Benito Juárez


Benito Juárez born Benito Pablo Juárez García, was a Mexican lawyer and politician of Zapotec origin from Oaxaca who served five terms as president of Mexico: 1858–1861 as interim, then 1861–1865, 1865–1867, 1867–1871 and 1871–1872. He resisted the French occupation of Mexico, overthrew the Second Mexican Empire, restored the Republic, and used liberal efforts to modernize the country.… Read More

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1806 Birth Juárez was born on 21 March 1806, in a small adobe house in the village of San Pablo Guelatao, Oaxaca, located in the mountain range now known as the "Sierra Juárez". … Read More


1834 28 Years Old Juárez became a lawyer in 1834 and a judge in 1841.


1843 37 Years Old In 1843, Benito married Margarita Maza, the daughter of his sister's patron.


1847 41 Years Old He was governor of the state of Oaxaca from 1847 to 1852. … Read More
1853 47 Years Old This, as well as his objections to the corrupt military dictatorship of Santa Anna, led to his exile in 1853. … Read More
1854 48 Years Old In 1854, he helped draft the Plan of Ayutla, a document calling for Santa Anna's deposition and a convention to implement a new constitution.
1855 49 Years Old 1 More Event
Faced with growing discontent, Santa Anna resigned in 1855 and Juárez returned to Mexico. … Read More


1857 51 Years Old A new liberal constitution, the Constitution of 1857, was promulgated, under which Juárez became President of the Supreme Court of Justice, under moderado (moderate) president Ignacio Comonfort. … Read More
1858 52 Years Old 1 More Event
The actions did not go far enough for the rebels, and on 11 January 1858, Zuloaga demanded Comonfort's resignation. Comonfort then re-established the Congress, liberated all prisoners and then resigned as President. The conservative forces proclaimed Zuloaga as President on 21 January. Meanwhile, under the terms of the 1857 Constitution, the President of the Supreme Court of Justice became interim President of Mexico until a new election could be held.
1860 54 Years Old Nevertheless, the aid received enabled the liberals to overcome the conservatives' initial military advantage; Juárez's government successfully defended Veracruz from assault twice during 1860 and recaptured Mexico City on 1 January 1861.
1861 55 Years Old In March 1861, Juárez was finally elected President in his own right under the Constitution of 1857. … Read More
1863 57 Years Old …  The French advanced again in 1863, forcing Juárez and his elected government to flee Mexico City once again, first to San Luis Potosí, then to the arid northern city of El Paso del Norte, present day Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, and finally to the capital of the state, Chihuahua City, where he set up his cabinet and government-in-exile. … Read More
1865 59 Years Old Before Juárez fled, Congress granted him an emergency extension of his presidency, which would go into effect in 1865, when his term expired, and last until 1867, when the last of Maximilian's forces were defeated. … Read More


1866 60 Years Old 1 More Event
Following the end of the war, US President Andrew Johnson demanded the French evacuate Mexico and imposed a naval blockade in February 1866. … Read More
1867 61 Years Old 1 More Event
Despite national and international pleas for amnesty, Juárez refused to commute the sentence, and Maximilian was executed by firing squad on 19 June 1867 at Cerro de las Campanas in Querétaro. … Read More
1871 65 Years Old Amid fraud charges and widespread controversy, he was re-elected for a new term in 1871. … Read More
1872 66 Years Old Juárez died of a heart attack on July 18, 1872 while reading a newspaper at his desk in the National Palace in Mexico City. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted onárez.
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