Audie Murphy
Medal of Honor-winning, highly decorated American WWII soldier; later became an actor
Audie Murphy
Audie Leon Murphy was one of the most famous and decorated American combat soldiers of World War II. He served in the European Theater of Operations where he earned the Medal of Honor and several other decorations for combat heroism including combat decorations from France and Belgium. Murphy became a celebrated Hollywood actor after the war for over two decades, appearing in 44 films, mostly westerns. He also had some success as a country music composer.
Biography
Audie Murphy's personal information overview.
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Accident Outside VA Hospital Caused by Road Rage - News Junky Journal (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
A chaotic scene awaited police officers as they responded to an accident outside of the Audie Murphy VA Hospital. A woman had been struck by a pickup truck leaving the parking lot. Witnesses told police that the accident
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EDITORIAL: Roses and raspberries - North County Times
Google News - over 5 years
City officials in Menifee have proposed naming a street in the Audie Murphy Ranch housing development after him. Murphy, who became a movie star, was a Medal of Honor recipient in World War II. We hope that Kelly is so honored and his name is forever
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Road Rage Causes Accident Outside VA Hospital - DigitalJournal.com (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
August 20, 2011 /24-7PressRelease/ -- A chaotic scene awaited police officers as they responded to an accident outside of the Audie Murphy VA Hospital. A woman had been struck by a pickup truck leaving the parking lot. Witnesses told police that the
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FORUM: Canyon Lake fire services ---- a regional approach - North County Times
Google News - over 5 years
Step 2: Build the new fire station after the Goetz Road bridge work is completed in Audie Murphy Ranch off Normandy Road ---- the old Newport Road ---- just outside the East Port. Step 3: Close the Canyon Lake and Quail Valley Fire Stations
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Soldiers in spotlight at opening of Space and Missile Defense Conference in ... - al.com (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Most are recent inductees into the Army's prestigious Sgt. Audie Murphy Club, and the group included the Space and Missile Command's Soldier of the Year, Spc. Brandon Kitchen of B Company, 53rd Signal Battalion, Fort Meade, Md.,
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Debt Notice: Sgt. Charles J. Shinn - The Fort Gordon Signal
Google News - over 5 years
Sergeant Audie Murphy Club The Fort Gordon Sergeant Audie Murphy Club meets at noon the first Wednesday of each month at the Chef Redd's inside Signal Towers. All Sergeant Audie Murphy and Sergeant Morales club members, command sergeants major,
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Space History in DC: White Roses for Explorers, Part 3 - Huffington Post (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
On the way, I walked past the grave of Audie Murphy, the most decorated American solider of World War II. Many people had left stones and coins (and even a dollar bill) on top of his headstone as symbols of respect. I was looking for Virgil "Gus"
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Looking Back: Looking back at Augusts of past years - Friday Flyer
Google News - over 5 years
(These included the Audie Murphy Ranch, now being developed in 2011.) In August 1991, the new City Council was looking into undertaking a “sphere of influence study” to determine the ultimate potential boundaries and service area of Canyon Lake
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Driver sued in nurse's death at VA hospital - San Antonio Express
Google News - over 5 years
Magda Ortiz, 48, was taken off of life support last Friday and died of injuries sustained last month, when she was struck by a pickup outside of the Audie Murphy VA Hospital. Her husband is now suing the motorist and a construction
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Road rage possibly to blame in crash at VA hospital - San Antonio Express
Google News - over 5 years
A woman remains hospitalized after she was struck by a motorist in front of the Audie Murphy VA Hospital Friday morning in a crash that San Antonio police say may have been caused by road rage. Magda Ortiz, 48, is listed in critical
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Would national service temper our insatiable obsession with celebrity? - Staunton News Leader
Google News - over 5 years
For example, an earlier generation of Americans may have been captivated by the deeds of Al Capone, but they all honored Eddie Rickenbacker, Alvin York and Audie Murphy. Granted, Hollywood movies helped to make war heroes like Murphy famous,
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What's On Today
NYTimes - over 5 years
8 P.M. (TCM) RACE AND HOLLYWOOD: ARAB IMAGES IN FILM Robert Osborne and Jack G. Shaheen, the author of ''Reel Bad Arabs: How Hollywood Vilifies a People,'' host this monthlong series focusing on depictions of Arabs on the screen. This installment begins with ''Adventure in Iraq'' (1943), in which an airplane carrying an estranged American couple
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Summer Camp at the Audie Murphy/American Cotton Museum - North Texas e-News
Google News - over 5 years
This summer the Audie Murphy/American Cotton Museum is bringing back its popular summer camp program. This year's theme will focus on the World War II era. Each day's activities will focus on a different area of
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Huntsville area residents to be honored at Spirit of America Festival today at ... - al.com (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Frank Libutti will be presented the Audie Murphy Patriotism Award tonight at Spirit of America Festival in Decatur. (The Huntsville Times/File photo) HUNTSVILLE, Alabama -- Ret. Lt. Gen. Frank Libutti will add one more honor to his lengthy resume today
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Sergeant Audie Murphy Club hosts golf for Wounded Warriors - The Fort Gordon Signal
Google News - over 5 years
Wounded Warriors from Fort Gordon gathered after being treated to a day of golf provided by the Fort Gordon Chapter Sergeant Audie Murphy Club members and participants of the Wounded Warrior Golf Par 3 Scramble held June 25 at Porters Par 3 in Clarks
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LETTER: Freedoms gradually eroding - Wausau Daily Herald
Google News - over 5 years
John Wayne's "The Longest Day," "The Sands of lwo Jima," or Audie Murphy's "To Hell and Back?" Remember? Yes, it was a long time ago. It was a time when 16.5 million signed up to serve, knowing full well what was at stake: liberty, tyranny,
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DVD Review: The Gun Runners - Inside Pulse
Google News - over 5 years
The studio had no problem adapting the story a third time with Audie Murphy and Eddie Albert for The Gun Runners in 1958. The Gun Runners differs from To Have and Have Not since it's no longer about Martinique. The new destination is Cuba just before
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Audie Murphy films among tonight's TV viewing possibilities - New Philadelphia Times Reporter
Google News - over 5 years
By Anonymous • “Starring Audie Murphy” is the programming theme tonight on Turner Classic Movies (seen on cable Channel 50). Audie Murphy, the most decorated American soldier of World War II, parlayed, according to the Turner Classic Movies website,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Audie Murphy
    FORTIES
  • 1971
    Age 45
    On 7 June 1971, Murphy was buried with full military honors at Arlington National Cemetery.
    More Details Hide Details In attendance were Ambassador to the U.N. George H.W. Bush, Army Chief of Staff William Westmoreland, and many of the 3rd Infantry Division. Murphy's grave site is in Section 46, headstone number 46-366-11, located across Memorial Drive from the Amphitheater. A special flagstone walkway was later constructed to accommodate the large number of people who visit to pay their respects. It is the cemetery's second most-visited grave site, after that of President John F. Kennedy. The headstones of Medal of Honor recipients buried at Arlington National Cemetery are normally decorated in gold leaf. Murphy previously requested that his stone remain plain and inconspicuous, like that of an ordinary soldier. The headstone contains the birth year 1924, based upon purportedly falsified materials among his military records. In 1974, a large granite marker was erected just off the Appalachian Trail at at 3,100′ elevation, near the crash site.
    On 28 May 1971, Murphy was killed when the private plane in which he was a passenger crashed into Brush Mountain, near Catawba, Virginia, west of Roanoke in conditions of rain, clouds, fog and zero visibility.
    More Details Hide Details The pilot and four other passengers were also killed. The aircraft was a twin-engine Aero Commander 680 flown by a pilot who had a private-pilot license and a reported 8,000 hours of flying time, but who held no instrument rating. The aircraft was recovered on 31 May. After her husband died, Pamela Murphy moved into a small apartment and got a clerk position at the Veterans Administration Hospital in Los Angeles, where she remained employed for 35 years. In 1975, a court awarded Murphy's widow and two children $2.5 million in damages because of the accident.
    As a result of legislation introduced by U.S. Congressman Olin Teague five months after Murphy's death in 1971, the Audie L. Murphy Memorial VA Hospital in San Antonio, now a part of the South Texas Veterans Health Care System, was dedicated in 1973.
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  • 1968
    Age 42
    In 1968, he stated that he lost $260,000 in an Algerian oil deal and was dealing with the Internal Revenue Service over unpaid taxes.
    More Details Hide Details In spite of his financial difficulties, Murphy refused to appear in commercials for alcohol and cigarettes, mindful of the influence he would have on the youth market.
  • 1966
    Age 40
    Murphy made Trunk to Cairo in Israel in 1966.
    More Details Hide Details He first met director Budd Boetticher when Murphy requested to be his boxing partner at Terry Hunt's Athletic Club. He subsequently appeared in the 1951 title role of Boetticher's first western The Cimarron Kid. Boetticher wrote the script in 1969 for Murphy's last film A Time for Dying. Two other projects that Murphy and Boetticher planned to collaborate on – A Horse for Mr Barnum and When There's Sumpthin' to Do – never came to fruition.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1964
    Age 38
    He collaborated on Bullet for a Badman in 1964 and Arizona Raiders in 1965.
    More Details Hide Details The Willinghams as a team wrote the screenplay for Gunpoint as well the script for Murphy's last starring lead in the western 40 Guns to Apache Pass in 1967.
  • 1961
    Age 35
    Willard was a producer on Murphy's 1961 television series Whispering Smith. and co-wrote the screenplay for Battle at Bloody Beach that year.
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    Writer Clair Huffaker wrote the 1961 screenplays for Murphy's films Seven Ways from Sundown and Posse from Hell.
    More Details Hide Details Willard W. Willingham and his wife Mary Willingham befriended Murphy in his early days in Hollywood and worked with him on a number of projects.
  • 1960
    Age 34
    He received the 1960 Outstanding Civilian Service Medal for his cooperation in the episode Broken Bridge, which featured his visits to military installations in Germany, Italy, Turkey and the U.S. state of New Mexico to showcase the military's latest weaponry.
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    Thelma Ritter was his costar in the 1960 Startime television episode "The Man".
    More Details Hide Details During the early 1960s, Murphy donated his time and otherwise lent his name and image for three episodes of The Big Picture television series produced by the United States Army.
  • 1959
    Age 33
    Murphy featured in three westerns in 1959: he starred opposite Sandra Dee in The Wild and the Innocent, collaborated as an uncredited co-producer with Walter Mirisch on the black and white Cast a Long Shadow, and performed as a hired killer in No Name on the Bullet, a film that was well received by critics.
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  • 1958
    Age 32
    Joseph L. Mankiewicz hired Murphy to play the titular role in the 1958 film The Quiet American.
    More Details Hide Details Murphy formed a partnership with Harry Joe Brown to make three films, starting with The Guns of Fort Petticoat (1957). The partnership fell into disagreement over the remaining two projects, and Brown filed suit against Murphy.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1955
    Age 29
    Although Murphy was initially reluctant to appear as himself in To Hell and Back, the 1955 adaptation of his book directed by Jesse Hibbs, he eventually agreed; it became the biggest hit in the history of Universal Studios at the time.
    More Details Hide Details To help publicize the release of the film, he made guest appearances on television shows such as What's My Line? Toast of the Town, and Colgate Comedy Hour. The Hibbs-Murphy team proved so successful in To Hell and Back that the two worked together on five subsequent films. The partnership resulted in the 1956 western Walk the Proud Land, and the non-westerns Joe Butterfly and World in My Corner. They worked together for the last time in the 1958 western Ride a Crooked Trail.
  • 1954
    Age 28
    George Marshall directed Murphy in the 1954 Destry, a remake of Destry Rides Again, based on a character created by author Max Brand.
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  • 1953
    Age 27
    In 1953, he starred in Frederick de Cordova's Column South, and played Jim Harvey in Nathan Juran's Tumbleweed, an adaptation of the Kenneth Perkins novel Three Were Renegades.
    More Details Hide Details Director Nathan Juran also directed Gunsmoke and Drums Across the River.
  • 1952
    Age 26
    The only film Murphy made in 1952 was The Duel at Silver Creek with director Don Siegel.
    More Details Hide Details Murphy worked with Siegel one more time in 1958 for The Gun Runners.
  • 1950
    Age 24
    His first film for them was as Billy the Kid in The Kid from Texas in 1950.
    More Details Hide Details He wrapped up that year making Sierra starring Wanda Hendrix, who by that time had become his wife, and Kansas Raiders as outlaw Jesse James. Universal lent him to MGM in 1951 at a salary of $25,000 to play the lead of The Youth in The Red Badge of Courage, directed by John Huston. Murphy and Huston worked together again in the 1960 film The Unforgiven.
  • 1949
    Age 23
    Murphy married actress Wanda Hendrix in 1949. Their divorce became final two years later in 1951.
    More Details Hide Details Four days later, he married former airline stewardess Pamela Archer. He had two sons with Archer: Terry Michael Murphy, born on 14 March 1952, and James Shannon "Skipper" Murphy, born in 1954. Murphy bred quarter horses at the Audie Murphy Ranch in what is now Menifee, California, and the Murphy Ranch in Pima County, Arizona. His horses raced at the Del Mar Racetrack and he invested large sums of money in the hobby. Murphy had a gambling habit that left his finances in a poor state.
    His 1949 film Bad Boy gave him his first leading role.
    More Details Hide Details The film's financial backers refused to bankroll the project unless Murphy was given the lead; thus, Allied Artists put aside their reservations about using an inexperienced actor and gave him the starring role. Universal Studios signed Murphy to a seven-year studio contract at $2,500 a week.
    Hollywood writer David "Spec" McClure befriended Murphy, collaborating with him on Murphy's 1949 book To Hell and Back.
    More Details Hide Details McClure used his connections to get Murphy a $500 bit part in Texas, Brooklyn and Heaven. The agent of Wanda Hendrix, whom he had been dating since 1946, got him a bit part in the 1948 Alan Ladd film Beyond Glory directed by John Farrow.
  • 1948
    Age 22
    Murphy moved into Terry Hunt's Athletic Club in Hollywood where he lived until 1948.
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  • 1947
    Age 21
    They never cast Murphy in a movie and a personal disagreement ended the association in 1947.
    More Details Hide Details Murphy later worked with acting coach Estelle Harman, and honed his diction by reciting dialogue from William Shakespeare and William Saroyan.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1945
    Age 19
    When actor and producer James Cagney saw 16 July 1945 issue of Life magazine depicting Murphy as the "most decorated soldier", he brought him to Hollywood.
    More Details Hide Details Cagney and his brother William signed him as a contract player for their production company and gave him training in acting, voice and dance.
    Murphy was one of several military personnel who received orders on 8 June 1945 to report to Fort Sam Houston in San Antonio, Texas, for temporary duty and reassignment.
    More Details Hide Details Upon arrival on 13 June, he was one of four assigned to Fort Sam Houston Army Ground & Services Redistribution Station and sent home for 30 days of recuperation, with permission to travel anywhere within the United States during that period. While on leave, Murphy was feted with parades, banquets, and speeches. He received a belated Good Conduct Medal on 21 August. He was discharged with the rank of first lieutenant at a 50 percent disability classification on 21 September and transferred to the Officers' Reserve Corps. Murphy had been plagued since his military service with insomnia and bouts of depression, and slept with a loaded pistol under his pillow. A post-service medical examination on 17 June 1947 revealed symptoms of headaches, vomiting, and nightmares about war. His medical records indicated that he took sleeping pills to help prevent nightmares. During the mid-1960s, he recognized his dependence on Placidyl, and locked himself alone in a hotel room for a week to break the addiction successfully. Post-traumatic stress levels exacerbated his innate moodiness, and surfaced in episodes that friends and professional colleagues found alarming. His first wife, Wanda Hendrix, stated that he once held her at gunpoint. She witnessed her husband being guilt-ridden and tearful over newsreel footage of German war orphans. Murphy briefly found a creative stress outlet in writing poetry after his Army discharge. His poem "The Crosses Grow on Anzio" appeared in his book To Hell and Back, but was attributed to the fictitious character Kerrigan.
    Brigadier General Ralph B. Lovett and Lieutenant Colonel Hallet D. Edson recommended Murphy for the Medal of Honor. Near Salzburg, Austria on 2 June 1945, Lieutenant General A.M. Patch presented Murphy with the Medal of Honor and Legion of Merit for his actions at Holtzwihr.
    More Details Hide Details When asked after the war why he had seized the machine gun and taken on an entire company of German infantry, he replied, "They were killing my friends." Murphy received every U.S. military combat award for valor available from the U.S. Army for his World War II service. Inquiries were made through official channels about the prospect of Murphy attending West Point upon his return to the United States, but he never enrolled. Author Don Graham wrote that Murphy suggested the idea and then dropped it, possibly when he realized the extent of academic preparation needed to pass the entrance exam.
  • 1944
    Age 18
    On 16 February, Murphy was promoted to first lieutenant and was awarded the Legion of Merit for his service from 22 January 1944 to 18 February 1945.
    More Details Hide Details He was moved from the front lines to Regimental Headquarters and made a liaison officer. The United States additionally honored Murphy's war contributions with the American Campaign Medal, the European–African–Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with arrowhead device and 9 campaign stars, the World War II Victory Medal, and the Army of Occupation Medal with Germany Clasp. France recognized his service with the French Legion of Honor – Grade of Chevalier, the French Croix de guerre with Silver Star, the French Croix de guerre with Palm, the French Liberation Medal and the French Fourragère in Colors of the Croix de guerre, which was authorized for all members of the 3rd Infantry Division who fought in France during World War II. Belgium awarded Murphy the Belgian Croix de guerre with 1940 Palm.
    Murphy's first Purple Heart was for a heel wound received in a mortar shell blast on 15 September 1944 in northeastern France.
    More Details Hide Details His first Silver Star came after he killed four and wounded three at a German machine-gun position on 2 October at L'Omet quarry in the Cleurie river valley. Three days later, Murphy crawled alone towards the Germans at L'Omet, carrying an SCR-536 radio and directing his men for an hour while the Germans fired directly at him. When his men finally took the hill, 15 Germans had been killed and 35 wounded. Murphy's actions earned him a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster for his Silver Star. He was awarded a battlefield commission to second lieutenant on 14 October, which elevated him to platoon leader. While en route to Brouvelieures on 26 October, the 3rd Platoon of Company B was attacked by a German sniper group. Murphy captured two before being shot in the hip by a sniper; he returned fire and shot the sniper between the eyes. At the 3rd General Hospital at Aix-en-Provence, the removal of gangrene from the wound caused partial loss of his hip muscle and kept him out of combat until January. Murphy received his first Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster for his Purple Heart for this injury.
    Murphy received the Distinguished Service Cross for action taken on 15 August 1944, during the first wave of the Allied invasion of southern France.
    More Details Hide Details After landing on Yellow Beach near Ramatuelle, Murphy's platoon was attacked by German soldiers while making their way through a vineyard. He retrieved a machine gun that had been detached from the squad and returned fire at the German soldiers, killing two and wounding one. Two Germans exited a house about away and appeared to surrender; when Murphy's best friend responded, they shot and killed him. Murphy advanced alone on the house under direct fire. He killed six, wounded two and took eleven prisoner. Murphy was with the 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment during the 27–28 August offensive at Montélimar that secured the area from the Germans. Along with the other soldiers who took part in the action, he received the Presidential Unit Citation.
    In January 1944, Murphy was promoted to staff sergeant.
    More Details Hide Details He was hospitalized in Naples with malaria on 21 January, and was unable to participate in the initial landing at the Anzio beachhead. He returned on 29 January and participated in the First Battle of Cisterna, and was made a platoon sergeant in Company B following the battle. He returned with the 3rd Division to Anzio, where they remained for months. Taking shelter from the weather in an abandoned farmhouse on 2 March, Murphy and his platoon killed the crew of a passing German tank. He then crawled out alone close enough to destroy the tank with rifle grenades, for which he received the Bronze Star with "V" Device. Murphy continued to make scouting patrols to take German prisoners before being hospitalized for a week on 13 March with a second bout of malaria. Sixty-one infantry officers and enlisted men of Company B, 15th Infantry, including Murphy, were awarded the Combat Infantryman Badge on 8 May. Murphy was also awarded a Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster for his Bronze Star. American forces liberated Rome on 4 June, and Murphy remained bivouacked in Rome with his platoon throughout July.
  • 1943
    Age 17
    Murphy participated in the September 1943 mainland Salerno landing at Battipaglia.
    More Details Hide Details While on a scouting party along the Volturno River, he and two other soldiers were ambushed; German machine-gun fire killed one soldier. Murphy and the other survivor responded by killing five Germans with hand grenades and machine-gun fire. While taking part in the October Allied assault on the Volturno Line, near Mignano Monte Lungo Hill 193, he and his company repelled an attack by seven German soldiers, killing three and taking four prisoner. Murphy was promoted to sergeant on 13 December.
    Murphy was shipped to Casablanca in French Morocco on 20 February 1943.
    More Details Hide Details He was assigned to Company B, 1st Battalion, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry Division, which trained under the command of Major General Lucian Truscott. He participated as a platoon messenger with his division at Arzew in Algeria in rigorous training for the Allied assault landings in Sicily. He was promoted to private first class on 7 May and corporal on 15 July. When the 3rd Infantry landed at Licata, Sicily, on 10 July, Murphy was a division runner. On a scouting patrol, he killed two fleeing Italian officers near Canicattì. Sidelined with illness for a week when Company B arrived in Palermo on 20 July, he rejoined them when they were assigned to a hillside location protecting a machine-gun emplacement, while the rest of the 3rd Infantry Division fought at San Fratello en route to the Allied capture of the transit port of Messina.
  • 1942
    Age 16
    After his sister provided an affidavit falsifying his birth date by a year, he was accepted by the U.S. Army on 30 June 1942.
    More Details Hide Details After basic training at Camp Wolters, he was sent to Fort Meade for advanced infantry training. During basic training, he earned the Marksman Badge with Rifle Component Bar and Expert Badge with Bayonet Component Bar.
  • 1941
    Age 15
    Murphy had always wanted to be a soldier, and after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, he tried to enlist, but the Army, Navy and Marine Corps all turned him down for being underweight and underage.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1925
    Born
    Born on June 20, 1925.
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