Brendan Hughes
Irish republican
Brendan Hughes
Brendan Hughes, also known as "The Dark", was an Irish republican and former Officer Commanding (OC) of the Belfast Brigade of the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA). He is best known as the leader of the 1980 Irish hunger strike.
Biography
Brendan Hughes's personal information overview.
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Gerry Adams ordered Jean McConville killing, says ex-IRA commander on tape
Guardian (UK) - over 3 years
Recording of deceased Belfast IRA commander Brendan Hughes names Sinn Féin president as giving execution order A tape recording of a deceased Belfast IRA commander in which Gerry Adams is accused of ordering the murder and secret burial of a widowed mother of 10 in 1972 will be broadcast for the first time this week. A former IRA hunger striker, Brendan Hughes, alleges the Sinn Féin president was one of the heads of a unit that kidnapped, killed and buried west Belfast woman Jean McConville. Hughes, who died in 2008, is recorded as saying: "There was only one man who gave that order for that woman to be executed – and that man is now the head of Sinn Féin." Hughes also says that Adams went to the McConville children after their mother was abducted and promised an internal IRA investigation. "That man is the man who gave the order for that woman to be executed. I did not give the order to execute that woman. He did." Adams is challenged on the BBC's Storyville programme over whether ...
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Guardian (UK) article
Columba McVeigh relatives appeal for help to find IRA victim's body
Guardian (UK) - over 3 years
Brother says commission set up to locate victims needs more information, after latest search ends in failure The family of a teenager believed to have been killed and buried in secret by the IRA in the 1970s have said a sixth search for him has ended in failure. Relatives of Columba McVeigh, from County Tyrone, who was 19 when he disappeared in 1975, said they were devastated that the latest searches to recover his body had yielded nothing. A dig for his remains began on 17 September when trees were cleared at a bog in Co Monaghan. McVeigh's brother Oliver said nothing had been found there and the organisation set up to locate him and other IRA victims – the Independent Commission for the Location of Victims – needed more information. "There are people out there who have the information and they haven't come forward and I can't understand why," he said. "They have nothing to gain by keeping their secret and nothing to lose by telling the commission what they know. They know the in ...
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Guardian (UK) article
Holy Family's Dodji Freitas Repeats as CACC Men's Soccer Player of the Week
Bensalem Patch - over 4 years
NEW HAVEN, Conn. (October 1, 2012) - Holy Family senior Dodji Freitas (Philadelphia, Pa.) has been named the Central Atlantic Collegiate Conference (CACC) Men's Soccer Player of the Week, for the period ending Sept. 30.  Freitas earns the honor the second time this season.  Concordia freshman goalkeeper Ruel Gordon (Westmoreland, Jamaica) was also a repeat winner, as he was honored as the CACC Rookie of the Week for the second time this season. CACC MEN'S SOCCER PLAYER OF THE WEEK DODJI FREITAS, HOLY FAMILY (Sr., M/F, 5-10, Philadelphia, Pa.) - Tallied a total of eight points over a pair of matches last week including a three-goal effort in 3-2 win over Molloy (9/26).  Followed that with two assists in 3-2 loss vs. Dominican (9/29).  Currently tied for the CACC lead with 11 goals. CACC MEN'S SOCCER ROOKIE OF THE WEEK RUEL GORDON, CONCORDIA (Fr., GK, 6-0, Westmoreland, Jamaica) - Posted a pair of shutouts over St. Thomas Aquinas (9/24) and Goldey-Beacom (9/29), while making a combi ...
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Bensalem Patch article
Tapes request 'politically motivated' - BBC News
Google News - over 5 years
Brendan Hughes died in 2008, so the college has produced the archives relating to him. However, Dolours Price is still alive, and the college does not want to hand over the material of the interviews with her
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Google News article
US prosecutors subpoena college for IRA interviews - Irish Times
Google News - over 5 years
... associated with the British government, the US attorney in Boston, Carmen Ortiz, last spring had demanded that the college turn over interviews its researchers had conducted with two admitted members of the IRA, Brendan Hughes and Dolours Price
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Google News article
Troubling request - Boston Globe
Google News - over 5 years
... of efforts by the US attorney's office to wrest confidential oral histories about the Troubles in Northern Ireland from Boston College, prosecutors wanted the recollections of just two people: former IRA volunteers Brendan Hughes and Dolours Price
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Google News article
U of M Creates New Position to Enhance Student Life - ChrisD.ca (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Brendan Hughes will have the new position, while the U of M also announced the hiring of Elizabeth (Betty) Worobec — its new Director of University 1. “Our goal is to ensure the University of Manitoba remains a transformative place that allows
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Google News article
New rink plans on ice - WalesOnline
Google News - over 5 years
THE long-running saga surrounding controversial plans for a new ice arena in Cardiff has taken yet another twist. The company, which had its contract to build a 2500-seat arena scrapped by Cardiff council last month,
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Google News article
Roath grandmother suffered with rat problem for 15 years - WalesOnline
Google News - over 5 years
A grandmother's home in Roath was plagued with rats for 15 years after authorities failed to close an old underground drainage system when her house was built. Jill Thomas, 63, says hordes of
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Google News article
Essential facts of phone-hacking scandal that caused News Of The World to close - WalesOnline
Google News - over 5 years
Mobile phones previously came with default four-digit pins, such as 1234, 0000 or 3333, which very few customers changed upon purchase. Journalists could access a person's voicemail messages simply by ringing the
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Google News article
Anger as British Gas raises bills by up to 24% - WalesOnline
Google News - over 5 years
HUNDREDS of thousands of households across Wales will see their utility bills break the £100-a-month barrier after British Gas announced price hikes yesterday of up to 24%. About nine million customers in the UK will be
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Stan Stennett tells of shock over wife's stroke - WalesOnline
Google News - over 5 years
Committed comedian Stan Stennett put on a brave face yesterday as he presented a new £30000 bus to a Cardiff school – on the same day his wife was released from hospital after suffering a stroke
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Google News article
Northern Ireland police in US court bid for tapes linking Gerry Adams to ... - Daily Mail
Google News - over 5 years
The interviews being sought by Northern Ireland police are with Brendan Hughes, who was head of the IRA in Belfast, and Dolours Price, who took part in the 1973 Old Bailey car bombing and the unsolved killings of at least four people
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Google News article
Seaweed could have important biofuel role, say scientists - WalesOnline
Google News - over 5 years
THIS is the month to harvest seaweed from our oceans if the plant is to achieve its potential as a viable biofuel, Welsh scientists believe. Researchers at Aberystwyth University say kelp seaweed could provide an
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Google News article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Brendan Hughes
    FIFTIES
  • 2008
    Age 59
    Hughes died in hospital aged 59 on 16 February 2008.
    More Details Hide Details In 2013 his grandson was convicted of riotous behaviour due to his part in a riot on 12 July 2012. Hughes and a crowd of other men attacked the PSNI at the Broadway roundabout close to the loyalist Village area. It was stated that he also indecently exposed himself to riot police.
  • 2006
    Age 57
    In October 2006, Hughes was pictured on the front page of the Irish News wearing an eye patch, after he underwent an operation to save his sight which had been badly damaged due to his hunger strike.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 2000
    Age 51
    In 2000, he criticised the Sinn Féin leadership for allowing building firms in west Belfast to pay low wages to former prisoners and stated his belief that the republican leadership had sold out on their ideals to achieve peace in Northern Ireland.
    More Details Hide Details
  • FORTIES
  • 1994
    Age 45
    He resigned from the Army Council in 1994.
    More Details Hide Details At the start of the 21st century, he became increasingly critical of the political direction of the Sinn Féin leadership.
  • 1990
    Age 41
    In 1990, Hughes appeared at a press conference in Bilbao organised by Batasuna, the political wing of the Basque nationalist paramilitary group ETA, to support an amnesty for ETA prisoners.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1986
    Age 37
    Hughes was released from prison in 1986, and returned to live in Belfast, staying initially at the home of Gerry Adams.
    More Details Hide Details He was appointed to the IRA's Internal Security Unit and liaised between IRA Northern Command and rural units in Tyrone and Armagh.
  • 1981
    Age 32
    Bobby Sands had taken over as leader of the republican prisoners in the prison after Hughes began his strike. On 1 March 1981, Sands began the second hunger strike, which Hughes opposed.
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  • 1980
    Age 31
    Against the wishes of the IRA Army Council, on 27 October 1980, Hughes along with six other republican prisoners, including Tom McFeely, John Nixon, Sean McKenna, Tommy McKearney and Raymond McCartney, refused food and started a hunger strike.
    More Details Hide Details During the second month of the hunger strike the British Government, led by Margaret Thatcher, sent an intermediary to inform Hughes of a possible compromise, despite previously having publicly rejected any compromise. Hughes had promised one of the hunger strikers, Sean McKenna, that if McKenna slipped into a coma that Hughes would end the hunger strike and as McKenna was on the verge of death, Hughes found himself in a dilemma. Hughes assumed that the compromise was in good faith and ended the hunger strike after 53 days. However, when the document arrived at the prison there was disappointment at the final position of the British government.
    Hughes was the Officer Commanding during the 1980 hunger strike.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1978
    Age 29
    Shortly after arriving in the H-Blocks, Hughes became the O/C of the IRA prisoners, and in March 1978 ordered the prisoners to begin the dirty protest.
    More Details Hide Details Whilst in prison Hughes formed a friendship with Shankill Butchers and Ulster Volunteer Force (UVF) member Robert Bates who later foiled a UVF plot to assassinate Hughes.
  • 1976
    Age 27
    As he was convicted after 1 March 1976, Hughes was transferred from the compounds to the H-Blocks and lost his Special Category Status.
    More Details Hide Details He refused to wear prison uniform and joined the blanket protest.
  • 1974
    Age 25
    On 10 May 1974, Hughes was arrested following a tip-off, and the house was found to contain a submachine gun, four rifles, two pistols and several thousand rounds of ammunition.
    More Details Hide Details Hughes was subsequently sentenced to fifteen years in prison. Three years after his arrest Hughes was involved in a fracas, and received an additional five-year sentence for assaulting a prison officer.
  • 1973
    Age 24
    On 19 July 1973 Hughes was arrested on the Falls Road along with Gerry Adams (today President of Sinn Féin) and Tom Cahill.
    More Details Hide Details They were interrogated for more than 12 hours at the Springfield Road Royal Ulster Constabulary (RUC) barracks and later at Castlereagh before being transported to Long Kesh. On 8 December Hughes escaped inside a rolled-up mattress in the back of a dustcart, and fled across the border to Dublin. After ten days he had returned to Belfast after assuming a new identity, becoming a travelling toy salesman named "Arthur McAllister". For five months Hughes lived in Myrtlefield Park near Malone Road, and was believed to be the new O/C of the IRA in Belfast following the arrest of Ivor Bell in February.
  • 1972
    Age 23
    In a recording released in 2013 after his death, Hughes named Gerry Adams as ordering the killing and secret burial of Jean McConville (who Hughes said was a British agent), in 1972.
    More Details Hide Details Adams denied any role in the death of McConville and said Hughes had been lying.
  • 1971
    Age 22
    Hughes was born into a republican Catholic family from the Lower Falls Road area of Belfast, Northern Ireland. He was a cousin of Charles Hughes, who was the O/C of D Company in the Provisional IRA Belfast Brigade during the Falls Curfew, and was shot and killed in March 1971 by the Official Irish Republican Army during a feud between the Provisional and Official IRAs.
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  • 1970
    Age 21
    From 1970 to 1972 Hughes was involved in a number of attacks on British soldiers and bank robberies to raise funds for the republican movement.
    More Details Hide Details Hughes described his normal day during that period as "you would have had a call house safe meeting place and you might have robbed a bank in the morning, done a float out in a car looking for a British soldier in the afternoon, stuck a bomb and a booby trap out after that, and then maybe had a gun battle or two later that night." As Officer Commanding (OC) of the Provisional IRA Belfast Brigade, he was the main organiser of Bloody Friday, the biggest bombing attack ever carried out by the organisation in Belfast. On 21 July 1972, the IRA exploded 22 bombs all over the city leaving nine people dead including two British soldiers, an Ulster Defence Association (UDA) member, two teenage boys, and a mother of seven; 130 people were injured. Hughes regarded the operation as a disaster as he explained in the following interview set up by Boston College: "I was the operational commander of the 'Bloody Friday' operation. I remember when the bombs started to go off, I was in Leeson Street, and I thought, 'There's too much here'. I sort of knew there were going to be casualties, either because the Brits could not handle so many bombs or they would allow some to go off because it suited them to have casualties. I feel a bit guilty about it because, as I say, there was no intention to kill anyone that day.
  • 1969
    Age 20
    Hughes joined the Irish Republican Army in 1969, sided with the Provisional faction in the split of 1969–70, and was "on the run" in Belfast by 1970.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1948
    Born
    Born in 1948.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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