Désirée Clary

Désirée Clary

Queen of Sweden and Norway

Bernardine Eugénie Désirée Clary, one-time fiancée of Napoleon Bonaparte, was a Frenchwoman who became Queen of Sweden and Norway as the consort of King Charles XIV John, a former French General. She officially changed her name there to Desideria, a Latin version of her original name. Désirée herself, however, did not like the name Desideria and never used it.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Désirée Clary.


1777 Birth Born on November 8, 1777.


1789 - 1794 2 More Events
1795 17 Years Old 1 More Event
Joseph married Julie, and Désirée became engaged to Napoleon Bonaparte on 21 April 1795.
1796 18 Years Old He broke off his engagement with Désirée on 6 September, and he married Joséphine in 1796.
1797 19 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1797, Désirée went to live in Rome with her sister Julie and her brother-in-law Joseph, who was the French ambassador to the Papal States. … Read More


1798 20 Years Old They were married in a secular ceremony at Sceaux on 17 August 1798. … Read More
1799 21 Years Old 1 More Event
On 4 July 1799, she gave birth to their only child, a son, Oscar.
1800 22 Years Old In 1800, Désirée was present at a failed assassination attempt on Napoleon, when a bomb exploded between the carriage of Napoleon and the carriage where she and Caroline Bonaparte were sitting. … Read More
1801 23 Years Old In 1801, Bernadotte had her interfere in favor of General Ernouf through Joseph. … Read More
1804 26 Years Old 1 More Event
On 19 May 1804, her spouse was made Marshal of France, which gave her the equivalent position. … Read More
1806 28 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In 1806, she was forced to accompany Empress Josephine to Mainz.
1807 29 Years Old In 1807, she visited Bernadotte in Spandau and in Marienburg in East Prussia, where she nursed him during his illness. In August 1810, Bernadotte was elected heir to the throne of Sweden. … Read More


1810 - 1811 2 More Events
1812 34 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1812, she acted as mediator when Napoleon negotiated with her consort through the Duke de Bassano. … Read More
1813 35 Years Old 1 More Event
Before his attack on Russia, Napoleon asked Désirée to leave France. She made herself ready to leave, but managed to avoid it. As she officially lived incognito, she could avoid politics when Sweden and France declared war in 1813.
1814 36 Years Old 1 More Event
The 31 March 1814, upon the arrival of the allied armies in Paris after the defeat of Napoleon, her house was a refuge for her sister Julie. … Read More


1818 40 Years Old In 1818, her husband became King of Sweden, which made Désirée Queen. … Read More
1822 44 Years Old 1 More Event
She followed him around until his death in 1822. … Read More
1823 45 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1823, Désirée returned to Sweden together with her son's bride, Josephine of Leuchtenberg. … Read More
1825 47 Years Old Désirée was also Queen of Norway. She visited Norway a couple of times, the first being time in 1825.


1828 50 Years Old In Norway, she is most known as the protector of Eugenia stiftelse Eugenia Foundation for poor girls in Oslo of Maria Schandorff, which she protected and often visited from 1828 until 1847. … Read More


1853 75 Years Old …  In May 1853, after Napoleon III had made himself French emperor, she made preparations to return to Paris. … Read More
1860 83 Years Old On the last day of her life, she entered her box at the Royal Swedish Opera just after the performance had ended. Désirée died in Stockholm on 17 December 1860. … Read More
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Désirée_Clary.
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