David Ward King
American inventor
David Ward King
David Ward King, a farmer who lived near Maitland, Missouri, was the inventor of the King road drag. His invention, which was the horse-drawn forerunner of the modern road grader, had great influence on American life because his invention improved the widespread dirt roads of his day to the extent that they could accommodate the advent of the automobile, rural mail delivery and mail order catalogues.
Biography
David Ward King's personal information overview.
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The Listings
NYTimes - over 5 years
Jazz Full reviews of recent jazz concerts: nytimes.com/jazz. - The Bad Plus (Monday and Tuesday) Since forming just over a decade ago, this acoustic power trio -- Reid Anderson on bass, Ethan Iverson on piano, David King on drums -- has been known for its canny twists on the pop repertory, something the band pushed to the limit with an album
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Roomie went on spending spree, murder trial told - Brantford Expositor
Google News - over 5 years
Assistant Crown attorney David King briefly laid out the prosecution's case in an opening statement to jurors in Superior Court to begin the first full day of trial following jury selection on Tuesday. Rosen, 56, has pled not guilty to a charge of
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Bosh optimistic about 2011/12 NBA season: Fan reaction - Yahoo! Sports
Google News - over 5 years
Miami Heat forward Chris Bosh(notes) expects to start practicing with his teammates soon, despite the current NBA lockout. Even though LeBron James(notes) and Dwyane Wade(notes) got most of
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Borough Board Votes 8-1 in Support of NHS Renovation Plan - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
According to Kaestle Boos architects David King and Freddy Khericha, the worst-case scenario figure is built upon the fact that the current high school is actually too large for its student population. In the 2011-12 school year, Naugatuck High School
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Top five middleweights in MMA: Fan's take - Yahoo! Sports
Google News - over 5 years
The middleweight division is home to the greatest MMA fighter of our time. Even though it isn't necessarily the deepest weight-class in MMA, the middleweight division definitely has its share
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Dancing King: Man in the Mirror, Sunday, September 4 - Sydney Morning Herald
Google News - over 5 years
Why are the Taliban condemned for destroying the Buddhas of Bamiyan while David King, the cultural criminal behind Spirit of the Dance, remains free to walk the streets? Described as “the working man's Andrew Lloyd Webber”, King is renown for
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Cardinal Health announces dividend, new director - BusinessWeek
Google News - over 5 years
The board of the health care services company also named David King as a director, effective Sept. 1. King, 55, is chairman, president and CEO of Laboratory Corp. of America Holdings. King has been with LabCorp since 2001
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Cardinal Health announces dividend, new director - CNBC.com
Google News - over 5 years
The board of the health care services company also named David King as a director, effective Sept. 1. King, 55, is chairman, president and CEO of Laboratory Corp. of America Holdings. King has been with LabCorp since 2001
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Panacea Man Accused of Killing Pet Pig, Possession of Narcotics - WCTV
Google News - over 5 years
Deputies say 36-year old David King shot the pig when it wandered outside his tattoo parlor. Then they say he cleaned it and ate it. "I can't eat my animal like that. I can't stand to think that someone killed it, and they were going to eat it at my
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Columbia Management Launches Flexible Capital Income Fund - MarketWatch (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
"We examine all investment opportunities within a company before putting shareholders' money to work," said David King, CFA, senior portfolio manager at Columbia Management. "Instead of simply picking a stock or a bond, we work closely with our equity
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of David Ward King
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1920
    Age 62
    He had just finished a board meeting when he suddenly died of a fatal cerebral hemorrhage on February 9, 1920 in St. Louis, at the Hotel Marquette.
    More Details Hide Details At the time of the death of David Ward King, "South America" was negotiating with the United States government to send him to South America on a campaign of good roads by dragging. Another man was sent in his place. Mary Wylie King died on October 12, 1945, at the home of her daughter, Miriam Danforth King Caywood, while moving furniture, in Coral Gables, Florida. They are both buried in Maitland, Missouri. D. Ward King was widely admired in his day. Tributes came from everywhere. With the exception of the railroads, the better roads his invention brought about benefitted nearly everyone in a highly visible and totally obvious way. The "before and after" contrast was dramatic. In fact, the widespread use of the King Road Drag came along near the time Henry Ford started mass-producing automobiles. Solid roads meant people could use their clackety Model T automobiles, especially on the roads between cities. Solid rural roads also made possible reliable rural mail delivery, which did much to promote commerce in the United States between city based businesses and the rural population. For instance, it allowed Sears and Roebuck to start sending out its catalogues to small towns and farms and thereby vastly increase the size of its customer base.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1917
    Age 59
    Ward's father, Robert Quigley King, died suddenly on November 26, 1917 in his apartments in the King Building in Springfield.
    More Details Hide Details The Springfield newspaper reported his death with a lengthy front page article that featured a large photo of him. David Ward King and his brother, Robert Leffler King, inherited interests in their father's real estate holdings. Robert Quigley King had long owned the King Building, and there was a lot between it and High Street at the corner of Fountain and High in the very heart of downtown Springfield. At the time of his death, their father had begun building a new, very modern for its time, office building. Robert Quigley King's will left Ward and Leffler the King Building and this lot, subject to a one-third income interest in the profits from these properties to their sister Almena King Warrick for the rest of her life. He also left them some bonds in trust, which he instructed them to cash in and use to fund the building. The brothers worked together to complete that building after their father's death. At the suggestion of Leffler's wife, Lola Montez King, the brothers named this building the "Arcue" building which was the word form of "RQ" or "Robert Quigley". Leffler then managed this building for Ward until Ward's death and for Ward's heirs after his death. Robert Quigley King gave his daughter Almena Warrick and her husband Harvey the right to live in his house at 642 North Wittenberg Avenue for life. This house is today owned by Wittenberg University.
  • 1908
    Age 50
    David Ward King further widely publicized the process in a U.S. Department of Agriculture Farmers' Bulletin #321 in 1908 under the title The use of the split-log drag on earth roads He also wrote articles explaining his drag, including one that appeared in the May 7, 1910 issue of The Saturday Evening Post titled "Good Roads Without Money."
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  • FORTIES
  • 1906
    Age 48
    Ward's mother, Harriet Adaline Danforth King, died on July 13, 1906 in Springfield, Ohio after a lingering illness.
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    In 1906, the state of Iowa amended its statutes to use the King system on the country roads.
    More Details Hide Details In 1909, Iowa made the law mandatory and even broadened it to include the unpaved streets of the cities and towns of that state. His promotional brochure stated that "the road laws of six states have been changed to conform to Mr. King's ideas of proper road construction and road repair and maintenance." Some Iowa farmers even had a song they sang in his praise, as they did their road dragging, which went: Mrs. Mary Wylie King was active in women's organizations of the church. She worked for many years as an enthusiastic member of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. She was an active member of Eastern Star, being chaplain of that order for many years. She did not like staying home while Ward travelled, a fact which she mentioned repeatedly in her letters to him. Even so, she did serve as his "manager" under one spelling of her maiden name of "M.B. Wylie". She served as the practice audience for his speeches. She edited and typed his letters, often serving as his "emergency secretary". Some called her the "Mother of Good Roads." By all accounts, she was a very strong-willed woman, with a flair for the dramatic. Family members point to the photo she had taken of herself in "widow's weeds" as an example of her endearing way of dramatizing events—in that case, the recent death of her husband.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1896
    Age 38
    It was in 1896 that D. Ward King first dragged the road with an old frostbitten pump stock and an oak post.
    More Details Hide Details The improvement in the dirt roads it worked was dramatic. Until then, the only way to firm up dirt roads had been to dump layers of stone on them and then press it in with a heavy roller to make a road surface resistant to turning into muck after every rain. This method was fairly effective, but it was also labor-intensive and expensive. These stone-permeated roads were called "macadamized roads". These roads took their name from their Scotch inventor, John Loudon McAdam. Using his method, roads were covered with several layers of stone, starting with large ones and then reducing their size in each successive layer. The stones in the first level would be about the size of a human head. The stones in the next layer would be about the size of a fist. The final layer would be of stones of about the size of golf balls. It was grueling work to haul this heavy stone to the places needed, to unload it in the right places and then to spread it evenly over the road surface with only horse-drawn wagons and hand-held shovels and rakes. Further, in the days before powered stone crushers, there was the additional and very arduous task of smashing much bigger rocks down to the right size for use in the respective layers. This work came to be known as "making the big ones into the small ones."
  • 1891
    Age 33
    Miriam Danforth King married Ralph LeVerne Caywood, who was born in Maitland, Missouri on May 3, 1891.
    More Details Hide Details They had three children, who were all born in Maitland. She lived for many years in Coral Gables, Florida and did much to look after her mother in her mother's later years. Miriam died on March 28, 1957. As was the case with Lettie Reed King, all of the Ward and Mary's children remained lifelong Presbyterians.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1887
    Age 29
    In 1887, he sent his other surviving son, Robert Leffler King (who also went by his middle name, "Leffler"), off to develop that land and farm it.
    More Details Hide Details Leffler arrived at this land without buildings in the "thick of winter". There is no doubt that Leffler did not want to leave the ease of the family wealth in Springfield for a hard farm life. However, family members who knew him say he could not stand up to his father. So, he went, erected a house and farm buildings and otherwise developed the farm, overcoming many obstacles. He met and married his wife, Lola Montez Askam King, in the Vanlue community and brought up his family on this farm, which he called "Grassland Farm". He describes his many hardships in his farm journal, which hardships were probably very similar to the ones Ward must have experienced in turning himself into a farmer on his Maitland farm. Logic suggests that Ward's fate was destined to be much the same. However, in Ward's case, his invention enabled him to turn his fate to his immense advantage. Family members state that the fact that the travels associated with the promotion of his invention took him away from the farm a lot was not something city-bred Ward considered to be disagreeable. In fact, his son David Bryant King had pretty much taken over operation of the farm by the time he reached eighteen. Leffler, after many years on his Hancock County farm, was finally able to move back to Springfield to help his father manage the family's considerable real estate holdings during his father's declining years.
  • 1880
    Age 22
    On December 29, 1880 he married Mary Willie (often spelled "Wylie") Burbank of Danville, Kentucky in Springfield.
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  • 1879
    Age 21
    So, Robert Quigley sent his son Ward to this farm in the spring of 1879 to begin farming it.
    More Details Hide Details During that summer Ward helped to thresh grain. However, Ward and Mary apparently did not actually move there until January 1881. There is reason to believe that Ward's move to this farm was not completely voluntary, since, for generations back, there had been no farmers in his family. Years later, Robert Quigley King acquired another large tract of what was this time raw farm land in much closer Hancock County, Ohio, near the small village of Vanlue.
  • 1878
    Age 20
    Almena Caldwell King died of diabetes on May 30, 1878, from which she had suffered greatly for a long time before it finally claimed her.
    More Details Hide Details Her son-in-law, famous Lutheran minister and later Wittenberg professor Luther Alexander Gotwald, happened to drop in while passing through Springfield on a train and was able to greatly comfort her during her last hours. The King Homestead stayed in the King family for a long time after Almena's death. However, eventually it was sold to Chi Omega Sorority of Wittenberg University and is today its sorority house. After Almena's death, Rev. Gotwald wrote a loving biography of David and Almena in which he penned this moving tribute to his late father in law. Of all the descendants of the first David King, his creative and industrious grandson, David Ward King undoubtedly did the most to live up to the spirit and the letter of Rev. Gotwald's heartfelt counsel.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1877
    Age 19
    Probably as early as 1877 or 1878, his father, Robert Quigley King, obtained some near Maitland in Holt County, Missouri.
    More Details Hide Details Family stories hold that his father received this land as the only asset of value owned by a person who owed him a lot of money as the only available way to obtain payment of that debt. After obtaining this farm in that way, his father retained it, even though this acquired farm was in far-off Missouri. When his father had acquired this farm and decided to keep it, he had to do something with it. Ward was his answer.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1857
    Born
    David Ward King was born on October 27, 1857 in Springfield, Ohio.
    More Details Hide Details His father was real estate developer, investor and Springfield Fire Chief, Robert Quigley King. His mother was Harriet Danforth King. As mentioned, Robert Quigley King, was born in Tarlton, Ohio, and was the first child of Almena and David King to survive. Robert Quigley King came to a largely undeveloped Springfield at age nine in 1840, with his sister, Mary Elizabeth, age three and his brother, David Jr. age one. He attended the early Springfield schools. He later recalled hunting for squirrels in a woods that later became the train station (now demolished) and what would be close to the location of the present Clark County Library. His father died when he was eighteen. Nonetheless, his mother was able to send him and, as they arrived at college age, his brothers to Wittenberg College. At one time, she had them all in college at the same time—and Almena could afford that. When Robert Quigley King first started at Wittenberg, it held classes in the lecture room of the First Lutheran Church. However, while he was a student, Wittenberg moved to what is now the western part of its present-day campus. He was in the first class to graduate from Wittenberg. The history of early Springfield mentions how much he liked to hunt, especially in the woods that later became today's Snyder Park, which would have been just down Buck Creek from his childhood home at the King Homestead.
    To them were born five children: David Ward King on October 27, 1857; Dr. Thomas Danforth King, who was born on July 20, 1859 and who died December 23, 1889; Robert Leffler King, who was born on August 24, 1863; Almena Adaline King (Warrick), who was born on September 17, 1869; and Margaret "Madge" Caldwell King, who was born on February 13, 1873 and who died when she was fourteen years old on December 30, 1886.
    More Details Hide Details Ward's ill-fated brother, Dr. Thomas Danforth King, was a graduate of Princeton and a practicing physician in Springfield. He took his name from his direct ancestor, Thomas Danforth, who was Lieutenant Governor of Massachusetts, a founder of Harvard College, a judge at the Salem witch trials and on whose estate the city of Framingham, Massachusetts is situated today. Framingham has a museum named after him. There was a Thomas Danforth in every generation after that, until Dr. Thomas Danforth King, who died before he married his fiancée and had children. He died a slow and painful death from cancer of the eye, in his parents' home with his fiancée at his side. His death left David Ward King and Robert Leffler King as the surviving sons of Robert Quigley and Harriet King. Ward's sister, Almena Adaline King, married industrialist Harvey Warrick in Springfield, Ohio. She died December 18, 1941 in Cleveland, and he died on April 21, 1942. As Almena's oldest child, Robert Quigley King soon became involved in helping his mother manage the family's real estate holdings in Springfield. He had several retail businesses in Springfield, but his primary activity seems to have been real estate development. The family built the King Building on what was then Market Street and later became Fountain Street, just north of High Street. The King Building became the headquarters for the temperance movement in Springfield and also the location for Bumgardner Studio, where many of the photos of the people who lived in Springfield in the late 19th century were taken.
    Robert Q. King married Miss Harriet A. Danforth at New Albany, Indiana on January 15, 1857.
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