Francis, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
German nobleman
Francis, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
Biography
Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld's personal information overview.
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
    FIFTIES
  • 1806
    Age 55
    On 15 December 1806, Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, along with the other Ernestine duchies, entered the Confederation of the Rhine as the Duke and his ministers planned.
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  • 1805
    Age 54
    In the discharge of his father's debts the Schloss Rosenau had passed out of the family but in 1805 he bought back the property as a summer residence for the ducal family.
    More Details Hide Details Emperor Francis II dissolved the Holy Roman Empire on 6 August 1806, after its defeat by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz.
  • FORTIES
  • 1800
    Age 49
    Francis succeeded his father as reigning Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld in 1800.
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  • 1793
    Age 42
    He was commissioned into the allied army in 1793 when his country was invaded by the Revolutionary armies of France.
    More Details Hide Details The allied forces included Hanoverians, Hessians, and the British. He fought in several actions against the French.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1776
    Age 25
    In Hildburghausen on 6 March 1776, Francis married Princess Sophie of Saxe-Hildburghausen, a daughter of his Ernestine kinsman, Duke Ernst Friedrich II. She died on 28 October 1776, only seven months after her wedding. There were no children born from this marriage. In Ebersdorf on 13 June 1777, Francis married Countess Augusta Reuss-Lobenstein-Ebersdorf.
    More Details Hide Details They had ten children, seven of whom survived to adulthood: His male-line descendants established ruling houses in Belgium, United Kingdom, Portugal and Bulgaria, while retaining the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha until 1918. His son Leopold ruled as Leopold I of the Belgians. A grandson reigned jure uxoris as King Ferdinand II of Portugal while a great-grandson named Ferdinand became the first modern king of Bulgaria. One of his granddaughters was Empress Carlota of Mexico while another became Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. The latter's son, Edward VII, a patrilineal as well as matrilineal great-grandson of Francis, inaugurated the male line which wore the British crown into the 21st century.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1750
    Born
    Born on July 15, 1750.
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