Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai
Afghanistani Politician
Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai
Dr. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai is a prominent politician in Afghanistan and the former chancellor of Kabul University. He is also the chairman of the Institute for State Effectiveness, an organization set up in 2005 to promote the ability of states to serve their citizens. Before returning to Afghanistan in 2002, Ahmadzai was a leading scholar of political science and anthropology.
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International community affirms Afghan funding
Fox News - over 3 years
International donors have reaffirmed pledges of $16 billion in support for Afghanistan, while expressing concern about corruption there. Representatives from about 40 countries and eight aid agencies met with Afghan officials Wednesday. They announced confirmation of commitments made in Tokyo last year to provide the economic assistance to Afghanistan through 2015. The U.N. deputy special representative for Afghanistan, Mark Bowden, told reporters the donor nations told the Afghans that corruption "is a concern" of the international community that "needs to be addressed seriously." They also "treated very extensively" the issue of ensuring respect for human rights. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, a top Afghan government adviser, says the country recognizes the need to "spend accountably, transparently, effectively and efficiently."
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Kabul Announces Fourth Stage Security Transition
Voice of America - about 4 years
The Afghan government has announced the fourth stage of the security transition, with Afghan forces set to take over responsibility for the security of nearly 90 percent of the country's population from NATO troops. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, head of the country's security transition commission, told reporters in Kabul Monday the process has been progressing since it began in March 2011. He said the three earlier stages of the security transition had put Afghan security forces in charge ...
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Voice of America article
Press conference in Kabul
DVIDS - almost 5 years
Kabul based media representatives are cordially invited to attend a Press Conference held by Dr. Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, Chairman of Transition Coordination Commission on announcing the Tranche 3 of Transition Process
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DVIDS article
US Family: Attempts to Free Taliban-Held Soldier Not Enough
Voice of America - almost 5 years
The parents of the only United States soldier captured and still held in Afghanistan are breaking their silence, urging Washington to do more to secure his release. Bob and Jamie Bergdahl spoke Wednesday with their local newspaper, the "Idaho Mountain Express," saying they are "frustrated with how slowly the process has evolved."  Bob Bergdahl said he is "pushing hard" for the U.S. government and President Barack Obama to secure his son's release through a prisoner swap, fearing any military rescue mission might result in his son's death. The Bergdahl's comments come almost three years after their son, Private Bowe Bergdahl, disappeared from his base in Afghanistan's eastern Paktika province.  The Taliban have since released several videos showing Bowe Bergdahl in apparent good health, even exercising.  But the videos also show a young man who seems increasingly desperate to come home. In one of the videos, Bergdahl says, "The pain in my heart to see my family again doesn't get any ...
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Voice of America article
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai
  • 2010
    Age 61
    On January 28, 2010, Ghani attended the International Conference on Afghanistan in London together with president Karzai, pledging his support to help rebuild their country.
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  • 2009
    Age 60
    This move by Ghani was a boost for Karzai's strategy of reconciliation in Afghanistan Ghani said hearing Karzai's second inaugural address in November 2009 and his pledges to fight corruption, promote national reconciliation and take over from international security forces persuaded him that it was important to help,
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    On May 7, 2009, Ashraf Ghani registered as a candidate in the Afghan presidential election, 2009.
    More Details Hide Details In announcing his candidacy, Ghani emphasized the importance of: establishing a representative administration; good governance; building a dynamic economy and creating employment opportunities for the Afghan people. Unlike other major candidates, Ghani is specifically reaching out the Afghan diaspora to support his campaign and provide financial support. He has appointed Mohammed Ayub Rafiqi as one of his vice president candidate deputies, and hired noted Clinton-campaign chief strategist James Carville as a campaign advisor. Preliminary results placed Ghani fourth in a field of 38. Ashraf Ghani finally ended up securing roughly 3% of the total votes.
    In January 2009 an article by Ahmad Majidyar of the American Enterprise Institute included Ghani on a list of fifteen possible candidates in the 2009 Afghan presidential election.
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    Dr. Ghani is also a member of the Commission on Legal Empowerment of the Poor, an independent initiative hosted by the UNDP. In the 2009 presidential election, he was ranked fourth in the polls, behind the president Hamid Karzai, his main contender Dr. Abdullah, and Ramazan Bashardost.
    More Details Hide Details In 2010, Foreign Policy Magazine placed him in its annual list of the Top 100 Global Thinkers. Ghani was born in 1949 in the logar Province of Afghanistan. An ethnic Pashton, Pakhtun from an influential Ahmadzai family, he completed his primary and secondary education in Habibia High School in Kabul.
  • 2007
    Age 58
    Doubts about his temperament seemed to be haunting him a few months later, in April 2007, when his name appeared as a possible candidate to head the World Bank.
    More Details Hide Details Ghani has been sought as a public speaker and in 2005 given the keynote speeches for a number of meetings including the American Bar Association’s International Rule of Law Symposium, the Trans-Atlantic Policy Network, the annual meeting of the Norwegian Government’s development staff, CSIS’ meeting on UN reform, the UN-OECD-World Bank’s meeting on Fragile States, and TEDGlobal. He has contributed to the Financial Times, International Herald Tribune, Los Angeles Times, New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, and the Washington Post. Ghani is on the Board of Directors of the World Justice Project. The World Justice Project works to lead a global, multidisciplinary effort to strengthen the Rule of Law for the development of communities of opportunity and equity. Ghani was recognized as the best finance minister of Asia in 2003 by Emerging Markets. During his tenure as finance minister of Afghanistan, he carried out a series of extensive reforms. He issued a new currency in record time, computerized the operations of the treasury, instituted the single treasury account, adopted a policy of no-deficit financing, introduced the budget as the central instrument of policy, centralized revenue, reformed the tariff system, and overhauled customs. He instituted regular reporting to the cabinet, the people of Afghanistan, and international stakeholders as a tool of transparency and accountability, and broke new ground in the coordination of donor assistance by requiring donors to keep their interventions to three sectors, thereby bringing clarity and mutual accountability to their relations with government counterparts, and preparing a development strategy that held Afghans more accountable for their own future development.
  • 2006
    Age 57
    Mr. Ghani was tipped as a candidate to succeed Kofi Annan as Secretary General of the United Nations at the end of 2006.
    More Details Hide Details His name was floated in a front page report in The Financial Times (September 18, 2006) which went on to quote him as saying, “I hope to win, through ideas.” Two distinguished experts on international relations told the paper that "the UN would be very lucky indeed to have him" and praised his "tremendous intellect, talent and capacity."
  • 2004
    Age 55
    After the election of President Karzai directly by the people of Afghanistan in October 2004, Mr. Ghani declined to join the cabinet and asked to be appointed as Chancellor of Kabul University.
    More Details Hide Details As Chancellor of the University, he worked to institute a style of participatory governance among the faculty, students, and staff, advocating a vision of the university where men and women with skills and commitment to lead their country in the age of globalization can be trained. Since leaving the university, Dr. Ghani has co-founded the Institute for State Effectiveness, of which he is Chairman. The Institute has put forward a framework which proposes that the state should perform ten functions in the contemporary world in order to serve its citizens. This framework was discussed by leaders and managers of post-conflict transitions at a meeting sponsored by the UN and World Bank at the Greentree Estates in September 2005. The program also proposes that the vehicle of state-building or sovereignty strategies, underpinned by double compacts between the international community, government and the population of a country could be used as a basis for organizing aid and other interventions, and that a sovereignty index to measure state effectiveness should be compiled on an annual basis.
  • 2001
    Age 52
    Returning after 24 years to Afghanistan in December 2001, he resigned from his posts at the UN and World Bank to join the Afghan government as the chief advisor to President Hamid Karzai on February 1, 2002.
    More Details Hide Details He has worked on a pro bono basis and was among the first officials to disclose his assets. In this capacity, he worked on the preparation of the Loya Jirgas (grand assemblies) that elected President Hamid Karzai and approved the Constitution of Afghanistan.
  • 1996
    Age 47
    In 1996, he pioneered the application of institutional and organizational analysis to macro processes of change and reform, working directly on the adjustment program of the Russian coal industry and carrying out reviews of the Bank’s country assistance strategies and structural adjustment programs globally.
    More Details Hide Details He spent five years each in China, India, and Russia managing large-scale development and institutional transformation projects. He had worked intensively with the media during the first Gulf War, commenting on major radio and television programs and being interviewed by newspapers. After 9/11, he took leave without pay from the World Bank and engaged in intensive interaction with the media, appearing regularly on PBS’s NewsHour as well as BBC, CNN, other television programs, the BBC, Public Radio, other radios, and writing for major newspapers. In November 2002, he accepted an appointment as a Special Advisor to the United Nations and assisted Mr. Lakhdar Brahimi, the Special Representative of the Secretary General to Afghanistan, to prepare the Bonn Agreement, the process and document that provided the basis of transfer of power to the people of Afghanistan.
  • 1991
    Age 42
    He joined the World Bank in 1991, working on projects in East Asia and South Asia until the mid 1990s.
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  • 1985
    Age 36
    In 1985 he undertook a year of fieldwork researching Pakistani Madrasas as a Fulbright Scholar.
    More Details Hide Details He has also studied comparative religion.
  • 1977
    Age 28
    He left Afghanistan in 1977, intending to be away for two years.
    More Details Hide Details When the PDPA communist party came to power in Kabul, most of the male members of his family were imprisoned and Ahmadzai was stranded in America. He stayed at Columbia University and earned his PhD in Cultural Anthropology there, and was immediately invited to teach at University of California, Berkeley (1983) and then at Johns Hopkins University (1983–1991). During this period he became a frequent commentator on the BBC Dari and Pashto services, broadcast in Afghanistan. He has also attended the Harvard-INSEAD and Stanford business schools leadership training program for the World Bank. He served on the faculty of Kabul University (1973–77), Aarhus University in Denmark (1977), University of California, Berkeley (1983), and Johns Hopkins University (1983–1991). His academic research was on state-building and social transformations.
  • 1974
    Age 25
    During his stay there he met his future wife, Rula Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai was elected for the UN post, has ranked second rank in the UN election he is a well famous economist of Afghanistan and well known abroad. he has also taught in the Harvard University in the U.S. He returned to Afghanistan in 1974 to teach Afghan studies and anthropology at Kabul University before winning a government scholarship to study for a Master's degree in anthropology at Columbia University in the United States.
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  • 1973
    Age 24
    He travelled to Lebanon to attend the American University in Beirut and earned his first degree in 1973.
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  • 1949
    Age 0
    Born in 1949.
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