Brian Epstein
personal manager, impresario
Brian Epstein
Brian Samuel Epstein was an English music entrepreneur, best known for being the manager of the Beatles until his death in 1967. He had also served as manager for Cilla Black, Gerry & the Pacemakers, Billy J. Kramer and the Dakotas, the Remo Four, and the Cyrkle.
Biography
Brian Epstein's personal information overview.
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How a summer night at Dodger Stadium turned 'nasty' for The Beatles and Bob ... - Ventura County Star
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Then came Bobby Hebb, who sang his hit "Sunny," followed by the Brian Epstein-managed group The Cyrkle, performing their No. 2 hit "Red Rubber Ball." The Ronettes closed out the opening section. Ninety minutes after the show had begun, it was finally
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UK News: Jobless offenders to work five-day week - Scotsman
Google News - over 5 years
The annual Beatles memorabilia auction also includes items which once belonged to the band, as well as their manager Brian Epstein. A THEME park was at the centre of a health and safety investigation today after a 12-year-old schoolboy fell from a ride
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Marking 50 years since My Bonnie - Liverpool Echo
Google News - over 5 years
The story goes that it was My Bonnie that brought The Beatles to the attention of Brian Epstein. George Harrison had a German copy of the record, which Stuart Sutcliffe had sent to him, as he was still in Hamburg. George lent it to Bob Wooler (The
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Sue Johnston - Mirror.co.uk
Google News - over 5 years
“Paul had told me there was an assistant's job going at the record company run by Brian Epstein, who went on to manage The Beatles. “It was a great job, at the centre of all of the new music coming into the country. One day a record landed on my desk
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Brit pop legends are loyal husbands - Philippine Star
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Gerry was then the lead vocalist and guitarist for the Brian Epstein band Gerry and the Pacemakers whose first three singles went to No. 1 in the UK charts in 1963. Chip was the lead vocalist and bass guitarist for the Tremeloes whose Silence Is Golden
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City offers list of 10 worst buildings - The Rolla Daily News
Google News - over 5 years
By Staff reports Code Enforcement Officer Brian Epstein presented a list of the 10 worst buildings in Rolla at Monday night's Rolla City Council meeting. • 200 Edith, owned by Philip A. Streamer Trust, PO Box 385, Rolla; zoned R-1; no pending action
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This Day in Music, August 14: Best Sacked, Stills Arrested, Jacko Outbids Yoko - The Morton Report
Google News - over 5 years
Unhappy with drummer Pete Best's role in The Beatles, Brian Epstein and the other three members decide to sack him on this date in 1962. Best played his last gig the following night at The Cavern in Liverpool
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IAR EXCLUSIVE INTERVIEW: Producer Vivek Tiwary talks 'The Fifth Beatle' - I Am Rogue.com
Google News - over 5 years
He was referring to Brian Epstein, the legendary manager of The Beatles. Epstein has been credited with their discovery as well as their success. Broadway Theatre Producer Vivek Tiwary has secured $25 million in financing for his much-anticipated and
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More storms, dust predicted for Valley - East Valley Tribune
Google News - over 5 years
“It's been controlled chaos all day,” said Brian Epstein, the president and CEO of the car wash, Wednesday. More thunderstorms are forecast for the Valley, and Tuesday's haboob could be the first and largest in a series of smaller dust storms this week
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This Day in Music: July 4th - Gibson
Google News - over 5 years
The Philippine media misrepresented this as a deliberate snub, and when Brian Epstein tried to make a televised statement, his comments were disrupted by static. As The Beatles made their way to the airport the next day, they were greeted by angry mobs
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EXCLUSIVE: Producer: Brian Epstein bio shows Beatle manager's human side (Pt. 2) - Examiner.com
Google News - over 5 years
(Read part 1 of this interview in which writer-producer Vivek Tiwary talks about the origins of his forthcoming "The Fifth Beatle" movie bio of Beatles manager Brian Epstein.) So why do a movie on Brian Epstein? "He has been a great source of
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Beyond Abbey Road - Indian Express
Google News - over 5 years
He doesn't settle with the band; instead explores Brian Epstein, the band's manager for six years and his life around The Beatles. He is busy putting finishing touches to his first feature film — The Fifth Beatle — on Epstein's life
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Historically Speaking - What The Beatles Can Teach About Business Opportunities - RTT News
Google News - over 5 years
Along with a watch given to him by the Beatles manager Brian Epstein - inscribed with "From The Beatles And Brian Epstein To Jimmy [sic] - with appreciation and gratitude" - he received worldwide press coverage, fantastic experience and a significant
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S.Tyne Beatles' tribute to Bill - Shields Gazette (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
THE lead singer of South Tyneside's answer to The Beatles has paid homage to the band's very own 'Brian Epstein'. Bill Harcus, of King George Road, South Shields, died earlier this month at the age of 80. For years Mr Harcus was manager,
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Brian Epstein
    THIRTIES
  • 1967
    Age 32
    Male homosexual activity was illegal in England and Wales until September 1967, when it was decriminalised; however, this was one month after Epstein's death.
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    Epstein died of an overdose of Carbitral, a form of barbiturate or sleeping pill, in his locked bedroom, on 27 August 1967.
    More Details Hide Details He was discovered after his butler had knocked on the door, and then hearing no response, asked the housekeeper to call the police. Epstein was found on a single bed, dressed in pyjamas, with various correspondence spread over a second single bed. At the statutory inquest his death was officially ruled an accident; caused by a gradual buildup of Carbitral in his system, combined with alcohol. It was revealed that he had taken six Carbitral pills in order to sleep, which was probably normal for him, but in combination with alcohol they reduced his tolerance to lethal levels. The Beatles were in Bangor in Caernarfonshire at the time, with the Indian guru, Maharishi Mahesh Yogi. Epstein had previously agreed to travel to Bangor after the August Bank Holiday. The shocked and stunned Beatles asked the Maharishi for his advice, and were told, "being within the direct realm of the physical world, death is not important". The second of two shows by Jimi Hendrix at Epstein's Saville Theatre was cancelled on the evening of his death.
    A few days before his death, he made his last visit to a Beatles recording session on 23 August 1967, at the Chappell Recording Studios on Maddox Street, London.
    More Details Hide Details On 24 August, Epstein asked Peter Brown and Geoffrey Ellis down to Kingsley Hill for the bank holiday weekend. Approximately 50 miles from his home in Chapel Street, Kingsley Hill was Epstein's country home in Warbleton, Sussex. After they arrived, Epstein decided to drive back to London alone because an expected group of rent boys he had invited failed to arrive, although they did turn up after Epstein left. Epstein phoned Brown at 5 pm the next day from his Chapel Street house in London. Brown thought that Epstein sounded "very groggy", and suggested that he take a train back down to the nearest railway station, in Uckfield, instead of driving under the influence of Tuinals. Epstein replied that he would eat something, read his mail and watch Juke Box Jury before phoning Brown to tell him which train to meet. He never called again.
    In June 1967, after McCartney had admitted to LSD use, Epstein defended him to the media, stating that he had taken the drug himself.
    More Details Hide Details In August 1965, the Beatles and Epstein visited Elvis Presley at his house in Perugia Way in Los Angeles, where Elvis' manager, Colonel Tom Parker, set up a roulette wheel and several packs of playing cards. Epstein immediately asked to play, as he was known for his love of gambling. McCartney frequently visited gambling clubs in London, such as Curzon House, Epstein's favourite club, where he often ran into Epstein. He once saw Epstein put a Dunhill lighter worth £100 on the table, then lose it during a game of cards. Epstein often lost thousands of pounds by playing baccarat or chemin de fer, the original version of baccarat when it was introduced to France, but would stay at Curzon House the whole evening, eating an expensive meal and drinking fine wines. The club never presented Epstein with a bill, as they knew he lost so much in the casino.
    Epstein added his name to an advertisement that appeared in The Times on 24 July 1967, which called for the legalisation of cannabis, the release of all prisoners imprisoned because of possession, and research into marijuana's medical uses.
    More Details Hide Details The advertisement was sponsored by a group called Soma and was signed by sixty-five people, including the Beatles, Scottish psychiatrist R. D. Laing, sixteen doctors, and two members of parliament. Epstein responded to questions about the advertisement by saying, "My opinion is that pot smoking is definitely less harmful than drinking alcohol. I am not addicted to either, but I have been very drunk and very 'high'."
    On 20 February 1967, Epstein sacked the manager of the theatre, one Michael Bullock, for lowering the safety curtain the previous day shortly before the end of a Chuck Berry concert that Epstein was attending with Lennon and Starr.
    More Details Hide Details Two fans had climbed onto the stage to dance, the curtain came down, and they were pushed from the stage. Although Bullock had not given the order, he was held responsible. In the wake of the Beatles' success Epstein was asked to appear on several music-based TV programmes in Britain. He also hosted a regular part of the US TV show Hullabaloo, filming his appearances in the UK.
    Epstein later renegotiated EMI's royalty rate and, on 27 January 1967, the Beatles signed a new nine-year contract with EMI.
    More Details Hide Details The contract stipulated that 25 per cent would be paid to NEMS for the full nine years even if The Beatles decided not to renew their management contract with Epstein, which was up for renewal later that year.
  • 1966
    Age 31
    In 1966 Epstein reinvented it as a music venue featuring various US acts.
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  • 1965
    Age 30
    After settling in London in 1965, Epstein rented an office in Monmouth Street, and later bought the lease of the Saville Theatre on Shaftesbury Avenue.
    More Details Hide Details He promoted new works by writers such as Arnold Wesker, in productions that occasionally fell foul of the Lord Chamberlain for including "obscene" content or nudity.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1964
    Age 29
    Epstein asked chartered accountant James Trevor Isherwood to set up a company to collect Lennon and McCartney's PRS payments—called Lenmac—which he did on 12 May 1964.
    More Details Hide Details When he first visited Epstein's office, Isherwood was surprised to learn that Epstein took 25 per cent of the gross income, and not the 10 per cent that he believed most other managers received at that time. All of Epstein's expenses were deducted from his artists' gross income, including office rental, staff wages, travel, telephone costs, and entertaining expenses. Before his death, Epstein knew that the renegotiation of his management contract (up for renewal on 30 September 1967), would lower his management fee from 25 to 10 per cent, and that NEMS would no longer receive a share of the Beatles' performance fees, reducing its revenues still further. The Beatles entered into a publishing agreement with Dick James Music (DJM), so James set up a company called Northern Songs. James and his financial partner and accountant, Charles Silver, would each receive 25 per cent of the shares. Lennon and McCartney received 20 per cent each, with Epstein receiving the remaining 10 per cent. The Beatles' PRS income increased rapidly, so Epstein asked Isherwood to devise a way of avoiding the tax that Lennon and McCartney would owe. Isherwood suggested a stock market flotation for Northern Songs. He also suggested to Epstein that during the flotation Lennon and McCartney should move to houses near Isherwood's own in Esher. Lennon, Harrison and Starr agreed, while Epstein and McCartney remained in London.
  • 1963
    Age 28
    When Beatlemania swept the UK in November 1963, Epstein was besieged by novelty goods companies desperate to use the Beatles' name on plastic guitars, drums, disc racks, badges, belts and other merchandise.
    More Details Hide Details Epstein refused to allow the Beatles to endorse any product directly, but through NEMS Enterprises he granted discretionary licences to companies who were able to produce quality products at a fair price, even though many companies were already selling products without a licence. During the first Beatles' trip to the US, merchandisers pitched many products to Epstein, including Beatles clocks, pens, cigarette lighters, plastic wigs, bracelets, games, etc., but he rejected them all. This was because he had already allowed David Jacobs, the lawyer for NEMS, to give away 90 per cent of merchandising rights to one Nicky Byrne, in the UK. This was later deemed to be a disastrous mistake, as it left only 10 per cent for Epstein, NEMS and the Beatles. Byrne then took over Epstein's Stramsact merchandising in the UK and set up Seltaeb (Beatles spelled backwards), in the US. While the Beatles were ensconced in the Plaza Hotel in New York, Epstein was further besieged by calls and visits from promoters, retailers, television commentators and hustlers.
    The Beatles' hectic schedule kept Epstein very busy between 1963 and 1965 with touring plus television and film work.
    More Details Hide Details Their last live concert was at Candlestick Park in San Francisco on 29 August 1966, and Epstein's management duties then changed to reflect the changing nature of their career. He pressured them to continue touring but they steadfastly refused. Epstein once offered all four Beatles a fixed wage of £50 a week for life. Harrison remembered that he was earning £25 a week at the time, which was more than the £10 a week that his father was earning. The group declined Epstein's offer, believing that they were worth much more than £50 a week. NEMS had a staff of twenty-five at the time of its move from Liverpool to London in 1964. NEMS booked the Beatles' concerts, and it also presented groups as an opening act. It accrued money as promoter, booking agent, and manager for all concerts. The Beatles were constantly in demand by concert promoters, and Epstein took advantage of the situation to avoid paying some taxes by accepting "hidden" fees on the night of a performance, which he always kept in a brown paper bag.
  • 1962
    Age 27
    On the next day, 9 May 1962, Epstein met Martin at EMI's Abbey Road Studios.
    More Details Hide Details Supposedly, Martin had no intention of signing The Beatles after listening to the Decca recordings, but he offered a contract after learning that Epstein would cancel all his substantial NEMS business with EMI. Martin denied this account by saying that Epstein's conviction that The Beatles would become internationally famous finally convinced him to offer a recording contract. He also later admitted that EMI had 'nothing to lose' by signing a contract with The Beatles, as the terms of payment were negligible. At this point, almost every other British record company had rejected the group, and Martin had never heard the group live. The Beatles were eventually signed to EMI's small Parlophone label, which had very little experience with pop or rock artists. Upon signing the contract, Epstein immediately sent a telegram to The Beatles (who were in Hamburg) and to the Mersey Beat music journal in Liverpool.
    On 8 May 1962, Epstein visited the HMV store (owned by EMI) in 363 Oxford Street, London to have the Decca tape transferred to 78 rpm acetates.
    More Details Hide Details An HMV disc-cutter named Jim Foy liked the recordings, suggesting that Epstein should contact Sid Coleman, the head of EMI's record publishing division which controlled the publishing company Ardmore & Beechwood. Coleman liked the recordings and sent Epstein to Martin, the A&R manager of Parlophone.
    On 1 October 1962, four days before the release of "Love Me Do", Epstein signed Lennon and McCartney to a three-year NEMS publishing contract.
    More Details Hide Details Epstein had no prior experience of artist management, yet he had a strong influence on the band's early dress code and stage demeanor. They had previously worn blue jeans and leather jackets, and they would stop and start songs when they felt like it or when an audience member requested a certain song. David Pomerran Szatmary states that when Epstein first saw them at the Cavern Club, he thought, "They were a scruffy crowd in leather, and they were not very tidy and not very clean. They smoked as they played and they ate and talked and pretended to hit each other." Epstein encouraged them to wear suits and ties, insisted that they stop swearing, smoking, drinking, or eating on stage, and also suggested the famous synchronised bow at the end of their performances. McCartney was the first to agree with Epstein's suggestions, believing that they reflected Epstein's RADA training. Epstein explained that the process from leather jackets and jeans to suits took some time: 'I encouraged them, at first, to get out of the leather jackets and jeans, and I wouldn't allow them to appear in jeans after a short time, and then, after that step, I got them to wear sweaters on stage, and then, very reluctantly, eventually, suits.' The collarless suits which the group started wearing were of German design, which they had previously seen in Hamburg but which Epstein approved of: 'I thought it was an excellent design at the time.'
    Throughout Epstein's life he was known to be kind and caring to his family, friends of his family, and business colleagues. When Lennon married Cynthia Powell, on 23 August 1962, Epstein served as best man and paid for the couple's celebration lunch afterwards.
    More Details Hide Details During Cynthia's pregnancy Epstein paid for a private room in a hospital and offered the Lennons the sole use of his flat on Falkner Street, Liverpool, when they needed a home. He also agreed to be godfather to Lennon's son Julian. Epstein's homosexuality was not publicly known until some years after his death, although it had been an open secret among his friends and business associates. While Epstein was in the Army, he commissioned a tailor to make an officer's uniform for him that he wore when cruising the bars of London, but was arrested one night at the Army and Navy Club in Piccadilly by the military police for impersonating an officer. Epstein managed to avoid a court martial by agreeing to see an army psychiatrist, who learned of Epstein's sexuality. After 10 months he was discharged from the army on medical grounds for being "emotionally and mentally unfit". Epstein later stated that his first homosexual experience was when he returned to Liverpool after being discharged.
    After the first recording session on 6 June 1962, Martin had one reservation, as he felt that using an experienced studio session drummer would improve the recording, rather than using Pete Best (this was normal practice at the time).
    More Details Hide Details Lennon, McCartney, and Harrison asked Epstein to sack Best when they learned that Martin wanted to replace him on their recordings. Epstein agonised about the decision, asking the Cavern's DJ Bob Wooler if it was a good idea. Wooler replied that Best was 'very popular with the fans' who would not like it at all. Epstein dismissed Best on 16 August, over two and half months after the first recording session at EMI studios. Best was never given an explanation for his dismissal. Epstein initially offered the vacant position to Johnny Hutchinson of The Big Three, a group that Epstein later managed. Hutchinson turned down the offer, saying, 'Pete Best is a very good friend of mine. I couldn't do the dirty on him'—although Hutchinson did play for The Beatles at short notice when Best did not turn up on the evening of his dismissal and for two subsequent bookings, until Ringo Starr was able to join. Starr was well known to the group, as he was then playing with Rory Storm and the Hurricanes, the resident group at Butlins' holiday complex in Skegness. He had also occasionally replaced Best when the drummer was ill, and had performed at a recording session with Lennon, McCartney, and Harrison in Hamburg.
    They signed a new contract in October 1962 which gave Epstein 15, 20, or 25 per cent of revenues, depending on how much he helped the band earn.
    More Details Hide Details The Beatles would then share any income after various expenses had been deducted. Epstein then formed a management company, NEMS Enterprises, telling his parents that managing the group was only a part-time occupation and would not interfere with the family business. The Beatles signed Epstein's first management contract, but Epstein did not. He later told Taylor, "Well, if they ever want to tear it up, they can hold me but I can't hold them". (Note: English law would have enforced the contract through the doctrine of part performance). The contract stated that Epstein would receive a management commission of 25 per cent of the group's gross income after a certain financial threshold had been reached. The Beatles argued for a smaller percentage, but Epstein pointed out that he had been paying their expenses for months without receiving anything in return.
    The Beatles signed a five-year contract with Epstein on 24 January 1962 which gave Epstein 10-15 per cent of their income.
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  • 1961
    Age 26
    He had further meetings with the group on 6 and 10 December 1961.
    More Details Hide Details McCartney, Harrison, and Best were under 21, and therefore needed the consent of their parents to enter into a contract. Best and his mother—Mona Best, owner of the Casbah Coffee Club—were impressed with Epstein's professional image, as were the other Beatles, because he was a businessman, wore expensive suits, and owned a large car. Best's mother said that Epstein "could be good for them Beatles". McCartney's father was sceptical about a Jewish manager and warned his son to be careful about finances. Lennon's aunt and guardian Mimi Smith was against the idea, believing that Epstein would lose interest when something else would attract his interest; but Lennon had just turned twenty-one and he ignored his aunt's advice.
    In a meeting with the group at NEMS on 3 December 1961, Epstein proposed the idea of managing the Beatles.
    More Details Hide Details John Lennon, Harrison, and Pete Best arrived late for the meeting, as they had been drinking at the Grapes pub in Mathew Street. McCartney also did not arrive on time because he had just got up and was "taking a bath", as Harrison explained. Epstein was upset, but Harrison placated him by saying, "He may be late, but he'll be very clean." Lennon had invited Wooler to be at the meeting so that he could give his opinion of Epstein, but he introduced Wooler by saying, "This is me dad". Epstein was reticent throughout the short meeting, only asking if they had a manager. After learning that they had not, he said, "It seems to me that with everything going on, someone ought to be looking after you".
    On 3 August 1961, Epstein started a regular music column in the Mersey Beat called "Stop the World—And Listen To Everything In It: Brian Epstein of NEMS".
    More Details Hide Details The Beatles were due to perform a lunchtime concert in the Cavern Club on 9 November 1961. According to club owner Sytner, Epstein had visited the club quite a few times previously on Saturday nights, once asking Sytner to book a group for his twenty-first birthday party. Epstein asked Harry to arrange for Epstein and his assistant Taylor to watch the Beatles perform. The club allowed Epstein and Taylor to enter without queuing. They bypassed the line of fans at the door and heard Bob Wooler, the resident DJ, announce a welcome message over the club's public-address system: "We have someone rather famous in the audience today. Mr. Brian Epstein, the owner of NEMS " Epstein later talked about the performance: After the performance, Epstein and Taylor went into the dressing room (which he later described as being "as big as a broom cupboard") to talk to the group. The Beatles, all regular NEMS customers, immediately recognised Epstein, but before he could congratulate them on their performance, George Harrison said, "And what brings Mr. Epstein here?" Epstein replied with, "We just popped in to say hello. I enjoyed your performance". He introduced Taylor, who merely nodded a greeting, said, "Well done, then, goodbye", and left. Epstein and Taylor went to Peacock's restaurant in Hackins Hey for lunch, and during the meal Epstein asked Taylor what he thought about the group.
  • 1956
    Age 21
    In September 1956, he took a trip to London to meet a friend but after being there for only one day, was robbed of his passport, birth certificate, chequebook, wristwatch, and all the money he had on him.
    More Details Hide Details He did not want his parents to find out, so he worked as a department store clerk until he had earned enough money to buy a train ticket back to Liverpool. Back in Liverpool, he confessed his homosexuality to a psychiatrist—a friend of the Epstein family—who suggested to Harry Epstein that his son should leave Liverpool as soon as possible. During the sessions, Epstein revealed his ambition of becoming an actor, so his parents allowed him go to London to study. Epstein attended the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA) in London. His RADA classmates included actors Susannah York, Albert Finney, and Peter O'Toole, but Epstein dropped out after the third term, saying that he had become "too much of a businessman to enjoy being a student, and I didn't like being a student at all." He said in 1964 that he "felt like an old man at the age of 21". He also revealed that he would have liked to produce a theatre play, or even act, "in something by Chekhov", or a "straight drama" by John Osborne.
  • 1955
    Age 20
    After returning to Liverpool, he was put in charge of the Clarendon Furnishing shop in Hoylake and was made a director of NEMS in 1955.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1952
    Age 17
    In December 1952, Epstein was conscripted to do his national service as a data entry clerk into the Royal Army Service Corps, and was posted to the Albany Street Barracks near Regent's Park in London, where he was often reprimanded for not picking up his army pay.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1945
    Age 10
    During World War II, the Epsteins moved to Southport—where two schools expelled Epstein for laziness and poor performance—but returned to Liverpool in 1945.
    More Details Hide Details The Epsteins lived at 197 Queens Drive, Childwall in Liverpool, and remained there for the next 30 years. Epstein's parents moved him from one boarding school to another, including Clayesmore School in Dorset. He spent two years at Wrekin College in Shropshire, where he was taught the violin. Shortly before his 16th birthday, he sent a long letter to his father, explaining that he wanted to become a dress designer, but Harry Epstein was adamantly opposed, and his son finally had to "report for duty" at the family's furniture shop, after serving an apprenticeship for six months at another company. He started work at his family's business on a £5 per week wage, and was congratulated on his first day of work for selling a £12 dining room table to a woman who had originally wanted to buy a mirror.
  • 1934
    Born
    Epstein was born on 19 September 1934 in Rodney Street, Liverpool.
    More Details Hide Details Harry and Queenie also had another son named Clive who was born 22 months after his older brother.
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