David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty
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David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty

Royal Navy Admiral of the Fleet
Male
Born Jan 17, 1871
Hometown Nantwich
Died Mar 12, 1936
Death Place London

Admiral of the Fleet David Richard Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty, GCB, OM, GCVO, DSO was an admiral in the Royal Navy. Achieving career success at an early age, he commanded the British battlecruisers at the Battle of Jutland in 1916, a tactically indecisive engagement after which his aggressive approach was contrasted with the caution of his commander Admiral Jellicoe.… Read More

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Timeline

Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty.

CHILDHOOD

David Longfield was unable to marry Katrine until Katrine had obtained a divorce on 21 February 1871, after the birth of their first two sons. … Read More
1881 10 Years Old In 1881 Beatty's grandfather died and David Longfield succeeded to the 18th century mansion, 'Borodale', outside Enniscorthy, in County Wexford. … Read More

TEENAGE

1882 - 1884 2 More Events
1885 14 Years Old He passed out of Britannia eighteenth out of the thirty-three remaining cadets at the end of 1885. … Read More
Beatty was given orders to join the China Station in January 1886, but the posting did not appeal to his mother, who wrote to Lord Charles Beresford, then a senior naval officer, member of parliament and personal friend, to use his influence to obtain something better.
1889 18 Years Old Beatty left HMS Alexandra in March 1889 and joined the cruiser HMS Warspite in July 1889 for manoeuvres before joining the sailing corvette HMS Ruby in September 1889, in which he was promoted to sub-lieutenant on 14 May 1890. … Read More

TWENTIES

1891 20 Years Old After attending the gunnery school, HMS Excellent, he undertook a posting to a torpedo boat in July 1891 and then a tour in HMS Nile from 19 January 1892.
1892 21 Years Old 1 More Event
Beatty joined the Royal Yacht Victoria and Albert in July 1892 while Queen Victoria was holidaying in the Mediterranean: Victoria was in mourning for her grandson, Albert Duke of Clarence, who had died January 1892.
1895 24 Years Old He transferred to the battleship HMS Trafalgar in September 1895. … Read More
1896 25 Years Old Beatty was seconded to the Egyptian government on 3 June 1896 and appointed second in command of the river flotilla. … Read More
1897 26 Years Old Beatty then took command of gunboat Fateh between October 1897 and August 1898: the gunboats were frequently in action advancing along the Nile ahead of the army and saw action at the Battle of Omdurman, where Beatty made the acquaintance of Winston Churchill who had become a cavalry officer in Beatty's father's old regiment, the 4th Hussars, and had there learnt his family history. … Read More
1898 27 Years Old Kitchener commended Beatty for his efforts in the campaign and as a result Beatty was promoted to commander, ahead of 400 other lieutenants, on 15 November 1898.
1899 28 Years Old Beatty was appointed executive officer of the small battleship HMS Barfleur, flagship of the China Station, on 20 April 1899. … Read More
In the summer of 1900 the rebellion reached Peking, where the German legation was attacked and foreign nationals withdrew to the relative safety of the Legation Quarter. … Read More

THIRTIES

1901 30 Years Old 1 More Event
Arthur agreed to cooperate, and filed for divorce in America on the grounds of desertion, which was granted 9 May 1901.
1902 31 Years Old 1 More Event
In May 1902 he was passed fit for sea duty and was appointed captain of the cruiser HMS Juno on 2 June, spending two months in exercises with the Channel Fleet under Admiral Sir Arthur Wilson before joining the Mediterranean Fleet.
1903 32 Years Old Beatty took command of the cruiser HMS Arrogant in the Mediterranean Fleet in November 1903 and then commanded the cruiser HMS Suffolk in the Mediterranean Fleet from October 1904.

FORTIES

1912 41 Years Old 1 More Event
He was approaching two years on half pay (which would trigger automatic retirement from the navy) when on 8 January 1912 his career was saved by the new First Lord of the Admiralty, Winston Churchill. … Read More
1913 - 1915 3 More Events
1916 45 Years Old Beatty succeeded Admiral John Jellicoe as commander-in-chief of the Grand Fleet and received promotion to the acting rank of admiral in December 1916. … Read More
1918 47 Years Old Beatty escorted the German High Seas Fleet to internment at Scapa Flow in November 1918 giving the order from his flagship that "the German Flag will be hauled down at sunset and will not be raised again without permission". … Read More
Beatty was promoted to full admiral on 1 January 1919 and to Admiral of the Fleet on 1 May 1919.

FIFTIES

1922 51 Years Old In this capacity he was involved in negotiating the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 in which it was agreed that the USA, Britain and Japan should set their navies in a ratio of 5:5:3, with France and Italy maintaining smaller fleets.
1924 53 Years Old 1 More Event
During the First Labour Government of 1924, with Japan increasingly hostile to the UK, Beatty lobbied the Clynes Committee for construction of the Singapore Naval Base to continue. … Read More
1926 55 Years Old In 1926 Beatty was considered for the post of Governor General of Canada but was rejected by the Colonial Secretary Leo Amery as he had “no manners and an impossible American wife”.
1927 56 Years Old 1 More Event
By the time of his retirement from the Royal Navy in July 1927 a great deal of time was being spent preparing for the Coolidge Conference in Geneva, although Beatty did not himself attend as he had to remain in London to supervise the deployment of naval and marine forces against nationalist unrest in China and Egypt. … Read More

LATE ADULTHOOD

1931 60 Years Old Stephen Roskill wrote that whilst Beatty and his disciple Chatfield deserve some praise for the Royal Navy’s comparative readiness in 1939, his main achievement was to maintain the morale of the Navy at a time of serious defence cuts, and that without his strong leadership the Royal Navy might have suffered events like the Invergordon Mutiny of 1931.
1935 64 Years Old Beatty spent much of his life (when not at sea) in Leicestershire, and lived at Brooksby Hall and Dingley Hall. Beatty's old commander Admiral John Jellicoe died on the 19th November 1935. … Read More
1936 65 Years Old 1 More Event
Beatty died at around 1am on 12 March 1936.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David_Beatty,_1st_Earl_Beatty.
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