Charles Gotha
German politician
Charles Gotha
Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the fourth and last reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, two duchies in Germany, and the head of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1900 until his death in 1954. A male-line grandson of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, he was also a Prince of the United Kingdom and held the British title of Duke of Albany.
Biography
Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha's personal information overview.
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Stellar £63m sell-off for Jupiter team - Daily Mail
Google News - over 5 years
Edward Bonham Carter and a cohort of senior staff at Jupiter Fund Management were last night celebrating a £63million bonanza after selling a 6 per cent stake in the group. The stock-pickers offloaded more than 26million shares in the
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The earth is flat (and regulation is easy) - CanadianBusiness.com (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Now re-read the list above. If you can think through each of those problems and solve them, well, after that getting the right regulation should be easy. (Thanks to Duke's Edward Balleisen for the invitation to attend this workshop.)
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Book Review: 'Johnny Depp: A Kind of Illusion' By Denis Meikle - Icon Vs. Icon
Google News - almost 6 years
While it's interesting to see Depp as movie star, on set and morphing into such iconic characters as Gilbert Grape, Raoul Duke, Edward Scissorhands, Jack Sparrow and George Jung, the biography focused too much on the movies and how the basis for each
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Former Klan Figure Loses to Incumbent In Louisiana Voting
NYTimes - over 26 years
LEAD: Incumbent Senator J. Bennett Johnston Jr. defeated State Representative David Duke, a former Ku Klux Klan leader, tonight in a race that had become a troubling window on race relations in the United States. Incumbent Senator J. Bennett Johnston Jr. defeated State Representative David Duke, a former Ku Klux Klan leader, tonight in a race that
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Charles Edward, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1954
    Age 69
    Died on March 6, 1954.
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  • 1953
    Age 68
    In 1953, he travelled to a local cinema to watch the coronation of his cousin's granddaughter, Elizabeth II.
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  • 1950
    Age 65
    Originally charged with Crimes against humanity, in 1950 (August 1949, according to his ODNB entry), after several appeals, he was sentenced by a denazification court as a Mitläufer and Minderbelasteter (roughly: follower and of lesser guilt), fined (DM 5,000) and almost bankrupted.
    More Details Hide Details Since Gotha was part of Thuringia and therefore in the Soviet occupation zone, the Soviet Army confiscated much of the family's property in Gotha. Coburg had become part of Bavaria in 1920, and the family kept property there and in other parts of Germany and abroad. He spent the last years of his life in seclusion.
  • 1946
    Age 61
    Having been evicted by the Allies from the Veste Coburg and his other palaces in 1946, he died of cancer in Coburg in his flat in Elsässer Straße on 6 March 1954.
    More Details Hide Details This made him the second-to-last ruling prince of the German Reich to die (only Ernst II of Saxe-Altenburg outlived him, see List of Princes of the German Empire (German)). Charles Edward is buried at the family burial site in the forest of Schloss Callenberg, near Coburg. Charles Edward's full titles before 1919 were: "Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; Duke in Saxony; Prince of Great Britain and Ireland; Duke of Albany; Duke of Jülich, Cleves and Berg, of Angria and Westphalia; Earl of Clarence; Landgrave in Thuringia; Margrave in Meissen; Princely Count of Henneberg; Count of the Mark and Ravensberg; Baron Arklow; Lord of Ravenstein and Tonna" Domestic Foreign Charles Edward was never granted arms in the United Kingdom. Also, he did not inherit the arms of his father since royal arms, as a differenced version of Arms of Dominion, are granted individually and not inherited. On his accession as Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, he used the arms of that duchy, both the greater and lesser versions.
    Charles Edward was imprisoned until 1946.
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  • FIFTIES
  • 1943
    Age 58
    Although Charles Edward was too old for active service during World War II, his three sons served in the Wehrmacht. His second son, Hubertus, was killed in action in 1943 in a plane crash near Mosty.
    More Details Hide Details When World War II ended, the American Military Government in Bavaria, under the command of General George S. Patton, placed Charles Edward under house arrest at his home, the vast Veste Coburg, because of his Nazi sympathies. He was later imprisoned with other Nazi officials. His sister, Princess Alice, learning of his incarceration, came to Germany with her husband, Major-General The Earl of Athlone (the former Governor General of Canada), to plead for his release with his American captors. They dined with the American generals holding her brother, who declined to release him.
    In 1943, at Hitler's behest, Charles Edward asked the International Red Cross to investigate the Katyn massacre.
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  • 1940
    Age 55
    In 1940, Charles Edward travelled via Moscow and Japan to the US, where he met President Roosevelt at the White House.
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  • 1937
    Age 52
    After the Abdication Crisis, he played host to the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, the former King-Emperor and his wife, during their private tour of Germany in 1937.
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  • 1936
    Age 51
    In 1936, Hitler sent Charles Edward to Britain as president of the Anglo-German Friendship Society.
    More Details Hide Details His mission was to improve Anglo-German relations and to explore the possibility of a pact between the two countries. He attended the funeral of his first cousin George V in a uniform of a general of the German army (his British ceremonial robes having been taken away from him), and sent Hitler encouraging reports about the strength of pro-German sentiment among the British aristocracy.
    He also served as a member of the Reichstag representing the Nazi Party from 1936–45 and as president of the German Red Cross from December 1933-45.
    More Details Hide Details When he took over this position, the German Red Cross had already been gleichgeschaltet by the Nazis (i.e. was controlled by them).
  • FORTIES
  • 1934
    Age 49
    In 1934, he visited Japan where he attended a conference on the protection of civilians during war and delivered Hitler's birthday greeting to the Emperor.
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  • 1933
    Age 48
    Charles Edward formally joined the Nazi Party in March 1933 and that same year became a member of the SA (Brownshirts), rising to the rank of Obergruppenführer by 1936.
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    He later joined the Nazi Party, and served in a number of positions in Nazi Germany in the 1930s and 1940s, including as President of the German Red Cross from 1933-45.
    More Details Hide Details He was the maternal grandfather of King Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden and the younger brother of Princess Alice, Countess of Athlone. Prince Charles Edward was born at Claremont House near Esher, Surrey. His father was Prince Leopold, Duke of Albany, the fourth son of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert. His mother was Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (née Princess Helena of Waldeck and Pyrmont), the fourth daughter of George Victor of Waldeck and Pyrmont and his first wife Princess Helena of Nassau. As his father died before his birth, Prince Charles Edward succeeded to his titles at birth and was styled His Royal Highness The Duke of Albany.
  • 1932
    Age 47
    In 1932, he took part in the creation of the Harzburg Front, through which the German National People's Party became associated with the Nazi Party.
    More Details Hide Details He also publicly called on voters to support Hitler in the presidential election.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1923
    Age 38
    In 1923, he joined the as Oberbereichsleiter in Thuringia.
    More Details Hide Details When the Wiking joined the Stahlhelm, Bund der Frontsoldaten, Charles Edward became a member of the Stahlhelm's national board.
  • 1922
    Age 37
    He met Adolf Hitler for the first time on 14 October 1922 (at the Nazis' second held at Coburg).
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    Until 1922, Charles Edward was the head of the.
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  • 1919
    Age 34
    His properties and collections in Coburg were transferred in 1919 to the, a foundation that still exists today.
    More Details Hide Details A similar solution for Gotha took longer and only after legal struggles with the Free State of Thuringia was it set up in 1928/34. The Gotha foundation was expropriated by the Soviet authorities after 1945. After 1919, the family retained Schloss Callenberg, some other properties (including those in Austria) and a right to live at Veste Coburg and received substantial financial compensation for lost possessions. Some additional real estate in Thuringia was restored to the ducal family in 1925. Now a private citizen, he became associated with various right-wing paramilitary and political organisations. He supported Hermann Ehrhardt both morally and financially after the Freikorps' commander's participation in the failed Kapp Putsch.
  • 1917
    Age 32
    The Russian Revolution of 1917 caused Charles much concern and he watched anxiously during the ensuing power struggles between the left- and right-wing parties in Germany.
    More Details Hide Details On the morning of 9 November 1918, during the German Revolution the Workers' and Soldiers' Council of Gotha declared him deposed. On 11 November, his abdication was demanded in Coburg. Only on 14 November, later than most other ruling princes, did he formally announce that he had "ceased to rule" in both Gotha and Coburg. He did not explicitly renounce his throne. Effectively exiled from England and fearful of the communist threat, he started looking for a new political home. He also worked towards the restoration of the monarchy, thus supporting the nationalistic-conservative and völkisch right.
    In July 1917, still unaware of the change in law at Coburg, in an effort to distance his dynasty from its German origins, George V changed the name of the British Royal House from the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha to the House of Windsor.
    More Details Hide Details That year, the British Parliament passed the Titles Deprivation Act which empowered the Privy Council to investigate "any persons enjoying any dignity or title as a peer or British prince who have, during the present war, borne arms against His Majesty or His Allies, or who have adhered to His Majesty's enemies." Under the terms of that act, an Order in Council on 28 March 1919 formally removed Charles Edward's British peerages, the Dukedom of Albany, Earldom of Clarence, and the Barony of Arklow. He and his children also lost their entitlement to the titles of Prince and Princess of the United Kingdom and the styles Royal Highness and Highness. Nevertheless, he retained the style Highness as a member of a sovereign ducal house in Germany.
  • 1915
    Age 30
    In 1915, King George V ordered his name removed from the register of the Knights of the Garter.
    More Details Hide Details In March 1917, the Landtag of Coburg excluded members of the ducal family from the succession if their country was hostile to (i.e. at war with) Germany.
    Charles Edward served on the staff of an infantry division at the beginning of the war, but in 1915 had to stop due to rheumatism.
    More Details Hide Details Although he never held a command, he visited both the western and eastern fronts numerous times. Soldiers from his duchies were awarded the Carl-Eduard-Kriegskreuz.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1905
    Age 20
    Wilhelm II picked out his wife's niece as Charles Edward's bride, and on 11 October 1905, at Glücksburg Castle, Schleswig-Holstein, the Duke married Princess Victoria Adelaide of Schleswig-Holstein (31 December 1885 – 3 October 1970), the eldest daughter of Friedrich Ferdinand, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein and Princess Karoline Mathilde of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Augustenburg.
    More Details Hide Details They had five children (see Issue below). Through his daughter Sibylla, Charles Edward is the maternal grandfather of Carl XVI Gustaf of Sweden. World War I caused a conflict of loyalties for Charles Edward, but he finally decided to support Germany. He broke off relations with his family at the British and Belgian courts. This did not suffice to overcome doubts about his loyalties in Germany.
    Upon coming of age on 19 July 1905, he assumed full constitutional powers.
    More Details Hide Details He proved loyal to the Emperor and was deemed a constitutionally-minded prince. However, he soon deviated from his early liberal views and gave in to autocratic impulses, also becoming dependent on advisors at his two courts at Gotha and Coburg, between which political differences and rivalries had developed. He liberally supported the court theatres in both towns. Taking an interest in Zeppelin and airplane technology, Charles Edward supported the newly created aircraft industry at Gotha (see Gothaer Waggonfabrik). Like all Dukes of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, he divided his time between the two residence towns. Among his residences Schloss Friedenstein, Ehrenburg Palace, and Schloss Callenberg, he favoured the latter. He also took great interest in the renovation of Veste Coburg which had been abandoned as a ducal residence in the 17th century. This work, which strained the ducal finances, was ongoing from 1908 until 1924.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1902
    Age 17
    His uncle, Edward VII, made him a Knight of the Garter on 15 July 1902, just prior to his 18th birthday.
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  • 1900
    Age 15
    From 1900 to 1905 Charles Edward reigned through the regency of Ernst, Hereditary Prince of Hohenlohe-Langenburg, the husband of Duke Alfred's third daughter Alexandra.
    More Details Hide Details The regent acted under the strict guidance of Emperor Wilhelm II.
    Next in line was sixteen-year-old Charles Edward, who now inherited the ducal throne of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, when his uncle Alfred died in July 1900.
    More Details Hide Details With his mother and sister Charles Edward moved to Germany. Following an education plan by Wilhelm II, he attended the at Lichterfelde, studied in Bonn and became a member of Corps Borussia Bonn. He also joined the 1st Garderegiment zu Fuß at Potsdam and spent some time at the German court in Berlin.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1884
    Born
    After falling ill, the young Duke was baptised privately at Claremont on 4 August 1884, two weeks after his birth and publicly in Esher Parish Church on 4 December 1884 four months later.
    More Details Hide Details His godparents were his paternal grandmother Queen Victoria, his paternal uncle the Prince of Wales, his paternal aunts Princess Christian of Schleswig-Holstein and the Marchioness of Lorne, Princess Frederica of Hanover (his father's second cousin), his maternal uncle Alexis, Prince of Bentheim and Steinfurt and his maternal grandfather George Victor, Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont (neither of whom could attend). Charles Edward was educated as a Prince of the United Kingdom for his first 15 years. He attended Eton College. As a grandson of Queen Victoria, the Duke was a first cousin of George V, Emperor of India and of the following European Royals: Queen Maud of Norway, Grand Duke Ernst Ludwig of Hesse, Empress Alexandra of Russia, Queen Marie of the Romanians, Crown Princess Margaret of Sweden, Queen Victoria Eugenia of Spain, Queen Sophia of the Hellenes, Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands, Josias, Hereditary Prince of Waldeck and Pyrmont (the last two through his mother) and Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany. Such was the interest Wilhelm showed in his young cousin's upbringing that Charles Edward was dubbed "the Emperor's seventh son". His mother drummed into him endlessly the importance of "becoming a good man, so you bring no shame on Papa's name".
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