Elizabeth II

Elizabeth II


Elizabeth II is the constitutional monarch of 16 sovereign states (known as the Commonwealth realms) and their territories and dependencies, as well as head of the 54-member Commonwealth of Nations. She is Supreme Governor of the Church of England and, in some of her realms, carries the title of Defender of the Faith as part of her full title.… Read More

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Learn about the memorable moments in the evolution of Elizabeth II.


1926 Birth Elizabeth was born at 2:40 am (GMT) on 21 April 1926, during the reign of her paternal grandfather, King George V. … Read More
1929 3 Years Old Called "Lilibet" by her close family, based on what she called herself at first, she was cherished by her grandfather George V, and during his serious illness in 1929 her regular visits were credited in the popular press and by later biographers with raising his spirits and aiding his recovery. … Read More


1940 14 Years Old …  In 1940, the 14-year-old Elizabeth made her first radio broadcast during the BBC's Children's Hour, addressing other children who had been evacuated from the cities. … Read More
1943 17 Years Old In 1943, at the age of 16, Elizabeth undertook her first solo public appearance on a visit to the Grenadier Guards, of which she had been appointed colonel the previous year.
1944 18 Years Old As she approached her 18th birthday, the law was changed so that she could act as one of five Counsellors of State in the event of her father's incapacity or absence abroad, such as his visit to Italy in July 1944.
1945 19 Years Old In February 1945, she joined the Women's Auxiliary Territorial Service as an honorary second subaltern with the service number of 230873. … Read More


1946 20 Years Old In 1946, she was inducted into the Welsh Gorsedd of Bards at the National Eisteddfod of Wales.
…  In 1947, she married Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, with whom she has four children: Charles, Anne, Andrew, and Edward. … Read More
1948 - 1949 2 More Events
1952 26 Years Old 1 More Event
…  British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Elizabeth's grandmother, Queen Mary, favoured the retention of the House of Windsor, and so on 9 April 1952 Elizabeth issued a declaration that Windsor would continue to be the name of the royal house. … Read More
1953 27 Years Old 1 More Event
Despite the death of Queen Mary on 24 March, the coronation on 2 June 1953 went ahead as planned, as Mary had asked before she died. … Read More


1957 31 Years Old 1 More Event
The Suez crisis and the choice of Eden's successor led in 1957 to the first major personal criticism of the Queen. … Read More
1960 34 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1960, after the death of Queen Mary in 1953 and the resignation of Churchill in 1955, the surname Mountbatten-Windsor was adopted for Philip and Elizabeth's male-line descendants who do not carry royal titles. … Read More
1961 - 1963 2 More Events
1964 38 Years Old Before her tour through parts of Quebec in 1964, the press reported that extremists within the Quebec separatist movement were plotting Elizabeth's assassination. … Read More


1970 44 Years Old Her first royal walkabout, meeting ordinary members of the public, took place during a tour of Australia and New Zealand in 1970. … Read More
1974 48 Years Old In February 1974, British Prime Minister Edward Heath advised the Queen to call a general election in the middle of her tour of the Austronesian Pacific Rim, requiring her to fly back to Britain. … Read More
1975 49 Years Old A year later, at the height of the 1975 Australian constitutional crisis, Australian Prime Minister Gough Whitlam was dismissed from his post by Governor-General Sir John Kerr, after the Opposition-controlled Senate rejected Whitlam's budget proposals. … Read More


1977 51 Years Old 1 More Event
Times of personal significance have included the births and marriages of her children and grandchildren, the investiture of the Prince of Wales, and the celebration of milestones such as her Silver, Golden, and Diamond Jubilees in 1977, 2002, and 2012, respectively.
1978 52 Years Old 1 More Event
They were divorced in 1978; she did not remarry.
1980 - 1981 2 More Events
1982 56 Years Old 1 More Event
From April to September 1982, the Queen remained anxious but proud of her son, Prince Andrew, who was serving with British forces during the Falklands War. … Read More


1986 - 1991 2 More Events
1992 66 Years Old 1 More Event
Moments of sorrow for her include the death of her father aged 56, the assassination of Prince Philip's uncle Lord Mountbatten, the breakdown of her children's marriages in 1992 (her annus horribilis), the death in 1997 of her son's former wife Diana, Princess of Wales, and the deaths of her mother and sister in 2002. … Read More
1995 - 2010 8 More Events
2011 85 Years Old 1 More Event
At the invitation of Irish President Mary McAleese, the Queen made the first state visit to the Republic of Ireland by a British monarch in May 2011.
2012 86 Years Old 1 More Event
Elizabeth's Diamond Jubilee in 2012 marked 60 years as Queen, with celebrations throughout her realms, the wider Commonwealth, and beyond. … Read More
2013 87 Years Old 1 More Event
On 4 April 2013, she received an honorary BAFTA for her patronage of the film industry and was called "the most memorable Bond girl yet" at the award ceremony. … Read More
2014 88 Years Old The Royal Collection (which includes artworks and the Crown Jewels) is not owned by the Queen personally and is held in trust, as are the occupied palaces, such as Buckingham Palace and Windsor Castle, and the Duchy of Lancaster, a property portfolio valued in 2014 at £442 million. … Read More
2015 89 Years Old 1 More Event
…  If still reigning on 10 September 2015, she will have become the longest-reigning British head of state and the longest-reigning female monarch in history, surpassing Queen Victoria.
Original Authors of this text are noted on http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elizabeth_II.
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