Charles Evans Hughes
American judge
Charles Evans Hughes
Charles Evans Hughes, Sr. was an American statesman, lawyer and Republican politician from New York. He served as the 36th Governor of New York (1907–1910), Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States (1910–1916), United States Secretary of State (1921–1925), a judge on the Court of International Justice (1928–1930), and the 11th Chief Justice of the United States (1930–1941). He was the Republican candidate in the 1916 U.S.
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Charles Evans Hughes's personal information overview.
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Arvil Creston Hughes - St. George Daily Spectrum
Google News - over 5 years
He is survived by his wife, Gaye, and five children, Deanna Gaye Codling (Dean), Creston David Hughes, Ginger Kathleen Coria (Marcos), James Ryan Charles Hughes, Daniel Allan Hughes and nine grandchildren all of the Tempe, Ariz., area
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Three facing obstruction charges - Tri-Town News
Google News - over 5 years
Benecke subsequently arrested Charles Hughes, 18, of Trenton, Steven Boyce, 20, of Jackson, and Luke Viscel, 18, of Seaside Park, and charged them with obstructing the administration of the law. Police said Hughes was driving the vehicle when the
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Knife-Fight Defendants Ordered Held - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
"The police reports are replete, I would submit, with inconsistencies," said Framingham attorney Charles Hughes, who represents Do Amaral. Hughes also objected that no witnesses attended the hearing, which would have allowed him to question them
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Natick Selectmen will consider resolution on African-American Revolutionary ... - Boston Globe
Google News - over 5 years
This is not just history for African-Americans, but history for every American.” Natick Board of Selectmen chair Charles Hughes will present the resolution to the rest of the board. Hughes was unavailable for comment at the time of publication
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Area schools gearing up for new year - St. George Daily Spectrum
Google News - over 5 years
Mark Coleman, principal of Beaver Dam High School, top left, Kathy Davis, Virgin Valley Elementary School principal, top right, Cliff Hughes, center left, Virgin Valley High School principal, Maurice Perkins, center right, Charles Hughes Middle School
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Hulamin Ltd : HLM - Hulamin Limited - Unaudited interim results for the half ... - 4-traders (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
Enquiries Hulamin 033 395 6911 Richard Jacob, CEO 082 806 4068 Charles Hughes, CFO 082 745 6173 Hector Molale 083 639 1021 CapitalVoice Johannes van Niekerk 082 921 9110 COMMENTARY Hulamin's improving operational performance continued in the first half
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Baltimore still had gas street lamps in the 1950s - Baltimore Sun
Google News - over 5 years
I consulted a street light authority, Charles Hughes, who is a restorer of transit vehicles at the Baltimore Streetcar Museum on Falls Road. He resides on Abell Avenue, midway between Venable and Guilford, and to this day retains operating gas lights
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Local students have been named to Dean& r - Wilkes Barre Times-Leader
Google News - over 5 years
Caroline Hughes, daughter of Charles Hughes and Mary Hughes of Clarks Summit, School of Business. Kyle Kresge, son of James Kresge and Maureen Kresge of Clarks Summit, School of Music. Larissa Lycholaj, daughter of Daniel Lycholaj and Catherine
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Resident helps Jackson Police find hit and run suspects - Jackson NJ Online
Google News - over 5 years
18 year old Charles hughes of East Scott Street in Trenton was charged with obstructing the administration of law. Mr. Hughes was released from custody after being served his copy of the summons complaint. 20 year old Steven Boyce of Lakehurst Avenue
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Liquor license rules may ease - Boston Globe
Google News - over 5 years
Selectman Charles Hughes, who is chairman of the board, said current license rules make it too difficult for restaurants and limit the kinds of restaurants coming to Natick. “Bars can be no more than 10 percent of total seats and they don't count
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Liquor license changes aimed at more diverse restaurant scene - Boston Globe
Google News - over 5 years
Only three of the full licenses are now available. Selectman Charles Hughes, who is chairman of the board, said current license rules make it too difficult for restaurants and limit the kinds of restaurants coming to Natick
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Personal info found at trash bin in Warren - Warren Tribune Chronicle
Google News - over 5 years
Charles Hughes, a former client whose personal information from 1989 was in the trash bin and who was reached for comment Thursday, said he was dumbfounded. When Hughes, of Warren, was informed that his Social Security number, date of birth and past
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Seattle and Calgary from Frankfurt new routes launched by Condor - anna.aero
Google News - over 5 years
Cutting the ribbon were Mike Ehl, Director of Operations at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport; Jens Boyd, Head of Revenue Management, Condor; Charles Hughes, VP Americas, Condor; Captain Michel Brinkerink, Condor; Silvia Funke, Manager Airport
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Death of Senator, servant and innovative businessman - Mayo News
Google News - over 5 years
He was also a member of the board of directors of a Westport company, established by Charles Hughes in 1936, called the Reliable Shoe Company. As the eldest son, Myles Staunton Snr automatically joined the family business, aged just 17
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Hughes-Obit - Helena Daily World
Google News - over 5 years
She was preceded in death by her husband, John D. Hughes, two sons, Randolph Hughes and Charles Hughes, and two brothers, Warren Somis and Johnny Walton. She confessed a hope in Christ at an early age and was a member of Blackfoot Baptist Church
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Chelsea's debt to Bobby - The Sun
Google News - over 5 years
"But Bobby smoothed the way with Charles Hughes, the head of the Centre of Excellence, and I was allowed in to take my UEFA C badges. I was the youngest coach there by a mile but I was so determined to make it. I spent three weeks at each venue in the
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Tech services company moving - The Spokesman Review
Google News - over 5 years
Janet and Charles Hughes stand in front of the new location for Hughes Computer Services, on South Regal next to Ferrante's Marketplace Café, on Wednesday. If Janet and Charles Hughes were running just one business, they'd be fine
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After Wenger – Part Three: The Special One's Special One - Online Gooner
Google News - over 5 years
Robson's generosity toward Villas Boas knew no bounds, helping the young lad to enrol on a coaching course at Lilleshall despite not being permitted to do so for Villas-Boas being under the age of 18, though a word from Robson in Charles Hughes'
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Charles Evans Hughes
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  • 1948
    On August 27, 1948, at the age of 86, Hughes died in what is now the Tiffany Cottage of the Wianno Club in Osterville, Massachusetts.
    More Details Hide Details He is interred at Woodlawn Cemetery in The Bronx, New York City. Citations Bibliography Archives Legal opinions as Chief Justice Books
  • 1937
    Roosevelt later made his justifications for the bill to the public on March 9, 1937 during his ninth Fireside Chat.
    More Details Hide Details The Court's opinion in Parrish was not published until March 29, 1937, after Roosevelt's radio address. Hughes wrote in his autobiographical notes that Roosevelt's court reform proposal "had not the slightest effect on our court's decision," but due to the delayed announcement of its decision the Court was characterized as retreating under fire. Although Hughes wrote the opinion invalidating the National Recovery Administration in Schechter Poultry Corp. v. United States — though the decision was unanimously upheld by all of the court's Justices — he also wrote the opinions for the Court in NLRB v. Jones & Laughlin Steel Corp. NLRB v. Friedman-Harry Marks Clothing Co. and West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish which approved some New Deal measures. Hughes supervised the move of the Court from its former quarters at the U.S. Capitol to the newly constructed Supreme Court building.
    President Roosevelt announced his court reform bill on February 5, 1937, the day of the first conference vote after Stone's February 1, 1937 return to the bench.
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  • 1936
    In one of his notes from 1936, Hughes wrote that Roosevelt's re-election forced the court to depart from its "fortress in public opinion" and severely weakened its capability to base its rulings on personal or political beliefs.
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    Roberts indicated his desire to overturn Adkins immediately after oral arguments ended for the Parrish case on December 17, 1936.
    More Details Hide Details The initial conference vote on December 19, 1936 was 4-4; with this even division on the Court, the holding of the Washington Supreme Court, finding the minimum wage statute constitutional, would stand. The eight voting justices anticipated Justice Stone — absent due to illness — would be the fifth vote necessary for a majority opinion affirming the constitutionality of the minimum wage law. As Hughes desired a clear and strong 5-4 affirmation of the Washington Supreme Court's judgment, rather than a 4-4 default affirmation, he convinced the other justices to wait until Stone's return before deciding and announcing the case.
    Following the overwhelming support that voters showed for the New Deal through Roosevelt's overwhelming re-election in November 1936, Hughes was not able to persuade Roberts to base his votes on political maneuvering and to side with him in future cases regarding New Deal-related policies.
    More Details Hide Details Roberts had voted to grant certiorari to hear the Parrish case before the election of 1936. Oral arguments occurred on December 16 and 17, 1936, with counsel for Parrish specifically asking the court to reconsider its decision in Adkins v. Children's Hospital, which had been the basis for striking down a New York minimum wage law in Morehead v. New York ex rel. Tipaldo in the late spring of 1936.
    In the 1936 case Carter v. Carter Coal Company, Hughes took a middle ground for doctrinal and court-management reasons.
    More Details Hide Details Writing his own opinion, he joined the three liberal justices in upholding the Bituminous Coal Conservation Act's marketing provision but sided with Roberts and the four conservatives in striking down the act's provision that regulated local labor. By 1937, as the court leaned more in his favor, Hughes would renounce the position he took in the Carter case regarding local labor and ruled that the procedural methods that governed the Wagner Act's labor regulation provisions bore resemblance to the procedural methods which governed the railroad rates that the Interstate Commerce Commission was allowed to maintain in the 1914 Shreveport decision; he thus demonstrated that Congress could use its commerce power to regulate local industrial labor as well. In 1937, when Roosevelt attempted to pack the Court with six additional justices, Hughes worked behind the scenes to defeat the effort, which failed in the Senate, by rushing important New Deal legislation — such as Wagner Act and the Social Security Act — through the court and ensuring that the court's majority would uphold their constitutionality. The month after Roosevelt's court-packing announcement, Roberts, who had joined the four conservative Justices in striking down important New Deal legislation, shocked the American public by siding with Hughes and the court's three liberal justices in striking down the court's ruling in the 1923 Adkins v. Children's Hospital case — which held that laws requiring minimum wage violated the Fifth Amendment's due process clause — and upholding the constitutionality of Washington state's minimum wage law in West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish.
    By 1936, Hughes sensed the growing hostility in the court and could do little about it.
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    On one occasion, Hughes would side with the conservatives in striking down the New Deal's Agricultural Adjustment Act in the 1936 case United States v. Butler, which held that the law was unconstitutional because its so-called tax policy was a coercive regulation rather than a tax measure and the federal government lacked authority to regulate agriculture.
    More Details Hide Details But surprisingly he did not assign the majority opinion, a practice usually required for court's most senior justice who agrees with the majority opinion, and allowed Associate Justice Owen Roberts to speak for the entire majority in his own words. It was accepted that he did not agree with the argument that the federal government lacked authority over agriculture and was going to write a separate opinion upholding the act's regulation policy while striking down the act's taxation policy on the grounds that it was a coercive regulation rather than a tax measure. However, Roberts convinced Hughes that he would side with him and the three liberal justices in future cases pertaining to the nation's agriculture that involved the Constitution's General Welfare Clause if he agreed to join his opinion.
  • 1935
    By 1935, Hughes felt the court's four conservative Justices had disregarded common law and sought to curb their power.
    More Details Hide Details Hughes was often aligned with the court's three liberal Justices — Louis Brandeis, Harlan Fiske Stone, and Benjamin Cardozo — in finding some New Deal measures (such as the violation of the gold clauses in contracts and the confiscation of privately owned monetary gold) constitutional.
  • 1933
    Hughes as Chief Justice swore in President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933, 1937 and 1941.
    More Details Hide Details Upon his return to the court, more progressives had joined the bench. Hughes seemed determined again to vote progressive and soon bring an end to the longstanding pro-business Lochner era. During his early years as Chief Justice, however, the fear he had developed for an overblown bureaucracy during World War I undermined his optimism. Showing his old progressive image, he upheld legislation protecting civil rights and civil liberties and wrote the opinion for the Court in Near v. Minnesota, which held prior restraint against the press is unconstitutional. Concerning economic regulation, he was still willing to uphold legislation that supported "freedom of opportunity" for individuals on the one hand and the "police power" of the state on the other but did not personally favor legislation that linked national economic planning and bureaucratic social welfare together. At first resisting Roosevelt's New Deal and building a consensus of centrist members of the court, Hughes used his influence to limit the collectivist scope of Roosevelt's changes and would often strike down New Deal legislation he felt was poorly drafted and did not clearly specify how they were constitutional.
  • 1930
    Hughes was confirmed by the United States Senate on February 13, 1930, and received commission the same day, serving in this capacity until 1941.
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  • 1929
    Herbert Hoover, who had appointed Hughes's son as Solicitor General in 1929, appointed Hughes Chief Justice of the United States on February 3, 1930.
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  • 1928
    In 1928 conservative business interests tried to interest Hughes in the GOP presidential nomination of 1928 instead of Herbert Hoover.
    More Details Hide Details Hughes, citing his age, turned down the offer.
  • 1927
    He was one of the co-founders in 1927 of the National Conference on Christians and Jews, now known as the National Conference for Community and Justice (NCCJ), along with S.
    More Details Hide Details Parkes Cadman and others, to oppose the Ku Klux Klan, anti-Catholicism, and anti-Semitism in the 1920s and 1930s. In 1925–1926, Charles Evans Hughes represented the API (American Petroleum Institute) before the FOCB (Federal Oil Conservation Board).
  • 1926
    From 1926 to 1930, Hughes also served as a member of the Permanent Court of Arbitration and as a judge of the Permanent Court of International Justice in The Hague, Netherlands from 1928 to 1930.
    More Details Hide Details He was additionally a delegate to the Pan American Conference on Arbitration and Conciliation from 1928 to 1930.
  • 1925
    From 1925 to 1930, for example, Hughes argued over 50 times before the U.S. Supreme Court.
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  • 1924
    After Robert LaFollette's Progressive Party advocated the return of such regulations during the 1924 US Presidential election, Hughes shifted rightwards believing that the federal bureaucracy should now have limited powers over individual liberties and property rights and that common law should be strictly enforced.
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  • 1922
    Hughes continued in office after Harding died and was succeeded by Coolidge, but resigned after Coolidge was elected to a full term. On June 30, 1922, he signed the Hughes–Peynado agreement that ended the United States's six-year occupation of Dominican Republic.
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  • 1921
    Hughes returned to government office in March 1921 as Secretary of State under President Harding.
    More Details Hide Details On November 11, 1921, Armistice Day (later changed to Veterans Day), the Washington Naval Conference for the limitation of naval armament among the Great Powers began. The major naval powers of Britain, France, Italy, Japan and the United States were in attendance as well as other nations with concerns about territories in the Pacific — Belgium, the Netherlands, Portugal and China. The American delegation was headed by Hughes and included Elihu Root, Henry Cabot Lodge, and Oscar Underwood, the Democratic minority leader in the Senate. The conference continued until February 1922 and included the Four-power pact (December 13, 1921), Shantung Treaty (February 4, 1922), Five-Power Treaty, the Nine-Power Treaty (February 6, 1922), the "Six-power pact" that was an agreement between the Big Five Nations plus China to divide the German cable routes in the Pacific, and the Yap Island agreement.
  • 1920
    Despite coming close to winning the presidency, Hughes did not seek the Republican nomination again in 1920.
    More Details Hide Details Hughes also advocated ways to prevent the return of President Wilson's expanded government control over important industries such as the nation's railroads, which he felt would lead to the eventual destruction of individualism and political self-rule.
  • 1917
    For many years, he was a member of the Union League Club of New York and served as its president from 1917 to 1919.
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  • 1916
    Hughes resigned from the Supreme Court on June 10, 1916, to be the Republican candidate for President in 1916.
    More Details Hide Details He is the last sitting Supreme Court justice to surrender his or her seat to run for elected office. He was also endorsed by the Progressive Party, thanks to the support given to him from former President Theodore Roosevelt. Other Republican figures such as former President William Howard Taft endorsed Hughes and felt the accomplishments he made as Governor of New York would establish him as formidable progressive alternative to Wilson. Many former leaders of the Progressive Party, however, endorsed Wilson because Hughes opposed the Adamson Act, the Sixteenth Amendment and diverted his focus away from progressive issues during the course of the campaign. Hughes was defeated by Woodrow Wilson in a close election (separated by 23 electoral votes and 594,188 popular votes). The election hinged on California, where Wilson managed to win by 3,800 votes and its 13 electoral votes and thus Wilson was returned for a second term; Hughes had lost the endorsement of the California governor and Roosevelt's 1912 Progressive running mate Hiram Johnson when he failed to show up for an appointment with him.
    He was the Republican nominee in the 1916 U.S. Presidential election, losing narrowly to incumbent President Woodrow Wilson.
    More Details Hide Details Hughes was a professor in the 1890s, a staunch supporter of Britain's New Liberalism, an important leader of the progressive movement of the 20th century, a leading diplomat and New York lawyer in the days of Harding and Coolidge, and was known for being a swing voter when dealing with cases related to the New Deal in the 1930s. Historian Clinton Rossiter has hailed him as a leading American conservative. Charles Evans Hughes was born in Glens Falls, New York, the son of Rev. David C. Hughes and Mary C. (Connelly) Hughes, a sister of State Senator Henry C. Connelly (1832–1912). He was active in the Northern Baptist church, a Mainline Protestant denomination. Hughes' early education included attending Lafayette School in Newark, NJ. At the age of 14, he enrolled at Madison University (now Colgate University), where he became a member of Delta Upsilon fraternity. He then transferred to Brown University, continuing as a member of Delta Upsilon. He graduated third in his class at the age of 19, having been elected to Phi Beta Kappa in his junior year.
  • 1910
    Hughes replaced former President William Howard Taft, a fellow Republican who had also lost a presidential election to Woodrow Wilson (in 1912) and who, in 1910, had appointed Hughes to his first tenure on the Supreme Court.
    More Details Hide Details Hughes' appointment was opposed by progressive elements in both parties who felt that he was too friendly to big business. Idaho Republican William E. Borah said on the United States Senate floor that confirming Hughes would constitute "placing upon the Court as Chief Justice one whose views are known upon these vital and important questions and whose views, in my opinion, however sincerely entertained, are not which ought to be incorporated in and made a permanent part of our legal and economic system." In addition to his politics, at 67, Hughes was the oldest man ever nominated as Chief Justice. Nonetheless Hughes was confirmed as Chief Justice with a vote of 52 to 26.
    As an associate justice of the Supreme Court from 1910 to 1916, Hughes remained an advocate of regulation and authored decisions that weakened the legal foundations of laissez-faire capitalism.
    More Details Hide Details He also mastered a new set of issues regarding the Commerce Clause and, in a deliberately restrained manner, wrote constitutional decisions that expanded the regulatory powers of both the state and federal governments. He wrote for the court in Bailey v. Alabama, which held that involuntary servitude encompassed more than just slavery, and Interstate Commerce Comm. v. Atchison T & SF R Co., holding that the Interstate Commerce Commission could regulate intrastate rates if they were significantly intertwined with interstate commerce. On April 15, 1915 in the case of Frank v. Mangum, the Supreme Court decided (7-2) to deny an appeal made by Leo Frank's attorneys, and instead upheld the decision of lower courts to sustain the guilty verdict against Frank. Justice Hughes and Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. were the two dissenting votes.
    The Senate confirmed the nomination on May 2, 1910, and Hughes received his commission the same day.
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    On April 25, 1910, President William H. Taft nominated Hughes for Associate Justice to fill the vacancy left by the death of Justice David J. Brewer.
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  • 1909
    In 1909, Hughes led an effort to incorporate Delta Upsilon fraternity.
    More Details Hide Details This was the first fraternity to incorporate, and he served as its first international president.
  • 1908
    In 1908, Governor Hughes reviewed the clemency petition of Chester Gillette concerning the murder of Grace Brown.
    More Details Hide Details The governor denied the petition as well as an application for reprieve, and Gillette was electrocuted in March of that year. When Hughes left office, a prominent journal remarked "One can distinctly see the coming of a New Statism... which Gov. Hughes has been a leading prophet and exponent". In 1926, Hughes was appointed by New York Governor Alfred E. Smith to be the chairman of a State Reorganization Commission through which Smith's plan to place the Governor as the head of a rationalized state government, was accomplished, bringing to realization what Hughes himself had envisioned.
    In 1908, he was offered the vice-presidential nomination by William Howard Taft, but he declined it to run again for Governor.
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  • 1907
    In 1907 Hughes, then the Governor of New York, was elected to honorary membership in the Empire State Society of the Sons of the American Revolution.
    More Details Hide Details He was assigned national membership number 18,977.
    In 1907, Gov. Charles Evans Hughes became the first president of the newly formed Northern Baptist Convention—based at Calvary Baptist Church in Washington, DC, of which Hughes was a member.
    More Details Hide Details He also served as President of the New York State Bar Association. After leaving the State Department, he again rejoined his old partners at the Hughes firm, which included his son and future United States Solicitor General Charles E. Hughes Jr., and was one of the nation's most sought-after advocates.
    To enforce these and other regulations, in 1907 Hughes reorganized the Department of Labor and appointed a well-qualified commissioner.
    More Details Hide Details Two years later, the governor created a new bureau for immigrant issues in the Department of Labor and appointed reformer Frances Kellor to head it. In his final year as the Governor, he had the state comptroller draw up an executive budget. This began a rationalization of state government and eventually it led to an enhancement of executive authority. He also signed the Worker's Compensation Act of 1910, which required a compulsory, employer-paid plan of compensation for workers injured in hazardous industries and a voluntary system for other workers; after the New York Court of Appeals ruled the law unconstitutional in 1911, a popular referendum was held that successfully made the law an amendment in the New York Constitution.
    On social issues, Hughes strongly supported relatively limited social reforms. He endorsed the Page-Prentice Act of 1907, which set an eight-hour day and forty-eight-hour week for factory workers—but only for those under the age of sixteen.
    More Details Hide Details By employing the well-established legal distinction between ordinary and hazardous work, the governor also won legislative approval for a Dangerous Trades Act that barred young workers from thirty occupations.
  • 1906
    To counter political corruption, he secured campaign laws in 1906 and 1907 that limited political contributions by corporations and forced candidates to account for their receipts and expenses, legislation that was quickly copied in fifteen other states.
    More Details Hide Details He pushed the passage of the Moreland Act, which enabled the governor to oversee city and county officials as well as officials in semi-autonomous state bureaucracies. This allowed him to fire many corrupt officials. He also managed to have the powers of the state's Public Service Commissions increased and fought strenuously, if not completely successfully, to get their decisions exempted from judicial review. When two bills were passed to reduce railroad fares, Hughes vetoed them on the grounds that the rates should be set by expert commissioners rather than by elected ones. His ideal was not government by the people but for the people. As Hughes put it, "you must have administration by administrative officers." Hughes, however, would be unsuccessful in achieving one of his main goals as governor: primary voting reform. Hoping to achieve a compromise with the state's party bosses, Hughes rejected the option of a direct primary in which voters could choose between declared candidates and instead proposed a complicated system of nominations by party committees. The state's party bosses, however, rejected this compromise and the state legislature rejected the plan on three occasions in 1909 and 1910.
    He defeated William Randolph Hearst in the 1906 election to gain the position, and he was the only Republican statewide candidate to win office.
    More Details Hide Details An admirer of Britain's New Liberal philosophy, Hughes campaigned on a platform to improve the state of New York's standard of living by moving it away from laissez-faire tradition and enacting social reforms similar to that which had been enacted in Britain. As a supporter of progressive policies, Hughes was able to play on the popularity of Theodore Roosevelt and weaken the power of the state's conservative Republican officials.
    In 1906, he was appointed to the "Armstrong Insurance Commission" to investigate the insurance industry in New York as a special assistant to U.S. Attorney General.
    More Details Hide Details Hughes served as the Governor of New York from 1907 to 1910.
  • 1905
    At that time, in addition to practicing law, Hughes taught at New York Law School with Woodrow Wilson, who would later defeat him for the Presidency. In 1905, he was appointed as counsel to the New York state legislative "Stevens Gas Commission", a committee investigating utility rates.
    More Details Hide Details His uncovering of corruption led to lower gas rates in New York City.
  • 1893
    He was also a special lecturer for New York University Law School, 1893–1900.
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    He continued his association with Cornell as a special lecturer at the Law School from 1893 to 1895.
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    In 1893, he returned to his old law firm in New York City to continue practicing until he ran for governor in 1906.
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  • 1891
    In 1891, Hughes left the practice of law to become a professor at Cornell Law School.
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  • 1888
    After graduating Hughes began working for Chamberlain, Carter & Hornblower where he met his future wife. In 1888, shortly after he was married, he became a partner in the firm, and the name was changed to Carter, Hughes & Cravath.
    More Details Hide Details Later the name was changed to Hughes, Hubbard & Reed.
  • 1885
    In 1885, Hughes met Antoinette Carter, the daughter of a senior partner of the law firm where he worked, and they were married in 1888.
    More Details Hide Details They had one son, Charles Evans Hughes Jr. and three daughters, one of whom was Elizabeth Hughes Gossett, one of the first humans injected with insulin, and who later served as president of the Supreme Court Historical Society. Hughes was the grandfather of Charles Evans Hughes III and H. Stuart Hughes.
  • 1882
    He read law and entered Columbia Law School in 1882, where he graduated in 1884 with highest honors.
    More Details Hide Details While studying law, he taught at Delaware Academy.
  • 1862
    Born on April 11, 1862.
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