Charles Sr.
American politician
Charles Sr.
Charles Francis Adams I was an American lawyer, politician, diplomat and writer. He was the grandson of President John Adams and Abigail Adams and the son of President John Quincy Adams.
Charles Francis Adams, Sr.'s personal information overview.
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  • 1886
    Age 78
    Charles Francis Adams died in Boston on November 21, 1886, and was interred in Mount Wollaston Cemetery, Quincy.
    More Details Hide Details His children with Abigail Brown Brooks included:
  • 1876
    Age 68
    During the 1876 electoral college controversy, Adams sided with Democrat Samuel J. Tilden over Republican Rutherford B. Hayes for the presidency.
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  • 1872
    Age 64
    In 1872, he was again nominated for Vice President, this time by the so-called "Straight-Out Democrats," who were Democrats alienated by the Presidential candidacy of Horace Greeley.
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  • 1870
    Age 62
    In 1870 Charles Francis Adams built the first presidential library in the United States, to honor his father John Quincy Adams.
    More Details Hide Details The Stone Library includes over 14,000 books written in twelve languages. The library is located on the property of the "Old House" (also known as "Peacefield") at Adams National Historical Park in Quincy, Massachusetts.
  • 1869
    Age 61
    Back in Boston, Adams declined the presidency of Harvard University, but became one of its overseers in 1869.
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  • 1861
    Age 53
    He resigned to become Lincoln's minister (ambassador) to the Court of St. James (Britain) from 1861 to 1868.
    More Details Hide Details Powerful Massachusetts Senator Charles Sumner had wanted the position, and became alienated from Adams. Britain had already recognized Confederate belligerency, but Adams was instrumental in maintaining British neutrality and preventing British diplomatic recognition of the Confederacy during the American Civil War. Part of those duties included correspondence with British civilians including Karl Marx and the International Workingmen's Association. Adams and his son, Henry Adams, who acted as his private secretary, also were kept busy monitoring Confederate diplomatic intrigues and the construction of rebel commerce raiders by British shipyards (like the hull N°290, launched as "Enrica" by John Laird & Sons, and which was soon transformed near the Azores Islands into sloop-of-war CSS Alabama).
  • 1858
    Age 50
    As a Republican, Adams was elected to the United States House of Representatives in 1858, where he chaired the Committee on Manufactures.
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  • 1857
    Age 49
    He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1857.
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  • 1850
    Age 42
    The younger Adams, fresh from his edition of the letters of his grandmother, Abigail Adams, took up the project that his father had left uncompleted, and between 1850 and 1856 turned out not just the two volumes of the biography but eight further volumes presenting editions of John Adams's Diary and Autobiography, his major political writings, and a selection of letters and speeches.
    More Details Hide Details This edition, titled The Works of John Adams, Esq., Second President of the United States, was the only edition of John Adams's writings until the family donated the cache of Adams papers to the Massachusetts Historical Society in 1954 and authorized the creation of the Adams Papers project; the modern project had published accurate scholarly editions of John Adams's diary and autobiography, several volumes of Adams family correspondence, two volumes on the portraits of John and Abigail Adams and John Quincy and Louisa Catherine Adams, and the early years of the diary of Charles Francis Adams. Charles Francis Adams published a revised edition of the biography in 1871.
  • 1841
    Age 33
    Adams was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives in 1841, served in the state senate 1844–1845, founded and edited the journal Boston Whig in 1846, and was the unsuccessful nominee of the Free Soil Party for Vice President of the United States in 1848.
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  • 1830
    Age 22
    The senior Adams began a life of his father, John Adams, but only wrote a few chapters before he resumed his political career in 1830 with his election to the U.S. House of Representatives.
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  • 1829
    Age 21
    He developed this expertise in part because of the example of his father, who in 1829 had turned from politics (after his defeated bid for a second presidential term in 1828) to history and biography.
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  • 1825
    Age 17
    He was born in Boston, and attended Boston Latin School and Harvard College, where he graduated in 1825.
    More Details Hide Details He then studied law with Daniel Webster, and practiced in Boston. He wrote numerous reviews of works about American and British history for the North American Review.
  • 1807
    Born on August 18, 1807.
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