Princess Edinburgh
British princess
Princess Edinburgh
The Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh was a member of the British Royal Family, the eleventh child and fourth daughter of George III. She married her cousin, Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, when both were 40, and was his widow in later life. In her last years, her niece, Victoria, was on the throne as the fourth monarch during Mary's life, after her father and two of her brothers.
Biography
Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh's personal information overview.
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Princess Mary, Duchess of Gloucester and Edinburgh
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1857
    Age 80
    She died on 30 April 1857 at Gloucester House, London.
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  • THIRTIES
  • 1816
    Age 39
    Mary's upbringing was very sheltered and she spent most of her time with her parents and sisters. King George and Queen Charlotte were keen to shelter their children, particularly the girls. Mary, however, married on 22 July 1816, to her first cousin, Prince William Frederick, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, the son of George III's brother, Prince William Henry, Duke of Gloucester and Edinburgh, at the Chapel Royal in St James's Palace.
    More Details Hide Details On their wedding day, Mary's brother, The Prince Regent, raised the bridegroom's style from Highness to Royal Highness, an attribute to which Mary's rank as daughter of the King already entitled her. The couple lived at Bagshot Park, but after William's death she moved to White Lodge in Richmond Park. They had no children together. Princess Mary was said to be the favourite aunt of her niece, Queen Victoria. Princess Mary was quite close to her eldest brother, and she shared his dislike toward his wife Caroline of Brunswick. When the latter left for Italy, Princess Mary congratulated her brother "on the prospect of a good riddance. Heaven grant that she may not return again and that we may never see more of her." As of 1789, as a daughter of the sovereign, Mary had use of the arms of the kingdom, differenced by a label argent of three points, the centre point bearing a rose gules, the outer points each bearing a canton gules.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1799
    Age 22
    In 1799 Prince Frederik died of an infection while serving in the army, and Mary was allowed to go into official mourning.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1796
    Age 19
    Around 1796 Mary fell in love with the Dutch prince Frederick, while he and his family lived in exile in London.
    More Details Hide Details Frederik was a son of William V, Prince of Orange, the Dutch stadholder, and younger brother to the future King William I of the Netherlands. However Frederik and Mary never wed because George III stipulated that her elder sisters should marry first.
  • 1792
    Age 15
    In the spring of 1792 she officially debuted at court.
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  • 1791
    Age 14
    Mary danced a minuet for the first time in public at the age of sixteen in June 1791, during a court ball given for the king's birthday.
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  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1776
    Born
    Mary was christened on 19 May 1776, in the Great Council Chamber at St. James's Palace, by Frederick Cornwallis, The Archbishop of Canterbury.
    More Details Hide Details Her godparents were:
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