Prince Gloucester
British soldier and Governor-General of Australia
Prince Gloucester
Biography
Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester's personal information overview.
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Castle Defense games for iOS - CNET (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
You also fight them with allies you call to your side, from peasants and swordsmen to heroes like Lord Arthur, Duke Henry the Red, and the healing Wiseman. The gameplay revolves around choosing which units to build and when, earning gold by surviving
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Google News article
LateRooms.com - Celebrate the history of Munich at the Stadtgrundungsfest - PRLog.Org (press release)
Google News - over 5 years
While the origins of the destination go back to an eighth-century monastic settlement known as 'bei den Munichen', the town was not officially born until many years later, when Duke Henry the Lion founded it. In a statement, the city's official tourist
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Google News article
This is my iPad and this is my Boomstick! - EastBayRI.com
Google News - almost 6 years
King Arthur, Duke Henry, the Wiseman and the rest of the knights will help you defend the Necronomicon. As you rise higher in levels, more characters will become available to you. You are limited to the amount of members that can aid you,
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Google News article
Give your iPhone some sugar, baby, with Army of Darkness: Defense - AppleTell (blog)
Google News - almost 6 years
Fans will be happy to know Bruce Campbell does supply the quotes from the movie, and even characters such as Lord Arthur and Duke Henry the Red make appearances. In this tug-of-war, casual defense game based on the MGM classic movie, you play Ash,
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Google News article
Queen's Day in San Francisco: Spijkerpoeken spoken here - Examiner.com
Google News - almost 6 years
She turned down princes recommended by her advisors, married Duke Henry of Mecklenberg-Schwerin, then lived happily ever after, more or less. Queen's Day in San Francisco launches Saturday morning with a cool Bike Tour: The Green Bike Ride begins at
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A Newly Burnished Bordeaux
NYTimes - about 14 years
''WELCOME home,'' said the French journalist, a friend of a friend of a friend, when we met for lunch at a bistro in the Chartrons quarter of Bordeaux, where wine merchants made their headquarters for many centuries. Odd, I thought, since I had only visited the city twice before. But it turned out that my luncheon companion, Pierre Veilletet, the
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NYTimes article
A Reawakening in Mecklenburg
NYTimes - over 26 years
Otto Von Bismarck, the Iron Chancellor of the German Empire, once said that when the world came to end, he hoped he would be in Mecklenburg. For there, he said, everything happened about 200 years later than anywhere else. This north German land of undulating meadows stretching along the Baltic Sea was kept "backward," in the view of 19th-century
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NYTimes article
THE URBANE OLD PARIS SUBURB OF SAINT-GERMAIN-EN-LAYE
NYTimes - about 36 years
-------------------------------------------------------------------- MILT FREUDENHEIM is an editor on the staff of the Week in Review section of The Times. By MILT FREUDENHEIM After you have seen the famous sights of Paris, been jostled by school groups in the Louvre, joined the crowds on the Champs Elysees and taken the bus with camera-laden
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NYTimes article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester
    CHILDHOOD
  • 1974
    The Duke was the last surviving child of King George V and Queen Mary. He died on 10 June 1974.
    More Details Hide Details He was buried in the Royal Burial Ground, Frogmore. His second son, Prince Richard, inherited the title of Duke of Gloucester. The Duke's wife, Alice, received permission from Queen Elizabeth II to be styled Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester, to distinguish herself from Prince Richard's wife. She survived until 2004, becoming the longest-lived member of the British Royal Family in history. At the time of his death, Prince Henry's full style was: His Royal Highness The Prince Henry William Frederick Albert, Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster and Baron Culloden, Knight of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Knight of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, Knight of the Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick, Grand Master and Principal Knight Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Bath, Knight Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George, Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, Grand Prior of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem.
  • 1972
    In 1972, the Duke's elder son, Prince William, died in a plane crash.
    More Details Hide Details The Duke was in such poor health that his wife hesitated whether to tell him. She later admitted in her memoirs that she did not, but, that he may have learned of their son's death from television coverage.
    He suffered a series of strokes in later years, and was too ill to attend the funeral of his elder brother, the Duke of Windsor, or the wedding of his younger son, Prince Richard, both in 1972.
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  • OTHER
  • 1967
    His last public appearance was for the unveiling of Queen Mary's plaque at Marlborough House in 1967, where he appeared weak and considerably older than the Duke of Windsor.
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  • 1965
    His first stroke was in 1965; together with later strokes, they left him required to use a wheelchair and he was unable to speak for his last remaining years.
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  • 1954
    In 1954 the Duke served as the Treasurer of the Honourable Society of Gray's Inn.
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  • 1953
    The Duke attended the coronation of his niece Elizabeth II in 1953.
    More Details Hide Details Both the Duke and Duchess carried out royal engagements, including several overseas tours.
  • 1949
    In May 1949, the Duke temporarily served in the office of Lord High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland.
    More Details Hide Details This appointment afforded him, for its duration, its Scottish precedence (immediately below the King) and style, His Grace.
  • 1945
    When Curtin died in 1945, the Duke appointed Frank Forde as prime minister.
    More Details Hide Details Gloucester left Australia in March 1947, after two years in the post, due to the need to act as Senior Counsellor of State during a visit by King George VI and Princesses Elizabeth and Margaret to South Africa. As a parting gift, he left his own plane for use by the government and people of Australia.
  • 1944
    In late 1944 the Duke was unexpectedly appointed Governor-General of Australia after his younger brother, the Duke of Kent, who had been offered the position died in an aeroplane crash in Scotland.
    More Details Hide Details The Labor Party of the Australian Prime Minister John Curtin had a policy of appointing Australians to the vice-regal post. In the circumstances of wartime, Curtin decided that appointing a member of the Royal Family would have three advantages: it would improve the likelihood that Britain would maintain its commitment to the defence of Australia, affirm that Australia had not become a dependency of the United States, and would be a politically neutral choice (opposition had greeted his last appointment). The Duke had made a successful visit to Australia in 1934. Because the Duke was shy, he sometimes appeared stiff and formal, but he and the Duchess travelled widely in Australia using his own plane during their time in office.
  • 1942
    After Prince Henry's younger brother, the Duke of Kent, died in a plane crash in August 1942, it was decided that the Duke of Gloucester would not be sent on any further missions that could prove dangerous.
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  • 1940
    Although generally optimistic, Prince Henry did sometimes suffer from bouts of depression during his service in 1940, especially at the end of his occasional leaves. "My beloved Alice, I did hate leaving you yesterday so very much that I could hardly keep a straight face," he wrote to his wife after reporting back.
    More Details Hide Details The strains of living in the French front also diminished his resolve at times: "I think I hate this country and war more than ever... it is such an awful waste of everything," he told the Duchess. In June, after the fall of Dunkirk, the Duke was ordered back to England by an embarrassed General Headquarters, which had not been able to assure the King's brother's safety. "Wherever I went, or had been, I was bombed" the Duke explained to his mother, amused. The following year, the King arranged a four-month-long military and diplomatic mission for the Duke to the Middle East, India, and East Africa. The mission came just after Prince Henry had become a father for the first time, and it was considered a dangerous trip, as the Germans were rapidly advancing toward some of the territories the Duke would visit. The King even wrote to his sister-in-law that he would act as guardian of the newly born Prince William if anything should happen to his brother.
    The Duke's two narrowest escapes both came in May 1940.
    More Details Hide Details Having known King Leopold of Belgium from school days, the Duke wanted to meet with him personally to offer support after rumours that Belgium would surrender to Germany began circulating. On 14 May, he and his brother-in-law, Lord William Scott, drove from Hotel Univers in Arras into Belgium to see the King of the Belgians at a secret location. That night, Hotel Univers was bombed, resulting in several deaths, including those staying in the rooms next to the Duke's. The Duke wrote to his brother that King Leopold was "very depressed". As the Duke and Lord Scott drove back, they were caught up in heavy enemy bombing in Tournai, where their car caught fire. They managed to get out and dive into an alleyway, although not unscratched as the Duke needed medical attention for a profusely bleeding wound.
    Following the outbreak of the Second World War, he joined the British Expeditionary Force, serving as a Chief Liaison Officer. He was slightly wounded in 1940 when his staff car was attacked from the air.
    More Details Hide Details In 1940 he became second-in-command of the 20th Armoured Brigade. He was appointed a Field Marshal in 1955 and a Marshal of the Royal Air Force in 1958.
  • 1935
    They were married on 6 November 1935.
    More Details Hide Details The marriage was originally planned to take place at Westminster Abbey, but was moved to the more modest Chapel Royal at St James's Palace due to the death of Lady Alice's father, John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch, shortly before the wedding. Following their wedding, Alice became known as HRH The Duchess of Gloucester. Together they had two sons: The couple lived first at a royal pavilion in Aldershot, near the barracks of the Duke´s regiment. "It was a very simple cabin" recalled the Duchess of Gloucester, and "the only royal thing about it was my husband's presence". After his father's death, the Duke bought Barnwell Manor with the larger part of his inheritance. It was a large country house in Northamptonshire which had belonged to his wife's ancestors. As their London seat, they were given York House in St. James's Palace.
  • 1929
    When he returned from his trip to Japan in 1929, the affair with Markham ended.
    More Details Hide Details Her husband wanted a divorce and threatened to disclose Prince Henry's private letters to his wife, if he did not "take care of Beryl". The Duke and Beryl never met again, although she did write him when he visited Kenya in 1950 with his wife, but he didn't write back. Prince Henry's solicitors paid an annuity until her death in 1985. After his tour of Australia and New Zealand, and pressured by his parents, Prince Henry decided it was time to settle down and proposed to Lady Alice Montagu Douglas Scott, sister of one of Henry's best friends Lord William Montagu Douglas Scott. The proposal, wrote Lady Alice many years later, was not at all romantic as "it was not his way", instead he just "mumbled it as we were on a walk one day".
    In 1929, he went to Japan to confer the Garter on the Emperor, and a year later he attended the coronation of Haile Selassie of Ethiopia in Addis Ababa.
    More Details Hide Details In 1934 George V (as King of Ireland) made him a Knight of St Patrick, Ireland's chivalric order. It was the second to last time this order was awarded (the last appointment being the Duke of York, later George VI, in 1936); at the time of his death, the Duke of Gloucester was the only remaining knight. In 1934, he went to Australia and New Zealand where the people received him with such overwhelming enthusiasm that one journalist wrote "(amounted) to something very near adoration".
  • 1928
    In September 1928, Henry left England along with his brother Edward, Prince of Wales, to shoot big game in Africa.
    More Details Hide Details The brothers parted in Nairobi, where Henry was to stay for a while. There, he was entertained by Mansfield Markham and his wife Beryl Markham. Beryl and Henry soon started an affair (though sources differ over when the affair started; many say it wasn't until her visit to England). In November, the brothers were recalled to England due to their father’s worsening health, and soon after Beryl returned too. At the Grosvenor Hotel, close to Buckingham Palace, the affair continued with Prince Henry openly hosting parties with her in her suite, and drinking too much. The affair, widely known by the London society, shocked the Queen, to the delight of the Prince of Wales who remarked that “for once Queen Mary’s blue-eyed boy was in trouble instead of himself”. The King stepped in, he thought that keeping Henry busy would be the best way to end the affair, and also to keep him from drinking too much, too often. That year, he arranged a series of tours for his son to undertake.
    On 31 March 1928, his father created him Duke of Gloucester, Earl of Ulster, and Baron Culloden, three titles that linked him with three parts of the United Kingdom, namely England, Northern Ireland and Scotland.
    More Details Hide Details Prince Henry visited Canada sometime in 1928. Before his marriage, Prince Henry´s greatest ambition was to someday command his regiment, the 10th Royal Hussars, or at least spend as much time in the army as possible. Although he was a capable soldier, as the King's son he was prevented from joining his regiment abroad, and this meant he was generally seen as an outsider to his fellow officers. To his increasing despair, he had to fulfill the many royal duties his father assigned him.
  • 1919
    Unlike his brothers, Prince Henry joined the Army instead of the Royal Navy. He attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst, in 1919.
    More Details Hide Details He later served with the King's Royal Rifle Corps and the 10th Royal Hussars before retiring from the active list in 1937.
    By the time he went to Cambridge in 1919 with his brother Albert, Henry had outgrown all his brothers both in height and size, and enjoyed very good health.
    More Details Hide Details Their stay at Cambridge would last only one year and was very uneventful for both of them, as they were not allowed to live in Trinity College with the other undergraduates, due to their father’s fear of them mixing with undesirable company.
  • 1913
    In September 1913 Henry started at Eton College and during the First World War a member of his house (Mr. Lubbock's) was Crown Prince Leopold of Belgium, later King Leopold III.
    More Details Hide Details His studies did not improve but his nerves and disposition did. He made friends through his enthusiasm for sports, and his masters were very pleased with him, noting in his report that he was “thoroughly willing, cheerful, modest & obedient”. To his father, these values were the most important, having no time or interest in what he called “intellectuals”.
  • 1909
    By 1909, Henry’s poor health had become a serious concern for his parents.
    More Details Hide Details He was very small for his age, and was prone to get very aggressive colds. “You must remember that he is rather fragile and must be treated differently to his two elder brothers who are more robust” wrote Prince George to Henry’s tutor, Henry Peter Hansell. On 6 May 1910 Prince George became king and Henry, the third in line to the throne. The King was persuaded by Mr. Hansell that it would be good for Henry’s character to attend school, where he could interact with boys his age. The King, having previously rejected this proposition for his two elder sons, agreed on the basis that it would help him “behave like a boy and not like a little child”. Prince Henry became the first son of a British monarch to attend school. After three days at St Peter's Court in Broadstairs, as a day boy, Mr. Hansell, noticing he liked it, asked the King to send him as a boarder, which he agreed to.
  • 1900
    He was baptised at the private chapel of Windsor Castle on 17 May 1900, by Randall Thomas Davidson, Bishop of Winchester, and his godparents were: Queen Victoria (his great-grandmother); the German Emperor (his cousin, for whom Prince Albert of Prussia stood proxy); Princess Henry of Battenberg (his paternal great-aunt); the Duchess of Cumberland (his paternal great-aunt, whose sister, his grandmother the Princess of Wales represented her); Prince George of Greece (his cousin, for whom Prince Henry's paternal grandfather the Prince of Wales stood proxy); Princess Carl of Denmark (his paternal aunt, for whom her sister Princess Victoria of Wales stood proxy); Prince Alexander of Teck (his maternal uncle, for whom Prince Henry's great-uncle the Duke of Cambridge stood proxy); and Field Marshal The Earl Roberts (for whom General Sir Dighton Probyn stood proxy).
    More Details Hide Details He was informally known to his family as Harry. As a young boy, Prince Henry suffered from ill health very much like his older brother Albert. He also had knocked knees and had to wear painful leg splints. He was an extremely nervous child, and was often victim to spontaneous fits of crying or giggling, and also like his brother, Henry had a combination of speech disorders. They both had rhoticism, which prevented them from pronouncing the sound r, but while Albert’s pronunciation was slightly reminiscent of the “French r”, Henry was completely unable to pronounce it, causing the intended r to sound like w. On top of this, Henry also had a nasal lisp and an unusually high pitched tone, resulting in a very distinctive voice.
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