Cullen Baker
American outlaw
Cullen Baker
Cullen Montgomery Baker, was a Tennessee-born Texas and Arkansas desperado whose gang is alleged to have killed hundreds of people including former slaves during the early days of the American Old West, in the years following the Civil War, although these numbers are likely inaccurate, and the actual number is likely closer to fifty or sixty. He was notorious for fighting in saloon brawls, and for his fiery temper.
Biography
Cullen Baker's personal information overview.
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High School Tournament Highlights - Nashua Telegraph
Google News - over 5 years
Sean Gray, Christian Bourgea and Cullen Baker each went 3-4 for Campbell. Tyler Coughlin had two hits, including a home run and three RBIs in the win.Tyler Coughlin and Baker combined for the win on the mound. The Warriors ended their season with a
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High School Highlights - Nashua Telegraph
Google News - almost 6 years
Cullen Baker improved his record on the mound to 5-2, but also went 2 for 2 at the plate with a pair of RBIs in the win. Chuck Neild also had a game to remember for the Cougars, hitting a two run homer in the fourth. Tyler Syphers scattered four
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High School Highlights - Nashua Telegraph
Google News - almost 6 years
Cullen Baker smashed a home run and had three RBI's for Campbell. Christian Bourgea had four RBIs in the victory while Nick Freson added three hits for the Cougars. The Panthers improved their record to 7-7 thanks in large part to Nick Reed,
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HIGH SCHOOLS; A Coach Stands Up for Standing Out
NYTimes - almost 12 years
In this rural East Texas town, where news spreads among the 375 residents through phone calls and gossip-gathering trips to the Shell Mart, Merry Stephens knew the rumors about her. Stephens is a lesbian, the townsfolk whispered. Though it was true, Stephens denied it for five years while she was the coach of a championship high school basketball
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Cullen Baker
    THIRTIES
  • 1869
    Age 33
    Died in 1869.
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    Baker and Kirby rode to Bloomburg, Texas and the house of Baker's in-laws in January 1869.
    More Details Hide Details It would be there that Cullen Baker and "Dummy" Kirby were killed. What exactly happened, however, has at least two versions; First version: Unknown to Baker, his wife Martha Foster's father and friends had laced a bottle of whiskey and some food with strychnine. Kirby and Baker drank and ate it, and both died from poisoning. Their bodies were then shot several times by Foster and some friends. Second version: A local school teacher named Thomas Orr had become involved romantically with Baker's second wife Martha, and led a small band of men who ambushed Baker and Kirby at the Foster home, shooting and killing him near to the chimney of the house, along with Kirby. It is known that a school teacher named Thomas Orr was one of the friends to the in-laws who took part in the killing of Baker. As to the affair, it is unknown.
  • 1868
    Age 32
    On October 24, 1868 Baker and his gang were reported to have been involved in the killings of Major P.J. Andrews, Lt. H.F. Willis, an unnamed negro and wounding of Sheriff Standel of Little Rock Arkansas.
    More Details Hide Details Although Baker was feared by his own men, Lee Rames, who was recognized as the co-leader and co-founder of Baker's gang, also had a substantial and deadly reputation. Rames began to doubt Baker's leadership, and that eventually Baker would lead to the downfall of the entire gang. Lee Rames defied Baker and Baker backed down, leading to the gang breaking up. All but one gang member, "Dummy" Kirby, sided with Rames.
  • 1867
    Age 31
    Following his murder of this sergeant Baker was pursued relentlessly by Union forces in the area and while in New Boston, Texas on July 25, 1867, he became involved in an argument with several Union Soldiers.
    More Details Hide Details A shootout ensued, and he was shot in the arm, with him killing army Private Albert E. Titus of the US 20th Infantry Regiment. This resulted in a $1,000 reward being placed on him for his capture or death. He returned to Arkansas, and while in a saloon in Bright Star he agreed to join a mob intending to raid the farm of a local farmer named Howell Smith. Smith had hired several recently-freed slaves, which was considered inappropriate by much of the local population. During the raid one of Smith's daughters was stabbed and another clubbed, and a black man was shot and killed. Smith resisted, and a shootout ensued resulting in several mob members being wounded, including Baker being shot in the leg.
    On June 5, 1867, Baker returned, but instead was standing in front of the store yelling for Mr. Rowden to come out and face him.
    More Details Hide Details Rowden armed himself with a shotgun and stepped out only to be shot in the chest and killed by Baker. Baker fled back into Arkansas, and a few days later he was confronted by a Union sergeant and one private as Baker boarded a ferry. When he was accused of being Cullen Baker, after he'd told them his name was Johnson, Baker went for his gun as did the sergeant. Baker shot the Union sergeant four times, killing him, with the Union private fleeing on horseback and reporting the murder to a Captain Kirkham.
    On June 1, 1867, having returned to Cass County, Baker entered the Rowden general store where he found the store kept by Mrs. Rowden, after which he simply helped himself to whatever he wanted and left without paying.
    More Details Hide Details When the store's owner, John Rowden, discovered this he armed himself with a shotgun and rode out to Baker's house. He demanded that Baker pay him, to which Baker replied that he would come back to the store in a few days with the money.
  • 1866
    Age 30
    In March, 1866 he traveled back to Texas, Baker, now on the run from Union authorities, went on a killing spree, during which he killed two men, W.G. Kirkman and John Salmons.
    More Details Hide Details Salmons had previously killed one of Baker's gang members, Seth Rames, brother to gang member Lee Rames. He also killed a local man named George W. Barron, who had previously taken part as a member of a posse hunting Baker. The gang was active in the areas of Queen City, Texas and Texarkana, Arkansas during that time.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1864
    Age 28
    Toward the end of 1864 Baker was in a saloon in the small town of Spanish Bluffs, Arkansas when he was approached by four African American Union soldiers and asked for identification.
    More Details Hide Details Baker turned to face them with his pistol drawn, shooting and killing one sergeant and the three other soldiers. After the war he operated with a gang he organized with outlaw Lee Rames in the late 1860s, operating out of the Sulphur River bottoms near Bright Star, Arkansas, committing acts of robbery and murder. Authorities credit him officially with killing at least 30 people, though many of these no doubt were killed by his men. Unlike the romanticized versions of his exploits, the reality was that he killed most of them from ambush or in the back, and many with a shotgun, and he almost always had his victims outnumbered. Like many of the ex-Confederates who operated after the war, Baker was regarded as a hero by some because he opposed the Union occupation, but his record shows a merciless killer who killed anyone who angered him, regardless of their loyalties.
    In November, 1864 Baker led a group of "Rangers" to intercept a band of Arkansas settlers, mostly older men, women and children who had fled Perry County, Arkansas for a better life out West.
    More Details Hide Details Allegedly this was considered "un-patriotic" by Baker, but more likely than not is that he wished to rob them of their possessions. The "Rangers" caught up with these fleeing settlers as they were crossing the Saline River somewhere in the Ouachita Mountains, but when the settler band refused to return Baker drew his pistol and shot and killed the band's leader. With assurances from Baker that he would not kill anyone else, the remaining settlers returned to Baker's side of the river, where he quickly led his "Rangers" in shooting and killing nine other men. The event became known locally as the Massacre of Saline. By that stage of the war the Union Army occupied most of Arkansas, with several troops under the command of Captain F. S. Dodge enforcing the law in the area of Lafayette County. Most of these Union troops were African American, and despised by Baker.
    By 1864 he had either been discharged or deserted, and he joined a group called the "Independent Rangers", loosely associated with the Confederate Home Guard.
    More Details Hide Details It was intended to pursue and capture deserters from the Confederate Army, but more often than not took advantage of most of the men being away at war, leaving mostly elderly men, women and children. This left the door open for acts of intimidation, rape, theft and violence for groups of well-armed men like the "Independent Rangers". Shortly after Baker joined the "Independent Rangers" they began an ongoing feud with another band called the "Mountain Boomers", but by the end of that year the "Boomers" had been driven out or forced to disperse due to several of their members having been killed by the "Rangers".
  • 1862
    Age 26
    Baker fled back to Texas, and in July, 1862, he married his second wife Martha Foster, who was unaware that he was wanted for murder.
    More Details Hide Details She was a daughter of William and Elizabeth Young Foster. Baker served with the Confederate Army during the American Civil War, joining shortly after his second marriage. It is claimed he shot and killed at least three African Americans, killing a negro woman in an immigrant train and later shooting a negro boy six times with a pistol after taking the Oath of Allegiance and becoming an overseer of Freemen.
  • 1860
    Age 24
    On June 2, 1860, Martha Jane Baker died.
    More Details Hide Details Cullen Baker then returned to Texas, where he left his daughter with his in-laws. Baker returned to Arkansas, but word of his crimes had spread, and a local woman named Beth Warthom was openly critical of him. He took several hickory switches to her house, and threatened to beat her. Her husband, David Warthom, began to fight with Baker, and overwhelmed him in front of the house. Beth Warthom screamed, and her husband looked her way. With his attention drawn away from Baker, he was stabbed once with a knife Baker had in his possession. Warthom died on the spot.
  • 1857
    Age 21
    On May 24, 1857, Martha Jane Baker gave birth to a baby girl, Louisa Jane.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1854
    Age 18
    On January 11, 1854 in Cass County, Texas Baker married Martha Jane Petty, and for a time he settled.
    More Details Hide Details Martha Jane Petty was the daughter of Hubbard and Nancy Petty. However, eight months into his marriage, while out drinking with friends, he became involved in a verbal altercation with a youth named Stallcup. Baker became enraged, grabbed a whip, and beat the boy to near death. There were several witnesses to the incident, and Baker was soon charged with the crime. One of the witnesses, Wesley Bailey, was confronted by Baker at Bailey's home. Baker shot him in both legs with a shotgun, then left him lying in front of his house. Bailey died a few days later. Before he could be arrested for the murder, Baker fled to Arkansas, where he stayed with an uncle.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1835
    Born
    Born in 1835.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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