Charles Lock
British consul-general in Naples
Charles Lock
Charles Lock was the British consul-general in Naples during the Neapolitan Revolution of 1799.
Biography
Charles Lock's personal information overview.
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News
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Art for the nation - BBC News
Google News - over 5 years
He might not have founded the National Gallery, but as its first director Sir Charles Lock Eastlake left an enduring legacy in the exhibition rooms of the grand building that dominates the northern side of Trafalgar Square in central London
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Google News article
Viktoriánus múzeumpolitika Londonban - Múlt-kor
Google News - over 5 years
A londoni National Gallery kiállítást szervez első igazgatója, Sir Charles Lock Eastlake (1793–1865) emlékére, akit egy kortársa a viktoriánus művészeti világ "alfájának és omegájának" nevezett. A tárlat (Art for the Nation: Sir Charles Eastlake at the
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Google News article
Forests, Rocks, Torrents, National Gallery, review - Telegraph.co.uk
Google News - over 5 years
Over in Room 1, the National Gallery has mounted a small, didactic exhibition about the career of Charles Lock Eastlake (1793-1865), a Victorian Olympian who was both President of the Royal Academy and the first director of the National Gallery
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Google News article
Art for the Nation at the National Gallery - Red Carnation Hotels
Google News - over 5 years
Sir Charles Lock Eastlake was the National Gallery's first director and responsible for establishing it as one of the most prominent artistic centres in the world. To celebrate his legacy, the gallery is to hold a special exhibition from late July
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Google News article
ART REVIEW; Life, Profusely Illustrated, For a Victorian Bourgeoisie
NYTimes - almost 17 years
In the quaint old days before modernism, when paintings were called pictures because they dealt with recognizable subject matter, the Royal Academy in London was the place to see England's most crowd-pleasing examples. During its late 19th-century heyday, the academy drew more than 300,000 viewers to its annual summer exhibitions. At these
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NYTimes article
ART REVIEW;What American Homes Displayed
NYTimes - about 21 years
This is a decade in which people get high on peeking into other people's houses. Never have so many houses been open to the public, or so many books been published about interiors in general, or so many magazines raised and fattened by this licensed voyeurism. Anyone who shares this almost universal inclination will have a very good time at the
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Charles Lock
    THIRTIES
  • 1804
    Age 34
    He died on 12 September 1804 together with two of his suite.
    More Details Hide Details They were assiduously attended by Lock's private secretary, Lambton Este, who placed himself in the lazaretto with them for that purpose. Charles Lock's death left his family unprovided for. As a result, his daughters continued to receive a pension from the British government well into adulthood, the total of which amounted to £288 in 1838. Despite Lock's role in bringing to light the atrocities that were taking place in Naples, modern historians have mixed opinions about him. Terry Coleman, in his book The Nelson Touch, says that "Lock was not an admirable man." On the other hand, the Duchess of Sermoneta, who wrote a book in 1940 about the Lock family, has a far more sympathetic assessment, saying that Lock "was revolted by what he witnessed in those days" because he was "kind-hearted and honourable." Scottish historical novelist David Donachie argues that "without much wealth, Charles Lock was a man in a hurry who made no secret that he had designs on Sir William's position as ambassador."
  • 1803
    Age 33
    Charles Lock was appointed Consul-General in Egypt on 26 December 1803.
    More Details Hide Details However, he never served there: on his way to Egypt, he died of plague in the lazaretto at Malta.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1799
    Age 29
    He wrote to his father in July 1799: "You will hear with grief of the infraction of the articles convented with the Neapolitan jacobins and of the stab our English honour has received in being employed to decoy these people, who relied upon our faith, into the most deplorable situation... but the sentiment of abhorrence expressed by the whole fleet will I hope exonerate the nation from an imputation so disgraceful.
    More Details Hide Details And charge it where it should lie, on the shoulders of one or two." Lock wrote home about the prisoners in the polaccas, saying: "Many of these victims to their confidence in us have already been executed. The government is burdened with upwards of 10,000 prisoners... To be sure, they die very fast, in the unwholesome prisons they are confined in, heaped upon one another." Prominent Whig statesman Charles James Fox, to whom Charles Lock was related through his wife (see Family section), brought the matter to the attention of the Parliament of Great Britain, and denounced the deceitfulness of the British troops in Naples by citing specific incidents. Fox's informant was most likely Charles Lock. In May 1800, Lock reported to Baron Keith that 145 had been executed in Naples; 1,900 transported to France; between 700 and 800 sent to the island of Maritimo; and many had died in unwholesome Neapolitan jails.
    Lock began his campaign of denigration on 30 June 1799 in a letter to his father in which he commented on Nelson's return to the recaptured Naples on 24 June with Emma and her husband Sir William.
    More Details Hide Details Lock stated that the three embarked aboard "with great secrecy." He expressed his bitterness at not being notified by saying: "I underwent a severe mortification in not being invited to accompany Sir William or receiving any intimation of their designs, which I relied on as Sir William had repeatedly promised I should attend him when he went." In the same letter, Lock blamed Lady Hamilton as the one behind the decision to keep him uninformed, and described her as a "superficial, grasping and vulgar minded woman." However, private orders given by the Queen of Naples and Sicily were the actual reason why Nelson and Lady Hamilton left Palermo for Naples with such secrecy, thus forcing Sir William to break his word to Charles Lock.
  • 1798
    Age 28
    Charles Lock was appointed British consul-general at Naples on 6 November 1798.
    More Details Hide Details The Leinster connections of his mother-in-law had landed him the job, which was considered an unimportant position. However, the political turmoil in Italy resulting from the French Revolutionary Wars made Lock witness several important events during his consulship. With a French invasion of Naples imminent, British vice-admiral Lord Nelson evacuated the Neapolitan King and Queen to Palermo in Sicily on 23 December of the same year. On 23 January 1799, the Parthenopaean Republic, a client state of Revolutionary France, was created in the territory of the Kingdom of Naples. Charles Lock, an astute observer, wrote about the frivolous atmosphere of the court in Palermo. He noticed at the end of January that the king was enjoying excellent shooting, the court was attending masked balls, and Nelson feared that if nothing were done Sicily would be lost as well as Naples. Nevertheless, by May 1799, Cardinal Fabrizio Ruffo, in command of the anti-republican peasant Army of Holy Faith (known as the Sanfedismo movement) managed to recapture Naples from the French and the Neapolitan patriots, with the help of some Austrian and Russian troops. Ruffo, who had been appointed by King Ferdinand IV of Naples as his personal representative with "the unrestricted quality of alter-ego," signed an armistice with the patriots in the King's name. The agreement gave the French and the patriots the full honors of war, with their persons and property guaranteed, and included the provision that the garrisons of the forts could embark freely for France.
  • 1795
    Age 25
    Like many members of the Lock family, Charles had a portrait of him painted by Sir Thomas Lawrence, probably around 1795, the year of his marriage.
    More Details Hide Details The portrait is currently untraceable. A version of it, possibly the original, was at one time in the Kann Collection in Paris.
    On 12 July 1795, Charles Lock married Cecilia Margaret Ogilvie (9 July 1775 – 1824), daughter of Emily FitzGerald, Duchess of Leinster and her second husband William Ogilvie. Cecilia had almost married the son and heir of the 1st Marquess of Donegall in 1790.
    More Details Hide Details Author Jack Russell, who was critical of Lock, stated in his book Nelson and the Hamiltons that he "married above himself." Lock's wife was the half-sister of the Irish rebel Lord Edward FitzGerald who was hanged for treason, and the cousin of prominent Whig statesman Charles James Fox. Jack Russell thus points out that Charles Lock was "allied to a family which had strong Republican sympathies." His liberal intellect and connection to Fox made Charles Lock feel "a better man than a decrepit Ambassador or a half-blind Admiral." Because of their family connections, Charles Lock and his wife were naturally taken for Jacobins at the Bourbon court of Naples. Charles Lock and his wife Cecilia had three daughters:
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1774
    Age 4
    He was the second son of William Lock, who purchased the Norbury Park estate in Mickleham, Surrey in 1774 and commissioned Thomas Sandby to build the present manor house.
    More Details Hide Details Charles Lock's parents were close friends to famed diarist and novelist Frances Burney (a.k.a. Mme d'Arblay), who spells their name Locke.
  • 1770
    Age 0
    Charles Lock was born in 1770 into a rich, though illegitimate family.
    More Details Hide Details
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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