Eleanor Roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt

First Lady of the United States
Born Oct 11, 1884

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest-serving First Lady of the United States, holding the post from 1933 to 1945. She supported the New Deal policies of her husband, distant cousin Franklin D. Roosevelt, and became an advocate for civil rights and working women. After her husband's death in 1945, Roosevelt served in the first US delegation to the United Nations, where she chaired the committee that drafted and approved the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.… Read More

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1884 Birth Born on October 11, 1884.


1899 14 Years Old Roosevelt was tutored privately and, at the age of 15, with the encouragement of her aunt Anna "Bamie" Roosevelt, the family sent her to Allenswood Academy, a private finishing school in Wimbledon, outside London, England, from 1899 to 1902. … Read More
…  Roosevelt wished to continue at Allenswood, but in 1902 was summoned home by her grandmother to make her social debut.
1904 19 Years Old Sara took her son on a Caribbean cruise in 1904, hoping that a separation would squelch the romance, but Franklin remained determined. The wedding date was set to accommodate President Theodore Roosevelt, who agreed to give the bride away. Eleanor married Franklin on March 17, 1905 (St. Patrick's Day), in a wedding officiated by Endicott Peabody, the groom's headmaster at Groton School. … Read More


1905 20 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Returning to the U.S., she married her fifth cousin once removed, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in 1905.


1918 33 Years Old 1 More Event
The Roosevelts' marriage was complicated from the beginning by Franklin's controlling mother, Sara, and after discovering an affair of her husband's with Lucy Mercer in 1918, Roosevelt resolved to seek fulfillment in a public life of her own. … Read More
1920 35 Years Old In the 1920 presidential election, Franklin was nominated as the Democratic vice presidential candidate with presidential candidate James M. Cox. … Read More
1921 36 Years Old Following the onset of Franklin's polio in 1921, Eleanor began serving as a stand-in for her incapacitated husband, making public appearances on his behalf, often carefully coached by Louis Howe. … Read More
1924 39 Years Old In 1924, she campaigned for Democrat Alfred E. Smith in his successful re-election bid as governor of New York State against the Republican nominee and her first cousin Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. Franklin had spoken out on Theodore's "wretched record" as Assistant Secretary of the Navy during the oil scandals, and in return, Theodore said of him, "He's a maverick! … Read More


1927 42 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1927, she joined friends Marion Dickerman and Nancy Cook in buying the Todhunter School for Girls, a finishing school which also offered college preparatory courses, in New York City. … Read More
1928 - 1932 2 More Events
In February 1933, just before Franklin assumed the presidency, Eleanor published an editorial in the Women's Daily News conflicting so sharply with his intended public spending policies that he published a rejoinder in the following issue.
After an initial, disastrous experiment with prefab houses, construction began again in 1934 to Roosevelt's specifications, this time with "every modern convenience", including indoor plumbing and central steam heat. … Read More


1935 50 Years Old Roosevelt's relationship with the AYC eventually led to the formation of the National Youth Administration, a New Deal agency in the United States, founded in 1935, that focused on providing work and education for Americans between the ages of 16 and 25. … Read More
1936 51 Years Old 1 More Event
On entering the White House, she signed a contract with the magazine Woman's Home Companion to provide a monthly column, in which she answered mail sent to her by readers; the feature was canceled in 1936 as another presidential election approached. … Read More
1939 - 1940 2 More Events
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt spoke out against anti-Japanese prejudice, warning against the "great hysteria against minority groups." … Read More
1942 57 Years Old 1 More Event
In October 1942, Roosevelt toured England, visiting with American troops and inspecting British forces. … Read More


1946 61 Years Old 1 More Event
…  The Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum opened on April 12, 1946, setting a precedent for future presidential libraries. In December 1945, President Harry S. Truman appointed Eleanor as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly.
1949 64 Years Old 1 More Event
Catholics comprised a major element of the Democratic Party in New York City. Roosevelt supported reformers trying to overthrow the Irish machine Tammany Hall, and some Catholics called her anti-Catholic. In July 1949, Roosevelt had a bitter public disagreement with Cardinal Francis Spellman, the Archbishop of New York, over federal funding for parochial schools. … Read More
When President Truman backed New York Governor W. Averell Harriman, a close associate of DeSapio, for the 1952 Democratic presidential nomination, Roosevelt was disappointed.
1953 - 1958 2 More Events
1960 75 Years Old In April 1960, Roosevelt was diagnosed with aplastic anemia soon after being struck by a car in New York City.
1961 76 Years Old In 1961, President Kennedy's undersecretary of labor, Esther Peterson proposed a new Presidential Commission on the Status of Women. … Read More
…  Anna took care of her mother when she was terminally ill in 1962.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_Roosevelt.
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