Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
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Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Politician
Male
Born Jul 19, 1884

Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the fourth and last reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, two duchies in Germany, and the head of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1900 until his death in 1954. A male-line grandson of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, he was also a Prince of the United Kingdom and held the British title of Duke of Albany.… Read More

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CHILDHOOD

1884 Birth After falling ill, the young Duke was baptised privately at Claremont on 4 August 1884, two weeks after his birth and publicly in Esher Parish Church on 4 December 1884 four months later. … Read More

TEENAGE

1900 15 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Next in line was sixteen-year-old Charles Edward, who now inherited the ducal throne of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, when his uncle Alfred died in July 1900. … Read More
1902 17 Years Old His uncle, Edward VII, made him a Knight of the Garter on 15 July 1902, just prior to his 18th birthday.

TWENTIES

1905 20 Years Old 1 More Event
Upon coming of age on 19 July 1905, he assumed full constitutional powers. … Read More

THIRTIES

1915 30 Years Old 1 More Event
Charles Edward served on the staff of an infantry division at the beginning of the war, but in 1915 had to stop due to rheumatism. … Read More
1917 32 Years Old 1 More Event
In July 1917, still unaware of the change in law at Coburg, in an effort to distance his dynasty from its German origins, George V changed the name of the British Royal House from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the House of Windsor. … Read More
1919 34 Years Old His properties and collections in Coburg were transferred in 1919 to the, a foundation that still exists today. … Read More
1922 37 Years Old 1 More Event
Until 1922, Charles Edward was the head of the.
1923 38 Years Old In 1923, he joined the as Oberbereichsleiter in Thuringia. … Read More

FORTIES

1932 47 Years Old In 1932, he took part in the creation of the Harzburg Front, through which the German National People's Party became associated with the Nazi Party. … Read More
1933 48 Years Old 1 More Event
…  He later joined the Nazi Party, and served in a number of positions in Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s, including as President of the German Red Cross from 1933-45. … Read More
1934 49 Years Old In 1934, he visited Japan where he attended a conference on the protection of civilians during war and delivered Hitler's birthday greeting to the Emperor.

FIFTIES

1936 51 Years Old 1 More Event
He also served as a member of the Reichstag representing the Nazi Party from 1936–45 and as president of the German Red Cross from December 1933-45. … Read More
1937 52 Years Old After the Abdication Crisis, he played host to the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, the former King-Emperor and his wife, during their private tour of Germany in 1937.
1940 55 Years Old In 1940, Charles Edward travelled via Moscow and Japan to the US, where he met President Roosevelt at the White House.
1943 58 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1943, at Hitler's behest, Charles Edward asked the International Red Cross to investigate the Katyn massacre.

LATE ADULTHOOD

1946 61 Years Old 1 More Event
Charles Edward was imprisoned until 1946.
1950 65 Years Old Originally charged with Crimes against humanity, in 1950 (August 1949, according to his ODNB entry), after several appeals, he was sentenced by a denazification court as a Mitläufer and Minderbelasteter (roughly: follower and of lesser guilt), fined (DM 5,000) and almost bankrupted. … Read More
1953 68 Years Old In 1953, he travelled to a local cinema to watch the coronation of his cousin's granddaughter, Elizabeth II.
1954 70 Years Old Died on March 6, 1954.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Edward,_Duke_of_Saxe-Coburg_and_Gotha.
Text is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.