Clara Schumann

Musician + Pianist Composer
Born Sep 13, 1819

Clara Schumann was a German musician and composer, considered one of the most distinguished pianists of the Romantic era. She exerted her influence over a 61-year concert career, changing the format and repertoire of the piano recital and the tastes of the listening public. Her husband was the composer Robert Schumann.… Read More

related links

News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Clara Schumann.


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Clara Schumann.


1819 Birth Clara Josephine Wieck was born in Leipzig on 13 September 1819 to Friedrich Wieck and Marianne Wieck (née Tromlitz). … Read More
1824 4 Years Old After an affair between Clara's mother and Adolph Bargiel, her father's friend, the Wiecks divorced in 1824 and Marianne married Bargiel. … Read More
1828 8 Years Old In March 1828, at the age of eight, the young Clara Wieck performed at the Leipzig home of Dr. Ernst Carus, director of the mental hospital at Colditz Castle. … Read More
1830 10 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1830, at the age of eleven, Clara left on a concert tour to Paris via other European cities, accompanied by her father. … Read More


1837 17 Years Old In 1837 when she was 18, he proposed to her and she accepted. … Read More


1840 20 Years Old In 1840, despite Friedrich's objections, Clara and Robert were married. … Read More
1844 24 Years Old She and Robert first met violinist Joseph Joachim in November 1844, when he was just of age 14.
1845 25 Years Old A year later she wrote in her diary that in a concert on Nov. 11, 1845 "little Joachim was very much liked. … Read More
1847 27 Years Old …  Clara's first son Emil died in infancy in 1847, aged only one.


1853 33 Years Old …  Inspired by her husband's birthday, the three Romances were composed in 1853 and dedicated to Joseph Joachim, who performed them for George V of Hanover. … Read More
Robert attempted suicide in February 1854 and then was committed to an asylum for the last two years of his life.
1856 36 Years Old 1 More Event
Clara first went to England in April 1856, while Robert was still living (but unable to travel). … Read More
1857 37 Years Old In October–November 1857 Clara and Joachim took a recital tour together to Dresden and Leipzig. … Read More


1867 47 Years Old In January 1867 Clara and Joachim took a tour to Edinburgh and Glasgow, Scotland, along with Piatti, Ries, and Zerbini, two English sisters named Pyne, one a singer, and a Mr. Saunders who managed all the arrangements. … Read More


1870 50 Years Old She was initially interested in the works of Liszt, but later developed an outright hostility to him. She ceased to play any of his works; she suppressed her husband's dedication to Liszt of his Fantasie in C major when she published Schumann's complete works; and she refused to attend a Beethoven centenary festival in Vienna in 1870 when she heard that Liszt and Richard Wagner would be participating. … Read More
1878 58 Years Old In 1878 she was appointed teacher of the piano at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt, a post she held until 1892 and in which she contributed greatly to the improvement of modern piano playing technique.


1885 - 1887 2 More Events
1891 71 Years Old Clara Schumann played her last public concert in Frankfurt on 12 March 1891. … Read More
1895 75 Years Old In fact, Clara's compositional output decreased notably after she reached the age of thirty-six. The only completed compositions that exist from later in her life do not have opus numbers and are: Vorspiele (Improvisations), 1895, and cadenzas written to two concertos, one by Mozart and the other by Beethoven.
1896 76 Years Old 1 More Event
She suffered a stroke on 26 March 1896, dying on 20 May at age 76. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on
Text is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.