Caroline of Brunswick

Caroline of Brunswick

Queen Consort of King George Iv of the United Kingdom

Caroline of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel was the Queen consort of King George IV of the United Kingdom from 29 January 1820 until her death. Between 1795 and 1820, she was Princess of Wales. Her father was the ruler of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in modern-day Germany, and her mother, Princess Augusta, was the sister of George III.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Caroline of Brunswick.


1768 Birth Caroline was born as Princess of Brunswick, with the courtesy title of Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel on 17 May 1768 at Braunschweig (known in English as Brunswick) in Germany. … Read More
1777 9 Years Old Caroline was brought up in a difficult family situation. Her mother resented her father's open adultery with Louise Hertefeld, whom he had installed as his official mistress in 1777, and Caroline was later to confide to Lady Charlotte Campbell, that she was often tired of becoming "shuttlecock" between her parents, as whenever she was civil to one of them, she was scolded by the other. … Read More


1781 13 Years Old 1 More Event
John Stanley, later Lord Stanley of Alderley, saw her in 1781, and noted that she was an attractive girl with curly, fair hair. … Read More
1782 14 Years Old Caroline was given a number of proposals from 1782 onward. … Read More


Her father was the ruler of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel in Germany, and her mother, Princess Augusta, was the sister of George III. In 1794, she was engaged to her first-cousin and George III's eldest son and heir George, Prince of Wales, despite the two of them never having met and George already being illegally married to Maria Fitzherbert. … Read More
1795 27 Years Old 1 More Event
On 28 March 1795, Caroline and Malmesbury left Cuxhaven in the Jupiter. … Read More
1796 28 Years Old 1 More Event
Nine months after the wedding, Caroline gave birth to Princess Charlotte Augusta, George's only legitimate child, at Carlton House on 7 January 1796. … Read More
1797 29 Years Old George and Caroline were already living separately, and in August 1797 Caroline moved to a private residence: The Vicarage or Old Rectory in Charlton, London. … Read More


1802 34 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1802, she adopted a three-month-old boy, William Austin, and took him into her home. … Read More


1814 46 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1814, after Napoleon's defeat, nobility from throughout Europe attended celebrations in London, but Caroline was excluded. … Read More
1815 47 Years Old In mid-1815, Caroline bought a house, Villa d'Este, on the shores of Lake Como, even though her finances were stretched.
1816 48 Years Old From early 1816, she and Pergami went on a cruise around the Mediterranean, visiting Napoleon's former palace on Elba, and Sicily, where Pergami obtained the Order of Malta and a barony. … Read More
1817 49 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1817, Caroline was devastated when her daughter Charlotte died in childbirth; she heard the news from a passing courier as George had refused to write and tell her. … Read More


1819 51 Years Old 1 More Event
…  The Milan commission was assembling more and more evidence, and by 1819 Caroline was worried. … Read More
1820 52 Years Old …  The peers considered the contents scandalous, and a week later, after their report to the House, the government introduced a bill in Parliament, the Pains and Penalties Bill 1820, to strip Caroline of the title of queen consort and dissolve her marriage. … Read More
In July 1821, Caroline was barred from the coronation on the orders of her husband. … Read More
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