Prince Edinburgh
Prince consort and Duke of Edinburgh
Prince Edinburgh
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is the husband of Queen Elizabeth II. He is the United Kingdom's longest-serving consort and the oldest serving spouse of a reigning British monarch. A member of the Danish-German House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and a great-great-grandson of Queen Victoria, Prince Philip was born in Greece into the Greek royal family, but his family was exiled from Greece when he was a child.
Biography
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh's personal information overview.
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News
News abour Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh from around the web
Queen Elizabeth II to make rare address to the nation, capping Jubilee celebrations
Fox News - over 4 years
Queen Elizabeth II, closing four days of celebrations of her 60 years on the throne without her husband at her side, will make a rare address to the nation on Tuesday. The broadcast at 1700 GMT (1 p.m. EDT) in Britain and throughout the Commonwealth follows a service of thanksgiving at St. Paul's Cathedral, a lunch in a medieval hall and a carriage procession back to Buckingham Palace where the queen and her family will greet well-wishers from a balcony. The two-minute address, recorded on Monday, will also be available on the Royal Channel on YouTube, the palace said. Other than the annual Christmas Day broadcasts, the 86-year-old monarch has rarely spoken directly to the nation. The queen's husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, was hospitalized Monday for treatment of a bladder infection and will miss the final day's events. With most of Tuesday's events indoors or under cover, there was less worry about the precar ...
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Fox News article
Prince Philip Rushed to the Hospital to Treat Bladder Infection (Stephen M. Silverman/People.com)
Wesmirch.com - over 4 years
Stephen M. Silverman / People.com: Prince Philip Rushed to the Hospital to Treat Bladder Infection  —  Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh  —  Sadly, the Queen's “emotional rock” - as grandson Prince Harry described his paternal grandfather - will not be with her for her Diamond Jubilee pop concert.
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Wesmirch.com article
Queen and Prince Philip get into the Royal Taxi for London theatre trip
Daily Mail (UK) - almost 5 years
Theatregoers in were left stunned when Her Majesty made a surprise visit to a London show in a black cab belonging to the Duke of Edinburgh.
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Daily Mail (UK) article
Comment on Prince Philip Recovering from Heart Surgery by Stafford
The Royal Forums - almost 5 years
God give you the best of health for years to come
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The Royal Forums article
Queen Needs Prince Philip At Her Side, Prince Harry
My Stateline - about 5 years
Britain's Prince Harry says his grandparents are definitely a royal team. 
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My Stateline article
Duke Of Edinburgh Prince Philip Appears In Public At Cambridge University ... - Sky News
Google News - about 5 years
Sky News Duke Of Edinburgh <a class="fplink fp-224027" href="/prince+philip+duke+of+edinburgh">Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh</a> Appears In Public At Cambridge University ... Sky News Appearing at a fund-raising dinner at Cambridge University on Tuesday night, <a class="fplink fp-224027" href="/prince+philip+duke+of+edinburgh">Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh</a>, 90, showed no signs of the heart problem which saw him spend Christmas in hospital. He wore a black overcoat over a dark suit and looked relaxed as he passed ... Philip relaxed at university eventThe Press Association <a class="fplink fp-224027" href="/prince+philip+duke+of+edinburgh">Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh</a> resumes royal engagementsNEWS.com.au Queen Elizabeth II's husband <a class="fplink fp-224027" href="/prince+philip+duke+of+edinburgh">Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh</a> resumes royal engagements after ...Washington Post Daily Mail -NPR all 103 news articles »
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Google News article
Nick Rogers on his Karabos IX clinches 2012 Prince Philip Cup on River Derwent – Sailing news
Bettor - about 5 years
Nick Rogers on his Karabos IX clinches 2012 <a class="fplink fp-224027" href="/prince+philip+duke+of+edinburgh">Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh</a> Cup on River Derwent – Sailing news Impressive sailing skills from Nick Rogers and his crew members, Leigh Behrens and Simon Burrows brought them on top of the standings at the conclusion of 2012 Price Philip Cup. Roger’s team on their Dragon class yacht, Karabos IX, had a superb run on River Derwent waters and clinched the regatta title with seven points after seven races, including a discard. Roger and crew had already claimed the...
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Bettor article
Young Royals step in as Prince Philip recovers
Express - about 5 years
WITH <a class="fplink fp-224027" href="/prince+philip+duke+of+edinburgh">Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh</a> recovering from heart surgery, the Queen will look to her children for support as celebrations begin to mark her Diamond Jubilee this year.
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Express article
Prince Philip recovering, but royal holiday marred
AZCentral - Arizona's Home Page - about 5 years
<a class="fplink fp-224027" href="/prince+philip+duke+of+edinburgh">Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh</a> looks pretty dapper for a 90-year-old who just underwent an emergency coronary procedure.
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AZCentral - Arizona's Home Page article
Prince Philip Joins Royal Family for New Year's
ABC News - about 5 years
Queen Elizabeth's husband rejoins royal family for holiday after health scare.
Article Link:
ABC News article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh
    FORTIES
  • 2016
    Prince Philip would surpass this record on 13 December 2016.
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    Netflix series The Crown, about Elizabeth II's first years as monarch, will see Philip portrayed by Matt Smith and is currently set to be released in November 2016.
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  • 2015
    On 16 December 2015, his role as Honorary Air Commodore-in-Chief was handed over to the Duchess of Cambridge.
    More Details Hide Details To celebrate his 90th birthday, the Queen appointed him Lord High Admiral of the Royal Navy (the highest rank in the organisation anyone other than the sovereign can hold) and Canada appointed him to the highest ranks available in all three branches of the Canadian Armed Forces. Philip is the oldest living great-great-grandchild of Queen Victoria, as well as her oldest living descendant following the death of Count Carl Johan Bernadotte of Wisborg on 5 May 2012. Through his descent from the British royal family, he is in the line of succession to the thrones of the 16 Commonwealth realms. In July 1993, through mitochondrial DNA analysis of a sample of Prince Philip's blood, British scientists were able to confirm the identity of the remains of several members of Empress Alexandra of Russia's family, more than seventy years after their 1918 massacre by the Bolsheviks. Prince Philip was then one of two living great-grandchildren in the female line of Alexandra's mother Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, the other being his sister Sophie, who died in 2001.
  • 2014
    On 21 May 2014, the Prince appeared in public with a bandage on his right hand after a "minor procedure" was performed in Buckingham Palace the preceding day.
    More Details Hide Details He is the longest-lived male member of the British royal family. The record for the longest-lived male descendant of Queen Victoria is currently held by Count Carl Johan Bernadotte of Wisborg (the Duke of Connaught's grandson) who lived to be 95 years, 6 months and 5 days old.
    In April 2014, it was reported that an old British Pathe newsreel film had been discovered of Philip's 1962 two-month flying tour of South America.
    More Details Hide Details Filmed sitting alongside Philip at the aircraft's controls was his co-pilot Captain Peter Middleton, the grandfather of the Duke's granddaughter-in-law, Catherine, Duchess of Cambridge. He has painted with oils, and collected artworks, including contemporary cartoons, which hang at Buckingham Palace, Windsor Castle, Sandringham House, and Balmoral Castle. Hugh Casson described Philip's own artwork as "exactly what you'd expect... totally direct, no hanging about. Strong colours, vigorous brushstrokes."
  • 2013
    In June 2013, Philip was admitted to the London Clinic for an exploratory operation on his abdomen, spending 11 days in hospital.
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  • 2012
    After a recurrence of infection in August 2012, while staying at Balmoral Castle, he was admitted to Aberdeen Royal Infirmary for five nights as a precautionary measure.
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    On 4 June 2012, during the celebrations in honour of his wife's Diamond Jubilee, Philip was taken from Windsor Castle to the King Edward VII Hospital, London, suffering from a bladder infection.
    More Details Hide Details He was released from hospital on 9 June.
  • 2011
    In June 2011, in an interview marking his 90th birthday he said that he would now slow down and reduce his duties, stating that he had "done his bit".
    More Details Hide Details His wife, the Queen, gave him the title Lord High Admiral for his 90th birthday. While staying at the royal residence at Sandringham, Norfolk, on 23 December 2011, the Duke suffered chest pains and was taken to the cardio-thoracic unit at Papworth Hospital, Cambridgeshire, where he underwent successful coronary angioplasty and stenting. He was discharged on 27 December.
  • THIRTIES
  • 2008
    In April 2008, Philip was admitted to the King Edward VII Hospital for "assessment and treatment" for a chest infection, though he walked into the hospital unaided and recovered quickly, and was discharged three days later to recuperate at Windsor Castle.
    More Details Hide Details In August, the Evening Standard reported that he was suffering from prostate cancer. Buckingham Palace, which usually refuses to comment on rumours of ill health, claimed that the report was an invasion of privacy and issued a statement denying the story. The newspaper retracted the report and admitted it was untrue.
  • 2002
    During his wife's Golden Jubilee in 2002, the Duke was commended by the Speaker of the British House of Commons for his role in supporting the Queen during her reign.
    More Details Hide Details The Duke of Edinburgh's time as royal consort exceeds that of any other consort in British history; however, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother (his mother-in-law), who died aged 101, had a longer lifespan.
  • 2001
    His personal wealth was estimated at £28 million in 2001.
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  • TWENTIES
  • 1997
    A year after the divorce, Diana was killed in a car crash in Paris on 31 August 1997.
    More Details Hide Details At the time, the Duke was on holiday at Balmoral with the extended royal family. In their grief, Diana's two sons, Princes William and Harry, wanted to attend church and so their grandparents took them that morning. For five days, the Queen and the Duke shielded their grandsons from the ensuing press interest by keeping them at Balmoral, where they could grieve in private. The royal family's seclusion caused public dismay, but the public mood was transformed from hostility to respect by a live broadcast made by the Queen on 5 September. Uncertain as to whether they should walk behind her coffin during the funeral procession, Diana's sons hesitated. Philip told William, "If you don't walk, I think you'll regret it later. If I walk, will you walk with me?" On the day of the funeral, Philip, William, Harry, Charles and Diana's brother, Earl Spencer, walked through London behind her bier.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1981
    At the beginning of 1981, Philip wrote to his eldest son, Charles, counselling him to make up his mind to either propose to Lady Diana Spencer or break off their courtship. Charles felt pressured by his father to make a decision and did so, proposing to Diana in February. They married six months later. By 1992, the marriage of the Prince and Princess of Wales had broken down.
    More Details Hide Details The Queen and Philip hosted a meeting between Charles and Diana, trying to effect a reconciliation, but without success. Philip wrote to Diana, expressing his disappointment at both Charles's and her extra-marital affairs, and asking her to examine both his and her behaviour from the other's point of view. The Duke was direct and Diana was sensitive. She found the letters hard to take, but nevertheless she appreciated that he was acting with good intent. Charles and Diana separated and later divorced.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1979
    His down-to-earth manner was attested to by a White House butler who recalled that, on a visit in 1979, Philip had engaged him and a fellow butler in a conversation, and poured them drinks.
    More Details Hide Details As well as a reputation for bluntness and plain speaking, Philip is noted for occasionally making observations and jokes that have been construed as either funny, or as gaffes: awkward, politically incorrect or even offensive, but sometimes perceived as stereotypical of someone of his age and background. In an address to the General Dental Council in 1960, he jokingly coined a new word for his blunders: "Dontopedalogy is the science of opening your mouth and putting your foot in it, a science which I have practised for a good many years." Later in life he suggested his comments may have contributed to the perception that he is "a cantankerous old sod". The historian David Starkey has described him as a kind of "HRH Victor Meldrew". For example, in May 1999 British newspapers accused Philip of insulting deaf children at a pop concert in Wales by saying, "No wonder you are deaf listening to this row." Later Philip wrote, "The story is largely invention. It so happens that my mother was quite seriously deaf and I have been Patron of the Royal National Institute for the Deaf for ages, so it's hardly likely that I would do any such thing." When he and the Queen met Stephen Menary, an army cadet blinded by an IRA bomb, and the Queen enquired how much sight he retained, Philip quipped: "Not a lot, judging by the tie he's wearing".
  • OTHER
  • 1964
    He is patron of The Work Foundation, was President of the International Equestrian Federation from 1964 to 1986, and has served as Chancellor of the Universities of Cambridge, Edinburgh, Salford, and Wales.
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  • 1961
    He served as UK President of the World Wildlife Fund from 1961 to 1982, International President from 1981, and President Emeritus from 1996.
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  • 1960
    On 8 February 1960, several years after the death of Queen Mary and the resignation of Churchill, the Queen issued an Order in Council declaring that the surname of male-line descendants of the Duke and the Queen who are not styled as Royal Highness, or titled as Prince or Princess, was to be Mountbatten-Windsor.
    More Details Hide Details While it seems the Queen had "absolutely set her heart" on such a change and had it in mind for some time, it occurred only eleven days before the birth of Prince Andrew (19 February), and only after three months of protracted correspondence between the constitutional expert Edward Iwi (who averred that, without such a change, the royal child would be born with "the Badge of Bastardy") and the Prime Minister Harold Macmillan (who attempted, ultimately unsuccessfully, to rebuff Iwi). After her accession to the throne, the Queen also announced that the Duke was to have "place, pre-eminence and precedence" next to her "on all occasions and in all meetings, except where otherwise provided by Act of Parliament". This meant the Duke took precedence over his son, the Prince of Wales, except, officially, in the British parliament. In fact, however, he attends Parliament only when escorting the Queen for the annual State Opening of Parliament, where he walks and sits beside her.
  • 1957
    Philip was appointed to the Queen's Privy Council for Canada on 14 October 1957, taking his Oath of Allegiance before the Queen in person at her Canadian residence, Rideau Hall.
    More Details Hide Details It doesn't. It exists in the interests of the people. If at any time any nation decides that the system is unacceptable, then it is up to them to change it." Philip is patron of some 800 organisations, particularly focused on the environment, industry, sport, and education.
  • 1956
    From 1956 to 1957, Philip travelled around the world aboard the newly commissioned HMY Britannia, during which he opened the 1956 Summer Olympics in Melbourne and visited the Antarctic.
    More Details Hide Details The Queen and the children remained in the UK. On the return leg of the journey, Philip's private secretary, Mike Parker, was sued for divorce by his wife. As with Townsend, the press still portrayed divorce as a scandal and eventually Parker resigned. He later said that the Duke was very supportive and "the Queen was wonderful throughout. She regarded divorce as a sadness, not a hanging offence." In a public show of support, the Queen created Parker a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order. Further press reports claimed that the Queen and the Duke were drifting apart, which enraged the Duke and dismayed the Queen, who issued a strongly worded denial. On 22 February 1957, she granted her husband the style and title of a Prince of the United Kingdom by Letters Patent, restoring the princely status that he had formally renounced ten years earlier. On the same date, it was gazetted that he was to be known as "His Royal Highness The Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh".
  • 1953
    For six months, over 1953–54, Philip and Elizabeth toured the Commonwealth; again their children were left in the United Kingdom.
    More Details Hide Details In 1956, the Duke, with Kurt Hahn, founded the Duke of Edinburgh's Award in order to give young people "a sense of responsibility to themselves and their communities". In the same year, he also established the Commonwealth Study Conferences.
  • 1952
    His first airborne flying lesson took place in 1952; by his 70th birthday he had accrued 5,150 pilot hours.
    More Details Hide Details He was presented with Royal Air Force wings in 1953.
    He was promoted to commander in 1952, but his active naval career ended in July 1951.
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    At the end of January 1952, Philip and his wife set out on a tour of the Commonwealth.
    More Details Hide Details On 6 February 1952, when they were in Kenya, Elizabeth's father died and she became queen. It was Philip who broke the news of her father's death to Elizabeth at Sagana Lodge, and the royal party immediately returned to the United Kingdom. The accession of Elizabeth to the throne brought up the question of the name of the royal house. The Duke's uncle, Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, advocated the name House of Mountbatten, as Elizabeth would typically have taken Philip's last name on marriage; however, when Queen Mary, Elizabeth's paternal grandmother, heard of this suggestion, she informed the British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, who himself later advised the Queen to issue a royal proclamation declaring that the royal house was to remain known as the House of Windsor. Churchill's strong personal antipathy to Lord Mountbatten, whom he considered a dangerous and subversive rival who had lost India, may have contributed to this. The Duke privately complained, "I am nothing but a bloody amoeba. I am the only man in the country not allowed to give his name to his own children."
  • 1950
    On 16 July 1950, he was promoted lieutenant commander and given command of the frigate HMS Magpie.
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  • 1949
    Philip returned to the navy after his honeymoon, at first in a desk job at the Admiralty, and later on a staff course at the Naval Staff College, Greenwich. From 1949, he was stationed in Malta (residing at Villa Guardamangia) after being posted as the first lieutenant of the destroyer HMS Chequers, the lead ship of the 1st Destroyer Flotilla in the Mediterranean Fleet.
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  • 1947
    The Duke of Edinburgh was appointed by King George VI to the Order of the Garter on 19 November 1947, the eve of his wedding.
    More Details Hide Details Since then, Philip has received 17 different appointments and decorations in the Commonwealth, and 48 from foreign states. The inhabitants of some villages on the island of Tanna, Vanuatu also worship Prince Philip as a god; the islanders possess portraits of the Duke and hold feasts on his birthday. Upon his wife's accession to the throne in 1952, the Duke was appointed Admiral of the Sea Cadet Corps, Colonel-in-Chief of the British Army Cadet Force, and Air Commodore-in-Chief of the Air Training Corps. The following year, he was appointed to the equivalent positions in Canada, and made Admiral of the Fleet, Captain General Royal Marines, Field Marshal, and Marshal of the Royal Air Force in the United Kingdom. Subsequent military appointments were made in New Zealand and Australia.
    After an engagement of five months, he married Elizabeth on 20 November 1947.
    More Details Hide Details Just before the wedding, the King granted him the style of His Royal Highness and the title Duke of Edinburgh. Philip left active military service when Elizabeth became Queen in 1952, having reached the rank of commander. His wife made him a Prince of the United Kingdom in 1957. Philip has four children with Elizabeth: Prince Charles, Princess Anne, Prince Andrew, and Prince Edward. He has eight grandchildren and five great-grandchildren. Through a British Order in Council issued in 1960, descendants of Philip and Elizabeth not bearing royal styles and titles can use the surname Mountbatten-Windsor, which has also been used by some members of the royal family who do hold titles, such as Charles and Anne. A keen sports enthusiast, Philip helped develop the equestrian event of carriage driving. He is a patron of over 800 organisations and serves as chairman of the Duke of Edinburgh's Award scheme for people aged 14 to 24.
    The day preceding his wedding, King George VI bestowed the style His Royal Highness on Philip and, on the morning of the wedding, 20 November 1947, he was made the Duke of Edinburgh, Earl of Merioneth, and Baron Greenwich of Greenwich in the County of London.
    More Details Hide Details Philip and Elizabeth were married in a ceremony at Westminster Abbey, recorded and broadcast by BBC radio to 200 million people around the world. However, in post-war Britain, it was not acceptable for any of the Duke of Edinburgh's German relations to be invited to the wedding, including Philip's three surviving sisters, all of whom had married German princes, some with Nazi connections. After their marriage, the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh took up residence at Clarence House. Their first two children were born: Prince Charles in 1948 and Princess Anne in 1950.
    Though Philip appeared "always to have regarded himself as an Anglican", and had attended Anglican services with his classmates and relations in England, and throughout his Royal Navy days, Archbishop of Canterbury Geoffrey Fisher wanted to "regularise" Philip's position by officially receiving him into the Church of England, which he did in October 1947.
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    By March 1947, Philip had abandoned his Greek and Danish royal titles, had adopted the surname Mountbatten from his mother's family, and had become a naturalised British subject. The engagement was announced to the public on 10 July 1947.
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  • 1946
    Eventually, in the summer of 1946, Philip asked the King for his daughter's hand in marriage.
    More Details Hide Details The King granted his request, provided that any formal engagement be delayed until Elizabeth's twenty-first birthday the following April.
    In January 1946, Philip returned to the United Kingdom on the Whelp, and was posted as an instructor at HMS Royal Arthur, the Petty Officers' School in Corsham, Wiltshire.
    More Details Hide Details In 1939, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth toured the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth. During the visit, the Queen and Earl Mountbatten asked Philip to escort the King's two daughters, Elizabeth and Margaret, who were Philip's third cousins through Queen Victoria, and second cousins once removed through King Christian IX of Denmark. Elizabeth fell in love with Philip and they began to exchange letters when she was thirteen.
  • 1944
    In 1944, he moved on to the new destroyer, HMS Whelp, where he saw service with the British Pacific Fleet in the 27th Destroyer Flotilla.
    More Details Hide Details He was present in Tokyo Bay when the instrument of Japanese surrender was signed.
  • 1943
    During the invasion of Sicily, in July 1943, as second in command of HMS Wallace, he saved his ship from a night bomber attack.
    More Details Hide Details He devised a plan to launch a raft with smoke floats that successfully distracted the bombers allowing the ship to slip away unnoticed.
  • 1942
    In June 1942, he was appointed to the V and W class destroyer and flotilla leader HMS Wallace, which was involved in convoy escort tasks on the east coast of Britain, as well as the allied invasion of Sicily.
    More Details Hide Details Promotion to lieutenant followed on 16 July 1942. In October of the same year he became first lieutenant of HMS Wallace, at 21 years old one of the youngest first lieutenants in the Royal Navy.
  • 1940
    After the invasion of Greece by Italy in October 1940, he was transferred from the Indian Ocean to the battleship in the Mediterranean Fleet.
    More Details Hide Details Among other engagements, Philip was involved in the Battle of Crete, and was mentioned in despatches for his service during the Battle of Cape Matapan, in which he controlled the battleship's searchlights. He was also awarded the Greek War Cross of Valour. Duties of lesser glory included stoking the boilers of the troop transport ship RMS Empress of Russia. He was promoted to sub-lieutenant after a series of courses at Portsmouth in which he gained the top grade in four out of five sections of the qualifying examination.
    He was commissioned as a midshipman in January 1940.
    More Details Hide Details Philip spent four months on the battleship HMS Ramillies, protecting convoys of the Australian Expeditionary Force in the Indian Ocean, followed by shorter postings on HMS Kent, on HMS Shropshire and in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka).
  • 1939
    After leaving Gordonstoun in 1939, Prince Philip joined the Royal Navy, graduating the next year from the Royal Naval College, Dartmouth, as the best cadet in his course.
    More Details Hide Details During the Second World War, he continued to serve in the British forces, while two of his brothers-in-law, Prince Christopher of Hesse and Berthold, Margrave of Baden, fought on the opposing German side.
  • 1937
    In 1937, his sister Cecilie, her husband (Georg Donatus, Hereditary Grand Duke of Hesse), her two young sons and her mother-in-law were killed in an air crash at Ostend; Philip, then sixteen years old, attended the funeral in Darmstadt.
    More Details Hide Details The following year, his uncle and guardian Lord Milford Haven died of cancer of the bone marrow.
  • 1933
    In 1933, he was sent to Schule Schloss Salem in Germany, which had the "advantage of saving school fees" because it was owned by the family of his brother-in-law, Berthold, Margrave of Baden.
    More Details Hide Details With the rise of Nazism in Germany, Salem's Jewish founder, Kurt Hahn, fled persecution and founded Gordonstoun School in Scotland. After two terms at Salem, Philip moved to Gordonstoun.
  • 1928
    Philip was first educated at an American school in Paris run by Donald MacJannet, who described Philip as a "rugged, boisterous boy, but always remarkably polite". In 1928, he was sent to the United Kingdom to attend Cheam School, living with his maternal grandmother at Kensington Palace and his uncle, George Mountbatten, 2nd Marquess of Milford Haven, at Lynden Manor in Bray, Berkshire.
    More Details Hide Details In the next three years, his four sisters married German noblemen and moved to Germany, his mother was placed in an asylum after being diagnosed with schizophrenia, and his father moved to a small flat in Monte Carlo. Philip had little contact with his mother for the remainder of his childhood.
  • 1922
    The war went badly for Greece, and the Turks made large gains. On 22 September 1922, Philip's uncle, King Constantine I, was forced to abdicate, and the new military government arrested Prince Andrew, along with others.
    More Details Hide Details The commander of the army, General Georgios Hatzianestis, and five senior politicians were executed. Prince Andrew's life was believed to be in danger, and Alice was under surveillance. In December, a revolutionary court banished Prince Andrew from Greece for life. The British naval vessel HMS Calypso evacuated Prince Andrew's family, with Philip carried to safety in a cot made from a fruit box. Philip's family went to France, where they settled in the Paris suburb of Saint-Cloud in a house lent to them by his wealthy aunt, Princess George of Greece and Denmark. Because he left the country as a baby, he does not have a strong grasp of Greek. In 1992, Philip said that he "could understand a certain amount of" the language.
  • 1921
    Prince Philip of Greece and Denmark was born in Mon Repos on the Greek island of Corfu on 10 June 1921, the only son and fifth and final child of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Alice of Battenberg.
    More Details Hide Details Philip's four elder sisters were Margarita, Theodora, Cecilie, and Sophie. He was baptised into the Greek Orthodox Church. His godparents were Queen Olga of Greece (his paternal grandmother) and the Mayor of Corfu. Shortly after Philip's birth, his maternal grandfather, Prince Louis of Battenberg, then known as Louis Mountbatten, Marquess of Milford Haven, died in London. Louis was a naturalised British citizen, who, after a career in the Royal Navy, had renounced his German titles and adopted the surname Mountbatten during the First World War. After visiting London for the memorial, Philip and his mother returned to Greece where Prince Andrew had remained behind to command an army division embroiled in the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922).
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