Dylan Thomas
Welsh poet and writer
Dylan Thomas
Dylan Marlais Thomas was a Welsh poet who is regarded by many critics and historians as one of the most innovative English language poets of the 20th century. In addition to poetry, he wrote short stories and scripts for film and radio, including British propaganda media during World War II. His best known works include the "play for voices" Under Milk Wood and the villanelle for his dying father, "Do not go gentle into that good night".
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Dylan Thomas's personal information overview.
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GLOBAL SOCCER; Swansea's Lovely, Ugly Road to a Dream
NYTimes - over 5 years
LONDON — The poet Dylan Thomas once described his hometown, Swansea, as a “lovely, ugly town.” He would have drawn fully on those conflicting thoughts this weekend when, out of tragedy, Swansea’s soccer club scored its first goals and won its first match in top-flight soccer in 28 years. Swansea, now grown into a city, is
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MUSIC REVIEW; Irene Forces Mostly Mozart's End, and Unfinished Works Are the Focus
NYTimes - over 5 years
You would not have guessed that it was the eve of Hurricane Irene weekend from the placid scene at Lincoln Center on Friday night. The weather was humid but mild; there were people buying gelato, tourists taking photos of the plaza and music lovers heading into Avery Fisher Hall for what was supposed to have been the next-to-last performance of
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Michael Lista, On Poetry: A literary form designed to break your heart - National Post (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Two of the most famous poems of the last 100 years are villanelles: “Do not go gentle into that good night” by Dylan Thomas and “One Art” by Elizabeth Bishop. A standard one is composed of five tercets, or three-line stanzas, and a concluding quatrain,
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Honor roll: Northern High School, fourth marking period - Patriot-News
Google News - over 5 years
... Janaya Sachs, Sarah Sanders, Mikayla Sandner, Andrew Sheffer, Alexis Shovel, Joshua Smeltzer, Allison Spoonhour, Collin Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Caleb Thompson, Randall Violette, Annemarie Webb, Michelle Yeager, Trevor Zack and Matthew Zook
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We remember you well, Chelsea Hotel - Montreal Gazette
Google News - over 5 years
Dylan Thomas drank himself to death there, and Leonard Cohen famously pleasured Janis Joplin there, giving rise to one of his most famous songs - and the most famous celebration in song of a hotel ever - "I remember you well in the Chelsea Hotel,
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THE WEEK AHEAD; Aug. 21 -- 27
NYTimes - over 5 years
Theater Ben Brantley As many New Yorkers know all too well, real estate can quickly turn surreal. What are those scratching, House of Usher-like sounds coming from the walls of your new co-op? Who is that shadowy gnomelike figure who's always in the building's lobby? The WOODSHED COLLECTIVE, a venturesome site-specific theater troupe, is tapping
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The Week Ahead | Aug. 21 - Aug. 27
NYTimes - over 5 years
Classical Vivien Schweitzer On Sunday, Monday and Tuesday in the cozy Cornelia Street Café, the pianist Jed Distler (the artistic director of Composers Collaborative) hosts the MANO-A-MANO PIANO FESTIVAL, exploring minimalist, modernist and jazz works. On Sunday, Jerry Kuderna plays Elliott Carter's moody ''Night Fantasies,'' Roger Sessions's
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Last updated at 7:00 PM on 20th August 2011 - Daily Mail
Google News - over 5 years
Dylan Thomas drank himself to death in 205, playwright Arthur Miller got over his break-up with Marilyn Monroe in 614 and Bob Dylan stayed up for days in 211 'writin' Sad Eyed Lady Of The Lowlands'. Sid Vicious claimed he couldn't remember stabbing his
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A new chapter in North Jersey poet's journey - NorthJersey.com
Google News - over 5 years
"Even the chambermaids and housekeepers of my hotel would stop to talk to you about poetry, or the taxi driver would recite some lines of Dylan Thomas," says poet Laura Boss, a onetime Rutherford resident who recently discovered just how hospitable the
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Virginia Prison Refuses to Allow Inmate to Buy Dylan Thomas Poetry CD - AllGov
Google News - over 5 years
Virginia's correctional department has been ordered by a federal judge to explain why it allows prisoners to have only religious CDs, after an inmate sued for being denied a collection of Dylan Thomas' poetry. Plaintiff Owen North filed his lawsuit
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Prison Can't Duck Suit Over Dylan Thomas CD - Courthouse News Service
Google News - over 5 years
(CN) - Virginia prison officials must show a legitimate reason to ban Welsh poet Dylan Thomas' poetry recordings on the grounds that they only allow inmates access to religious spoken word CDs, in part thanks to Thomas' famous Welsh
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Gregory Distribution buys Dylan Thomas International - Insider Media
Google News - over 5 years
Gregory Distribution Limited (GDL), which is based in Devon, has bought transport business Dylan Thomas International for an undisclosed sum. The deal means that GDL now has a presence in Wales, as well as the South West and Scotland
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The Edge of Love: fuzzy at the edges - The Guardian (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
Dylan Thomas's poetry was first published in the 1930s, when he was still a teenager. His deep, sonorous voice and beautiful language made him a celebrity on the wireless; his most famous work – Under Milk Wood – was written for radio
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Famous residents of the Chelsea Hotel - Telegraph.co.uk
Google News - over 5 years
Welsh writer Dylan Thomas stayed at the hotel in 1953 and almost died there. He had returned to the Chelsea after a drinking session at one of New York's pubs and became so unwell that he had to be taken to hospital after suffering breathing ... - -
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SPOTLIGHT | BAY SHORE; Visual Meditations On Death
NYTimes - over 5 years
''Death may be the greatest of all human blessings,'' the Greek philosopher Socrates wrote. Many years later, the Welsh poet Dylan Thomas offered a divergent view: ''Do not go gentle into that good night.'' Artists and thinkers may not agree on the meaning or possible benefits of our preordained journey to the great beyond, but many seem disposed
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3rd First Crop Winner for World Champion - Bloodstock.com.au
Google News - over 5 years
There aren't many colts that can have retired to stud with better credentials than Dylan Thomas. A 6 time G1 winning son of an internationally revered wonder sire in Danehill, he is bred along the same lines as a Champion sire in Danehill Dancer and
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How We Met: Patrick Wolf & Patti Smith - The Independent
Google News - over 5 years
I'd done a show at a Dylan Thomas festival in Wales, and the next day I bumped into her in the hall of the hotel we were all staying in. I didn't know any of her music; to me she was just the next person on the bill. She's a big fan of wind and reed
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Dylan Thomas
    THIRTIES
  • 1953
    Age 38
    In the first few months of 1953 his sister died from liver cancer, one of his patrons took an overdose of sleeping pills, three friends died at an early age and Caitlin had an abortion.
    More Details Hide Details Dead men naked they shall be one With the man in the wind and the west moon; When their bones are picked clean and the clean bones gone, They shall have stars at elbow and foot; Though they go mad they shall be sane, Though they sink through the sea they shall rise again Though lovers be lost love shall not; And death shall have no dominion. He was ill, complaining of chest trouble and gout while still in Britain, though there is no record he received medical treatment for either condition. He was in a melancholy mood about the trip and his health was poor, relying on an inhaler to aid his breathing and there were reports that he was suffering from blackouts. His visit to say goodbye to BBC producer Philip Burton, a few days before he left for New York, was interrupted by a blackout. On his last night in London, he had another, in the company of his fellow poet Louis MacNeice. The next day, he visited a doctor for a smallpox vaccination certificate.
    His body was returned to Wales where he was interred at the village churchyard in Laugharne on 25 November 1953.
    More Details Hide Details Though Thomas wrote exclusively in the English language, he has been acknowledged as one of the most important Welsh poets of the 20th century. He is noted for his original, rhythmic and ingenious use of words and imagery. Thomas's position as one of the great modern poets has been much discussed, and he remains popular with the public.
    During his fourth trip to New York in 1953, Thomas became gravely ill and fell into a coma, from which he never recovered.
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    Thomas flew to the States on 19 October 1953 for what would be his final tour.
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    After returning home, Thomas worked on Under Milk Wood in Wales before sending the original manuscript to Douglas Cleverdon on 15 October 1953.
    More Details Hide Details It was copied and returned to Thomas, who lost it in a pub in London and required a duplicate to take to America.
    In April 1953 Thomas returned alone for a third tour of America.
    More Details Hide Details He performed a "work in progress" version of Under Milk Wood, solo, for the first time at Harvard University on 3 May. A week later the work was performed with a full cast at the Poetry Centre in New York. He met the deadline only after being locked in a room by Brinnin's assistant, Liz Reitell, and was still editing the script on the afternoon of the performance; its last lines were handed to the actors as they put on their makeup. In the wake of the play's US success, the composer Stravinsky invited Thomas to write a libretto for an opera. Thomas spent the last nine or ten days of his third tour in New York mostly in the company of Reitell, with whom he had an affair. During this time Thomas fractured his arm falling down a flight of stairs when drunk. Reitell's doctor, Milton Feltenstein, put his arm in plaster and treated him for gout and gastritis.
  • 1952
    Age 37
    Thomas's father "DJ" died on 16 December 1952 and his mother Florence in August 1958.
    More Details Hide Details Thomas's elder son, Llewelyn, died in 2000, his daughter, Aeronwy in 2009 and his youngest son Colm in 2012. Caitlin Thomas's autobiographies, Caitlin Thomas – Leftover Life to Kill (1957) and My Life with Dylan Thomas: Double Drink Story (1997), describe the destructive effect of alcoholism on the poet and to their relationship. "But ours was a drink story, not a love story, just like millions of others. Our one and only true love was drink", she wrote and "The bar was our altar". Biographer Andrew Lycett ascribed the demise of Thomas's health to an alcoholic co-dependent relationship with his wife, who deeply resented his extramarital affairs. Thomas died intestate with assets to the value of £100. Thomas's refusal to align with any literary group or movement has made him and his work difficult to categorize. Although influenced by the modern symbolism and surrealism movement he refused to follow its creed. Instead Thomas is viewed as part of the modernism and romanticism movements, though attempts to pigeon-hole him within a particular neo-romantic school have been unsuccessful. Elder Olson, in his 1954 critical study of Thomas's poetry, wrote " a further characteristic which distinguished Thomas's work from that of other poets. It was unclassifiable." Olson continued that in a postmodern age that continually attempted to demand that poetry have social reference, none could be found in Thomas's work, and that his work was so obscure that critics could not explicate it.
    Thomas's father died from pneumonia just before Christmas 1952.
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    Thomas undertook a second tour of the United States in 1952, this time with Caitlin - after she had discovered he had been unfaithful on his earlier trip.
    More Details Hide Details They drank heavily, and Thomas began to suffer with gout and lung problems. The second tour was the most intensive of the four, taking in 46 engagements. The trip also resulted in Thomas recording his first poetry to vinyl, which Caedmon Records released in America later that year. One of his works recorded during this time, A Child's Christmas in Wales, became his most popular prose work in America. The original 1952 recording of A Child's Christmas in Wales was a 2008 selection for the United States National Recording Registry, stating that it is "credited with launching the audiobook industry in the United States".
    Thomas would describe the flat as his "London house of horror" and did not return there after his 1952 tour of America.
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  • 1951
    Age 36
    She bought a property, 54 Delancey Street, in Camden Town, and in late 1951 Thomas and Caitlin lived in the basement flat.
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    Despite Cleverdon's urges, the script slipped from Thomas's priorities and in early 1951 he took a trip to Iran to work on a film for the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company.
    More Details Hide Details The film was never made, with Thomas returning to Wales in February, though his time there allowed him to provide a few minutes of material for a BBC documentary entitled 'Persian Oil'. Early that year Thomas wrote two poems, which Thomas's principal biographer, Paul Ferris describes as "unusually blunt"; the ribald "Lament" and an ode, in the form of a villanelle, to his dying father "Do not go gentle into that good night". Despite a range of wealthy patrons, including Margaret Taylor, Princess Marguerite Caetani and Marged Howard-Stepney, Thomas was still in financial difficulty, and he wrote several begging letters to notable literary figures including the likes of T. S. Eliot. Taylor was not keen on Thomas taking another trip to the United States, and thought that if Thomas had a permanent address in London he would be able to gain steady work there.
  • 1950
    Age 35
    On returning to Britain Thomas began work on two further poems, "In the white giant's thigh", which he read on the Third Programme in September 1950, and the incomplete "In country heaven". 1950 is also believed to be the year that he began work on 'Under Milk Wood', under the working title 'The Town That Was Mad'.
    More Details Hide Details The task of seeing this work through to production was assigned to the BBC's Douglas Cleverdon, who had been responsible for casting Thomas in 'Paradise Lost'.
    John Brinnin invited Thomas to New York, where in 1950 they embarked on a lucrative three-month tour of arts centres and campuses.
    More Details Hide Details The tour, which began in front of an audience of a thousand at the Kaufmann Auditorium of the Poetry Centre in New York, took in about 40 venues. During the tour Thomas was invited to many parties and functions and on several occasions became drunk - going out of his way to shock people - and was a difficult guest. Thomas drank before some of his readings, though it is argued he may have pretended to be more affected by it than he actually was. The writer Elizabeth Hardwick recalled how intoxicating a performer he was and how the tension would build before a performance: "Would he arrive only to break down on the stage? Would some dismaying scene take place at the faculty party? Would he be offensive, violent, obscene?" Caitlin said in her memoir, "Nobody ever needed encouragement less, and he was drowned in it."
  • 1949
    Age 34
    Just before moving into there, Thomas rented "Pelican House" opposite his regular drinking den, Brown's Hotel, for his parents who lived there from 1949 until 1953. It was there that his father died and the funeral was held. Caitlin gave birth to their third child, a boy named Colm Garan Hart, on 25 July 1949.
    More Details Hide Details
    In May 1949 Thomas and his family moved to his final home, the Boat House at Laugharne purchased for him at a cost of £2,500 in April 1949 by Margaret Taylor.
    More Details Hide Details Thomas acquired a garage a hundred yards from the house on a cliff ledge which he turned into his writing shed, and where he wrote several of his most acclaimed poems.
  • 1946
    Age 31
    In late 1946 Thomas turned up at the Taylors' again, this time homeless and with Caitlin.
    More Details Hide Details Margaret Taylor let them take up residence in the garden summerhouse.
    On 29 September 1946, the BBC began transmitting the Third Programme, a high-culture network which provided opportunities for Thomas.
    More Details Hide Details He appeared in the play Comus for Third Programme, the day after the network launched, and his rich, sonorous voice led to character parts, including the lead in Aeschylus' Agamemnon and Satan in an adaptation of Paradise Lost. Thomas remained a popular guest on radio talk shows for the BBC who regarded him as "useful should a younger generation poet be needed". He had an uneasy relationship with BBC management and a staff job was never an option, with drinking cited as the problem. Despite this, Thomas became a familiar radio voice and within Britain was "in every sense a celebrity". Thomas visited the home of historian A. J. P. Taylor in Disley. Although Taylor disliked him intensely, he stayed for a month, drinking "on a monumental scale", up to 15 or 20 pints of beer a day.
  • 1945
    Age 30
    In the second half of 1945, Thomas began reading for the BBC Radio programme, Book of Verse, broadcast weekly to the Far East providing Thomas with a regular income and bringing him into contact with Louis MacNeice, a congenial drinking companion whose advice Thomas cherished.
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    By late September 1945 the Thomases had left Wales and were living with various friends in London.
    More Details Hide Details The publication of Deaths and Entrances in 1946 was a turning point for Thomas. Poet and critic Walter J. Turner commented in The Spectator, "This book alone, in my opinion, ranks him as a major poet".
    On 31 August 1945 the BBC Home Service broadcast Quite Early One Morning, and in the three years beginning October 1945, Thomas made over a hundred broadcasts for the corporation.
    More Details Hide Details Thomas was employed not only for his poetry readings, but for discussions and critiques.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1944
    Age 29
    In December 1944 he recorded Quite Early One Morning (produced by Aneirin Talfan Davies, again for the Welsh BBC) but when Davies offered it for national broadcast BBC London turned it down.
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  • 1943
    Age 28
    Although Thomas had previously written for the BBC, it was a minor source of income and the occurrences intermittent. In 1943 he wrote and recorded a 15-minute talk entitled "Reminiscences of Childhood" for the Welsh BBC.
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    In early 1943 Thomas began a relationship with Pamela Glendower, one of several affairs he had during his marriage. The affairs either ran out of steam or were halted after Caitlin discovered his infidelity. In March 1943 Caitlin gave birth to a daughter, Aeronwy, in London.
    More Details Hide Details They lived in a run-down studio in Chelsea, made up of a single large room with a curtain to separate the kitchen. In 1944, with the threat of German flying bombs on London, Thomas moved to the family cottage in Blaen Cwm near Llangain, where Thomas resumed writing poetry, completing "Holy Spring" and "Vision and Prayer". In September Thomas and Caitlin moved to New Quay in West Wales which inspired Thomas to pen the radio piece Quite Early One Morning, a sketch for his later work, Under Milk Wood. Of the poetry written at this time, of note is "Fern Hill", believed to have been started while living in New Quay, but completed at Blaen Cwm in mid-1945.
  • 1942
    Age 27
    Strand produced films for the MOI; Thomas scripted at least five films in 1942, This Is Colour (a history of the British dyeing industry) and New Towns For Old (on post-war reconstruction).
    More Details Hide Details These Are The Men (1943) was a more ambitious piece in which Thomas's verse accompanies Leni Riefenstahl's footage of an early Nuremberg Rally. Conquest of a Germ (1944) explored the use of early antibiotics in the fight against pneumonia and tuberculosis. Our Country (1945) was a romantic tour of Britain set to Thomas's poetry.
  • 1941
    Age 26
    In May 1941, Thomas and Caitlin moved to London, leaving their son with his grandmother at Blashford in Hampshire.
    More Details Hide Details Thomas hoped to find employment in the film industry and wrote to the director of the films division of the Ministry of Information (MOI). After being rebuffed he found work with Strand Films providing him with his first regular income since the Daily Post.
  • 1940
    Age 25
    Hounded by creditors, Thomas and his family left Laugharne in July 1940 and moved to the home of critic John Davenport in Marshfield, Gloucestershire.
    More Details Hide Details There Thomas collaborated with Davenport on the satire The Death of the King's Canary, though due to fears of libel the work was not published until 1976. At the outset of the Second World War, Thomas was worried about conscription and referred to his ailment as "an unreliable lung". Coughing sometimes confined him to bed and he had a history of bringing up blood and mucus. After initially seeking employment in a reserved occupation, he managed to be classified Grade III, which meant that he would be among the last to be called up for service. Saddened to see his friends going on active service, he continued drinking and struggled to support his family. He wrote begging letters to random literary figures asking for support, a plan he hoped would provide a long-term regular income. Thomas supplemented his income by writing scripts for the BBC, which not only gave him additional earnings but also provided evidence that he was producing essential war work.
  • 1939
    Age 24
    In 1939 The Map of Love appeared as a collection of 16 poems and seven of the 20 short stories published by Thomas in magazines since 1934.
    More Details Hide Details Ten stories in his next book, Portrait of the Artist as a Young Dog (1940), were based less on lavish fantasy than The Map of Love and more on real-life romances featuring himself in Wales. Sales of both books were poor, resulting in Thomas living on meagre fees from writing and reviewing. At this time he borrowed heavily from friends and acquaintances.
  • 1937
    Age 22
    While living in London, Thomas met Caitlin Macnamara, whom he married in 1937.
    More Details Hide Details Their relationship was defined by alcoholism and was mutually destructive. In the early part of their marriage, Thomas and his family lived hand-to-mouth, settling in the Welsh fishing village of Laugharne. Thomas came to be appreciated as a popular poet during his lifetime, and he found earning a living as a writer difficult. He began augmenting his income with reading tours and radio broadcasts. His radio recordings for the BBC during the late 1940s brought him to the public's attention, and he was frequently used by the BBC as a populist voice of the literary scene. Thomas first traveled to the United States in the 1950s. This is where his readings brought him a level of fame while his erratic behaviour and drinking worsened. His time in America cemented Thomas's legend, however, and he went on to record to vinyl such works as A Child's Christmas in Wales.
  • 1936
    Age 21
    Although Caitlin initially continued her relationship with John, she and Thomas began a correspondence, and in the second half of 1936 were courting. They married at the register office in Penzance, Cornwall, on 11 July 1937.
    More Details Hide Details In early 1938 they moved to Wales, renting a cottage in the village of Laugharne, Carmarthenshire. Their first child, Llewelyn Edouard, was born on 30 January 1939. By the late 1930s, Thomas was embraced as the "poetic herald" for a group of English poets, the New Apocalyptics. Thomas refused to align himself with them and declined to sign their manifesto. He later stated that he believed they were "intellectual muckpots leaning on a theory". Despite this, many of the group, including Henry Treece, modelled their work on Thomas.
    In early 1936, Thomas met Caitlin Macnamara (1913–1994), a 22-year-old blonde-haired, blue-eyed dancer of Irish descent.
    More Details Hide Details She had run away from home, intent on making a career in dance, and aged 18 joined the chorus line at the London Palladium. Introduced by Augustus John, Caitlin's lover, they met in The Wheatsheaf pub on Rathbone Place in London's West End. Laying his head in her lap, a drunken Thomas proposed. Thomas liked to comment that he and Caitlin were in bed together ten minutes after they first met.
    In 1936, his next collection Twenty-five Poems, published by J. M. Dent, also received much critical praise.
    More Details Hide Details In all, he wrote half his poems while living at Cwmdonkin Drive before moving to London. It was the time that Thomas's reputation for heavy drinking developed.
  • 1935
    Age 20
    In December 1935 Thomas contributed the poem "The Hand That Signed the Paper" to Issue 18 of the bi-monthly New Verse.
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    In September 1935, Thomas met Vernon Watkins, thus beginning a lifelong friendship.
    More Details Hide Details Thomas introduced Watkins, working at Lloyds Bank at the time, to his friends, now known as The Kardomah Gang. In those days, Thomas used to frequent the cinema on Mondays with Tom Warner who, like Watkins, had recently suffered a nervous breakdown. After these trips, Warner would bring Thomas back for supper with his aunt. On one occasion, when she served him a boiled egg, she had to cut its top off for him, as Thomas did not know how to do this. This was because his mother had done it for him all this life, an example of her coddling him. Years later, his wife Caitlin would still have to prepare his eggs for him.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1934
    Age 19
    They contacted Thomas and his first poetry volume, 18 Poems, was published in December 1934. 18 Poems was noted for its visionary qualities which led to critic Desmond Hawkins writing that the work was "the sort of bomb that bursts no more than once in three years".
    More Details Hide Details The volume was critically acclaimed and won a contest run by the Sunday Referee, netting him new admirers from the London poetry world, including Edith Sitwell and Edwin Muir. The anthology was published by Fortune Press, in part a vanity publisher that did not pay its writers and expected them to buy a certain number of copies themselves. A similar arrangement was used by other new authors including Philip Larkin.
  • 1933
    Age 18
    Thomas was a teenager when many of the poems for which he became famous were published: "And death shall have no dominion", "Before I Knocked" and "The Force That Through the Green Fuse Drives the Flower". "And death shall have no dominion" appeared in the New English Weekly in May 1933.
    More Details Hide Details When "Light breaks where no sun shines" appeared in The Listener in 1934, it caught the attention of three senior figures in literary London, T. S. Eliot, Geoffrey Grigson and Stephen Spender.
    In 1933, Thomas visited London for probably the first time.
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  • 1930
    Age 15
    Thomas continued to work as a freelance journalist for several years during which time he remained at Cwmdonkin Drive where he continued to add to his notebooks, amassing 200 poems in four books between 1930 and 1934.
    More Details Hide Details Of the 90 poems he published, half were written during these years. In his free time, he joined the amateur dramatic group at the Little Theatre in Mumbles, visited the cinema in Uplands, took walks along Swansea Bay, and frequented Swansea's pubs, especially the Antelope and the Mermaid Hotels in Mumbles. In the Kardomah Café, close to the newspaper office in Castle Street, he met his creative contemporaries, including his friend the poet Vernon Watkins. The group of writers, musicians and artists became known as "The Kardomah Gang".
  • 1928
    Age 13
    In June 1928 Thomas won the school's mile race, held at St. Helen's Ground; he carried a newspaper photograph of his victory with him until his death.
    More Details Hide Details In 1931, when he was 16, Thomas left school to become a reporter for the South Wales Daily Post, only to leave under pressure 18 months later.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1925
    Age 10
    In October 1925, Thomas enrolled at Swansea Grammar School for boys, in Mount Pleasant, where his father taught English.
    More Details Hide Details He was an undistinguished pupil who shied away from school, preferring reading. In his first year one of his poems was published in the school's magazine and before he left he became its editor. During his final school years he began writing poetry in notebooks, the first poem dated 27 April (1930), is entitled "Osiris, come to Isis".
  • 1914
    Born
    Dylan Thomas was born on 27 October 1914 in Swansea, the son of Florence Hannah (née Williams; 1882–1958), a seamstress, and David John Thomas (1876–1952), a teacher.
    More Details Hide Details His father had a first-class honours degree in English from University College, Aberystwyth, and ambitions to rise above his position teaching English literature at the local grammar school. Thomas had one sibling, Nancy (Nancy Marles 1906–1953), who was nine years older. The children spoke only English though their parents were bilingual in English and Welsh, and David Thomas gave Welsh lessons at home. Thomas's father chose the name Dylan, which could be translated as "son of the sea", after Dylan ail Don, a character in The Mabinogion. His middle name, Marlais, was given in honour of his great-uncle, William Thomas, a Unitarian minister and poet whose bardic name was Gwilym Marles. Dylan, pronounced ˈ (Dull-an) in Welsh, caused his mother to worry he might be teased as the "dull one". When he broadcast on Welsh BBC, early in his career, he was introduced using this pronunciation. Thomas favoured the Anglicised pronunciation and gave instructions that it should be Dillan.
Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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