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Eleanor Roosevelt

Eleanor Roosevelt

First Lady of the United States
Born Oct 11, 1884

Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was the longest serving First Lady of the United States from 1933 to 1945. She supported the New Deal policies of her husband, distant cousin Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and became an advocate for civil rights. After her husband's death in 1945, Roosevelt continued to be an international author, speaker, politician, and activist for the New Deal coalition.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Eleanor Roosevelt.


1884 Birth Born on October 11, 1884.


Roosevelt wished to continue at Allenswood, but in 1902 was summoned home by her grandmother to make her social debut.
1904 19 Years Old Sara took her son on a Caribbean cruise in 1904, hoping that a separation would squelch the romance, but Franklin remained determined. … Read More


1905 20 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Returning to the U.S., she married her fifth cousin once removed, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in 1905. The Roosevelts' marriage was complicated from the beginning by Franklin's controlling mother, Sara, and after discovering Franklin's affair with Lucy Mercer in 1918, Eleanor resolved to seek fulfillment in a public life of her own. … Read More


1918 33 Years Old In September 1918, while unpacking a suitcase of Franklin's, Eleanor discovered a bundle of love letters to him from her social secretary, Lucy Mercer. … Read More
1920 35 Years Old In the 1920 presidential election, Franklin was nominated as the Democratic vice presidential candidate with presidential candidate James M. Cox. … Read More
1921 36 Years Old Following the onset of Franklin's polio in 1921, Eleanor began serving as a stand-in for her incapacitated husband, making public appearances on his behalf, often carefully coached by Louis Howe. … Read More
1924 39 Years Old In 1924, she campaigned for Democrat Alfred E. Smith in his successful re-election bid as governor of New York State against the Republican nominee and her first cousin Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. By 1928, Eleanor was promoting Smith's candidacy for president and Franklin's nomination as the Democratic Party's candidate for governor of New York, succeeding Smith. … Read More


1927 42 Years Old In 1927, she joined friends Marion Dickerman and Nancy Cook in buying the Todhunter School for Girls, a finishing school which also offered college preparatory courses, in New York City. … Read More
In February 1933, just before Franklin assumed the presidency, Eleanor published an editorial in the Women's Daily News conflicting so sharply with his intended public spending policies that he published a rejoinder in the following issue.


1936 - 1939 3 More Events
1940 55 Years Old 1 More Event
She was the first presidential spouse to hold press conferences and in 1940 became the first to speak at a national party convention. … Read More
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, Roosevelt spoke out against anti-Japanese prejudice, warning against the "great hysteria against minority groups." … Read More
1942 57 Years Old 1 More Event
…  In 1942, Eleanor worked with activist Pauli Murray to persuade Franklin to appeal on behalf of sharecropper Odell Waller, convicted of killing a white farmer during a fight; though Franklin sent a letter to Virginia Governor Colgate Darden urging him to commute the sentence to life imprisonment, Waller was executed as scheduled. … Read More


1945 60 Years Old In December 1945, President Harry S. Truman appointed Eleanor as a delegate to the United Nations General Assembly.
1946 61 Years Old 1 More Event
…  The Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum opened on April 12, 1946, setting a precedent for future presidential libraries.
1947 62 Years Old Eleanor remained chairperson when the Commission was established on a permanent basis in January 1947. … Read More
1948 63 Years Old Eleanor spoke in favor of the Declaration, calling it "the international Magna Carta of all men everywhere" in a speech on the night of September 28, 1948. … Read More
1952 67 Years Old 1 More Event
When President Truman backed New York Governor W. Averell Harriman, a close associate of DeSapio, for the 1952 Democratic presidential nomination, Roosevelt was disappointed.
1953 68 Years Old She resigned from her UN post in 1953, when Dwight D. Eisenhower became President. … Read More
1961 76 Years Old 1 More Event
Kennedy later reappointed her to the United Nations, where she served again from 1961 to 1962, and to the National Advisory Committee of the Peace Corps. By the 1950s, Roosevelt's international role as spokesperson for women led her to stop publicly criticizing the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA), although she never supported it. In 1961, President Kennedy's undersecretary of labor, Esther Peterson proposed a new Presidential Commission on the Status of Women. … Read More
In 1962, she was given steroids which activated a dormant case of bone marrow tuberculosis.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleanor_Roosevelt.
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