August Strindberg

Swedish Playwright + Writer + Painter
Hometown Stockholm
Died May 14, 1912
Death Place Stockholm
Other Names Johan August Stri...

Johan August Strindberg was a Swedish playwright, novelist, poet, essayist and painter. A prolific writer who often drew directly on his personal experience, Strindberg's career spanned four decades, during which time he wrote over 60 plays and more than 30 works of fiction, autobiography, history, cultural analysis, and politics.… Read More

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August Strindberg
August Strindberg


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1849 Birth Strindberg was born on 22 January 1849 in Stockholm, Sweden, the third surviving son of Carl Oscar Strindberg (a shipping agent) and Eleonora Ulrika Norling (a serving-maid). … Read More


1860 11 Years Old He was moved to the school in Jakob in 1860, which he found far more pleasant, though he remained there for only a year.
1861 12 Years Old In the autumn of 1861, he was moved to the Stockholm Lyceum, a progressive private school for middle-class boys, where he remained for six years. … Read More
1867 18 Years Old He passed his graduation exam in May 1867 and enrolled at the Uppsala University, where he began on 13 September. … Read More


1869 20 Years Old In May 1869, he failed his qualifying chemistry exam which in turn made him uninterested in schooling.
1870 21 Years Old 1 More Event
Strindberg returned to Uppsala University in January 1870 to study aesthetics and modern languages and to work on a number of plays. … Read More
1872 - 1874 2 More Events
1875 26 Years Old 1 More Event
Early in the summer of 1875, he met Siri von Essen, a 24-year-old aspiring actress who, by virtue of her husband, was a baroness – he became infatuated with her. … Read More
1876 27 Years Old 1 More Event
As a result of an argument in January 1876 concerning the inheritance of the family firm, Strindberg's relationship with his father was terminated (he did not attend his funeral in February 1883).


1879 30 Years Old 1 More Event
On 9 January 1879, Strindberg was declared bankrupt.
1880 31 Years Old 1 More Event
Strindberg and Siri's daughter Karin was born on 26 February 1880.
1881 32 Years Old From 1881, at the invitation of Edvard Brandes, Strindberg began to contribute articles to the Morgenbladet, a Copenhagen daily newspaper. … Read More
In March 1882 he wrote in a letter to Josephson: "My interest in the theatre, I must frankly state, has but one focus and one goal – my wife's career as an actress"; Josephson duly cast her in two roles the following season.
1884 35 Years Old 1 More Event
On 3 April 1884, Siri gave birth to their son, Hans.
1885 36 Years Old In May 1885 he wrote: "I am on my way to becoming an atheist." … Read More
In September 1887 he began to write a novel in French about his relationship with Siri von Essen called The Defence of a Fool. … Read More
1888 39 Years Old In 1888, after a separation and reconciliation with Siri von Essen, he founded the Scandinavian Experimental Theatre in Copenhagen, where Siri became manager. … Read More


1889 40 Years Old In 1889, he published an essay entitled "On Modern Drama and the Modern Theatre", in which he disassociated himself from naturalism, arguing that it was petty and unimaginative realism. … Read More
1892 43 Years Old In 1892, he experienced writer's block, which led to a drastic reduction in his income. … Read More
1893 44 Years Old They were married in 1893. Less than a year later, their daughter Kerstin was born and the couple separated, though their marriage was not officially dissolved until 1897.
1894 45 Years Old 1 More Event
…  A series of psychotic attacks between 1894 to 1896 (referred to as his "Inferno crisis") led to his hospitalisation and return to Sweden. … Read More


1899 - 1903 4 More Events
1906 57 Years Old August Falck, an actor, wanted to put on a production of Miss Julie and wrote to him for permission. In September 1906 he staged the first Swedish production of Miss Julie. … Read More
1907 58 Years Old He founded The Intimate Theatre in Stockholm in 1907. … Read More
1908 59 Years Old He wrote another historical drama in 1908 after the Royal Theatre convinced him to put on a new play for its sixtieth birthday. … Read More


1910 61 Years Old …  The theatre eventually went bankrupt in 1910, but did not close until Strindberg's death in 1912. … Read More
1911 62 Years Old During Christmas 1911, Strindberg became sick with pneumonia and he never recovered completely. … Read More
1912 63 Years Old 1 More Event
He died on 14 May 1912 at the age of 63. … Read More
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