Profile

Baruch Spinoza

Dutch Philosopher
Male
Born Nov 24, 1632
Hometown Amsterdam
Died Feb 21, 1677
Death Place The Hague
Nationality Dutch People
Other Names Spinoza, Benedict...

Baruch Spinoza and later Benedict de Spinoza was a Jewish-Dutch philosopher. Revealing considerable scientific aptitude, the breadth and importance of Spinoza's work was not fully realized until years after his death. By laying the groundwork for the 18th century Enlightenment and modern biblical criticism, he came to be considered one of the great rationalists of 17th-century philosophy.… Read More

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News + Updates

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  • Spinoza Kama Sutra Le Monde
    Google News - Aug 25, 2011
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  • Bento's Sketchbook Morning Star Online
    Google News - Aug 23, 2011
  • El Aborto, Un Debate Pendiente Diario La Página El Salvador
    Google News - Aug 22, 2011

Timeline

Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Baruch Spinoza.

CHILDHOOD

1632 Birth Born on November 24, 1632.

TWENTIES

1653 20 Years Old In 1653, at age 20, Spinoza began studying Latin with Frances van den Enden (Franciscus van den Enden), a notorious free thinker, former Jesuit, and radical democrat who likely introduced Spinoza to scholastic and modern philosophy, including that of Descartes. (A decade later, in the early 1660s, Van den Enden was considered to be a Cartesian and atheist, and his books were put on the Catholic Index of banned books.)
Spinoza's father, Miguel, died in 1654 when Spinoza was 21. … Read More
1656 23 Years Old …  Either for financial or other reasons, he had in any case effectively stopped contributing to the synagogue by March 1656. … Read More
1660 27 Years Old 1 More Event
…  He spent a brief time in or near the village of Ouderkerk aan de Amstel, but returned soon afterwards to Amsterdam and lived there quietly for several years, giving private philosophy lessons and grinding lenses, before leaving the city in 1660 or 1661. … Read More

THIRTIES

1663 30 Years Old In 1663 he returned briefly to Amsterdam, where he finished and published the Principles of Cartesian Philosophy (the only work published in his lifetime under his own name), and then moved the same year to Voorburg.
1664 31 Years Old From December 1664 to June 1665, Spinoza engaged in correspondence with Blyenbergh, an amateur Calvinist theologian, who questioned Spinoza on the definition of evil. … Read More
1670 37 Years Old 1 More Event
In Voorburg, Spinoza continued work on the Ethics and corresponded with scientists, philosophers, and theologians across Europe. He also wrote and in 1670 published his Theological Political Treatise in defense of secular and constitutional government—and in support of Jan de Witt, the Grand Pensionary of the Netherlands, against the Stadholder, the Prince of Orange. … Read More

FORTIES

1676 43 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1676, Spinoza met with Leibniz at The Hague for a discussion of his principal philosophical work, Ethics, which had been completed in 1676. … Read More
1677 44 Years Old Died on February 21, 1677.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baruch_Spinoza.
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