Boyd Raeburn
American musician
Boyd Raeburn
Albert Boyd Raeburn was an American jazz bandleader and bass saxophonist. Boyd Raeburn was born in Faith, South Dakota, and became one of the greatest and least-known of jazz bandleaders during the 1940s.
Biography
Boyd Raeburn's personal information overview.
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News
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Jazz Journal, September 2011 contents in full - Jazz Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Eddie Finckel Jim Burns recalls an often overlooked arranger whose writings for Boyd Raeburn, Gene Krupa, Buddy Rich and others sought to introduce the colours of bop and 20th century art music into the swing big band format
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Google News article
MUSIC; A Flood Of Emotion In a Song
NYTimes - almost 9 years
IN the nearly three years since the levees failed during Hurricane Katrina, you haven't had to wait very long at a Louisiana festival or nightclub before a singer croons, ''What has happened down here is the winds have changed.'' That's the opening line of ''Louisiana 1927,'' which has become the state's unofficial anthem in the wake of the 2005
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NYTimes article
Music Landmark Caught in Tug of Priorities After Storm
NYTimes - almost 11 years
The doors of the deserted Milne Boys Home flap open in the wind, and anyone who cares to brave the dank interior here in the heart of the drowned Gentilly neighborhood can find crumbling logbooks noting who visited in the early 1900's and yellowing sheet music in the attic. A bronze plaque on the weather-beaten facade announces that Milne is ''A
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NYTimes article
Don Lamond, 82, a Drummer In Many Classic Jazz Bands
NYTimes - about 13 years
Don Lamond, a swing band drummer who was a standout with Woody Herman in the late 1940's, died on Tuesday at a hospital in Orlando, Fla. He was 82 and lived in Orlando. The cause was a malignant brain tumor, said his wife, Terry Lamond, who sang and recorded with his band in the 1980's. Mr. Lamond joined Herman's Herd in 1945, replacing Dave Tough.
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NYTimes article
Edwin Finckel, 83, Composer, Jazz Pianist and Music Educator
NYTimes - almost 16 years
Edwin Finckel, a composer, jazz pianist, conductor and musical educator, died on Monday in Madison, N.J. He was 83 and lived in Madison. Traversing musical genres, Mr. Finckel wrote more than 200 pieces for a variety of ensembles, including orchestral works, concertos, ballets, choral and vocal music, and incidental music for the stage and screen.
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NYTimes article
Lou Levy, 72, Versatile Pianist For Top Singers in Jazz World
NYTimes - about 16 years
Lou Levy, a West Coast jazz pianist best known as an accompanist to leading jazz singers, died on Jan. 23 at the home of a friend, the musician Max Bennett, in Dana Point, Calif. He was 72 and lived in North Hollywood. The cause was a heart attack, said Kathy Levy, his former wife. Mr. Levy, a melodic player with the speed to play bebop with the
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NYTimes article
JAZZ AND HILLBILLY; Their Own Masters
NYTimes - over 16 years
To the Editor: As Bob Dylan once wrote, ''Don't criticize what you can't understand.'' Instead of writing an article extolling the many real joys of ''western swing,'' David Wondrich makes a misguided attempt to instruct long-deceased jazz masters on how they might have improved their music [''When Hillbilly and Jazz Found Common Cause,'' Nov. 19].
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NYTimes article
MUSIC; When Hillbilly and Jazz Found Common Cause
NYTimes - over 16 years
HILLBILLY and jazz go together in the popular mind about as well as honest and politician. Yet such a beast existed, and in its heyday it could have taught less-unlikely genres of jazz a thing or two, had they cared to listen. Now, with a spate of new reissues finally pinning hillbilly jazz down so we can get to listen to it, it's possible that we,
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NYTimes article
Dennis Sandole, Jazz Guitarist And an Influential Teacher, 87
NYTimes - over 16 years
Dennis Sandole, a jazz guitarist and legendary teacher whose students included John Coltrane, died on Saturday at his home in Philadelphia. He was 87. Mr. Sandole was 19 when he taught himself to play the guitar; his older brother, Adolph, taught himself the baritone saxophone. They began playing together in a neighborhood band in Philadelphia, and
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NYTimes article
Paid Notice: Deaths DUBOIS, JOHN
NYTimes - about 17 years
DuBOIS-John. John ''The Cajun Balladeer DuBois'', a singer who will be posthumously inducted into the Louisiana Music Hall of Fame, died January 8, 2000 from a stroke at his home in the French Quarter. He was 74. Mr. DuBois was born in Vermillion Parish and lived for many years on the East Coast. He returned to Louisiana in the early 1980s where he
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Boyd Raeburn
    FIFTIES
  • 1966
    Age 52
    Raeburn died in Lafayette, Louisiana, in 1966.
    More Details Hide Details Most biographies claim his cause of death as simply a heart attack, but Raeburn expert and researcher Jack McKinney claims that the heart attack was the result of “prolonged agony after an accident in Texas that left him overturned and trapped in his car for twenty-four hours.” It is still somewhat unclear why Boyd Raeburn and his magnificent orchestra failed to find a higher niche during a period when the far more dissonant and abrasive arrangements of Stan Kenton were being hailed by jazz lovers nationwide. The best answer seems to be that Raeburn was not a particularly strong or interesting presence as a leader. Short of build, he was not particularly imposing onstage and although he played tenor and baritone saxophone, he only played them occasionally in ensembles with the sax section and never soloed in front of the band. In an era when audiences had come to expect leaders who played instruments as soloists, Raeburn disappointed. Nonetheless, it is a mystery why labels like RCA Victor or Decca did not hire him to compete with Herman on Columbia or Kenton on Capitol. Fortunately for posterity, there are a number of outstanding airchecks and V-Discs of the Raeburn band in its prime to supplement the commercial recordings, and these have managed to sustain and enlarge the audience of those who appreciate the band’s greatness.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1947
    Age 33
    The Raeburn band made their last records, four sides featuring vocalist Ginny Powell (who had become Mrs. Raeburn in 1945), for Nesuhi Ertegun’s fledgling Atlantic label in August, 1947.
    More Details Hide Details Despite several attempts at trying to score pop hits for a mass market (“Milkman, Keep Those Bottles Quiet,” “Rip Van Winkle,” and “How High the Moon” with Powell among them), the Raeburn band consistently failed to find any mass-marketing niche. It finally folded for good in the fall of 1949. During the 1950s Raeburn was lured to Columbia Records by producers Mitch Miller and Teo Macero to make three albums for the label, but as usual in most of his projects during this period, Miller insisted on the band playing more “commercial.” The result was a series of albums that pleased no one. They were too undistinguished to appeal to either pop record buyers or Raeburn’s former jazz fans who were bitterly disappointed by them.
  • 1945
    Age 31
    Between October 1945 and November 1946 he recorded his best discs (in terms of both performance and sound quality) for drummer Ben Pollack’s tiny Jewel label.
    More Details Hide Details These records, too, had little or no distribution. After one of his several bankruptcies the band was infused with cash thanks to a very generous donation from famed bandleader Duke Ellington, himself an avid fan of Raeburn.
    Nevertheless, Raeburn did record 12 sides for the small Guild label in 1945, including performances of “March of the Boyds” and “A Night in Tunisia” on which trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie sat in.
    More Details Hide Details These records were later sold to, and reissued by, Albert Marx’s Musicraft label. After Finckel’s departure, Raeburn discovered the even more advanced George Handy. Handy created the bulk of the book for which Raeburn is now remembered: “Who Started Love?”, “Temptation,” “Tonsilectomy (ibid),” “Over the Rainbow”, “Body and Soul”, “Yerxa”, and the band’s new theme song, “Dalvatore Sally.” Handy left to work in Hollywood on film scores, but again Raeburn was lucky, hiring such arrangers as Ralph Flanagan (later the leader of a band that played pale imitations of Glenn Miller arrangements) and Johnny Richards. Handy himself, bored with Hollywood, also returned for a brief stay. Raeburn’s bands kept failing and rebuilding throughout the 1940s.
    Finckel left in 1945 to become chief arranger for Gene Krupa’s big band, Sonny Berman and Earl Swope jumped to the high-profile band of Woody Herman, and then as later, no major label wanted to record him because his arrangements were considered “too weird” for dancers.
    More Details Hide Details
  • TWENTIES
  • 1942
    Age 28
    The “new” Raeburn band debuted at the Arcadia Ballroom in November 1942 with arrangements by two African-American writers from Earl Hines’ band, Budd Johnson and Jerry Valentine.
    More Details Hide Details The band was a big hit in Chicago but when Raeburn decided to tour after nine months, most of the Chicago-based musicians refused to go with him. He was forced to build a new band to open at the Roosevelt Hotel in Washington, D.C., and was lucky enough to find such outstanding musicians as trumpeters Emmett Carls, Sonny Dunham, Marky Markowitz and Sonny Berman, trombonists Earl Swope and Tommy Pederson (who later played with Spike Jones’ City Slickers), alto saxist Johnny Bothwell, and drummer Don Lamond. Raeburn was also lucky to find an outstanding new arranger, Eddie Finckel, who wrote a sizable new book for the band. Among Finckel’s arrangements were “March of the Boyds,” “Milkman, Keep Those Bottles Quiet,” “Little Boyd Blue,” “Boyd Meets Stravinsky,” and an outstanding chart of Dizzy Gillespie’s first major composition, “A Night in Tunisia”.
    Like the contemporaneous band of clarinetist Woody Herman, the Raeburn orchestra evolved from its simpler, more commercial beginnings to far more advanced and complex charts during the union-imposed recording ban that took effect in October 1942 and lasted about a year and a half.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1930
    Age 16
    His living family includes Merla McKinney of Kansas, his half-sister and his children William Boyd Raeburn Moore of Chicago, a son from his first marriage to Lorraine V. Anderson, a vocalist in his band in the 1930/early 40s; Susan, a therapist and author of Oakland, California; and Bruce Boyd Raeburn of New Orleans, who is the curator of the William Ransom Hogan Archive of New Orleans Jazz at the Tulane University in New Orleans.
    More Details Hide Details
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1913
    Born
    Born in 1913.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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