Earl Hines

Jazz Pianist
Born Dec 28, 1903

Earl Kenneth Hines, universally known as Earl "Fatha" Hines, was an American jazz pianist. Hines was one of the most influential figures in the development of modern jazz piano and, according to one major source, is "one of a small number of pianists whose playing shaped the history of jazz".… Read More

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1903 Birth Earl Hines was born in Duquesne, Pennsylvania, 12 miles from Pittsburgh city center, in 1903. … Read More


1921 17 Years Old …  In 1921 Hines and Deppe became the first African Americans ever to perform on radio and, still in the very early days of recordings, Hines' first recordings were accompanying Deppe – four sides recorded with Gennett Records in 1923. … Read More


1925 21 Years Old In 1925, after much family debate, Hines moved to Chicago, Illinois. … Read More
1927 23 Years Old Armstrong and Hines became good friends and shared a car. Armstrong joined Hines in Carroll Dickerson's band at the Sunset Cafe. In 1927, this became Armstrong's band under the musical direction of Hines. … Read More
1928 24 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In 1928, he recorded with Noone (14 sides), then again with Armstrong (for a total of 38 sides with Armstrong), and recorded his first piano solos late in 1928: eight for QRS Records in New York then seven for Okeh Records in Chicago, all except two his own compositions. … Read More


1935 31 Years Old Perry recorded several times with Hines, including "Body & Soul" in 1935.
1940 36 Years Old 1 More Event
They stayed together till 1940 when Hines "divorced" her to marry Ann Jones Reed, but this was soon "indefinitely postponed".
1943 39 Years Old Apart from Parker and Gillespie, other Hines 'modernists' included Gene Ammons, Gail Brockman, Scoops Carry, Goon Gardner, Wardell Gray, Bennie Green, Benny Harris, Harry 'Pee-Wee' Jackson, Shorty McConnell, Cliff Smalls, Shadow Wilson and Sarah Vaughan, who replaced Eckstine as the band singer in 1943 and stayed for a year. … Read More


1946 42 Years Old In July 1946, Hines received serious head injuries in a car crash near Houston which, despite an operation, affected his eyesight for the rest of his life. … Read More
1947 43 Years Old 1 More Event
Hines then married Janie Moses in 1947 and they had two daughters, Janear (born 1950) and Tosca.
1948 44 Years Old In early 1948, Hines joined up again with Armstrong in what became the "Louis Armstrong and his All-Stars" 'small-band'. … Read More
1951 47 Years Old Armstrong said of the difficulties, mainly over billing, "Hines and his ego, ego, ego." but after 3 years and to Armstrong's annoyance, in 1951 Hines left the All-Stars. … Read More


1954 50 Years Old In 1954, he toured his then seven-piece group nationwide with the Harlem Globetrotters, but, at the start of the jazz-lean 1960s and old enough to retire, Hines settled "home" in Oakland, California, with his wife and two young daughters, Janear and Tosca, opened a tobacconist's, and came close to giving up the profession.


Then, in 1964, thanks to Stanley Dance, Hines' determined friend and unofficial manager, Hines was "suddenly rediscovered" following a series of recitals at The Little Theatre in New York that Dance had cajoled him into. … Read More
1966 62 Years Old Down Beat also elected him the world's "No. 1 Jazz Pianist" in 1966 (and did so again five further times). … Read More
1968 64 Years Old He toured South America in 1968 and then added Asia, Australia, Japan and, in 1966, the Soviet Union to his list of State Department-funded destinations. … Read More
1975 71 Years Old In 1975, Hines was the subject of an hour-long television documentary film made by ATV (for Britain's commercial ITV channel), out-of-hours at the Blues Alley nightclub in Washington, DC. … Read More
1976 72 Years Old Both of Hines' daughters died before him: Tosca in 1976 and Janear in 1981. Janie divorced him on June 14, 1979.
1983 79 Years Old Died on April 22, 1983.
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