Édith Piaf
Singer, songwriter, actress
Édith Piaf
Biography
View basic information about Édith Piaf.
Birthday
19 December 1915
Deceased
10 October 1963
home town
France
Death Place
Plascassier
Career Highlights
Some highlights of Édith Piafs career
Label
Édith piaf
Alternative names
Gassion, %C3%89dith Giovanna
Birth name
Édith Giovanna Gassion
Active years end year
1963-01-01t00:00:00+02:00
Photo Albums
Popular photos of Édith Piaf
News
News abour Édith Piaf from around the web
Britain's Got Talent singing granny Janey Cutler dies aged 82 - Metro
Google News - over 5 years
Janey shot to fame in 2010 after wowing judges Simon Cowell, Amanda Holden and Piers Morgan with her rendition of Edith Piaf's Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien and at one stage she was tipped to win the series. After her first audition, viewers dubbed the ... -
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ED2011 Music Review: Piaf Christine Bovill Performs Piaf - ThreeWeeks News
Google News - over 5 years
From 'La Vie En Rose' to 'Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien', you can almost hear the sorrow and heartache of Edith Piaf in the husky yet soaring vocals of Bovill as she transports you back to 1940s France. Between songs, Bovill speaks a bit about the
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Dream Côte - Yorkshire Post
Google News - over 5 years
Screwing her face up with the raw emotion of Edith Piaf, she breaks into Non, Je Ne Regrette Rien. Singing to her husband with whom she is celebrating a 60th wedding anniversary, she brings the house down. The only pity is that few other guests at this
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Music review: Piaf - Edinburgh Festivals
Google News - over 5 years
Christine Bovill's heartfelt and loving homage to the legendary Edith Piaf brings back all the trauma of watching the harrowing Marion Cotillard biopic of a few years back. Bovill does a great job of celebrating Piaf without resorting to doing a Stars
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Martha Wainwright sings Edith Piaf - CBC.ca
Google News - over 5 years
And although a daunting quest, the idea to tackle the 'oeuvre' of France's legendary femme fatale Edith Piaf seemed to spark her imagination. Wainwright's attachment to 'la chanson française' lifted what might have been a merely interesting vanity
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VOWS; Jacques Beaumont and Richard Townsend
NYTimes - over 5 years
MANY years ago, when Richard Townsend was still a student at Tufts, he was clever enough to score an interview with the young Audrey Hepburn, then touring Boston in ''Gigi.'' He was no stage-door Johnny. ''I was much too cool for that,'' he said. He wrote her a letter saying a theater group at school had voted her as the actress of the year (just a
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Being Edith Piaf at the Hole in the Wall - JohnJohnSaidIt.com
Google News - over 5 years
Kilkenny locals and visitors to the city during Arts Week are promised an unforgettable night in the Hole in the Wall, as Cashel Downs girl Ciara McCollam performs her astounding 'being Edith Piaf' show. just 21 years old, Ms McCollam was 'discovered'
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Jam & Banter - An Evening with Leftover Cuties - 89.3 KPCC
Google News - over 5 years
Special musical guest Leftover Cuties have been making waves around Los Angeles and beyond with their endearing and infectious Edith Piaf-influenced modern cabaret pop. Their music can be heard on FX's Justified and Showtime's The Big C, starring Laura
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John Gibson: A tribute to the wee Sparrow - Edinburgh Evening News
Google News - over 5 years
In the former Daniel's bistro, new owner Jean Michel Gauffre is promoting a sell-out Evening with Edith Piaf to celebrate Bastille Day. The dinner cabaret will star Christine Bovil as Edith Piaf, once a national heroine in France, known for her singing
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KCRW Presents: Anna Calvi - NPR
Google News - over 5 years
It's tough to take your eyes off her, whether she's reworking the '50s pop standard "Jezebel" (famously covered by Edith Piaf) or re-interpreting her own creations, like "Desire" and "Suzanne and I." Calvi clearly has something special: Brian Eno has
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Edith Piaf at the International Festival of the Arts, Buskett - Times of Malta
Google News - over 5 years
The International Festival of Arts will tonight present Teatro Potlach's Edith Piaf – a journey in the famous French singer's life and times – French gangsters, women in love, passions, dreams, memories... Piaf's life was astride the huge upheavals
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Piaf tribute has The Voice - London Free Press
Google News - over 5 years
Melanie Gall's strong vocal performance provides an excellent tribute to French songstress Edith Piaf, who went from the streets of Paris to international fame. Melanie Gall channels French songstress Edith Piaf
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KZN boardwalk - June 21, 2011 - Independent Online
Google News - over 5 years
Featuring songs by legends such as Tina Turner, Shania Twain, Celine Dion, Rihanna, Mariah Carey and Edith Piaf, among others. Mari-Louise Basson sets the stage alight with her cutting-edge choreography. 8pm. R125 at Computicket: 083 915 8000
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Giant of Quebec music wrote songs for Edith Piaf - Edmonton Journal
Google News - over 5 years
Q uébécois chansonnier and actor Claude Leveillee -who rose to international stardom in the early 1960s after penning songs for Edith Piaf -died June 9, apparently of a heart attack. He was 78 years old. Leveillee had been ill for some time
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Édith Piaf
1915
Despite numerous biographies, much of Piaf's life is unknown. She was born Édith Giovanna Gassion in Belleville, Paris. Legend has it that she was born on the pavement of 72, but her birth certificate cites that she was born on 19 December 1915 at the, a hospital located at the 20th arrondissement.
She was named Édith after the World War I British nurse Edith Cavell, who was executed for helping French soldiers escape from German captivity. Piaf – slang for "sparrow" – was a nickname she received 20 years later. Louis Alphonse Gassion (1881–1944), Édith's father, was a street performer of acrobatics from Normandy with a past in the theatre. He was the son of Victor Alphonse Gassion (1850–1928) and Léontine Louise Descamps (1860–1937), known as Maman Tine, a "madam" who ran a brothel in Bernay in Normandy. Her mother, Annetta Giovanna Maillard (1895–1945) was of French descent on her father's side and of Italian and Moroccan origin on her mother's, and she was a native of Livorno, Italy. She worked as a café singer under the name Line Marsa. Her parents were Auguste Eugène Maillard (1866–1912) and Emma (Aïcha) Saïd ben Mohammed (1876–1930), daughter of Said ben Mohammed (1827–1890), a Moroccan acrobat born in Mogador, Morocco, and Marguerite Bracco (1830–1898), born in Murazzano in Italy.
1916
Piaf's mother abandoned her at birth, and she lived for a short time with her maternal grandmother, Emma (Aïcha). When her father enlisted with the French Army in 1916 to fight in World War I, he took her to his mother, who ran a brothel in Normandy.
There, prostitutes helped look after Piaf. The bordello had two floors and seven rooms, and the prostitutes were not very numerous, "about ten poor girls" as she later described, in fact five or six were permanent and a dozen for market and any busy days. The sub-mistress of the whorehouse, "Madam Gaby" could be considered a little like family since she became godmother of Denise Gassion, the half-sister born in 1931. Edith believed her weakness for men came from mixing with prostitutes in her grandmother's brothel. "I thought that when a boy called a girl, the girl would never refuse" she would say later. From the age of three to seven, Piaf was allegedly blind as a result of keratitis. According to one of her biographers, she recovered her sight after her grandmother's prostitutes pooled money to accompany her on a pilgrimage honouring Saint Thérèse of Lisieux. Piaf claimed this was the result of a miraculous healing.
1929
She and Louis-Alphonse divorced on 4 June 1929.
In 1929, at age 14, she joined her father in his acrobatic street performances all over France, where she first sang in public.
At the age of 15, Piaf met, who may have been her half-sister, to become a companion for most of her life. Together they toured the streets singing and earning money for themselves. With the additional money Piaf earned as part of an acrobatic trio, she and Mômone were able to rent their own place. Piaf later separated from her father and took a room at Grand Hôtel de Clermont (18 rue Veron, Paris 18ème), working with Mômone as a street singer in Pigalle, Ménilmontant, and the Paris suburbs (cf. the song "Elle fréquentait la Rue Pigalle").
1932
In 1932, she met and fell in love with Louis Dupont.
Within a very short time, he moved into their small room, where the three lived despite Louis' and Mômone's dislike for each other. Louis was never happy with the idea of Piaf's roaming the streets, and continually persuaded her to take jobs he found for her. She resisted his suggestions, until she became pregnant and worked for a short while making wreaths in a factory.
1933
In February 1933, the 17-year-old Piaf gave birth to her daughter, Marcelle (nicknamed Cécelle) at the Hôpital Tenon.
Like her mother, Piaf found it difficult to care for a child while living a life of the streets, as she had little maternal instinct, parenting knowledge, or domestic skills.
She rapidly returned to street singing, until the summer of 1933, when she opened at Juan-les-Pins, Rue Pigalle.
Following an intense quarrel over her behavior, Piaf left Louis Dupont (Marcelle's father) taking Mômone and Marcelle with her. The three stayed at the Hôtel Au Clair de Lune, Rue André-Antoine. During this time, Marcelle was often left alone in the room while Piaf and Mômone were out on the streets or at the club singing. Dupont eventually came and took Marcelle away, saying that if Édith wanted the child, she must come home. Like her own mother, Piaf decided not to come home, though she did pay for childcare. Marcelle died of meningitis at age two. It is rumored that Piaf slept with a man to pay for Marcelle's funeral.
1935
In 1935, Piaf was discovered in the Pigalle area of Paris by nightclub owner Louis Leplée, whose club Le Gerny's off the Champs-Élysées was frequented by the upper and lower classes alike.
He persuaded her to sing despite her extreme nervousness, which, combined with her height of only, inspired him to give her the nickname that would stay with her for the rest of her life and serve as her stage name, La Môme Piaf (Paris slang meaning "The Waif Sparrow" or "The Little Sparrow"). Leplée taught her the basics of stage presence and told her to wear a black dress, which became her trademark apparel. Later, she would always appear in black. Leplée ran an intense publicity campaign leading up to her opening night, attracting the presence of many celebrities, including actor Maurice Chevalier. Her nightclub gigs led to her first two records produced that same year, with one of them penned by Marguerite Monnot, a collaborator throughout Piaf's life and one of her favourite composers. On 6 April 1936, Leplée was murdered. Piaf was questioned and accused as an accessory, but acquitted. Leplée had been killed by mobsters with previous ties to Piaf. A barrage of negative media attention now threatened her career. To rehabilitate her image, she recruited Raymond Asso, with whom she would become romantically involved. He changed her stage name to "Édith Piaf", barred undesirable acquaintances from seeing her, and commissioned Monnot to write songs that reflected or alluded to Piaf's previous life on the streets.
1940
In 1940, Piaf co-starred in Jean Cocteau's successful one-act play Le Bel Indifférent.
The German occupation of Paris didn't stop her career, to the contrary, she began forming friendships with prominent people, including Chevalier and poet Jacques Bourgeat. She wrote the lyrics of many of her songs and collaborated with composers on the tunes.
As mentioned above, Piaf's career and fame gained momentum during the German occupation of France. She performed in various nightclubs and brothels, which flourished during the 1940–1945 Années Erotiques (book title of Patrick Buisson, director of the French history channel) Various top Paris brothels, including Le Chabanais, Le Sphinx, One Two Two, La rue des Moulins, and Chez Marguerite, were reserved for German officers and collaborating Frenchmen.
1942
In 1942, Piaf was able to afford a luxury flat in a house in the fancy 16th arrondissement of Paris, (today rue Paul-Valéry) She lived above the, a famous nightclub and bordello close to the Paris Gestapo headquarters.
Friends joined her, just for the reason that she had access to heating materials. She was, for example, invited to take part in a concert tour to Berlin, sponsored by the German officials, together with artists such as Loulou Gasté, Raymond Souplex, Viviane Romance and Albert Préjean. Piaf was deemed to have been a traitor and collaboratrice. She had to testify before a purge panel, as there were plans to ban her from appearing on radio transmissions. However her secretary Andrée Bigard, a member of the Résistance spoke in her favour after the liberation. According to Bigard, photos made during Piaf's repeated concerts in POW camps allowed falsifying documents to be used to assist French soldiers in their escape attempts.
1944
Spring 1944 saw the first cooperation and a love affair with Yves Montand in the Moulin Rouge.
In 1947, she wrote the lyrics to the song "Mais qu'est-ce que j'ai?" (music by Henri Betti) for Yves Montand. Within a year, he became one of the most famous singers in France. She broke off their relationship when he had become almost as popular as she was. During this time, she was in great demand and very successful in Paris as France's most popular entertainer. After the war, she became known internationally, touring Europe, the United States, and South America. In Paris, she gave Atahualpa Yupanqui (Héctor Roberto Chavero) – a central figure the Argentine folk music tradition – the opportunity to share the scene, making his debut in July 1950. She helped launch the career of Charles Aznavour in the early 1950s, taking him on tour with her in France and the United States and recording some of his songs. At first she met with little success with U.S. audiences, who regarded her as downcast. After a glowing 1947 review in the New York Herald Tribune by the influential New York critic Virgil Thompson, himself a contributor to international avant garde culture, however, her popularity grew, to the point where she eventually appeared on The Ed Sullivan Show eight times and at Carnegie Hall twice (1956 and 1957).
Piaf was quickly back in the singing business and then, in December 1944, she went on stage for the Allied forces together with Montand in Marseille.
Except for her daughter Marcelle whom she had at age 17 with her boyfriend, Louis Dupont, and who died of meningitis aged two, Piaf never wanted nor had any more children.
1945
Piaf's signature song, "La Vie en rose", was written in 1945 and was voted a Grammy Hall of Fame Award in 1998.
Bruno Coquatrix's famous Paris Olympia music hall is where Piaf achieved lasting fame, giving several series of concerts at the hall, the most famous venue in Paris, between January 1955 and October 1962. Excerpts from five of these concerts (1955, 1956, 1958, 1961, 1962) were issued on record and CD and have never been out of print.
1949
The love of Piaf's life, the married boxer Marcel Cerdan, died in a plane crash in October 1949, while flying from Paris to New York City to meet her.
Cerdan's Air France flight, flown on a Lockheed Constellation, crashed in the Azores, killing everyone on board, including noted violinist Ginette Neveu. Piaf and Cerdan's affair made international headlines, as Cerdan was the former middleweight world champion and a legend in France in his own right.
1951
In 1951, Piaf was seriously injured in a car crash along with Charles Aznavour, breaking her arm and two ribs, and thereafter had serious difficulties arising from morphine and alcohol addictions.
Two more near-fatal car crashes exacerbated the situation. Jacques Pills, a singer, took her into rehabilitation on three different occasions to no avail.
1952
Piaf married Jacques Pills (real name René Ducos), her first husband, in 1952 (her matron of honour was Marlene Dietrich) and divorced him in 1957.
1956
She continued to live there alone from 1956 to 1959.
1959
In her final years she lived at 23 rue Édouard Nortier in Neuilly-sur-Seine – alone from 1959 to 1962 and with Théo Sarapo from 1962 until her death in 1963.
Years of alcohol abuse alongside copious amounts of medications, initially for arthritic pain and later insomnia, took their toll on Piaf's health. A series of car accidents only exacerbated her addictions and she eventually underwent a series of surgeries for a stomach ulcer in 1959.
1961
The 1961 concerts, promised by Piaf in an effort to save the venue from bankruptcy, debuted her song "Non, je ne regrette rien".
1962
In 1962, she wed Théo Sarapo (Theophanis Lamboukas), a Greek hairdresser-turned-singer and actor who was 20 years her junior.
Coupled with a deteriorating liver and a need for a blood transfusion by 1962 she had lost a significant amount of weight reaching a low of 30 kg (66 pounds).
1963
In April 1963, Piaf recorded her last song, "L'Homme de Berlin".
Dahan's film follows Piaf's life from early childhood to her death in 1963.
David Bret's 1988 biography, Piaf, A Passionate Life, was re-released by JR Books to coincide with the film's release. 1933 1934 1935 1936 1937 1938 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 1946 1947 1948 1949 1950 1951 1952 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 The following titles are compilations of Piaf's songs, and not reissues of the titles released while Piaf was active.
Drifting in and out of consciousness for several months she died at age 47 at her villa in Plascassier (Grasse), on the French Riviera, on 10 October 1963, the day before filmmaker and friend Jean Cocteau died.
Her last words were "Every damn thing you do in this life, you have to pay for." It is said that Sarapo drove her body back to Paris secretly so that fans would think she had died in her hometown. She is buried in Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris next to her daughter Marcelle, where her grave is among the most visited. Buried in the same grave are her father, Louis-Alphonse Gassion, and Théo (Lamboukas) Sarapo. The name inscribed at the foot of the tombstone is Famille Gassion-Piaf. Her name is engraved on the side as Madame Lamboukas dite Édith Piaf. Although she was denied a funeral Mass by Cardinal Maurice Feltin because of her lifestyle, her funeral procession drew tens of thousands of mourners onto the streets of Paris and the ceremony at the cemetery was attended by more than 100,000 fans. Charles Aznavour recalled that Piaf's funeral procession was the only time since the end of World War II that he saw Parisian traffic come to a complete stop.
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