Elizabeth Taylor
Actress
Elizabeth Taylor
Dame Elizabeth Rosemond "Liz" Taylor, DBE was a British-American actress. From her early years as a child star with MGM, she became one of the great screen actresses of Hollywood's Golden Age. As one of the world's most famous film stars, Taylor was recognized for her acting ability and for her glamorous lifestyle, beauty and distinctive violet eyes.
Biography
Elizabeth Taylor's personal information overview.
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News
News abour Elizabeth Taylor from around the web
Stop Bannon and his puppet Trump; Elect a Democratic Congress in 2018
Huffington Post - 15 days
Reality tells us the only way to ensure we stop Trump in the long run, unless he is impeached, is to elect a Democratic Congress in 2018. We can and should continue to march and protest but that must lead to organizing and electing Democrats. The first step is ensuring we keep the Virginia governorship and retake the governor's office in New Jersey in 2017. To do this we need to stop fighting each other and one way to do that is to stop demanding perfection in our candidates. That is what led to the election of Donald Trump. The Susan Sarandon's and Ralph Nader's of the world who by their stupidity and short-sightedness supported third party candidates must take some responsibility for Trump being in the White House. Sarandon had the unmitigated gall to tweet after the women's march telling Cher to keep protesting after she told everyone she thinks Clinton is more dangerous than Trump. For the next two years we need to get all Democrats and Independent voters who lean Democratic ...
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Huffington Post article
Lea Delaria Announces Split From Fiancée In Hilarious Instagram
Huffington Post - about 1 month
Don’t cry for “Orange Is the New Black” star Lea DeLaria.  On Wednesday, the 58-year-old actress announced that she and her fiancée, Chelsea Fairless, have called it quits. The couple had originally planned to tie the knot Jan. 8, which is also DeLaria’s parents’ wedding anniversary, People magazine reported.  DeLaria, who also appeared on “Will & Grace” and “Californication,” confirmed the news in a Jan. 11 Instagram photo. The cheeky post is a take on David Gest and Liza Minnelli’s legendary 2002 nuptials, with DeLaria and Fairless’s faces superimposed on Gest and Minnelli’s bodies alongside Michael Jackson and Elizabeth Taylor. In the background, Roxette’s ‘80s hit, “It Must Have Been Love,” which was featured on the soundtrack to “Pretty Woman,” plays.  Apparently this was an eerily prophetic choice of engagement photo as our relationship has since gone the way of David and Liza, with one small exception: our split is amicable. Please exclude us from ...
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Huffington Post article
Take A Peek Inside Christie's 250-Year-Old Jewelry Archives
The Huffington Post - about 1 month
For Architectural Digest, by Lindsey Mather. ”Jewels play numerous and diverse roles in our lives: they can serve as measurements of wealth, icons of power, mementoes of love, the spoils of war, objects of desire and, even, emergency cash. But, above all, jewels are the embodiment of beauty,” writes François Curiel, the chairman of Christie’s Asia-Pacific, in the new book Christie’s: The Jewellery Archives Revealed (ACC Art Books, $95). Perhaps their loveliness is what makes the coffee table tome so appealing: You could stare at the sparkling pieces from the auction house’s 250-year-old archive without ever growing bored. Author Vincent Meylan delves into the stories behind both the gems andtheir owners — many of the creations within are from the collections of the rich, famous, and powerful: Marie Antoinette, Elizabeth Taylor, Queen Victoria’s granddaughters. Here, discover a few of the most impressive jewels from the book. More...
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The Huffington Post article
Debbie Reynolds and Carrie Fisher shine in 'Bright Lights' - Los Angeles Times
Google News - about 2 months
Los Angeles Times Debbie Reynolds and Carrie Fisher shine in 'Bright Lights' Los Angeles Times Even if Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds hadn't died within a day of each other last week, “Bright Lights: Starring Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds” would have been a lovely, bittersweet portrait of a complicated yet unusually devoted mother ... How Carrie Fisher Helped Debbie Reynolds and Elizabeth Taylor Bury their Feud ForeverPEOPLE.com Carrie Fisher Cremated Ahead of Debbie Reynolds' BurialE! Online Carrie Fisher's Body Has Been Cremated & Some Of Her Ashes Will Be Buried With Debbie ReynoldsPerezHilton.com The Boston Globe -Us Weekly -Entertainment Tonight -Variety all 711 news articles »
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Google News article
How Debbie Reynolds And Elizabeth Taylor's Tabloid Scandal Almost Destroyed Their Friendship
Huffington Post - about 2 months
Debbie Reynolds is best known as the song-and-dance whiz who dazzled us in “Singin’ on the Rain,” “The Tender Trap” and “The Unsinkable Molly Brown.” The woman never stopped working. New generations were introduced to her through “Will & Grace,” “Halloweentown,” “Behind the Candelabra” and a wealth of other roles. Reynolds, who died Wednesday at age 84, was also a gossip fixture thanks to her friendship with the high priestess of the tabloids, Elizabeth Taylor. The actresses became fast friends circa 1950 when they met at MGM, the studio responsible for releasing many of Reynolds’ most famous musicals. By that point, Taylor had become an established teen star, thanks to breakthrough roles in “National Velvet,” “A Date with Judy” and “Father of the Bride.” “We went to school together on the lot, when she was in between films,” Reynolds reportedly told People magazine in 2015. “I was just a beginner, and she and I were not in any manner alike, but we got along very well becau ...
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Huffington Post article
Zsa Zsa Gabor, Actress And Glamour Icon, Dead At 99
Huffington Post - 2 months
Zsa Zsa Gabor has died at the age of 99. The actress and socialite died of a heart attack, according to TMZ. At her peak, Gabor was one of the most famous women in the world. Known for her unapologetically lavish lifestyle and bombshell image, she was in the public eye for more than six decades. Though Gabor withdrew from the limelight in her later years, she remained an enduring figure of old Hollywood glamour.  The daughter of a soldier and a European jewelry heiress, Sari Gabor was born on Feb. 6, 1917, (her birth year has been disputed throughout her career) in Budapest, Hungary. Gabor, who began referring to herself as Zsa Zsa in childhood, was discovered by the famous opera singer Richard Tauber in 1934, setting her on a path toward superstardom.  Although Gabor made her mark on the silver screen with roles in “Lovely to Look” (1952), “Moulin Rouge” (1952), “Death of a Scoundrel” (1956), “Queen of Outer Space” (1958) and Orson Welles’ “Touch of Evil” (1958), her foremo ...
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Huffington Post article
Not Just Another World AIDS Day
Huffington Post - 2 months
*Pictured from left to right: Joel Goldman - Managing Director of The Elizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation, Michel Sidibé - Executive Director of UNAIDS, Todd Schafer - Chief Executive Officer of GAIA Todd Schafer is the Chief Executive Officer of GAIA, the Global AIDS Interfaith Alliance. The Elizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation has partnered with GAIA to bring quality village-based healthcare to Malawi's Mulanje District, working together toward achieving UNAIDS 90-90-90 target in this HIV/AIDS hotspot. Ingrained and well-trusted in the community that consists of 542 villages, the GAIA Elizabeth Taylor mobile health clinics have provided over 1 million patient care visits free of charge since 2008. This past summer, the world's AIDS activists, clinicians, and researchers convened in Durban, South Africa for the 21st International AIDS Conference. Academy Award winning actress Charlize Theron welcomed us to her home country with an exasperated listing of the standard reasons why thi ...
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Huffington Post article
Hollywood, It's Time To Stand Up
Huffington Post - 3 months
One morning, over breakfast, my father said to me "If a man can't go his own way, he's nothing. The moment you give up what you stand for for fame or money, that's the moment you lose your soul." Yeah, it's heavy talk for a kid over Rice Crispies, but, my Dad was a pretty deep guy. And, he was a man who stood up, and spoke the truth. Sometimes, it made me cringe with nervousness. But, in the end, it was what made me most proud. And that was how that morning's particular chat started. I asked why more people like him didn't stand up and speak up. He told me the truth. Hollywood is full of pussies. It always has been. There have always been those that bowed out from doing the right thing, and hid behind whatever cloak they think made their cowardice palatable. And then, there were those few. The mavericks. The do-what-is-righters, no matter what the cost is on the other end of maintaining their integrity. The ones that stood up to be counted on the right side of history. The ...
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Huffington Post article
The Met Turns 50 -- Part One
Huffington Post - 4 months
Celebrations evoking remembrance say a lot about us. We tend to use the decimal system and its major divisions to encourage reassessment in terms of looking back and connecting it to today. The 400th anniversary of Shakespeare's death seemed like a good excuse to perform his plays, though it is hard to imagine he really needed it. (I remember suggesting a concert honoring a major anniversary of Walt Disney's death when I was told by an official at the company, "We do not celebrate deaths -- only births.") Classical music anniversaries are also significant markers of what is considered important. New York and Los Angeles ignored the centenaries of Erich Wolfgang Korngold and Bernard Herrmann, two composers whose influence is bigger than most of their contemporaries, while the 90th birthday of Pierre Boulez was the subject of much discussion and unquestioned praise. The classical music world is gearing up for the 100th birthday of Leonard Bernstein in 2018, while the New York Phil ...
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Huffington Post article
Songbird Carole Bayer Sager Reveals How Fears Gave Way To Music And Love
Huffington Post - 4 months
William Shakespeare once wrote "if music be the food of love, play on." Few contemporary songwriters have generated such a feast of delicacies as Carol Bayer Sager. She has whipped up unrequited love songs, sweeping ballads and generational anthems into a culinary cultural smorgasbord. Sager's five-decade songwriting career is among the most impressive in all of the music business. But after writing hit after hit, Sager's most recent offering is not a song at all. She has penned her memoir appropriately titled, They're Playing Our Song, an homage of sorts to her 1978 hit Broadway show title. The book is filled with intimate details about the inspirations behind many of her songs. It also includes funny and candid anecdotal stories about dating, plastic surgery and a steamy romantic liaison she had in the early 1990's with real estate mogul Richard Cohen. She says writing her story was difficult. The book took two years to complete. Now, at 69, she says she was finally ...
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Huffington Post article
25 Incredible Caribbean Stays
Huffington Post - 4 months
Caribbean hotels are like the region's many islands--each have their own unique set of amenities, from beautiful beaches and award-winning restaurants to cool coastal design and swoon-worthy views. Whether you're seeking the glitz and glamour of a palatial estate or the quiet romance of a secluded beachfront bungalow, you'll find your match in our ultimate guide to the Caribbean. By Chelsea Bengier, Lindsey Olander, Siobhan Reid, and Chelsea Stuart Dorado Beach, a Ritz-Carlton Reserve, Puerto Rico In the 1960s, Dorado Beach was a playground for the likes of John F. Kennedy, Elizabeth Taylor, and Amelia Earhart, who were lured to Puerto Rico's idyllic north coast by the mod 50-acre hideaway Laurance Rockefeller built there to entertain Hollywood friends. The redesigned 114-room resort takes cues from the original building but adds Ritz-Carlton's signature spin with a statement infinity pool, glitzy multi-bedroom villas, and a 22-building, five-acre spa that puts most others ...
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Huffington Post article
HBO's Bright Lights: Starring Carrie Fisher and Debbie Reynolds Premieres at the New York Film Festival: New Meaning to the Word "Swing"
Huffington Post - 4 months
Carrie Fisher made a wildly entertaining show about her story of growing up the child of Debbie Reynolds and Eddie Fisher: Wishful Drinking also became a popular HBO film. A casualty of her parents' divorce with a sharply bracing sense of humor, Carrie Fisher now stars with her mother in a new documentary, aptly named Bright Lights. This week, the movie, to air on HBO, premiered at the New York Film Festival. Now 84 and living in Beverly Hills in a house next to Carrie's, Debbie Reynolds missed this swell night. But she announced on the phone for the Alice Tully Hall audience: "I adore my children, and I'm not going to give up acting." And then, because she loves to, she sang "I've Got You Under My Skin." Fans of Debbie as Tammy or her hoofing it in Singin' in the Rain, or Carrie as Star Wars' Princess Leia, or those eager for details of Eddie Fisher's leaving sweet Debbie for flamboyant Elizabeth Taylor when her husband Mike Todd was killed in a crash, will be dazzled by the intimat ...
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Huffington Post article
Edward Albee: Theatre's True Revolutionary
Huffington Post - 5 months
Edward Albee changed my life when he gave me a residency to his Foundation in Montauk. It didn't make my career as a playwright. It confirmed my commitment to be a writer for the rest of my life. In honor of his life and his passing, September 16, I am sharing this piece I wrote for Backstage West. === Edward Albee, arguably our greatest living playwright, is sitting in his Tribeca loft home, pondering the lingering effects of his Tony Award-winning play The Goat or Who is Sylvia? (recently seen at the Mark Taper Forum). Adamantly opposed to the idea of purposeful shock or controversy in playwriting, he nonetheless enjoys the imprimatur of a theatre artist who has shaken the thematic boundaries of commercial theatre. The Goat, a play in which a man admits to his wife, best friend and gay son that he has a physical relationship and is in love with a goat, manages to both amuse and upset in the best tradition of the theatre. "You know," Albee muses, a slight smile curling about his ...
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Huffington Post article
Edward Albee, Pulitzer-Winning Playwright, Dead At 88
Huffington Post - 5 months
Pulitzer Prize-winning playwright Edward Albee, whose provocative and often brutal look at American life in works such as “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” earned him a reputation as one of the greatest American dramatists, died on Friday in Montauk, New York. He was 88. He died in the late afternoon at his summer home in Montauk, a seaside fishing hamlet on the eastern tip of Long Island, after suffering a short illness to which he apparently succumbed, Albee’s assistant, Jakob Holder, told Reuters. Holder said the playwright was not alone at the time of his death, but declined to furnish any further details. Albee once told the Paris Review that he decided at age 6 that he was a writer but chose to work in the format of plays after concluding he was not a very good poet or novelist. His works would eventually rank him alongside Tennessee Williams, Arthur Miller and Eugene O’Neill in American drama. Albee described a playwright as “someone who lets his guts hang out on t ...
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Huffington Post article
Cultured Diamonds: A Socially Conscious Girl's Best Friend
Huffington Post - 7 months
As a lover of jewelry, I've always found anything that sparkles alluring, and diamonds have always had a particular appeal. So, you can just imagine how exciting it was to interview the Director of Pure Grown Diamonds, Suraj Mehta, to learn more about cultured diamonds and how they are taking the diamond industry by storm. Modern technology has come a long way and actually made it possible to replicate the exact conditions needed to grow diamond crystals in a laboratory. Pure Grown Diamond places a small diamond seed into a tightly controlled environment, where the diamond grows and is able to recreate the natural process above ground; the results are absolutely stunning! Millennials are currently some of the biggest fans of these pure grown diamonds, with a significant percentage saying they would totally consider buying a cultured diamond as a center stone for their engagement ring. Not only are these lab grown diamonds economically more affordable [30% cheaper than mine ...
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Huffington Post article
Murrow: A Dramatic Masterpiece About A More Wonderful than Weird Broadcasting Giant
Huffington Post - 10 months
In order to fully appreciate, both intellectually and emotionally, that and how broadcast news reached its present nadir - and also how glorious it was during its peak -- spend an hour and forty-five minutes with a fine facsimile of Edward R. Murrow, the man who turned reporting the news into "a powerful weapon for truth." If you (sob!) don't know who Murrow was, and (sob! sob!) suffer from the delusion that information about what's happening on the planet should be dispersed as it is presently by (ugh!) Wolf Blitzer or (ugh! ugh!) Lyin' Brian Williams, Murrow, the play, will set your records straight. Edward R. Murrow (1908-1965) was a CBS radio and television news giant (1940-1961), renowned for his honesty and integrity, who first attracted notice during World War II when he broadcast live communiques from London rooftops, accompanied by the cacophony of Nazi bombers decimating the city. Murrow, the man, furnishes the frame for Murrow, the reporter. Both are magnificently bro ...
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Huffington Post article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Elizabeth Taylor
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2011
    Age 78
    After many years of ill health, Taylor died from congestive heart failure at the age of 79 in 2011.
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    She died of the illness six years later, aged 79, on March 23, 2011 at the Cedars-Sinai Medical Center in Los Angeles, after being hospitalized six weeks earlier.
    More Details Hide Details Her funeral took place the following day at the Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California. It was a private Jewish ceremony presided over by Rabbi Jerome Cutler, and at Taylor's request began 15 minutes behind schedule, as according to her representative, "she even wanted to be late for her own funeral". She is entombed in the Great Mausoleum at the cemetery. Taylor was both one of the last stars of classical Hollywood cinema, and one of the first modern celebrities. During the era of the studio system, she exemplified the classic film star; portrayed as different from "ordinary" people, and with a public image carefully crafted and controlled by MGM. When the era of classical Hollywood ended in the 1960s and paparazzi photography became a normal feature of media culture, Taylor came to define a new type of celebrity, whose real private life was the focus of public interest. According to Adam Bernstein of The Washington Post, "more than for any film role, she became famous for being famous, setting a media template for later generations of entertainers, models and all variety of semi-somebodies."
  • 2004
    Age 71
    She used a wheelchair due to her back problems and was diagnosed with congestive heart failure in 2004.
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  • 2002
    Age 69
    She also published a book about her collection, My Love Affair with Jewelry, in 2002.
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  • 1997
    Age 64
    She received a Lifetime of Glamour Award from the Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA) in 1997.
    More Details Hide Details After her death, her jewelry and fashion collections were auctioned by Christie's to benefit her AIDS foundation, ETAF. The jewelry sold for a record-breaking sum of $156.8 million, and the clothes and accessories for a further $5.5 million. Taylor struggled with health problems for most of her life. She was born with scoliosis and broke her back while filming National Velvet in 1944. The fracture went undetected for several years, although it caused her chronic back problems. In 1956, she underwent an operation in which some of her spinal discs were removed and replaced with donated bone. Taylor was also prone to other illnesses and injuries, which often necessitated surgery; in 1961, she survived a near-fatal bout of pneumonia which necessitated a tracheotomy. In addition, she was addicted to alcohol and prescription medications. She was treated at the Betty Ford Center for seven weeks from December 1983 to January 1984, becoming the first celebrity to openly admit herself to the clinic. She relapsed later in the decade and entered rehab again in 1988. Taylor also struggled with her weight; she became overweight during her marriage to senator John Warner and published a diet book about her experiences, Elizabeth Takes Off (1988).
  • 1996
    Age 63
    Taylor and Fortensky divorced in October 1996.
    More Details Hide Details Taylor was raised as a Christian Scientist, but converted to Judaism in 1959, taking the Hebrew name Elisheba Rachel. Although two of her husbands—Mike Todd and Eddie Fisher—were Jewish, Taylor stated that she did not convert because of them, but had wanted to do so "for a long time" and that there was "comfort and dignity and hope for me in this ancient religion that has survived for four thousand years... I feel as if I have been a Jew all my life." Walker believes that Taylor was influenced in her decision by Victor Cazalet and her mother, who were active supporters of Zionism in her childhood. Following her conversion, Taylor became an active supporter of Jewish and Zionist causes. In 1959, she purchased $100,000 worth of Israeli Bonds, which led to her films being banned by Muslim countries throughout the Middle East and Africa. She was also barred from entering Egypt to film Cleopatra in 1962, but the ban was lifted two years later after the Egyptian officials deemed that the film brought positive publicity for the country. In addition to purchasing bonds, Taylor helped to raise money for organizations such as the Jewish National Fund and sat on the board of trustees of the Simon Wiesenthal Center in the 1980s. She also advocated for the right of Soviet Jews to emigrate to Israel, canceled a visit to the USSR because of its condemnation of Israel due to the Six-Day War, and signed a letter protesting the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 3379 of 1975.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1991
    Age 58
    They were married at the Neverland Ranch of her longtime friend Michael Jackson on October 6, 1991.
    More Details Hide Details The wedding was again subject to intense media attention, with one photographer parachuting to the ranch and Taylor selling the wedding pictures to People for $1 million, which she used to start her AIDS foundation.
  • 1988
    Age 55
    She met her seventh and last husband, construction worker Larry Fortensky, at the Betty Ford Center in 1988.
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  • 1987
    Age 54
    Taylor was the first celebrity to create her own collection of fragrances. In collaboration with Elizabeth Arden, Inc., she began by launching two best-selling perfumes, Passion in 1987 and White Diamonds in 1991.
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    Taylor was honored with several awards for her philanthropic work. She was made a Knight of the French Legion of Honour in 1987 and received the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award in 1993, the Screen Actors' Guild Lifetime Achievement Award for Humanitarian service in 1997, the GLAAD Vanguard Award in 2000 and the Presidential Citizens Medal in 2001.
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    She persuaded President Ronald Reagan to acknowledge the disease for the first time in a speech in 1987, and publicly criticized presidents George H.W. Bush and Bill Clinton for lack of interest in combatting the disease.
    More Details Hide Details Taylor also founded the Elizabeth Taylor Medical Center to offer free HIV/AIDS testing and care at the Whitman-Walker Clinic in Washington, D.C., and The Elizabeth Taylor Endowment Fund for the UCLA Clinical AIDS Research and Education Center in Los Angeles. In 2015, Taylor's business partner Kathy Ireland claimed that Taylor ran an illegal "underground network" that distributed medications to Americans suffering from HIV/AIDS during the 1980s, when the Food and Drug Administration had not yet approved them. The claim was challenged by several people, including amfAR's former vice-president for development and external affairs, Taylor's former publicist, and activists who were involved in the Project Inform in the 1980s and 1990s.
  • 1986
    Age 53
    Taylor testified before the Senate and Congress for the Ryan White Care Act in 1986, 1990 and 1992.
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  • 1985
    Age 52
    In August 1985, she and Dr. Michael Gottlieb founded the National AIDS Research Foundation after her friend and former co-star Rock Hudson announced that he was dying of the disease.
    More Details Hide Details The following month, the foundation merged with Dr. Mathilde Krim's AIDS foundation to form the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR). As amfAR focuses on funding research, Taylor founded The Elizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation (ETAF) in 1991 to raise awareness and to provide support services for people with HIV/AIDS, paying for its overhead costs herself. Her trust continues to do so, and 25% of her image and likeness royalties are donated to ETAF. In addition to her work for people affected by HIV/AIDS in the United States, Taylor was instrumental in expanding amfAR's operations to other countries; ETAF also operates internationally.
  • 1984
    Age 51
    She began her philanthropic work in 1984, after becoming frustrated with the disease being widely discussed, but "nobody was doing anything about it".
    More Details Hide Details She began by helping to organize and by hosting the first AIDS fundraiser to benefit the AIDS Project Los Angeles.
    She made cameos in the soap operas Hotel and All My Children in 1984, and played a brothel keeper in the historical miniseries North and South in 1985.
    More Details Hide Details She also starred in several television films, playing gossip columnist Louella Parsons in Malice in Wonderland (1985), a "fading movie star" in the drama There Must Be a Pony (1986), and a character based on Poker Alice in the eponymous Western (1987). She reunited with director Franco Zeffirelli to appear in his French-Italian biopic Young Toscanini (1988), and had the last starring role of her career in a television adaptation of Sweet Bird of Youth (1989), her fourth Tennessee Williams play. During this time she also began receiving honorary awards for her career, the Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1985, and the Film Society of Lincoln Center's Chaplin Award in 1986. In the 1990s, Taylor focused her time on HIV/AIDS activism. Her few acting roles included characters in the animated series Captain Planet and the Planeteers (1992) and The Simpsons (1992, 1993), and cameos in four CBS series—The Nanny, Can't Hurry Love, Murphy Brown, and High Society—in one night in February 1996 to promote her new fragrance. Her last theatrically released film was in the critically panned but commercially very successful The Flintstones (1994), in which she played Pearl Slaghoople in a brief supporting role. Taylor received American and British honors for her career: the AFI Life Achievement Award in 1993, the Screen Actors Guild honorary award in 1997, and a BAFTA Fellowship in 1999. In 2000, she was made a Dame by Queen Elizabeth II.
  • 1983
    Age 50
    After the divorce from Warner, Taylor was engaged to Mexican lawyer Victor Luna in 1983–1984, and was escorted by publisher Malcolm Forbes.
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  • FORTIES
  • 1981
    Age 48
    Taylor and Warner separated in December 1981, and divorced a year later in November 1982.
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    She appeared as evil socialite Helena Cassadine in the daytime soap opera General Hospital in November 1981.
    More Details Hide Details The following spring, she continued performing The Little Foxes in London's West End, but received largely negative reviews from the British press. Encouraged by the success of The Little Foxes, Taylor and producer Zev Bufman founded the Elizabeth Taylor Repertory Company. Its first and only production was a revival of Noël Coward's comedy Private Lives, starring Taylor and Richard Burton. It premiered in Boston in spring 1983, and although commercially successful, received generally negative reviews, with critics noting that both stars were in noticeably poor health—Taylor admitted herself to a drug and alcohol rehabilitation center after the play's run ended, and Burton died the following year. After the failure of Private Lives, Taylor dissolved her theater company. Her only other project that year was television film Between Friends. From the mid-1980s, Taylor acted mostly in television productions.
  • 1976
    Age 43
    They were married on December 4, 1976, after which Taylor concentrated on working for his electoral campaign.
    More Details Hide Details Once Warner had been elected to the Senate, she started to find her life as a politician's wife in Washington D.C. boring and lonely, becoming depressed, overweight and increasingly addicted to prescription drugs and alcohol.
    In 1976, she participated in the Soviet-American fantasy film The Blue Bird (1976), another critical and box office failure, and had a small role in the television film Victory at Entebbe (1976), and in 1977 sang in the critically panned film adaptation of Stephen Sondheim's A Little Night Music (1977).
    More Details Hide Details After a period of semi-retirement from films, Taylor starred in The Mirror Crack'd (1980), adapted from an Agatha Christie mystery novel and featuring an ensemble cast of actors from the studio era, such as Angela Lansbury, Kim Novak, Rock Hudson, and Tony Curtis. Wanting to challenge herself, she then appeared in her first substantial stage role, playing Regina Giddens in a Broadway production of Lillian Hellman's The Little Foxes. Instead of portraying Giddens in negative light as had often been the case in previous productions, Taylor's idea was to show her as a victim of circumstance, explaining "She's a killer, but she's saying 'Sorry fellas, you put me in this position'". The production premiered in May 1981, and had a sold out six-month run despite mixed reviews. Frank Rich of The New York Times wrote that Taylor's performance as "Regina Giddens, that malignant Southern bitch-goddess... begins gingerly, soon gathers steam and then explodes into a black and thunderous storm that may just knock you out of your seat", while Dan Sullivan of the Los Angeles Times stated that "Taylor presents a possible Regina Giddens, as seen through the persona of Elizabeth Taylor. There's some acting in it, as well as some personal display."
  • 1974
    Age 41
    They divorced for the first time in June 1974, but reconciled and re-married in Kasane, Botswana on October 10, 1975. The second marriage lasted less than a year, ending in divorce in July 1976.
    More Details Hide Details Taylor and Burton's relationship was often referred to as the "marriage of the century" by the media, and she later stated that "after Richard, the men in my life were just there to hold the coat, to open the door. All the men after Richard were really just company." Soon after her final divorce from Burton, Taylor met her sixth husband, John Warner, a Republican politician from Virginia.
    Her only film released in 1974, the Italian Muriel Spark adaptation The Driver's Seat (1974) was another failure.
    More Details Hide Details Taylor took fewer roles after the mid-1970s and focused on supporting the career of her sixth husband, Republican politician John Warner.
  • 1973
    Age 40
    Her other films released in 1973 were the British thriller Night Watch (1973), and the American drama Ash Wednesday (1973).
    More Details Hide Details For the latter, in which she starred as a woman who undergoes multiple plastic surgeries in an attempt to save her marriage, she received a Golden Globe nomination.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1972
    Age 39
    The three films in which Taylor acted in 1972 were somewhat more successful.
    More Details Hide Details Zee and Co., which portrayed her and Michael Caine as a troubled married couple, won her the David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actress. She then appeared with Burton in the Dylan Thomas adaptation Under Milk Wood; although her role was small, its producers decided to give her top-billing to profit from her fame. Her third film role that year was playing a blonde diner waitress in Peter Ustinov's Faust parody Hammersmith Is Out, her tenth collaboration with Burton. Although it was overall not successful, Taylor received some good reviews, with Vincent Canby of The New York Times writing that she has "a certain vulgar, ratty charm", and Roger Ebert of the Chicago Sun-Times stating that "the spectacle of Elizabeth Taylor growing older and more beautiful continues to amaze the population". Her performance won the Silver Bear for Best Actress at the Berlin Film Festival. Taylor and Burton's last film together was the Harlech Television film Divorce His, Divorce Hers (1973), fittingly named as they divorced the following year.
  • 1968
    Age 35
    In 1968, Taylor starred in two films directed by Joseph Losey, Boom! and Secret Ceremony, both of which were critical and commercial failures.
    More Details Hide Details The former was based on a Tennessee Williams play, and featured her as an aging, serial-marrying millionaire and Burton as a younger man who turns up on the Mediterranean island on which she has retired. The latter was a psychological drama in which Taylor starred opposite Mia Farrow and Robert Mitchum. Taylor's third film with George Stevens, The Only Game in Town (1970), in which she played a Las Vegas showgirl who has an affair with a compulsive gambler, played by Warren Beatty, was yet another failure.
  • 1967
    Age 34
    Taylor's third film released in 1967, John Huston's Reflections in a Golden Eye, was her first without Burton since Cleopatra.
    More Details Hide Details It was a drama about a repressed homosexual and his unfaithful wife, and was originally slated to co-star Taylor's old friend Montgomery Clift. His career had been in decline for several years due to his substance abuse problems, but Taylor was determined to secure his involvement in the project, even offering to pay for his insurance. However, Clift died from a heart attack before filming began; he was replaced by Marlon Brando. Reflections was a critical and commercial failure at the time of its release. Taylor and Burton's last film of the year was the Graham Greene adaptation The Comedians, which received mixed reviews and was a box office disappointment. By the late 1960s, Taylor's career was in decline. She had gained weight and was nearing middle age, and did not fit in with the new generation of stars, such as Jane Fonda and Julie Christie. After several years of nearly constant media attention, the public was also tiring of her and Burton, and criticized their jet set lifestyle.
  • 1966
    Age 33
    In 1966, Taylor and Burton also performed Doctor Faustus for a week in Oxford to benefit the Oxford University Dramatic Society; he starred and she appeared in her first stage role as Helen of Troy, a part which required no speaking.
    More Details Hide Details Although it received generally negative reviews, Burton produced it into a film, Doctor Faustus (1967), with the same cast. It was also panned by critics and grossed only $600,000 in the box office. Taylor and Burton's next project, Franco Zeffirelli's The Taming of the Shrew (1967), which they also co-produced, was more successful. It posed another challenge for Taylor, as she was the only actor in the project with no previous experience of performing Shakespeare; Zeffirelli later stated that this made her performance interesting, as she "invented the part from scratch". Critics found the play to be fitting material for the couple, and the film became a box office success by grossing $12 million.
  • 1964
    Age 31
    Taylor was granted divorce from Fisher on March 6, 1964 in Puerto Vallarta, Mexico, and married Burton nine days later in a private ceremony at the Ritz-Carlton Hotel in Montreal.
    More Details Hide Details Burton subsequently adopted Liza Todd and Maria Burton (born August 1, 1961), a German orphan whose adoption process Taylor had begun while married to Fisher. Dubbed "Liz and Dick" by the media, Taylor and Burton starred together in eleven films and led a jet set lifestyle, spending millions on "furs, diamonds, paintings, designer clothes, travel, food, liquor, a yacht, and a jet". Sociologist Karen Sternheimer states that they "became a cottage industry of speculation about their alleged life of excess. From reports of massive spending... affairs, and even an open marriage, the couple came to represent a new era of "gotcha" celebrity coverage, where the more personal the story, the better."
    Despite public disapproval, she and Burton continued their relationship and were married the first time (his second marriage, her fifth) in 1964.
    More Details Hide Details Dubbed "Liz and Dick" by the media, they starred in eleven films together, including The V.I.P.s (1963), The Sandpiper (1965), The Taming of the Shrew (1967) and Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1966). Taylor received the best reviews of her career for Woolf, winning her second Academy Award and several other awards for her performance. Taylor's acting career began to decline in the late 1960s, although she continued starring in films until the mid-1970s, after which she focused on supporting the career of her sixth husband, Senator John Warner. In the 1980s, she acted in her first substantial stage roles and in several television films and series, and became the first celebrity to launch a perfume brand. Taylor was also one of the first celebrities to take part in HIV/AIDS activism. She co-founded the American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR) in 1985 and The Elizabeth Taylor AIDS Foundation in 1991. From the early 1990s until her death, she dedicated her time to philanthropy. She received several accolades for it, including the Presidential Citizens Medal.
  • 1963
    Age 30
    Cleopatra became the biggest box office success of 1963 in the United States, grossing $15.7 million.
    More Details Hide Details Regardless, it took several years for the film to earn back its production costs, which drove Fox near to bankruptcy. The studio, which publicly blamed Taylor for the production's troubles, unsuccessfully sued her and Burton for allegedly damaging the film with their behavior. The film's reviews were mixed to negative, with critics finding Taylor overweight and her voice too thin, and unfavorably comparing her with her classically trained British co-stars. In retrospect, Taylor called Cleopatra a "low point" in her career and stated that the studio cut out the scenes which provided the "core of the characterization". Taylor intended on following Cleopatra by headlining an all-star cast in Fox's black comedy What a Way to Go! (1964), but negotiations fell through, and Shirley MacLaine was cast instead. In the meantime, film producers were eager to profit from the scandal surrounding Taylor and Burton, and they next starred together in Anthony Asquith's The V.I.P.s (1963), which mirrored the headlines about them. Taylor played a famous model attempting to leave her husband for a lover, and Burton her estranged millionaire husband. Released soon after Cleopatra, it became a box office success. Taylor was also paid $500,000 to appear in a CBS television special, Elizabeth Taylor in London, in which she visited the city's landmarks and recited passages from the works of famous British writers.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1962
    Age 29
    While filming Cleopatra in Italy in 1962, Taylor began an affair with her co-star, Welsh actor Richard Burton, although both of them were married.
    More Details Hide Details Rumors about the affair began to circulate in the press and were confirmed by a paparazzi shot of them on a yacht in Ischia. According to sociologist Ellis Cashmore, the publication of the photograph was a "turning point", beginning a new era in which it became difficult for celebrities to keep their personal lives separate from their public images. The scandal caused Taylor and Burton to be condemned for "erotic vagrancy" by the Vatican, with calls also in the U.S. Congress to bar them from re-entering the country.
  • 1960
    Age 27
    Filming first began in England in 1960, but had to be halted several times due to bad weather and Taylor's ill health.
    More Details Hide Details In March 1961, she developed nearly fatal pneumonia, which necessitated a tracheotomy to be performed; one news agency even erroneously reported that she had died. Once she had recovered, Fox discarded the already filmed material and moved the production to Rome, changing its director to Joseph Mankiewicz and the actor playing Mark Antony to Burton. Filming was finally completed in July 1962. The film's final cost was $62 million, making it the most expensive film made up to that point.
  • 1959
    Age 26
    Taylor and Fisher were married at the Temple Beth Sholom in Las Vegas on May 12, 1959; she later stated that she married him only due to her grief.
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    By 1959, Taylor owed one more film for MGM, which it decided should be BUtterfield 8 (1960), a drama about a high-class prostitute.
    More Details Hide Details The studio correctly calculated that Taylor's public image would make it easy for audiences to associate her with the role. She hated the film for the same reason, but had no choice in the matter, although the studio agreed to her demands of filming in New York and casting Eddie Fisher in a sympathetic role. As predicted, BUtterfield 8 was a major commercial success, grossing $18 million in world rentals. Crowther wrote that Taylor "looks like a million dollars, in mink or in negligée", while Variety stated that she gives "a torrid, stinging portrayal with one or two brilliantly executed passages within". Taylor also won the Academy Award for Best Actress for her performance. After completing her MGM contract, Taylor starred in 20th Century-Fox's Cleopatra (1963)—a historical epic which, according to film historian Alexander Doty, made her more famous than ever before. She became the first actress to be paid $1 million for a role; Fox also granted her ten per cent of the film's profits as well as shooting the film in Todd-AO, a widescreen format for which she had inherited the rights from Mike Todd. The film's production—characterized by costly sets and costumes, constant delays, and a scandal caused by Taylor's extramarital affair with her co-star Richard Burton—was closely followed by the media, with Life proclaiming it the "Most Talked About Movie Ever Made".
  • 1958
    Age 25
    She had completed only two weeks of filming in March 1958, when Todd was killed in a plane crash.
    More Details Hide Details Although she was devastated, pressure from the studio and the knowledge that Todd had large debts led Taylor to return to work only three weeks later. She later stated that she "in a way... became Maggie" and that acting "was the only time I could function" in the weeks after Todd's death. Taylor's personal life drew further public attention during the production when she began an affair with singer Eddie Fisher, whose marriage to actress Debbie Reynolds was idealized by the media. The affair and Fisher's subsequent divorce changed Taylor's public image from a grieving widow to a "homewrecker". MGM used the scandal to its advantage by featuring an image of Taylor posing on a bed in a négligée in the film's promotional posters. Cat grossed $10 million in American cinemas alone and made Taylor the year's second most profitable star. She received positive reviews for her performance, with Crowther of The New York Times calling her "terrific" and Variety praising her for "a well-accented, perceptive interpretation". Taylor was nominated for an Academy Award and a BAFTA.
  • 1957
    Age 24
    Taylor married her third husband, theater and film producer Mike Todd, in Acapulco, Mexico on February 2, 1957. They had one daughter, Elizabeth "Liza" Frances (born August 6, 1957). Todd, known for publicity stunts, encouraged the media attention to their marriage; for example, in June 1957, he threw a birthday party at Madison Square Garden, which was attended by 18,000 guests and broadcast on CBS.
    More Details Hide Details His death in a plane crash on March 22, 1958 left Taylor devastated. She was comforted by her and Todd's friend, singer Eddie Fisher, with whom she soon began an affair. As Fisher was still married to actress Debbie Reynolds, the affair resulted in a public scandal, with Taylor being branded a "homewrecker".
  • 1956
    Age 23
    Taylor and Wilding separated in July 1956, and were divorced in January 1957.
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  • 1955
    Age 22
    When she was away filming Giant in 1955, gossip magazine Confidential caused a scandal by claiming that he had entertained strippers at their home.
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  • 1954
    Age 21
    Taylor's first two films made under her new contract were released ten days apart in spring 1954.
    More Details Hide Details The first was Rhapsody, a romantic film starring her as a woman caught in a love triangle with two musicians. The second was Elephant Walk, a drama in which she played a British woman struggling to adapt to life on her husband's tea plantation in Ceylon. She had been loaned to Paramount Pictures for the film after its original star, Vivien Leigh, fell ill. In the fall, Taylor starred in two more film releases. Beau Brummell was a Regency era period film, another project in which she was cast against her will. Taylor disliked historical films in general, as their elaborate costumes and make-up required her to wake up earlier than usual to prepare, and later stated that she gave one of the worst performances of her career in Beau Brummell. The second film was Richard Brooks' The Last Time I Saw Paris, based on F. Scott Fitzgerald's short story. Although she had instead wanted to be cast in The Barefoot Contessa (1954), Taylor liked the film, and later stated that it "convinced me I wanted to be an actress instead of yawning my way through parts". While it was not as profitable as many other MGM films, it garnered positive reviews. Taylor became pregnant again during the production, and had to agree to add another year to her contract to make up for the period spent on maternity leave.
  • TEENAGE
  • 1952
    Age 19
    Taylor's second husband was British actor Michael Wilding, 20 years her senior, whom she married in a low-key ceremony at Caxton Hall in London on February 21, 1952.
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    She signed a new seven-year contract with MGM in the summer of 1952, after several months of deliberation.
    More Details Hide Details Although she wanted more interesting roles, the decisive factor in continuing with the studio was her financial need; she had recently married British actor Michael Wilding and was pregnant with her first child. In addition to granting her a weekly salary of $4,700, MGM agreed to give the couple a loan for a house and signed Wilding for a three-year contract. Due to her financial dependency, the studio now had even more control over her than previously.
  • 1951
    Age 18
    She was granted a divorce in January 1951, eight months after their wedding.
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  • 1950
    Age 17
    Taylor was eighteen when she married Conrad "Nicky" Hilton Jr., heir to the Hilton Hotels chain, at the Church of the Good Shepherd in Beverly Hills on May 6, 1950.
    More Details Hide Details MGM organized the large and expensive wedding, which became a major media event. In the weeks after their wedding, Taylor realised that she had made a mistake; not only did she and Hilton have few common interests, but he was also abusive and a heavy drinker.
    Taylor's second film of 1950 was the comedy The Big Hangover (1950), co-starring Van Johnson.
    More Details Hide Details It was released in May, and the same month, Taylor married hotel-chain heir Conrad Hilton, Jr. in a highly publicized ceremony. The event was organized by MGM, and used as part of the publicity campaign for Taylor's next film, Vincente Minelli's comedy Father of the Bride (1950), in which she appeared opposite Spencer Tracy and Joan Bennett as a bride preparing for her wedding. The film became a box office success upon its release in June, grossing $6 million worldwide, and was followed by a successful sequel, Father's Little Dividend (1951), ten months later. Taylor's next film release, George Stevens' A Place in the Sun (1951), marked a departure from her earlier films. According to Taylor, it was the first film in which she had been asked to act instead of simply being herself, and it brought her critical acclaim for the first time since National Velvet. Based on Theodore Dreiser's novel An American Tragedy (1925), it featured Taylor as a spoiled socialite who comes between a poor factory worker (Montgomery Clift) and his girlfriend (Shelley Winters). Stevens cast Taylor as she was "the only one... who could create this illusion" of being "not so much a real girl as the girl on the candy-box cover, the beautiful girl in the yellow Cadillac convertible that every American boy sometime or other thinks he can marry."
    Taylor had been only sixteen at the time of its filming, but its release was delayed until March 1950, as MGM disliked it and feared it could cause diplomatic problems.
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    Taylor made the transition to adult roles in 1950, the year she turned eighteen.
    More Details Hide Details Her first mature role was playing a woman who begins to suspect that her husband is a Soviet spy in the thriller Conspirator (1950).
  • 1948
    Age 15
    She had first met him while filming The Conspirator in England in 1948, and their relationship began when she returned to film Ivanhoe in 1951.
    More Details Hide Details Taylor found their age gap appealing as she wanted "the calm and quiet and security of friendship" from their relationship; he hoped that the marriage would aid his career in Hollywood. They had two sons, Michael Howard (born January 6, 1953) and Christopher Edward (born February 27, 1955). As Taylor grew older and more confident in herself, she began to drift apart from Wilding, whose failing career was also a source of marital strife.
    MGM organized her to date football champion Glenn Davis in 1948, and the following year she was briefly engaged to William Pawley Jr., son of U.S. ambassador William D. Pawley.
    More Details Hide Details Film tycoon Howard Hughes also wanted to marry her, and offered to pay her parents a six-figure sum of money if she were to become his wife. Taylor declined the offer, but was otherwise eager to marry young, as her "rather puritanical upbringing and beliefs" made her believe that "love was synonymous with marriage". Taylor later described herself as being "emotionally immature" during this time due to her sheltered childhood, and believed that she could gain independence from her parents and MGM through marriage.
  • 1947
    Age 14
    When Taylor turned fifteen in 1947, MGM began to cultivate a more mature public image for her by organizing photo shoots and interviews which portrayed her as a "normal" teenager attending parties and going on dates.
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  • 1944
    Age 11
    National Velvet became a box office success upon its release on Christmas 1944.
    More Details Hide Details Bosley Crowther of The New York Times stated that "her whole manner in this picture is one of refreshing grace", while James Agee of The Nation wrote that she "is rapturously beautiful... I hardly know or care whether she can act or not." According to Taylor, she had "no real childhood" after becoming a star, as MGM controlled every aspect of her life. She described the studio as a "big extended factory" where she was required to adhere to a strict daily schedule: days were spent attending school and filming at the studio lot, and evenings in dancing and singing classes and in practising the following day's scenes. Following the success of National Velvet, MGM gave Taylor a new seven-year contract with a weekly salary of $750, and cast her in a minor role in the third film of the Lassie series, Courage of Lassie (1946). The studio also published a book of Taylor's writings about her pet chipmunk, Nibbles and Me (1946), and had paper dolls and coloring books made after her.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1942
    Age 9
    Taylor received another opportunity in late 1942, when her father's acquaintance, MGM producer Samuel Marx, arranged her to audition for a minor role requiring an actress with an English accent in Lassie Come Home (1943).
    More Details Hide Details The audition led to a three-month "test option" contract, which was upgraded to a standard seven-year contract in January 1943. After Lassie, she appeared in minor uncredited roles in two other films set in England, Jane Eyre (1943) and The White Cliffs of Dover (1944). Taylor was cast in her first starring role at the age of twelve, when she was chosen to play a girl who wants to compete in the exclusively male Grand National in National Velvet (1944). She later called it "the most exciting film" of her career. MGM had been looking for a suitable actress with a British accent and the ability to ride horses since 1937, and chose Taylor at the recommendation of White Cliffs director Clarence Brown, who knew she had the required skills. As she was deemed too short, filming was pushed back several months to allow her to grow; she spent the time practising riding. In developing her into a new star, MGM required her to wear braces to correct her teeth, and had two of her baby teeth pulled out. The studio also wanted to dye her hair and change the shape of her eyebrows, and proposed that she use the screen name "Virginia", but Taylor and her parents refused.
    Universal terminated her contract in March 1942.
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  • 1941
    Age 8
    Both studios offered Taylor a contract; while she would have preferred MGM, her mother decided to accept Universal's offer. Taylor began her contract in April 1941, and was soon cast in a small role in There's One Born Every Minute (1942).
    More Details Hide Details It was not followed by other roles, reportedly because the studio's casting director disliked her, stating that "the kid has nothing... her eyes are too old, she doesn't have the face of a child". Biographer Alexander Walker agrees that Taylor looked different from the child stars of the era, such as Shirley Temple and Judy Garland, and she herself later explained that "apparently I used to frighten grown ups, because I was totally direct."
    One of them was the fiancée of Universal Pictures' head executive John Cheever Cowdin, who arranged Taylor to audition for the studio in early 1941.
    More Details Hide Details Taylor also received an audition with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer through one of her school friends, whose father was a studio producer.
  • 1939
    Age 6
    Sara and the children left first in April 1939, and moved in with Taylor's maternal grandfather in Pasadena, California.
    More Details Hide Details Francis stayed behind to close the London gallery and joined them in December. In early 1940, he opened a new gallery in Los Angeles, and after briefly living in Pacific Palisades, the family settled in Beverly Hills, where Taylor and her brother were enrolled in Hawthorne School. In Los Angeles, Taylor's mother was frequently told that her "beautiful" daughter should audition for films. Taylor's eyes in particular drew attention; they were blue to the extent of appearing violet, and were rimmed by dark double eyelashes, caused by a genetic mutation. Sara was initially opposed to Taylor appearing in films, but after the outbreak of war in Europe, began to view the film industry as a way of assimilating to American society. With the endorsement of gossip columnist Hedda Hopper, a friend of the Cazalets, Francis Taylor's gallery soon gained film industry clients.
    The Taylors decided to return to the United States in the spring of 1939 due to the political developments in Europe.
    More Details Hide Details American ambassador Joseph P. Kennedy also contacted Francis and encouraged him to return to the U.S. with his family.
  • 1933
    Age 0
    While it did not match the popularity of the previous 1933 film adaptation of Louisa M. Alcott's novel, it was a box office success.
    More Details Hide Details The same year, Time featured her on its cover and called her the leader among Hollywood's next generation of stars, "a jewel of great price, a true sapphire".
  • 1932
    Born
    Elizabeth Rosemond Taylor was born on February 27, 1932 at Heathwood, her family's home on 8 Wildwood Road in Hampstead Garden Suburb, London.
    More Details Hide Details She received dual citizenship at birth, as her parents, art dealer Francis Lenn Taylor (1897–1968) and retired stage actress Sara Sothern (née Sara Viola Warmbrodt, 1895–1994), were United States citizens, both originally from Arkansas City, Kansas. They moved to London in 1929 and opened an art gallery on Bond Street; their first child, a son named Howard, was born the same year. The Taylors' privileged life in London was little affected by the Great Depression. Their social circle included artists such as Augustus John and Laura Knight, and politicians such as Colonel Victor Cazalet. Cazalet was Taylor's unofficial godfather and an important influence in her early life. She was enrolled in Byron House, a Montessori school in Highgate, and was raised according to the teachings of Christian Science, the religion of her mother and Cazalet.
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