Edith Wilson
First Lady of the United states
Edith Wilson
Edith White Bolling Galt Wilson, second wife of U.S. President Woodrow Wilson, was First Lady of the United States from 1915 to 1921. She has been labeled "the Secret President" and "the first woman to run the government" for the role she played after her husband suffered a severe stroke in October 1919. She has also been called "the first female president of the United States."
Biography
Edith Bolling Galt Wilson's personal information overview.
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News
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Community Notebook: Shop Tax-free This Weekend, WHMA Adds Board Members - Williamsburg Yorktown Daily
Google News - over 5 years
She'll talk about how presidential wives made an impact, such as the unsung accomplishments of Lou Hoover and how Edith Wilson became an “imperious enforcer.” A book signing follows in the Museum Store. A Colonial Williamsburg admission ticket,
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Former First Lady Ford remembered for her candor - Newnan Times-Herald
Google News - over 5 years
She was one of eight past and future first ladies attending the John Kennedy inauguration in 1961 -- along with Edith Wilson, Eleanor Roosevelt, Bess Truman, Mamie Eisenhower, Jacqueline Kennedy, Lady Bird Johnson and Patricia Nixon
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Marvin S. "Bud" McCrary, Jr. - White Hall Journal
Google News - over 5 years
... Kelly Ann Buckelew of Port Orange, Florida, Cathy Sherwood of De Witt and Darlene Drew of Kerrville, Texas; four sisters, Helen Moustakes of Pine Bluff, Freda Manning of Panama City, Florida, Edith Wilson of Pine Bluff and Jean Smith of White Hall;
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'Reckoning With Torture' in Dramatic Readings - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
Others in the cast were Andre Sogliuzzo, Jane Edith Wilson, Ed Cunningham, Arlene Binder and Elizabeth Foldes Meiman who, along with her husband Henry Meiman, staged the presentation for St. Michael's. Excerpts of the testimonies, which you can witness
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Healdsburg Garden Club awards 'Good Gardener' certificates, scholarships - Patch.com
Google News - over 5 years
This year's winners were Kathleen Palmer-most beautiful, Edith Wilson-funniest (hat made by Mary Sykes), Corinne Williams-most creative, and Billie Harrison-most colorful (hat created by April Lance). One of the few male members of HGC,
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Gabrielle Giffords: An Update, Kind Of - Who2 (blog)
Google News - over 5 years
I'm not a constituent, but as a citizen at large, I'm in favor of sunlight around public figures. If Giffords' staff is running the show, the way Edith Wilson "helped" run the country in 1919-20, it would be good to have that stated plainly
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Berkshire Playwrights Lab Announces 2011 Reading Series and Benefit this Summer - Broadway World
Google News - over 5 years
On October 2, 1919, when her husband, President Woodrow Wilson, suffered a massive stroke, Edith Wilson became the first female president of the United States. With the collusion of only the family doctor, she kept the truth of her husband's
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Presidents, First Ladies, Kings & Queens - Huffington Post
Google News - over 5 years
The first incumbent President and First Lady to stay at Buckingham Palace took place on December 29, 1918 when Woodrow Wilson and Edith Wilson were guests there of King George V and Queen Mary. Although World War I and its devastation were fresh in
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In search of a white whale - Hernando Today
Google News - almost 6 years
For 91 seasons - or since Woodrow Wilson resided at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue and First Lady Edith Wilson ran the country - prep baseball has been a staple in Hernando County. The county has grown from one prep diamond
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Camp Fire Cabin merits inclusion - Santa Maria Times
Google News - almost 6 years
The Santa Maria branch was established in 1913 by Edith Wilson and grew to around 600 members at its heyday in the early 1950s. Around two dozen of those Camp Fire kids are from the Good Samaritan Shelter's after-school and summer camp programs
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NEW INFO: Cleanup Underway Following Devastating Storms; Many Still w/o Power - WSAZ-TV
Google News - almost 6 years
Comments are posted from viewers like you and do not always reflect the views of this station. by Edith Wilson on May 11, 2011 at 02:12 PM i don't her nothing about law.county ohio my family got hit hard. we live off county road 56 .the water took out
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Gonzales Memorial Museum: Partnering for the Arts in Gonzales - Gonzales Inquirer
Google News - almost 6 years
Houston theater artist and Gonzales native Edith Wilson will direct the Crystal's tribute to Mr. Foote who was himself a native Texan and is considered an American treasure. The museum has assembled a World War I exhibit featuring local collections and
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Esclavitud, segregación racial y los orígenes del Blues - Musicópolis
Google News - almost 6 years
En los años 20 las compañías discográficas incluso tenían una serie llamada RACE (raciales), que englobaba aquellos títulos dirigidos a la población negra con artistas como Edith Wilson, Viola McCoy o Rosa Henderson y que, curiosamente,
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OP-ART; Strands of American History
NYTimes - over 7 years
It's a kind of calligraphy, these ringlets and waves, hair combed, twisted and pinned. A first lady's coiffure is a pattern, chosen as deliberately as the White House china, but prey to wind and rain, especially on cold Inauguration Days. It's also prey to public opinion, should she dare to make quixotic changes in her 'do -- a sign of flippancy
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Paid Notice: Deaths BOGDAN, LINDA
NYTimes - almost 8 years
BOGDAN--Linda, died peacefully surrounded by her sisters at home in Englewood NJ on April 28, 2009. Devoted daughter of Ralph C. Wilson Jr. and the late Janet (nee McGregor). Dear sister of Christy Hofmann and her husband Robert and Edith Wilson. Stepdaughter of Mary Wilson. Also survived by her dog Millie. Linda was the first female scout in the
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What's On Today
NYTimes - almost 8 years
8 P.M. (ABC Family) AU PAIR 3: ADVENTURE IN PARADISE When Oliver Caldwell (Gregory Harrison, left) and his au pair turned bride, Jenny (Heidi Saban), decide to take the family to Puerto Rico, they imagine a bonding experience. But Katie (Katie Volding), who has completed her first year of college, and Alex (Jake Dinwiddie), who has just graduated
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LETTER; Michelle Obama's Career
NYTimes - about 8 years
To the Editor: Re ''From Home and Away, Advice for a First Lady'' (news article, Nov. 24): Why all the fuss about Michelle Obama's ''giving up her career''? Being first lady is a career -- a splendid one! (See Eleanor Roosevelt.) It's an exceptional, powerful, privileged position in which ''the job'' can be whatever she makes of it. From out here,
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The Fields of Joy
NYTimes - over 9 years
EVER watch someone entering a garden? Not for nothing is Eden synonymous with bliss. A garden can deliver pleasure on any level of sophistication -- from simple delight in color and scent to the thrill of a horticulturist seeing a new variety for the first time. Joy is the common denominator. In the Hudson Valley -- prime territory for lush gardens
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Edith Bolling Galt Wilson
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 1961
    Age 88
    In 1961, she attended the inauguration of President John F. Kennedy.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 1939
    Age 66
    Her memoir appeared in 1939.
    More Details Hide Details When Franklin D. Roosevelt went to Congress on December 8, 1941, he took pains to draw a symbolic link with the April 1917 declaration of war. To do so, he was accompanied by Mrs. Wilson.
    In My Memoir, published in 1939, she called her role a "stewardship" and insisted that her actions had been taken only because the president's doctors told her to do so for her husband's mental health.
    More Details Hide Details Most historians disagree with her version of events. Historian Phyllis Levin wrote that Edith Wilson was "a woman of narrow views and formidable determination".
  • FORTIES
  • 1921
    Age 48
    In 1921, Edith Wilson retired with the former president to their home on S Street NW in Washington, D.C., nursing him until his death three years later.
    More Details Hide Details She later served as director of the Woodrow Wilson Foundation.
  • 1919
    Age 46
    She has been labeled "the Secret President" and "the first woman to run the government" for the role she played after her husband suffered a severe stroke in October 1919.
    More Details Hide Details She has also been called "the first female president of the United States." Edith White Bolling was born October 1872 in Wytheville, Virginia, to William Holcombe Bolling, a circuit court judge, and Sarah "Sallie" Spears (White) Bolling. Edith was a descendant of English people who came to Virginia early in the British colonization of the Americas. Through her father, she was a direct descendant of Pocahontas, the daughter of the chief of the Powhatan tribe of Native American. The husband of Pocahontas was John Rolfe, one of the earliest English settlers of Virginia and the first man to cultivate tobacco as an export crop. Rolfe's granddaughter, Jane, married Robert Bolling, a wealthy planter and merchant. Edith was the seventh of 11 children. Two of her siblings died in infancy. The Bollings claimed to have been quite wealthy prior to the American Civil War, but were forced to give up their plantation home after being unable to pay taxes on the land. William Bolling settled on his father's property in Wytheville, where most of his children were born. But the Bollings may also have fled their plantation simply to escape the war.
    Her most significant contribution as First Lady, however, was her service as steward of the executive branch following the president's stroke in September 1919.
    More Details Hide Details
    Following his attendance at the Paris Peace Conference which began in January 1919, Wilson returned to campaign for Senate approval of the peace treaty and the League of Nations Covenant.
    More Details Hide Details However, his health failed in October, when a stroke left him partly paralyzed. The United States never did ratify the Treaty of Versailles nor join the League of Nations, which had initially been Wilson's concept. This is attributed to the facts that isolationist sentiment was strong and some of the articles in the League's charter conflicted with the United States Constitution, he also was unwilling to compromise on his position over the League of Nations, with Senator Lodge. His constant attendant, Edith Wilson took over many routine duties and details of government. She carefully screened all matters of state and decided which were important enough to bring to the bedridden president. "I studied every paper sent from the different Secretaries or Senators," she wrote later of her role, "and tried to digest and present in tabloid form the things that, despite my vigilance, had to go to the President. I, myself, never made a single decision regarding the disposition of public affairs. The only decision that was mine was what was important and what was not, and the very important decision of when to present matters to my husband."
  • 1916
    Age 43
    In 1916, the Swiss-born American artist Adolfo Müller-Ury (1862–1947) was commissioned by Colonel Edward M. House to paint a portrait of Mrs. Wilson, which he did in the White House.
    More Details Hide Details The painting always hung in the President's bedroom, but when Mrs. Wilson died she left it to the White House, and a copy was made to hang in the Woodrow Wilson House Museum. As First Lady during World War I, Mrs. Wilson observed gasless Sundays, meatless Mondays, and wheatless Wednesdays to set an example for the federal rationing effort. Similarly, she set sheep to graze on the White House lawn rather than waste manpower in mowing it and auctioned off their wool for the benefit of the American Red Cross. Though the new First Lady had sound qualifications for the role of hostess, the social aspect of the administration was overshadowed by war in Europe and abandoned after the United States formally entered the conflict in 1917, and she became the first person besides the President to receive permanent full-time Secret Service protection. Edith Wilson submerged her own life in her husband's, trying to keep him fit under tremendous strain. She accompanied him to Europe when the Allies conferred on terms of peace, the first such trip for a U.S. President while in office, and played a political role, being compared, in some circles, to royalty.
  • 1915
    Age 42
    President Wilson, aged 58, married Edith Bolling Galt, aged 43, on December 18, 1915, at the home of the bride in Washington, D.C. The wedding, a small affair attended by 40 guests, was performed jointly by the Reverend Dr. James H. Taylor of Central Presbyterian Church and the Reverend Dr. Herbert Scott Smith of St. Margaret's Episcopal Church, pastors of the groom and bride respectively.
    More Details Hide Details The couple honeymooned two weeks in Hot Springs, Virginia and at The Greenbrier in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia.
    In March 1915, the widow Galt was introduced to U.S. President Woodrow Wilson at the White House by Helen Bones, the president's cousin and official White House hostess since the death of Ellen Wilson, the president's first wife.
    More Details Hide Details A man who depended on female companionship, Wilson took an instant liking to Mrs. Galt, who was charming, intelligent, and plumply pretty. His admiration grew swiftly into love. In proposing to her, he made the poignant statement that "in this place time is not measured by weeks, or months, or years, but by deep human experiences " They had been a romantic item for such a short period of time that Washington wags were quick to poke fun at the marriage. As one joke went, when Edith Galt heard the President propose marriage, she nearly fell out of bed. Additionally, a typographical error in a Washington newspaper was much closer to the mark than intended. Prior to their marriage, an item meant to describe the president's social evening at a local theater with Mrs. Galt included the phrase "rather than paying attention to the play the President spent the evening entertaining Mrs. Galt." What was printed in the first run of the Washington Post was the phrase "rather than paying attention to the play the President spent the evening entering Mrs. Galt." added The first run of the paper was recalled, but a few copies were not recovered.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1903
    Age 30
    However, her personal life was not without tragedy: she gave birth to a son in 1903 who lived only for a few days (the difficult birth also left her unable to bear additional children).
    More Details Hide Details In 1908 her husband died unexpectedly. Edith Bolling Galt then chose a manager who operated the family's jewelry firm with financial success.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1896
    Age 23
    While visiting her married sister in Washington, D.C., Edith met Norman Galt, a prosperous jeweler; in 1896 they were married.
    More Details Hide Details For 12 years she lived as a contented young matron in the capital, with vacations abroad.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1872
    Born
    Born on October 15, 1872.
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Original Authors of this text are noted here.
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