." The sentence was reduced to 53 years on September 28, 1972 after an appeal. On July 6, 1973 Bremer's second appeal to have the sentence reduced further was rejected.
    Bremer turned up in Wheaton, Maryland, for a noon appearance which Wallace made at Wheaton Plaza, during a shopping center rally on May 15, 1972.
    More Details Hide Details He was dressed in dark glasses; patriotic red, white, and blue; and was wearing his new campaign button which said "WALLACE in '72". He strongly applauded Wallace, in contrast with many others present, who heckled and taunted the speaker. Two tomatoes were thrown at Wallace during the rally, but missed. Based on this reception, Wallace refused to shake hands with anyone present, denying Bremer the opportunity to carry out his plan. At a second rally, which took place at Laurel Shopping Center, 16 miles away in Laurel, Maryland, there was minor heckling but it did not last. About 1,000 people were present; they were mostly quiet and it was generally a friendly crowd. After he had finished speaking, Wallace shook hands with some of those present, against the advice of his Secret Service guards. At approximately 4:00 p.m., Bremer pushed his way forward, aimed his .38 revolver at Wallace's abdomen and opened fire, emptying the weapon before he could be subdued. He hit Wallace four times. Wallace fell back and lost a pint of blood and went into a mild state of shock. One bullet lodged in his spinal cord. The other bullets hit Wallace in the abdomen and chest. Three other people present were wounded unintentionally: Alabama State Trooper Captain E C Dothard (Wallace's personal bodyguard), who was shot in the stomach, Dora Thompson (a campaign volunteer) who was shot in the leg, and Nick Zarvos (a Secret Service agent).
    Short of money and unable to afford an hotel room, Bremer slept in his car for the following two nights, as he had done on some nights the previous week. He made his final diary entry on May 14, 1972, when he drove to Maryland with the words "My cry upon firing will be 'A penny for your thoughts'.
    More Details Hide Details Copyright 1972. All rights reserved. Arthur H. Bremer".
    Despite his pronounced lack of enthusiasm, early on the morning of May 9, 1972, Bremer left his Milwaukee apartment for what would be the last time.
    More Details Hide Details He took a car ferry to Ludington, Michigan. That day he visited Wallace campaign headquarters in Silver Spring and offered to be a volunteer. The evening after that, he attended a Wallace rally in Lansing. Two nights later, he was present at a Wallace rally in Cadillac and stayed overnight at the Reid Hotel in Kalamazoo. On the afternoon of May 13, Kalamazoo Police received an anonymous phone call saying a suspicious looking person had been sitting in a car near the National Guard Armory. When questioned, Bremer said he was waiting for the Wallace rally to begin and was wanting to get a good seat. Bremer was photographed at the rally that evening where he had a clear opportunity to shoot his target, but according to his diary, he did not because he might have shattered some glass and blinded some "stupid 15-year-olds" who stood nearby.
    After the break up of his relationship with Pemrich and quitting both of his jobs, on March 1, 1972 the unemployed Bremer began his diary with the words, "It is my personal plan to assassinate by pistol either Richard Nixon or George Wallace.
    More Details Hide Details I intend to shoot one or the other while he attends a campaign rally for the Wisconsin Primary. How will the news associations describe me? An unemployed painter? An unemployed part-time busboy? A colledge (still can’t spell it) drop-out?... I have it. “An unemployed malcontent who fancys himself a writer.” Bremer's purpose was "to do SOMETHING BOLD AND DRAMATIC, FORCEFUL & DYNAMIC, A STATEMENT of my manhood for the world to see". The following evening, Bremer attended an organizational meeting for Wallace at The Pfister Hotel in Milwaukee. Although Bremer's main aim was to assassinate then-President Richard Nixon, on March 23, he attended a Wallace dinner and rally at Milwaukee's Red Carpet Airport Inn. Then on April 3, he attended a Wallace victory rally at a Holiday Inn in Milwaukee. The following day later, he flew to New York City. He rented a Limousine out but the main purpose of the visit was to visit a massage parlor in the hope of losing his virginity. That also ended in failure. On April 8, while preparing for a trip to Ottawa, he put one of his guns, a Browning 9mm, under a mat in the trunk of his car, but it went down so deeply into the right wheel well that he could not retrieve it. It was removed a week after Bremer's arrest when the car was dismantled.
    On January 13, 1972 Pemrich's mother then threatened to call the police if Bremer continued to pester her.
    More Details Hide Details The following day Bremer shaved his head totally bald, leaving just his sideburns on, saying to Pemrich that "you make me feel as empty as my head." After Bremer's arrest, Joan Pemrich expressed surprise at Bremer's actions, because she said he was not violent and had never mentioned or talked about either George Wallace or politics during their time together.
    Pemrich ended the relationship at the start of 1972, because Bremer acted "childish", "goofy" and "weird".
    More Details Hide Details Bremer could not overcome this rejection. He began stalking and repeatedly calling her.
  • 1971
    Age 20
    Bremer's inappropriate behavior also showed itself at a Blood, Sweat & Tears concert on 23 December 1971 when he kissed a woman not in his group while waiting to get into the concert.
    More Details Hide Details He ran up to her and said "Baby I like your hot pants". The woman promptly reported his action to a police officer, who let Bremer off with a warning. During the concert he applauded, swaying back and forth to the music and yelled at all the wrong moments. After the concert, Bremer excitedly whispered to Pemrich that he was so sexually aroused he could hardly walk.
    Around the time of his arrest in November 1971, Bremer began a relationship with 16-year-old Joan Pemrich, a female junior at West Division High School.
    More Details Hide Details Bremer, who had never had a girlfriend before, asked Pemrich out and she accepted. Their first date on November 20 went well. They went to a museum, walked around Lake Michigan beach area and then went to a restaurant. After this initial positive start, the relationship went downhill. Bremer displayed pornographic pictures to Pemrich and made graphic sex talk. He said he could help Pemrich with her "hang-ups", as he claimed to know a lot about psychology. When Bremer was introduced to Pemrich's cousin, he made remarks about the girl's "big ass and boobs".
    Late on the night of November 18, 1971, Bremer was arrested for carrying a concealed weapon and for parking in a no-parking zone.
    More Details Hide Details A court-appointed psychiatrist declared Bremer mentally ill, yet stable enough to continue to live in the community. Bremer underwent psychotherapy, and was released on a $38.50 fine on December 8, after pleading guilty to disorderly conduct. Despite this, on January 13, 1972, Bremer went into the Casanova Gun Shop at 1601 West Greenfield Avenue in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, and for $90 bought a snub-nosed Charter Arms Undercover .38-calibre revolver.
    On October 16, 1971, Bremer moved from his parents' house after an argument, and moved into a three-room, one bedroomed apartment at 2433 West Michigan Street, near Marquette University, where he lived until May 9, 1972.
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    On May 22, 1971, his one known friend, Thomas Neuman, committed suicide playing Russian Roulette.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1970
    Age 19
    Bremer got a part-time job working as a janitor at Story Elementary School from September 1, 1970.
    More Details Hide Details He lasted almost 18 months, quitting on January 31, 1972.
    After graduating from high school, from September 1970 Bremer briefly attended Milwaukee Area Technical College where he studied aerial photography, art, writing and psychology.
    More Details Hide Details He dropped out after just one semester in college, where he was recalled as a "strange, aloof and argumentative" student who "rarely talked to anybody."
  • 1969
    Age 18
    Bremer was employed as a busboy at the Milwaukee Athletic Club from March 1969.
    More Details Hide Details Although his employer said he was a "very hard and dependable worker who kept himself to himself", in 1971, Bremer was demoted to kitchen work after customers complained that he talked to himself, and that "he whistled and marched in tune with music played in the dining room". Angered by his demotion, he complained to the program planner for the Milwaukee Commission on Community Relations. The complaint was investigated and dismissed. The planner wrote on November 8, "Mr Bremer is a young man who is rather withdrawn. Appears to bottle up anger but will sometimes let it go. I assess him bordering on paranoid whilst at the same time, conscientious in doing his job at the Athletic club." On 16 February 1972, Bremer quit his job at the Athletic club.
    During adolescence, Bremer was not rebellious and did not attract concern despite his emotional problems, which were overlooked because they did not involve transgressions on which authorities usually focus. Despite his problems, he graduated from high school on January 28, 1969.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1950
    Born
    Born on August 21, 1950.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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