Azem Hajdari
Albanian politician
Azem Hajdari
Azem Shpend Hajdari was the leader of the student's movement in 1990–1991 that led to the fall of communism in Albania. He then became a politician of the Democratic Party of Albania (DP). Together with Sali Berisha, he symbolizes the start of the democratic era in Albania. He was a member of the Albanian parliament and the Chairman of the Defense Parliamentary Commission. He was assassinated in Tirana on September 12, 1998.
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Monday, September 12 - eTaiwan News
Google News - over 5 years
1998 - Azem Hajdari, a leading Albanian opposition lawmaker, is assassinated by an unidentified gunmen. 1999 - Indonesia says it will accept a peacekeeping force in East Timor, which was ravaged by Indonesian-controlled militias after residents voted
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Google News article
TIMELINE-Albanian politics since the fall of communism - TrustLaw
Google News - almost 6 years
September - Azem Hajdari, a close Berisha aide, is assassinated. Berisha blames the Socialists and his supporters take to the streets. Nano resigns and is replaced by fellow Socialist Pandeli Majko. October 1999 - Majko quits after losing the party
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World News Briefs; Ex-Student Leader, 30, Named Albania Premier
NYTimes - over 18 years
Following the resignation of the Albanian Prime Minister, the governing Socialists chose a 30-year-old former student leader today for the job. Pandeli Majko, the Socialists' general secretary, who had helped topple the Communists when he was a student leader, was nominated to replace Fatos Nano, who submitted his resignation on Monday. The law
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NYTimes article
Albanian Prime Minister Quits, Deepening the Political Confusion
NYTimes - over 18 years
The Prime Minister resigned today, two weeks after rioting over the killing of an opposition politician pushed Albania to the brink of anarchy. The resignation of the Prime Minister, Fatos Nano, was announced after a meeting of his Socialist Party leadership in Tirana, the capital. He stepped down after telling President Rexhep Meidani that he had
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World News Briefs; Albania Demonstration Ends Without Incident
NYTimes - over 18 years
Supporters of Albania's former President, Sali Berisha, marched through the capital's main square today as a European delegation began talks to try to end political turmoil in the country. About 3,000 supporters of Mr. Berisha's main opposition Democratic Party moved peacefully around Skanderbeg Square chanting and waving posters demanding the
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Albanians Clear the Way For the Arrest Of Ex-President
NYTimes - over 18 years
The Albanian Parliament voted overwhelmingly today to lift the immunity of former President Sali Berisha, clearing the way for his arrest on charges that he tried to overthrow the Government. It was unclear, however, whether the Government would immediately attempt to serve an arrest warrant, a move that could set off more unrest from Mr. Berisha's
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Supporters of Former President Defy Ban and March in Albania
NYTimes - over 18 years
About 3,000 followers of the former Albanian President, Sali Berisha, defied a Government ban and staged a peaceful march today through this capital. The Socialist Prime Minister, Fatos Nano, emerged from hiding after the violence on Monday, when his office and residence were looted. He accused Mr. Berisha of trying to stage a coup and demanded
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Protesters Battle Troops in Albanian Capital
NYTimes - over 18 years
Supporters of former President Sali Berisha seized Government buildings today in the Albanian capital, Tirana, and demanded that the Government resign. Government forces launched a counterattack hours later and recovered the buildings, a Government spokesman said. Artan Bizhga, an Interior Ministry spokesman, said the Parliament building and the
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Albania Protesters and Police Trade Gunfire as Cabinet Flees
NYTimes - over 18 years
Protesters outraged over the killing of an opposition leader set fire to Albania's main government building today and sent the Prime Minister and his Cabinet fleeing in a hail of gunfire. One protester was killed, and four guards of Prime Minister Fatos Nano were wounded as marchers and police officers traded gunfire. Clouds of smoke from burning
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Albanian Strongman Orders His Forces to Encircle Capital
NYTimes - over 19 years
In an attempt to show he was still in charge, even though he had promised to resign after his party's electoral defeat four days ago, President Sali Berisha, the Albanian strongman, called for armed forces to encircle the capital on Tuesday night. The order by Mr. Berisha, whose army evaporated four months ago and whose own armed guard appears
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Chaos by Design: How Albanian Retained Power
NYTimes - almost 20 years
Employing survival tactics straight out of a Marxist-Leninist script, President Sali Berisha appears to have deliberately created armed chaos in the capital in order to defend himself against a popular rebellion that threatened to engulf him. So far, at great cost to his country, this strategy has worked. Mr. Berisha, a former Communist, has kept
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Azem Hajdari
    THIRTIES
  • 1998
    Age 34
    On October 2, 1998, Hajdari was posthumously awarded Honorary citizenship of Tirana, and in 2007 he was decorated with the Skanderbeg's Order by president Bamir Topi.
    More Details Hide Details An monument honoring Hajdari and Besim Çera was placed on the crime scene where both were killed. Hajdari came from a working family. He finished elementary school and high school in Bajram Curri. Hajdari studied philosophy at the University of Tirana, and was married to Fatmira Hajdari, with whom he had three children: Kirardi, Rudina, and Azem Junior (who was born four months after Hajdari's assassination).
    He was assassinated in Tirana on September 12, 1998.
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    On June 4, 1998, at about 22:30, Hajdari and other members of the DP (including Jozefina Topalli and Vili Minarolli) were ambushed by gunmen.
    More Details Hide Details Bardhyl Pollo, former General Director of Albanian Radio and TV, was seriously wounded.
  • 1997
    Age 33
    On September 18, 1997, Hajdari fought with Gafur Mazreku, a Member of Parliament of the Prime Minister Fatos Nano's governing Socialist Party, in a dispute over a proposed increase in the added value tax.
    More Details Hide Details Mazreku shot Hajdari five times with a pistol and ran from the hall. Hajdari was taken to a military hospital in grave condition. Mazreku ran to the nearby Albanian telegraph agency building, where he surrendered to police. Mazreku was sentenced to eight years imprisonment by parliament. On December 17, the court located in Tirana sentenced Mazreku to eleven years in prison for attempted murder. The prosecutor had demanded a 16-year sentence. Mazreku argued that he fired the shots in an act of revenge after Hajdari verbally assaulted and punched him. Hajdari, however, claimed the attack was politically motivated. Hajdari was shot and killed as he stepped out of the Democratic Party’s office in Tirana with his two bodyguards, Besim Çera, who was killed, and Zenel Neza, who was seriously injured but survived. The three men were shot by Fatmir Haklaj, Jaho Mulosmani, and Naim Cangu, who had been waiting in a car parked nearby. Hajdari was taken to the hospital by Besnik Docaj, a fellow Democrat. Cangu was seriously injured, and later died in hospital.
    In June 1997 he became the Chairman of the Parliamentary Commission of Defense.
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  • 1996
    Age 32
    In 1996 he was the Chairman of the Parliamentary Commission on the Public Order and the National Intelligence Service, and is November 1996 became President of the United Independent Albanian Trade Unions.
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  • 1995
    Age 31
    From 1995 to 1998, Hajdari was the President of the KS Vllaznia Shkodër, the first sport club in Albania.
    More Details Hide Details He also served as the President of the Albanian Federation of Martial arts. Hajdari began receiving death threats from the beginning of his involvement in the student protests. On March 22, 1991, he received a package containing a severed rooster head and a letter written in blood: "Azem Hajdari, you are sentenced to death."
  • TWENTIES
  • 1992
    Age 28
    Hajdari served as Chairman of the Parliamentary Commission on the Public Order and the National Intelligence Service from 1992–1996.
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  • 1991
    Age 27
    From February 1991 to September 1993 he was Deputy-Chairman of the Democratic Party and a member of its steering committee.
    More Details Hide Details In the four free elections after the collapse of communism, Hajdari has been elected a Member of Parliament.
  • 1990
    Age 26
    From December 1990 to February 1991, he was Chairman of the Leading Commission of the Democratic Party (the first opposition party after 50 years of totalitarian regime).
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    He was one of the main leaders of student demonstrations that brought the collapse of the Party of Labour of Albania in December 1990.
    More Details Hide Details He was also, briefly, the first leader of the Democratic Party of Albania (DP). He remained in that position until he was replaced in early 1991 by Sali Berisha, who later became Prime Minister of Albania. Hajdari was a close associate of Berisha, and came from the same district of Tropojë. In 1993 Hajdari graduated on Philosophy Branch at the University of Tirana. In 1995 he graduated Jurisprudence again at the University of Tirana. On 1993 until 1994: Studied English language and philosophy in the United States and at 1996 he studied defense and security policy in Garmisch-Partenkirchen in Germany. Political activities in his youth included serving as a leader of the students' movement which overthrew communism in Albania.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1963
    Born
    Born on March 11, 1963.
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