Edward III of England

Edward III of England

King of England
Born Nov 13, 1312

Edward III was King of England from 1327 until his death and is noted for his military success. Restoring royal authority after the disastrous reign of his father, Edward II, Edward III went on to transform the Kingdom of England into one of the most formidable military powers in Europe. His reign saw vital developments in legislation and government—in particular the evolution of the English parliament—as well as the ravages of the Black Death.… Read More

related links

News + Updates

Browse recent news and stories about Edward III of England.


Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Edward III of England.


The birth of a male heir in 1312 temporarily improved Edward II's position in relation to the baronial opposition. … Read More


1325 12 Years Old In 1325, Edward II was faced with a demand from the French king, Charles IV, to perform homage for the English Duchy of Aquitaine. … Read More
1327 14 Years Old 1 More Event
The king was forced to relinquish the throne to his son on 25 January 1327.
1328 15 Years Old 1 More Event
It was not long before the new reign also met with other problems caused by the central position at court of Roger Mortimer, who was now the de facto ruler of England. Mortimer used his power to acquire noble estates and titles, and his unpopularity grew with the humiliating defeat by the Scots at the Battle of Stanhope Park and the ensuing Treaty of Edinburgh–Northampton, signed with the Scots in 1328. … Read More
1330 17 Years Old 1 More Event
Aided by his close companion William Montagu and a small number of other trusted men, Edward took Mortimer by surprise at Nottingham Castle on 19 October 1330. … Read More


1338 25 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1338, Edward was forced to agree to a truce with the Scots. … Read More
1340 27 Years Old To deal with the situation, Edward himself returned to England, arriving in London unannounced on 30 November 1340. … Read More


1346 33 Years Old …  A major change came in July 1346, when Edward staged a major offensive, sailing for Normandy with a force of 15,000 men. … Read More
1348 35 Years Old After the fall of Calais, factors outside of Edward's control forced him to wind down the war effort. In 1348, the Black Death struck England with full force, killing a third or more of the country's population. … Read More


1356 43 Years Old In 1356, Edward's eldest son, Edward, the Black Prince, won an important victory in the Battle of Poitiers. … Read More
1360 47 Years Old In 1360, therefore, Edward accepted the Treaty of Brétigny, whereby he renounced his claims to the French throne, but secured his extended French possessions in full sovereignty. … Read More
1361 48 Years Old Compounding Edward's difficulties were the deaths of his most trusted men, some from the 1361–62 recurrence of the plague.


1366 53 Years Old The venture failed, and the only lasting mark he left were the suppressive Statutes of Kilkenny in 1366. … Read More
1369 56 Years Old In 1369, the French war started anew, and Edward's younger son John of Gaunt was given the responsibility of a military campaign. … Read More


1375 62 Years Old Edward himself, however, did not have much to do with any of this; after around 1375 he played a limited role in the government of the realm.
1376 63 Years Old Around 29 September 1376 he fell ill with a large abscess. After a brief period of recovery in February 1377, the king died of a stroke at Sheen on 21 June. … Read More
1377 65 Years Old Died on June 21, 1377.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edward_III_of_England.
Text is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.