Barry McCaffrey
United States Army general
Barry McCaffrey
Barry Richard McCaffrey is a retired United States Army general, news commentator, and business consultant. He is currently an Adjunct Professor at the United States Military Academy, where he was the Bradley Professor of International Security Studies from 2001 to 2005. He is also an NBC and MSNBC military analyst as well as president of his own consulting firm, BR McCaffrey Associates. http://www. mccaffreyassociates. com/
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Beware a Trump Reichstag Fire
Huffington Post - 6 days
"I alone can fix it." - Donald Trump, July 2016 Ever since the election, I have been concerned about and warning others of the possibility of Donald Trump using a terrorist attack in the United States the way Adolf Hitler used the burning of the Reichstag (parliament) building in Berlin in 1933 as a pretext to seize authoritarian power and destroy our Constitutional system. When I wrote a piece about this possibility a few weeks ago, it was rejected by leading newspapers, apparently because the editors thought it too farfetched. Now the idea is beginning to be discussed in some public circles. Whistling Past the Graveyard of the Republic It is time to stop whistling past what could become the graveyard of the American Republic. The United States is facing its most dire crisis since the Civil War, and the general public--pointedly including those who voted for Trump--and political leaders--especially Republican patriots--need to recognize the danger before it ...
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Huffington Post article
4-Star General McCaffrey (Ret), U.S. Drug Czar Who Helped Formulate Plan Colombia, Says 15th Anniversary White House Celebration Feb. 4 Is Proof Of Success With Massive Cocaine Reduction To U.S., Reduced Crime, Improved Colombian Stability
Yahoo News - about 1 year
WASHINGTON, Jan. 26, 2016 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Four-Star General Barry McCaffrey (Ret), the former U.S. Drug Czar who helped formulate Plan Colombia, says that "the fifteenth anniversary White House celebration February 4 is proof of Plan Colombia's success.  The U.S. cooperation with the government of Colombia led to massive cocaine transit reduction to the U.S., reduced crime, and improved Colombian stability."However, Gen. McCaffrey, who led five missions to Colombia from 1996-2001 to develop and formulate the initial 2000 1. ...
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Yahoo News article
Nation's First Conference On Veterans And Criminal Justice System, Veterans Treatment Court Conference, Focuses On Veterans' Substance Abuse And Mental Health Crisis, Opens 8AM Mon Dec 2 In DC
Yahoo News - over 3 years
4-Star Gen. Barry McCaffrey (Former Drug Czar), Gen. Eric Shinseki (Sec Of Veterans Affairs), Actress & Justice For Vets Senior Director Melissa Fitzgerald, Iraq-Afghanistan Returning Veterans, Judges Speak1 in 6 Returning Vets Suffers from Substance Abuse, 1 in 5 a Mental Health Condition; "National Crisis of Alarming Proportions"8-10 AM, Mon. December 2, Marriott Wardman Park Hotel, DC,2660 Woodley Rd NW; Open to MediaAlso Joint Chiefs Of Staff Chairman Gen. Martin Dempsey To Speak At Closing Session 8 AM December 4WASHINGTON, Nov. ...
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Yahoo News article
Four-Star Gen. Barry McCaffrey, Former US Drug Czar, To Report "Drugs In The Workplace --Understated National Crisis" At Labor Health & Benefits Expo Fri., Nov. 8, 10:30 AM At NYC Grand Hyatt
Yahoo News - over 3 years
NEW YORK, Nov. 5, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Four-Star General (Ret) and former U.S. Drug Czar Barry McCaffrey will report on "Drugs in the Workplace— Understated National Crisis," at the 20th Annual Health and Benefits Exposition, at the Grand Hyatt New York, 109 E 42nd St, New York, NY 10017.  He will speak to the conference in the featured presentation at 10:30 AM in the Imperial Room and at 11:30 will greet and offer brief comments to nearly 400 participants and over 50 exhibitors in the Exhibit Hall, one floor up. General McCaffrey said he will discuss the national substance abuse crisis as a health issue that has enormous national implications on employer productivity, work stability, the economy, families, and crime.  He will point to statistics showing $200 billion in lost productivity due to substance abuse, and will report that over 20 million Americans need but do not receive treatment according to the federal Department of Health and Human Services. General McCaffrey co ...
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Yahoo News article
4-Star General Barry McCaffrey-- Former US Drug Czar, Latin America & Iraq Commander -- To Keynote Int'l Firefighters Health Symposium, Denver, Thurs Aug 22 10:15 AM, Hyatt Regency; Also Q&A 2:30
Yahoo News - over 3 years
Article Link:
Yahoo News article
Prospira PainCare Appoints General Barry McCaffrey to Board of Directors
Yahoo News - over 3 years
MOUNTAIN VIEW, Calif. and WASHINGTON, June 10, 2013 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- Prospira PainCare, Inc., the nation's premier provider of multidisciplinary pain management and restorative healthcare services, today announced the appointment of Four-Star General Barry McCaffrey (ret) to the company's board of directors. In this role, General McCaffrey will provide strategic counsel to the company as Prospira PainCare expands its network of pain management centers across the United States."It is with great pleasure that I join Prospira PainCare's board of directors," stated General McCaffrey. ...
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Yahoo News article
Zorianna Kit: Oliver Stone and Benicio Del Toro on the Savages DVD Release
Huffington Post - over 4 years
Oliver Stone's Savages became available on DVD today with a Blu-ray combo pack that also includes UltraViolet, DVD and Digital copy. The film, based on Don Winslow's novel, is about two best friends (played by Taylor Kitsch and Aaron Johnson) whose marijuana business attracts the attention of a Mexican Baja Cartel. When the boys refuse to work with the cartel, the girl they love -- played by Blake Lively -- is captured by the Mexican drug lords, which forces the two friends to play ball. Salma Hayek, John Travolta and Benicio Del Toro also star. The night before the presidential election, Stone and Del Toro sat down for an intimate dinner at the Four Season's Culina restaurant in Beverly Hills to talk about the film's DVD release, which also includes an unrated edition, a deleted scenes section and five-part 'Making Of' that is chock full of behind-the-scenes footage and cast interviews. The conversation veered all over the place. Both filmmaker and actor said they ...
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Huffington Post article
No Accountability for Torturers
Counter Punch - over 4 years
The Obama administration has closed the books on prosecutions of those who violated our laws by authorizing and conducting the torture and abuse of prisoners in U.S. custody. Last year, Attorney General Eric Holder announced that his office would investigate only two incidents, in which CIA interrogations ended in deaths. He said the Justice Department “has determined that an expanded criminal investigation of the remaining matters is not warranted.” With that decision, Holder conferred amnesty on countless Bush officials, lawyers and interrogators who set and carried out a policy of cruel treatment. Now the attorney general has given a free pass to those responsible for the deaths of Gul Rahman and Manadel al-Jamadi. Rahman froze to death in 2002 after being stripped and shackled to a cold cement floor in the secret Afghan prison known as the Salt Pit. Al-Jamadi died after he was suspended from the ceiling by his wrists which were bound behind his back. MP Tony Diaz, who witnessed a ...
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Counter Punch article
Stanton Peele: The Good News and the Bad in Drug Policy Reform
Huffington Post - over 4 years
Here are the two best things occurring in drug policy reform, along with the two worst: BEST 1. Latin America is throwing off the yoke of American drug repression. Latin cultures don't view -- and traditionally use -- drugs and alcohol the way that Americans and other Temperance-based (English-speaking and Scandinavian) cultures do. They are laissez faire, both in their usage patterns and their policing and regulation of drugs. Thus the United States has been "forced" to impose our views on drugs on these countries, with no visible benefit to ourselves, and with disastrous results for them. Along with differing attitudes towards substance use between the hemispheres, the United States has always dominated Latin politics to serve its own interests -- the drug war simply being one example. In this equation, the consequences for the indigenous cultures and Latin American governments are inconsequential to the Americans. So, led by Uruguay's militant socialist presi ...
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Huffington Post article
Ryan Grim: Puff, Puff, Life: A Glimpse Inside The 'Largest Pot Shop On The Planet'
Huffington Post - over 4 years
In 2007, HuffPost's Ryan Grim visited Harborside Health Center as dispensaries were being raided across California. The owners thought that the coming election would make everyone's life easier. In the wake of the Obama administration's decision to target Harborside, we're re-running Chapter 12 of This Is Your Country On Drugs, set in Bush-era California. A first-time visitor to Harborside Health Center might have a hard time believing he's about to enter "an extraordinary environment of medical care, honesty, and friendliness," as the place describes itself online. Situated in a nondescript warehouse just off the freeway in Oakland, California, it's labeled only with the giant digits of its street number, 1840. Two security guards in blue are posted outside, and the facility is also equipped with motion detectors, video and audio surveillance and laser alarms. The guards are, in fact, extraordinarily friendly, offering professional smiles to those who approach. But they're ...
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Huffington Post article
Mary Alexander, San Francisco Victims' Attorney, to be Inducted Into CA Bar ASSN Trial Lawyer Hall of Fame Sat. June 23 - Westin St. Francis; Reception 5:30-7PM Dinner and Presentation 7-10 PM
Business Review Australia - over 4 years
ALEXANDER, FORMER NAT'L PRES. OF ASSN. OF TRIAL LAWYERS OF AMERICA, ACTED ON SOME OF NATION'S MOST IMPORTANT CONSUMER CASES INCLUDING 9-11 COMPENSATION; WILL COMMENT ON INSPIRATION AND STATE OF LAW IN AMERICA: "The legal system is the last resort for those who seek to be heard."  Four-Star General Barry McCaffrey (Ret) to attend ceremony and event MARY ALEXANDER PHOTOS:;; SAN FRANCISCO, June 16, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ --  UPDATED:  Mary Alexander, a San Francisco victims' attorney, a national leader as past president of the American Association for Justice (formerly Association of Trial Lawyers of America), the Consumer Attorneys of California, and current President of the National Crime Victims Bar Association, who has overseen and personally taken on some of the nation's most important cases including 9-11 compensation, is being inducted into the State Bar ...
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Business Review Australia article
Video: Tackling Substance Abuse Among Vets
Coronado Patch - almost 5 years
Chris Bailey, a 15-year military veteran with hitches in both the Marines and the Army, for years felt he was a functioning alcoholic.  That was until one addiction morphed into opiate use and beyond. Then he found himself on his back in an emergency room, clearly no longer functioning. It's been a long road back. “The miracle of it is it happened about a year ago today and I haven't used for about a year ago today,” said Bailey, 35. (hear his story in his own words in the media box.) Addiction is a pervasive problem in society, but Bailey, along with retired Gen. Barry McCaffrey and others, wants the country to know that it's a particularly troubling issue for combat veterans. Hundreds of clinicians and medical professionals gathered at the Hotel del Coronado Monday for the Freedom and Recovery conference, offering guidance on how to counsel service members with addictions or other mental problems. McCaffrey, a four-star general who served as the nation's drug czar u ...
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Coronado Patch article
4-Star Gen. Barry McCaffrey, Ex-Drug Czar, to Keynote San Diego National Conf. on Veterans With Subs - almost 5 years
Four-Star General Barry McCaffrey (ret), former U.S. Drug Czar and a commander in the Gulf War, will lead the keynote opening a San Diego national conference on veterans with substance abuse and mental health issues including PTSD. The event, the Foundations Recovery Network 35th national conference, is entitled, "Freedom and Recovery: Integrated Mental Health and Addiction Treatment for Veterans." The opening keynote is 8:30-10AM Monday, April 23, at the Hotel Del Coronado in San Diego. The keynote session is open to the media, and a press availability follows at 10AM, with Q A for media. The...
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Gen. Barry McCaffrey: Afghanistan Shootings 'Outrageous'
Huffington Post - almost 5 years
Retired Army Gen. <a class="fplink fp-26542" href="/Barry+Mccaffrey+1">Barry McCaffrey</a> called the shooting deaths of two American advisers in Afghanistan "outrageous" on NBC Nightly News on Saturday and said the...
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Huffington Post article
If I were General Barry McCaffrey and/or General Bob Scales, I would have blasted Rep Cuellar and asked him how much the Fed Govt paid for “Fast and Furious” and where was the Congressional oversight that could have prevented it?
Fox News - over 5 years
Two retired Generals – one is my good friend General Bob Scales – were hired to review the Texas / Mexico border.  Their report concluded that Texas faces a ‘lethal, elusive, creative, ruthless, well armed and superbly financed army [the drug cartel] who is trying to learn and adapt at a faster pace than its American enemy…’   Two Democratic Members of Congress from Texas disagreed with the conclusion of the two generals about south Texas, and went from disagreeing with the two Generals to ratcheting it up and accusing at least Gen McCaffrey of being money motivated — or another way to say it, being for sale.  Below is lifted from a story about the hearing on Friday: “….[Congresman] Cuellar also questioned how much McCaffrey was paid to compile the report, which he stated was filled with anecdotal informa-tion. Cuellar suggested McCaffrey was paid $80,000 with taxpayer money to author the report.   McCaffrey took offense. “Are you suggesting that this report had political or mo ...
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Fox News article
The Drug war in Mexico: Serious National Security Threat -
Google News - over 5 years
Barry McCaffrey—claim the possibility exists that Mexico could become a failed state or even collapse into a narco-state.[3][4] This outcome is obviously much more conducive to violence spilling over the borders. Mexico becoming a failed or “narco”
Article Link:
Google News article
Aerospace Alliance plans September summit in Destin - Pensacola News Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Barry McCaffrey (ret.), political guru John Ashford, and Gregory Miller, chief economist for SunTrust Bank. Other roundtables will include aerospace executives and state economic development leaders. &quot;When you put the four states&#39; aerospace industries
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Google News article
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Barry McCaffrey
  • 2010
    Age 67
    He received West Point Association of Graduates of the United States Military Academy's Distinguished Graduate Award in 2010.
    More Details Hide Details He is currently a military analyst for NBC and MSNBC as well as president of his own consulting firm, BR McCaffrey Associates. He serves on many boards of directors of national corporations. He is an outspoken advocate for insurance parity, for drug courts and veterans' courts, and is a frequent speaker at conferences.
  • 2009
    Age 66
    On January 24, 2009, in an article entitled "The Generals’ Second Careers," New York Times Public Editor (ombudsman) Clark Hoyt discussed Barstow's allegations.
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  • 2008
    Age 65
    In late November 2008, the New York Times published another front-page article by Barstow, this time specifically profiling General McCaffrey.
    More Details Hide Details It detailed his free movement between roles as a paid advocate for defense companies, media analyst and a retired officer. An earlier report with some of the same information had appeared in The Nation in April 2003 but was not widely picked up. Specifically, McCaffrey signed a contract with an undisclosed equity stake and retainer to represent Defense Solutions to American military leadership. Within days after signing the contract, McCaffrey sent a proposal directly to David H. Petraeus, then the commanding general in Iraq, recommending Defense Solutions and its offer to supply Iraq 5,000 armored vehicles from former Soviet bloc countries. Subsequently, McCaffrey would continue to advocate the Defense Solutions proposal over equipping the Iraqi Army with American-made equipment. McCaffrey and his consulting firm BR McCaffrey Associates LLC responded to The Times piece, stating that he is "absolutely committed to objective, non-partisan public commentary." The response highlighted his military record, as well as his history of criticizing the execution of the Iraq War and specifically Rumsfeld. Journalist Glenn Greenwald later wrote that there had been "extensive collaboration between NBC and McCaffrey to formulate a coordinated response to David Barstow's story."
    In January 2008, McCaffrey was elected to board of directors of The HNTB Companies, an employee-owned organization of infrastructure firms with 63 offices nationwide—known and respected for their work in transportation, tolls, bridges, aviation, rail, architecture and urban design and planning.
    More Details Hide Details McCaffrey also serves on the boards of directors of Atlantic Council of the United States, DynCorp International, Global Linguist Solutions, McNeil Technologies, and CRC Health Group, a nationwide for-profit chain of addiction treatment centers and behavioral therapy programs for related disorders. He is also a member of Council on Foreign Relations, an Associate of the Inter-American Dialogue, a principal for Council on Excellence in Government, a member of the CSIS U.S.-Mexico Binational Council, chairman of Vietnam Veterans Memorial Education Center Advisory Board, a senior executive associate for Army Aviation Association of America, and a member of the board of advisors of National Infantry Foundation. McCaffrey also participates in U.S. Army Fires Center, Senior Field Artillery Advisory Council, at Fort Sill, Oklahoma. McCaffrey is an advocate for parity (coverage by health insurers of behavioral disorders coequal to their coverage of other diseases) and of drug courts and veterans' courts and is a frequent speaker at conferences.
  • 2007
    Age 64
    The article barely mentioned McCaffrey and another NBC analyst, Gen. Wayne Downing, who died in 2007, yet included them in what a reader could reasonably interpret as a virtual rogue’s gallery of analysts spouting the Pentagon line.
    More Details Hide Details "On Nov. 30, under the second front-page headline 'One Man’s Military-Industrial-Media Complex,' Barstow wrote that McCaffrey represented an exclusive club of mostly retired generals whose 'war commentary can fit hand in glove with undisclosed commercial interests. " "Barstow said he never intended to say that McCaffrey did anything illegal or unethical. He said he was describing how the world works and raising the issue of disclosure of potential conflicts." "McCaffrey, a much-decorated, thrice-wounded war hero, unhappily became the symbol of an entrenched system of insider access, overlapping interests and lack of public disclosure. It is an issue of high interest in Barack Obama’s Washington. Even as they testified to McCaffrey’s integrity, some of his most ardent supporters recognized that the system presented multiple opportunities for conflicts of interest. McCaffrey said he will follow any disclosure rules, as long as they apply to everybody, not just retired military officers."
    His assessment noted several negative areas as well as very positive areas in the struggle for democracy in the country. McCaffrey returned a third time in March 2007 and followed the visit with a third memorandum.
    More Details Hide Details The grimness of the 2006 assessment was repeated, additionally asserting a concern about the effect of the continuing war on the readiness of the small-sized U.S. military. He tempered his optimism about the future, saying, "There are encouraging signs that the peace and participation message does resonate with many of the more moderate Sunni and Shia warring factions." In April 2008, New York Times published a front-page report by David Barstow confirming that military analysts hired by ABC, CBS and NBC to present observations about the conduct of the war in Iraq had undisclosed ties to the Pentagon and/or military contractors. McCaffrey was "at the heart of the scandal" detailed by Barstow.
  • 2006
    Age 63
    In the report, McCaffrey described U.S. senior military leadership team as superb and predicted the insurgency will reach its peak from January-to-September 2006, allowing for U.S. force withdrawals in the late summer of 2006.
    More Details Hide Details A year later, however, after visiting Iraq again, his assessment was grim: "Iraq is abject misery... I think it's a terribly dangerous place for diplomats and journalists and contractors and Iraqi mothers. Trying to go about daily life in that city is a real nightmare for these poor people." He called Abu Ghraib "the biggest mistake that happened so far." In an official memorandum, McCaffrey nevertheless expressed optimism about the operation's longer term future: "The situation is perilous, uncertain, and extreme – but far from hopeless. The U.S. Armed Forces are a rock. This is the most competent and brilliantly led military in a tactical and operational sense that we have ever fielded... There is no reason why the U.S. cannot achieve our objectives in Iraq. Our aim must be to create a viable federal state under the rule of law which does not: enslave its own people, threaten its neighbors, or produce weapons of mass destruction. This is a 10-year task. We should be able to draw down most of our combat forces in 3–5 years. We have few alternatives to the current U.S. strategy, which is painfully but gradually succeeding. This is now a race against time. Do we have the political will, do we have the military power, will we spend the resources required to achieve our aims?"
  • 2005
    Age 62
    In June 2005, McCaffrey surveyed Iraq on behalf of U.S. Central Command and wrote an optimistic report afterwards.
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  • 2004
    Age 61
    In October 2004, McCaffrey was elected by the board of directors of HNTB Corporation to serve as the board chairman of a newly formed subordinate company, HNTB Federal Services.
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  • 2000
    Age 57
    Similar criticism of Hersh's allegations came from General Colin Powell, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff during the Iraq War. In a May 2000 interview with Sam Donaldson for the television news program This Week, Powell described the Hersh article as "attempted character assassination on General McCaffrey." On May 22, 2000, The New Yorker discussed Hersh's allegations, as did Newsweek on May 29, 2000. "Five-Hour Air, Armor Assault - The March 2 attack on the Iraqi Republican Guard “Hammurabi” tank division is ordered by Army General Barry McCaffrey (the general who commanded the already-famous “left hook” maneuver days before — see February 23, 1991 and After), in response to what McCaffrey says is an attack on his forces with rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs).
    More Details Hide Details The decision surprises some in the Allied command structure in Saudi Arabia and causes unease among civilian and military leaders in Washington, who worry about the public relations ramifications of an attack that comes days after a cease-fire was implemented (see February 28, 1991). McCaffrey himself later calls the attack “one of the most astounding scenes of destruction I have ever participated in.” The “Hammurabi” division is obliterated in the assault."
  • 1999
    Age 56
    McCaffrey came to this position with experience interdicting drug smugglers from South America, as head of the Southern Command. He disliked the metaphor of a "war" on drugs, preferring to call it a malignancy for which he advocated treatment; at the same time, he also headed an initiative that began in 1999 to eliminate coca farming in Colombia.
    More Details Hide Details As director of ONDCP, McCaffrey wrote and published the first "National Drug Control Strategy". The book-length white paper proposed a comprehensive 10-year plan; profiled drug abusers and trends in youth drug abuse; listed health consequences; estimated the cost of drug-related crime; recognized that illegal drugs remain widely available; presented strategic goals and objectives for demand and supply reduction and measures of effectiveness; and proposed a comprehensive approach including initiatives aimed at youth and initiatives to reduce drug-related crime and violence, to reduce health and social problems, to shield America's frontiers, and to reduce drug availability; and asked for resources to implement the strategy. During McCaffrey's tenure, ONDCP implemented a policy of buying paid anti-drug advertising on television and also paying television producers to embed anti-drug messages into major television programs. WB network's senior vice president for broadcast standards Rick Mater acknowledged, "The White House did view scripts. They did sign off on them – they read scripts, yes." Running the campaign for the ONDCP was Alan Levitt, who estimated that between 1998 and 2000 the networks received nearly $25 million in benefits. One example was with Warner Brothers' show, Smart Guy. The original script portrayed two young people using drugs at a party. Originally depicted as cool and popular, after input from the drug office, "We showed that they were losers and put them away to indulge in shamed secrecy in a utility room.
  • 1996
    Age 53
    McCaffrey was the youngest and most highly decorated four-star general in the army at the time of his retirement from the military in 1996. On June 1, 1996, at the commencement ceremony at United States Military Academy, West Point, New York, Secretary of Defense William Perry commended McCaffrey's performance during the Gulf War.
    More Details Hide Details Perry said, "Whatever else is required of you in your Army career, you will first of all need to be a warrior. And you could find no better role model than Barry McCaffrey. Barry became one of America's greatest warriors. He led forces into combat in Vietnam, where he was grievously wounded. In Desert Storm, General McCaffrey's 24th Infantry Division led the famous left hook that caught the Iraqi army by surprise, and led America to one of its most convincing battlefield victories ever. He then went to SOUTHCOM at a crucial time and seized the opportunities presented by the ascendancy of democracy in our hemisphere. General McCaffery's attributes as a warrior -- guts, brains and tenacity -- are key to success on today's battlefield. Now he is putting those same skills to work as a civilian, leading America's war against drugs."
    He was confirmed unanimously by the U.S. Senate on February 29, 1996.
    More Details Hide Details As director of ONDCP, McCaffrey sat in President Clinton's Cabinet.
    Barry McCaffrey was director of Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) under President Bill Clinton from 1996 to 2001.
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  • 1995
    Age 52
    He wrote in August 1995 in "Human Rights and the Commander" in Joint Force Quarterly, "There is a common assumption that respect for an enemy’s soldiers and its civilian populace can stand in the way of a successful military campaign.
    More Details Hide Details Instead, respect for human rights increases the efficacy of security forces, both military and law enforcement."
  • 1994
    Age 51
    Besides managing military personnel, as part of his duties in Panama, McCaffrey supported humanitarian operations for over 10,000 Cuban refugees as part of Operation Safe Haven from 8 September 1994 - 15 March 1995 at Empire Range, Panama.
    More Details Hide Details It was also during his last military position that he created the first Human Rights Council and Human Rights Code of Conduct for U.S. Military Joint Command.
    General McCaffrey's last command in the Army was United States Southern Command (SOUTHCOM), the unified command responsible for U.S. military activities in Central America and South America. He commanded SOUTHCOM, whose headquarters were then in the Republic of Panama, from 1994 to 1996.
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  • 1993
    Age 50
    On November 13, 1993, CDR Daniel S. Zazworsky, USN, wrote an unclassified analysis of the "left hook" attack, saying, "Major General McCaffrey, commander of the 24th Infantry Division (Mech), also recognized the importance of capturing enemy resources for his own forces use.
    More Details Hide Details On the leading edge of the left hook envelopment, he was bringing enough fuel with him in a huge logistics tail behind him. But he was hauling most of it in HEMTTs (heavy expanded-mobility tactical trucks) which themselves required huge amounts of fuel and, therefore, ordered his artillery gunners not to shoot Iraqi tank trucks or POL dumps or gas stations along the road. He told them 'We just might need the fuel too, and anyone who blows it up will answer to me.' While there is certainly utility in capturing enemy resources, the brevity of the war left it unclear whether or not LTGEN William G. Pagonis' and General McCaffrey's efforts would have been sufficient to enable the US to conduct a significantly prolonged offensive. Nor is it clear how useful enemy munitions and other equipment would have been. Perhaps General McCaffrey and Colonel Paul Kern, commander of 2nd Brigade, gave us a hint to the answer to that question. Within hours of locating a huge Iraqi stockpile of fuel-air bombs at Jalibah airfield inside Iraq, Kern had them destroyed them. Later, McCaffrey indicated that it would take a week to destroy all the ammunition dumps and military supplies around the airfield... Destroying captured enemy munitions conveys the message that they were either not needed or not wanted. Lt. Colonel Dave Oberthaler, Logistics Staff Officer with the 24th Infantry Division (Mech) in the KTO (Kuwaiti Theater of Operations), also raises a valid concern with regard to captured Iraq fuel, food and drink - indicating that fear of contamination would have kept U.S. forces from using them.
  • 1991
    Age 48
    His detailed account, published here this week, describes how, on March 2, 1991 - two days after the declaration of a ceasefire, when Iraqi forces were in flight, McCaffrey attacked a line of retreating Iraqi vehicles and troops, unleashing an assault that lasted several hours and was all but uncontested.
    More Details Hide Details In testimony before the Senate and in written answers to questions from Hersh (whose repeated requests for an interview were declined), McCaffrey said that his men were fired on and he had no choice but to respond in force-with the full might of his division." Remnick continued, "Many military men have supported General McCaffrey's version of events, but many officers and enlisted men who have talked to Hersh for the record say either that there was no Iraqi fire at all or that there was so little, and of such minor consequence, that it hardly warranted the onslaught -- and bloodshed -- that followed. The question is one of proportionality: Did an Army general (who is now, as it happens, in the President's Cabinet) go too far?" Subsequently, an Army investigation cleared McCaffrey of any wrongdoing. Hersh dismissed the findings of the investigation, writing that "few soldiers report crimes, because they don't want to jeopardize their Army careers." Hersh describes his interview with Private First Class Charles Sheehan-Miles, who later published a novel about his experience in the Gulf: "When I asked Sheehan-Miles why he fired, he replied, 'At that point, we were shooting everything. Guys in the company told me later that some were civilians. It wasn't like they came at us with a gun. It was that they were there – 'in the wrong place at the wrong time.' Although Sheehan-Miles is unsure whether he and his fellow-tankers were ever actually fired upon during the war, he is sure that there was no significant enemy fire: 'We took some incoming once, but it was friendly fire,' he said. 'The folks we fought never had a chance.'
    On February 27, 1991, C-SPAN documented the terms of President George H. W. Bush's cease-fire statement, including the terms of engagement:
    More Details Hide Details "With the remarks, 'Kuwait is liberated. Iraq’s army has been defeated,' President Bush began his announcement to the nation on the U.S. and coalition forces' victory in the Persian Gulf war. He cautioned against euphoria, but urged the nation to continue their support for the U.S. armed forces serving in the Middle East. He called for Iraq to release all coalition forces' P.O.W.'s and to comply with all United Nations resolutions concerning Kuwait. President Bush also announced a conditional cease-fire to take place at midnight, E.S.T., which is 8:00 A.M. Iraqi time. The cease-fire would allow Iraqi forces to return to Iraq from Kuwait as long as they did not fire upon coalition forces." In a paper entitled "Detecting Massed Troops with the French SPOT Satellites: A Feasibility Study for Cooperative Monitoring," Vipin Gupta of Sandia National Laboratories and LTC George Harris, Commander, 250th Military Intelligence Battalion, extensively described and illustrated pre-battle and post-battle satellite images:
  • 1972
    Age 29
    General McCaffrey's peacetime assignments included tours as an instructor at U.S. Military Academy from 1972–75, Assistant Commandant at U.S. Army Infantry School; Deputy U.S. Representative to NATO; Assistant Chairman, Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS); and Director of Strategic Plans and Policy, Joint Chiefs of Staff.
    More Details Hide Details During Operation Desert Storm, McCaffrey commanded 24th Infantry Division (Mechanized). Under his command, the division conducted the "left hook" attack 370 km into Iraq, leading to decisive battle victory in the First Gulf War and also putting troops in place for the final battle of the war. In his book "Prodigal Soldiers," James Kitfield recounted McCaffrey's "left hook" attack plan. McCaffrey commanded "two entire Army corps deep into Iraqi territory. If successful, and no army in history had ever moved a force that size over 300 miles on the time line General Norman J. Schwarzkopf was reciting, the move would flank the Republican Guard divisions in Kuwait and cut off all avenues of retreat... The briefing left McCaffrey slightly stunned. He was part of the flanking force, and his mind was already starting to race over a logistics problem the war colleges would call a potential war-stopper, yet he had one overriding thought: We're not going to fight a war of attrition, or a limited war. It was a revelation. He saw now that the Army was going to play to its strengths and the enemy's weakness. By God, we learned. We learned (from the lessons of Vietnam)."
  • 1965
    Age 22
    His combat tours included action in the Dominican Republic with 82nd Airborne Division in 1965, advisory duty with Army of the Republic of Vietnam from 1966–67, and company command with 1st Cavalry Division from 1968–69.
    More Details Hide Details During the course of his service, he was twice awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the Purple Heart three times for injuries sustained in combat, and the Silver Star twice.
  • 1964
    Age 21
    Following his graduation from West Point in 1964, McCaffrey was commissioned into the infantry.
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  • 1960
    Age 17
    McCaffrey graduated from Phillips Academy, Andover in 1960 and U.S. Military Academy (Class of 1964) and earned an M.A. in Civil Government from American University in 1970.
    More Details Hide Details He also attended Harvard University's National Security Program and Business School Executive Education Program. His postgraduate military education included United States Army War College, Command and General Staff College, Defense Language Institute's program in Vietnamese, and Armor School Advanced Course.
  • 1942
    Born on November 17, 1942.
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