Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland

Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland

Born Apr 23, 1675

Sir Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland KG PC, known as Lord Spencer from 1688 to 1702, was an English statesman. He served as Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1714–1717), Lord Privy Seal (1715–1716), Lord President of the Council (1717–1719) and First Lord of the Treasury (1718–1721).… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Charles Spencer, 3rd Earl of Sunderland.


1675 Birth Born on April 23, 1675.


1688 13 Years Old On the death of his elder brother Robert in Paris in September 1688, he became heir to the peerage.


1695 20 Years Old Called by John Evelyn "a youth of extraordinary hopes," he completed his education at Utrecht, and in 1695 entered the House of Commons as member for Tiverton. … Read More
1698 23 Years Old In 1698 he plunged his family into scandal when his brother-in-law Donogh MacCarthy, 4th Earl of Clancarty, who had been imprisoned in the Tower of London for his support for James II and later escaped, was reconciled with his long-estranged wife, Charles' sister Elizabeth, and at long last consummated the marriage. … Read More
1702 27 Years Old Having succeeded to the peerage in 1702, Sunderland was one of the commissioners for the union between England and Scotland, and in 1705, he was sent to Vienna as envoy extraordinary.


1706 31 Years Old 1 More Event
Although he was tinged with republican ideas and had made himself obnoxious to Queen Anne by opposing the grant to her husband, Prince George, through the influence of Marlborough he was foisted into the ministry as Secretary of State for the Southern Department, taking office in December 1706. … Read More


1715 40 Years Old In August 1715, he joined the cabinet as Lord Privy Seal.
1717 42 Years Old 1 More Event
After a visit to George I in Hanover, he secured in April 1717 the position of Secretary of State for the Northern Department.
1718 43 Years Old 1 More Event
This he retained until March 1718, when he became First Lord of the Treasury, holding also the post of Lord President of the Council. … Read More
1719 44 Years Old In 1719 he was one of the main subscribers in the Royal Academy of Music (1719), a corporation that produced baroque opera on stage.
1720 45 Years Old The bursting of the South Sea Bubble led to his political ruin. He had taken some part in launching the scheme of 1720, therefore public opinion was roused against him and it was only through the efforts of Walpole that he was acquitted by the House of Commons, when the matter was investigated.
1721 46 Years Old In April 1721, he resigned his offices, but he retained his influence with George I until his death on 19 April 1722.
1722 47 Years Old In 1722 Sunderland was implicated in what became known as the Atterbury Plot, to restore the House of Stuart, and his death was one of the factors which brought the Plot to light.
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