Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II


Elizabeth II is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states (known as the Commonwealth realms) and their territories and dependencies, as well as head of the 54-member Commonwealth of Nations. She is Supreme Governor of the Church of England and, in some of her realms, carries the title of Defender of the Faith as part of her full title.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Elizabeth II.


1926 Birth Elizabeth was born at 02:40 (GMT) on 21 April 1926, during the reign of her paternal grandfather, King George V. … Read More
1929 3 Years Old Called "Lilibet" by her close family, based on what she called herself at first, she was cherished by her grandfather George V, and during his serious illness in 1929 her regular visits were credited in the popular press and by later biographers with raising his spirits and aiding his recovery. … Read More


1940 14 Years Old …  In 1940, the 14-year-old Elizabeth made her first radio broadcast during the BBC's Children's Hour, addressing other children who had been evacuated from the cities. … Read More
1943 17 Years Old In 1943, at the age of 16, Elizabeth undertook her first solo public appearance on a visit to the Grenadier Guards, of which she had been appointed colonel the previous year.
1944 18 Years Old As she approached her 18th birthday, parliament changed the law so that she could act as one of five Counsellors of State in the event of her father's incapacity or absence abroad, such as his visit to Italy in July 1944.
1945 19 Years Old In February 1945, she joined the Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service as an honorary second subaltern with the service number of 230873. … Read More


1946 20 Years Old In 1946, she was inducted into the Welsh Gorsedd of Bards at the National Eisteddfod of Wales.
…  In 1947, she married the Duke of Edinburgh, a former prince of Greece and Denmark, with whom she has four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward. … Read More
1948 - 1949 2 More Events
1952 26 Years Old 1 More Event
…  The British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, and Elizabeth's grandmother, Queen Mary, favoured the retention of the House of Windsor, and so on 9 April 1952 Elizabeth issued a declaration that Windsor would continue to be the name of the royal house. … Read More
Times of personal significance have included the births and marriages of her children, grandchildren and great grandchildren, her coronation in 1953, and the celebration of milestones such as her Silver, Golden and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, and 2012, respectively.


1957 31 Years Old 1 More Event
The Suez crisis and the choice of Eden's successor led in 1957 to the first major personal criticism of the Queen. … Read More
1960 34 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1960, after the death of Queen Mary in 1953 and the resignation of Churchill in 1955, the surname Mountbatten-Windsor was adopted for Philip and Elizabeth's male-line descendants who do not carry royal titles. … Read More
1961 - 1963 2 More Events
1964 38 Years Old Before her tour through parts of Quebec in 1964, the press reported that extremists within the Quebec separatist movement were plotting Elizabeth's assassination. … Read More


1970 44 Years Old Her first royal walkabout, meeting ordinary members of the public, took place during a tour of Australia and New Zealand in 1970. … Read More
1974 48 Years Old In February 1974, the British Prime Minister, Edward Heath, advised the Queen to call a general election in the middle of her tour of the Austronesian Pacific Rim, requiring her to fly back to Britain. … Read More
1975 49 Years Old A year later, at the height of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, the Australian Prime Minister, Gough Whitlam, was dismissed from his post by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, after the Opposition-controlled Senate rejected Whitlam's budget proposals. … Read More


1977 51 Years Old In 1977, Elizabeth marked the Silver Jubilee of her accession. … Read More
1978 52 Years Old 1 More Event
They divorced in 1978; she did not remarry.
1980 54 Years Old In 1980, Canadian politicians sent to London to discuss the patriation of the Canadian constitution found the Queen "better informed... than any of the British politicians or bureaucrats". … Read More
1981 55 Years Old During the 1981 Trooping the Colour ceremony, six weeks before the wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Lady Diana Spencer, six shots were fired at the Queen from close range as she rode down The Mall on her horse, Burmese. … Read More
1982 56 Years Old 1 More Event
From April to September 1982, the Queen was anxious but proud of her son, Prince Andrew, who was serving with British forces during the Falklands War. … Read More


1986 60 Years Old It was reported, most notably in The Sunday Times of 20 July 1986, that the Queen was worried that Margaret Thatcher's economic policies fostered social divisions and was alarmed by high unemployment, a series of riots, the violence of a miners' strike, and Thatcher's refusal to apply sanctions against the apartheid regime in South Africa. … Read More
1991 65 Years Old 1 More Event
By the start of 1991, republican feeling in Britain had risen because of press estimates of the Queen's private wealth – which were contradicted by the Palace – and reports of affairs and strained marriages among her extended family. … Read More
1992 66 Years Old 1 More Event
Moments of sadness for her include the death of her father, aged 56; the assassination of Prince Philip's uncle, Lord Mountbatten; the breakdown of her children's marriages in 1992 (her annus horribilis); the death in 1997 of her son's ex-wife, Diana, Princess of Wales; and the deaths of her mother and sister in 2002. … Read More
1993 - 2010 10 More Events
2011 85 Years Old 1 More Event
At the invitation of the Irish President, Mary McAleese, the Queen made the first state visit to the Republic of Ireland by a British monarch in May 2011.
2012 86 Years Old Her Diamond Jubilee in 2012 marked 60 years on the throne, and celebrations were held throughout her realms, the wider Commonwealth, and beyond. … Read More
2013 87 Years Old 1 More Event
On 4 April 2013, she received an honorary BAFTA for her patronage of the film industry and was called "the most memorable Bond girl yet" at the award ceremony. … Read More
2014 88 Years Old The Royal Collection, which includes thousands of historic works of art and the Crown Jewels, is not owned by the Queen personally but is held in trust, as are her official residences, such as Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle, and the Duchy of Lancaster, a property portfolio valued in 2014 at £442 million. … Read More
2015 89 Years Old 1 More Event
In 2015, she surpassed the reign of her great-great-grandmother, Queen Victoria, to become the longest-reigning British monarch and the longest-reigning queen regnant and female head of state in world history.
2016 90 Years Old The Queen does not intend to abdicate, though Prince Charles is expected to take on more of her workload as Elizabeth, who celebrated her ninetieth birthday in 2016, carries out fewer public engagements.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_II.
Text is made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.