Emmerson Mnangagwa
Minister of the Cabinet of Zimbabwe
Emmerson Mnangagwa
Emmerson Dambudzo Mnangagwa is a Zimbabwean politician who has been Minister of Defense since February 2009. He was previously Minister of State Security from 1982 to 1988, then Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs until 2000; he was Speaker of Parliament from July 2000 to 2005 and Minister of Rural Housing and Social Amenities from April 2005 to February 2009.
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Zimbabwe dam levels at record lows after drought
Yahoo News - 4 months
Zimbabwe's dam levels have fallen to 42 percent following a devastating drought that has left millions in need of food aid and local councils rationing water, Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa said on Friday. An El Nino weather pattern, which ended in May, triggered drought conditions across the southern African region that hit the staple, maize, and other crops and dented economic growth. Mnangagwa said the last time Zimbabwe experienced such a severe drought was in 1992, adding that the biggest dam in the south of the country was only 9 percent full.
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Yahoo News article
Zimbabwe: Defense minister sues over succession
Fox News - about 4 years
Zimbabwe state media says the defense minister is suing an independent newspaper for alleging that he wants to succeed the country's president. The state-run Herald said Wednesday Defense Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa has filed a $1 million lawsuit against Zimbabwe Independent, a weekly newspaper, for defamation over an article it published in May which quoted him saying he is "ready to rule" Zimbabwe if given the opportunity. Mnangagwa, a politician from President Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF party alleges the article inferred that he is a leader of a faction involved in "power struggles" with other party officials to succeed Mugabe. The 88-year-old President Mugabe has ruled Zimbabwe since independence from Britain in 1980. Mnangagwa is touted as a strong leader of a faction poised to take over from Mugabe.
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Fox News article
Diamonds Are Forever in Zimbabwe
Council on Foreign Affairs - over 4 years
The Zimbabwean finance minister, Tendai Biti, has complained that that the Zimbabwean-Chinese joint venture diamond mining company Anjin failed to remit revenue to his ministry from its operations in the Marange fields during the first quarter of the year. He raised the possibility that there is a “parallel government” that is the recipient of the revenue. On June 17, in parliamentary testimony reported by the press, the deputy minister of mines confirmed that the Zimbabwean military, in partnership with the Chinese, owns Anjin. He said that Zimbabwe Defense Industries (ZDI) owns forty percent of the Anjin mining company. ZDI is a private company, but all of the shares are owned by the Ministry of Defense. The state-owned Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation (ZMDC) also owns ten percent of Anjin. The remaining half of the shares are held by a Chinese military company, Chinese Defense Industries. The suspicion must be that the Zimbabwean Ministry of Defense is the “parallel gove ...
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Council on Foreign Affairs article
Zimbabwe PM's party says there's no more cash for the army, diamond sales unaccounted for
Fox News - over 4 years
The Zimbabwe prime minister's party said Wednesday it can't pay the military until revenues from the nation's eastern diamond fields, largely sealed off by troops, reach state coffers. Prime Minister Morgan Tsvangirai's party said the finance ministry it controls in the coalition government isn't receiving money promised from diamond sales. The national treasury "is yet to receive a cent" from the biggest mining company that is staffed by former military and security officials, the Movement for Democratic Change said. The defense ministry has said it needs cash for soldiers who are going hungry and to fund a recruitment drive for an additional 5,000 men. Defense officials loyal to President Robert Mugabe have threatened violence, the MDC said. Defense Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa vowed to send army generals to the finance ministry to force Minister Tendai Biti to meet the military's demands, it said. Top military commanders ...
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Fox News article
Armed police quell ZANU PF clashes in Masvingo
Zimeye - almost 5 years
Tichaona Sibanda|swradioafrica|MASVINGO – Ideological and personal fault lines are growing in ZANU PF as rival factions gang up against each other following the party’s District Coordinating Committee (DCC) elections nationwide. There were ugly scenes of intra-party violence following another round of disputed DCC elections in Nyajena, Masvingo South. Armed police had to be called in to quell clashes and fired shots to disperse the warring parties. Other party supporters fought running battles at Shumba Primary School in Masvingo South, after members aligned to the Mujuru faction accused their rivals of manipulating the elections. Supporters pelted each other with stones, resulting in several people being injured and damage to the school classrooms with windows shattered. The warring factions, one led by Defence Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa and the other by Vice-President Joice Mujuru, have been fighting over various issues including control of party structures in the provinces. ...
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Zimeye article
Mugabe Under Pressure to Diffuse Intra-Party Tensions
Zimeye - almost 5 years
Blessing Zulu|VOA| Some senior officials in President Robert Mugabe’s ZANU-PF party, shaken by the serious factionalism they say is tearing their party, are calling on him to intervene and save the former liberation movement from total collapse. Party spokesman Rugare Gumbo was quoted by VOA the party’s supreme decision-making organ, the politburo will next week try to resolve the infighting that has rocked its district coordinating committees in Masvingo, Manicaland, Mashonaland East, Bulawayo, Matebeleland North and South provinces. But ZANU-PF insiders said the politburo’s effort could amount to nothing as it is also deeply divided. Mugabe Under Pressure to Diffuse Intra-Party Tensions - Sources said the party is now plagued by four factions – one led by Vice President Joyce Mujuru and the other by Defense Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa. Army General Constantine Chiwenga, the sources say, is heading another faction, with Mugabe’s loyalists staying with him. The Chiwenga ...
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Zimeye article
Politics in Zimbabwe: Move over, Mugabe
The Economist - almost 5 years
Say a prayer while you can THE buzz from Zimbabwe’s whirring rumour mill had Robert Mugabe, the country’s 88-year-old president, fighting for his life in a Singapore hospital. His hardline defence minister, Emmerson Mnangagwa, known as “the crocodile”, was said to be hatching a deathbed succession deal. A coup by the defence chief, said fearmongers, could mean renewed chaos.Hogwash, retorted loyalists. The president had flown to Singapore on a private holiday, and would soon be back. In fact, Mr Mugabe did rush home to quash the rumours. Yet everyone knows that the president visited Singapore no fewer than eight times last year. This was said to be for check-ups following an eye operation. But according to WikiLeaks, a top Mugabe confidant told American diplomats in 2008 that the president was suffering from prostate cancer and was not expected to live for more than three to five years.Despite all the hair-dye, Botox and revitalising drugs pumped into him by his docto ...
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The Economist article
Mugabe in secret deal to hand over to Mnangagwa
Nehanda Radio - almost 5 years
Robert Mugabe has struck a secret "gentleman's agreement" to hand over power to his feared defence minister, Emmerson Mnangagwa, sources close to the two men have revealed. Mugabe, aged 88 and now in office for three decades, will stand as Zanu PF's candidate in elections one last time before handing over to Mnangagwa.
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Nehanda Radio article
The mysterious death of Solomon Mujuru and fears for the future of Zimbabwe - Telegraph.co.uk
Google News - over 5 years
The main contenders were Mrs Mujuru and Emmerson Mnangagwa, the current defence minister, who ran Zimbabwe's ruthless central intelligence organisation when it was accused of the massacre of some 20000 political opponents of Mugabe in the 1980s
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Google News article
An encounter with Solomon 'Rex' Mujuru - Nehanda Radio
Google News - over 5 years
... Alex Mavunga, Jephat Mujuru and Obert Moses Mpofu, an acolyte of and relative by marriage of Emmerson Mnangagwa, the head of state security at the time which included in particular, the Central Intelligence Organisation or secret police
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Google News article
Mnangagwa speaks on Solomon Mujuru - Nehanda Radio
Google News - over 5 years
Defence Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa says General Solomon Mujuru who died in an inferno at his farmhouse in Beatrice on Tuesday was a gallant soldier who contributed immensely to Zimbabwe's liberation struggle. Pallbearers from the Zimbabwe National ... - -
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Google News article
Mujuru death gives Mnangagwa better chances - Zim Diaspora
Google News - over 5 years
By Staff Reporter THE untimely and shocking death of the powerful Retired General Solomon Mujuru, 62, has changed the Zanu PF succession dynamics with observers saying Defence minister Emmerson Mnangagwa now stands a better chance of succeeding aged ... - -
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Google News article
Zim out of AU, UN peacekeeping - The Zimbabwean
Google News - over 5 years
Zimbabwe has voluntarily withdrawn from United Nations and African Union peacekeeping duties but questions remain after Defence Minister Emmerson Mnangagwa declared the country did not have the resources to match the standards of international military
Article Link:
Google News article
Zapu warns Mnangagwa over Gukurahundi - NewsDay
Google News - over 5 years
Zapu has warned Defence minister Emmerson Mnangagwa and his Zanu PF party to “stop provoking†people of Matabeleland and Zipra cadres by saying Gukurahundi is a closed chapter. The party’s national security chief and former Zipra cadre Ekam
Article Link:
Google News article
I will make surprise appearance in heaven — Mnangagwa - NewsDay
Google News - over 5 years
MASVINGO — Defence minister Emmerson Mnangagwa stunned worshippers at a Zion Christian Church (ZCC) pilgrimage at Mungo Shrine over the weekend when he declared he would evade hell and make a surprise appearance in heaven when he dies
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Google News article
Army must show that charity begins at home - Nehanda Radio
Google News - over 5 years
... to a head in the week just past with both the Minister of Defence Emmerson Mnangagwa and ZDF commander Constantine Chiwenga offering their tuppenny worth on the professionalism of the ZDF and on whether the generals should salute Tsvangirai or not
Article Link:
Google News article
Constitution Making: Zanu (PF) In Quandary After Being Trounced By MDC-T - RadioVop
Google News - over 5 years
Following the “trouncing” of Zanu PF in its own area, party stalwart Emmerson Mnangagwa is said to be livid with Copac co-chairperson and party loyalist Paul Mangwana who wants him to explain how he (Mangwana) was “defeated” by Douglas Mwonzora,
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Google News article
Zanu PF factions in new turf war - The Zimbabwe Standard
Google News - over 5 years
Sources said the Emmerson Mnangagwa faction is determined to control the information desk currently led by the Solomon Mujuru camp through the party's spokesperson Rugare Gumbo. The camp, said the sources, roped in controversial former Information
Article Link:
Google News article
Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Emmerson Mnangagwa
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2014
    Age 67
    Mnangagwa was sworn in as Vice-President on 12 December 2014, and he was also retained in his post as Minister of Justice.
    More Details Hide Details Soon afterward it was reported that Mugabe had begun delegating some presidential duties to Mnangagwa. Emmerson Mnangagwa has, since the early 1990s, played a key role in implementing the Indigenization & Black Economic Empowerment initiative, as advised by prominent Indigenous Businessmen such as Ben Mucheche, John Mapondera & Paul Tangi Mhova Mkondo, Think Tank & Lobby Group IBDC, how to propel the policy from Local policy, Ministerial Policy, Government Policy & Development of a ministry specific to Indigenization & Black Economic Empowerment, such as Indigenization and Economic Empowerment Bill. Mnangagwa believes that the national resources should be protected by the Zimbabwe Defence Forces. It has been an open secret in Zimbabwe for many years that Emmerson Mnangagwa would like to succeed Robert Mugabe as president. His rise to power began as a young man, when he helped direct Zimbabwe's 1970s war of independence and later became the country's spy-master during the 1980s civil conflict. He worked closely with Dan Stannard, who was one of the few whites who remained in the Zimbabwean secret service, CIO, after the departure of Ken Flower.
    On 10 December 2014, Mugabe appointed Mnangagwa as Vice-President of Zimbabwe, appearing to confirm his position as the presumed successor to Mugabe.
    More Details Hide Details His appointment followed the dismissal of his long-time rival in the succession battle, Joice Mujuru, who was cast into the political wilderness amidst allegations that she had plotted against Mugabe.
  • 2013
    Age 66
    Following Mugabe's victory in the July 2013 presidential election, he moved Mnangagwa to the post of Minister of Justice and Legal Affairs on 10 September 2013.
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  • 2009
    Age 62
    When a national unity government was sworn in on 13 February 2009, Mnangagwa became Minister of Defense.
    More Details Hide Details
  • 2008
    Age 61
    Mnangagwa was Mugabe's chief election agent during the 2008 presidential election, and it was reported that he headed Mugabe's campaign behind the scenes.
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    In the March 2008 parliamentary election, he stood as ZANU-PF's candidate in the new Chirumanzi–Zibagwe rural constituency and won by an overwhelming margin, receiving 9,645 votes against two MDC candidates, Mudavanhu Masendeke and Thomas Michael Dzingisai, who respectively received 1,548 and 894 votes.
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  • 2007
    Age 60
    The Zimbabwean government foiled an alleged coup d'état attempt involving almost 400 soldiers and high-ranking members of the military that would have occurred on 2 or 15 June 2007.
    More Details Hide Details The alleged leaders of the coup, all of whom were arrested and charged with treason, were retired army Captain Albert Matapo, spokesman for the Zimbabwe National Army Ben Ncube, Major General Engelbert Rugeje, and Air Vice Marshal Elson Moyo. According to the government the soldiers planned on forcibly removing President Robert Mugabe from office and asking Mnangagwa to form a government with the heads of the armed forces. The government first heard of the plot when a former army officer who opposed the coup contacted the police in Paris, France, giving them a map and a list of those involved. Mnangagwa and State Security Minister Didymus Mutasa both said they did not know about the plot, Mnangagwa calling it "stupid". Some analysts speculated that rival successors to Mugabe, such as former Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army leader Solomon Mujuru, might have been trying to discredit Mnangagwa.
  • FIFTIES
  • 2005
    Age 58
    In the March 2005 parliamentary election, he was again defeated by Chebundo in Kwekwe, and Mugabe again appointed him to an unelected seat.
    More Details Hide Details His campaign manager blamed this defeat on the Mujuru faction, saying that it had "manipulated the situation" so that the MDC could win the seat and thereby undermine Mnangagwa.
  • 2004
    Age 57
    On 17 December 2004, he lost his post as Zanu-PF Secretary for Administration and was instead named Secretary for Legal Affairs, in what was considered a demotion.
    More Details Hide Details As Secretary for Administration he had been able to place his supporters in key party positions. The move followed reports that Mnangagwa had been campaigning too hard for the post of vice-president, backed by his close ally, former Information Minister Jonathan Moyo. Mugabe sacked Moyo from both his party and government posts. The President has instead reportedly become alarmed at the activities of Joyce Mujuru, who got the vice-president's job, and her powerful husband, former army chief Solomon Mujuru. Prior to his appointment as vice president, Mnangagwa's main opponent as potential successor to Robert Mugabe was Joice Mujuru as she had garnered a large amount of support in the politburo, central committee, presidium, and among the provincial party chairs. Mr. Mnangagwa's support came from the senior ranks of the security establishment, as well as parts of ZANU PF's parliamentary caucus and younger party members. With Mnangagwa appointment as vice president, Dr. Mujuru and some of her key supports were dismissed from the government and from the party. Mnangagwa has a strong image in Zimbabwe as a cultivator of stability, and also has support from the Southern African Development Community.
  • 2000
    Age 53
    Following the election, he was elected as Speaker of Parliament on 18 July 2000.
    More Details Hide Details It was during his time as Speaker of Parliament that the UN investigation into illegal exploitation of natural resources from the Congo recommended a travel ban and financial restrictions upon him for his involvement in making Harare a significant illicit diamond trading centre.
    Mnangagwa is thought to be one of the most powerful figures in the ruling ZANU-PF party, head of the Joint Operations Command and a leading candidate to succeed Robert Mugabe. He was ZANU-PF's Secretary of Administration from July 2000 to December 2004 and became its Secretary for Legal Affairs in December 2004. On 10 December 2014, President Mugabe appointed Mnangagwa as Vice-President of Zimbabwe.
    More Details Hide Details In that post, Mnangagwa also continued to serve as Minister of Justice.
  • FORTIES
  • 1995
    Age 48
    He was appointed Acting Minister of Finance for 15 months from 1995 to 1996 and was also Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs for a short period.
    More Details Hide Details His tenure as Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs saw him setting up the Judicial College and the Small Claims Court to address the critical shortage of magistrates, prosecutors and other judicial officers in the country. He also introduced several amendments to various Acts and the Constitution. Mnangagwa was defeated in the 2000 parliamentary election by Blessing Chebundo of the Movement for Democratic Change (MDC) in Kwekwe constituency, but Mugabe appointed him to one of the unelected seats in Parliament.
  • 1988
    Age 41
    From 1988 to 2000, he was Minister of Justice, Legal and Parliamentary Affairs and Leader of the House.
    More Details Hide Details This was the period following the Unity Accord.
  • THIRTIES
  • 1980
    Age 33
    He became the first Minister of National Security from 1980 to 1988, and after General Peter Walls left the country under dubious circumstances related to making plans for a coup, he took over as Chairman of the Joint High Command.
    More Details Hide Details The task involved responsibility for the integration of ZANLA, the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA) and the Rhodesian Army.
    He participated in the Lancaster House Conference and in January 1980, led the first group of civilian leaders which included Didymus Mutasa and Edson Zvobgo from Maputo to Zimbabwe.
    More Details Hide Details Rex Nhongo (now Retired General Mujuru) also led the first group of commanders numbering 28 from Maputo to the ceasefire.
  • 1977
    Age 30
    He then left practice and joined the President around October 1977 in Chimoio.
    More Details Hide Details The post of Special Assistant meant that he was head of both the civil and military divisions of the Party. His number 2 was Gava (now Retired General Zvinavashe) who was Head of Security in the Military High Command but was his deputy in the Central Committee in the Department of Security.
    At the Chimoio Congress in 1977, he was elected Special Assistant to the President and member of the National Executive for ZANU.
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  • TEENAGE
  • 1963
    Age 16
    In August 1963 he and ten of the thirteen cadre members decided to join the newly formed Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU).
    More Details Hide Details This led to their detention by Egyptian authorities who recognised ZAPU which had funds, but not ZANU which had none. During this detention, the ZANU members communicated with Robert Mugabe who was in Tanganyika at the time and told him that eleven students had broken away from ZAPU, stopped training and were now detained. Mugabe diverted Trynos Makombe, who was travelling from China, to come to Egypt to secure their release. Makombe provided them with tickets to fly to Dar es Salaam. On arrival in Tanganyika, six of the eleven came back to Rhodesia while Mnangagwa and the remaining five joined the first Frelimo Camp at Bagamoyo in late August 1963. Mnangagwa was sent to China with other Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA) cadre members, where they spent the first two months at the School of Ideology in Beijing. Combat training was conducted in Nanking for the next three months. Mnangagwa subsequently remained at another school for military engineering. The group consisted of Felix Santana, Robert Garachani, Lloyd Gundu, Phebion Shonhiwa, and John Chigaba. After completing military training in May 1964, they went back to Tanganyika, where they formed the "Crocodile Group". There were no weapons available for them to operate in the then-Southern Rhodesia, despite this duty having been assigned to John Mataure and Noel Mukono.
  • 1962
    Age 15
    In 1962 he was recruited into Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU) by Willie Musarurwa.
    More Details Hide Details After joining ZAPU, he left for Tanzania where he stayed in Mbeya and then at the new ZAPU training camp with the likes of James Chikerema, Clement Muchachi and Danha. In April 1963, Mnangagwa, along with twelve other ZAPU cadre members, was sent to Dar es Salaam and on to Egypt for military training at the Heliopolis Training School.
  • 1961
    Age 14
    He was asked by the United National Independence Party to help organise the party at Chililabombwe (Bancroft) until the end of 1961.
    More Details Hide Details Following this, he returned to Lusaka where he became Secretary for the UNIP Youth League while working for a private company.
  • 1960
    Age 13
    In 1960, he was expelled from Hodgson Technical College for political activism which had resulted in the burning of some property.
    More Details Hide Details Following this incident, he joined hands with three others and started a construction company at Nampala which lasted for three months.
    With others, he was subsequently expelled from college in 1960 for political activism which led to the burning of some property.
    More Details Hide Details He had joined the UNIP student movement at the college and had already been elected into the executive. He completed his 'O' and 'A' levels while in prison through correspondence following which he enrolled for a law degree. He wanted to register for a BSc Economics degree but was instead, allowed to do the Law degree. He successfully completed Part One of the Intermediate Exams at Khami prison and passed at his first seating. He sat for the final exams and passed again. In 1972 he sat for his final LLB examinations with the University of London After his release from prison and subsequent deportation to Zambia, the Party resolved that he should complete his Law Degree first and so he enrolled at the University of Zambia where he remained from 1973 to 1974. In 1975, he did his post-graduate LLB degree and another post programme in Advocacy. After successfully completing his law studies, he was admitted to the Bar of the High Court of Zambia in 1976.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1956
    Age 9
    He successfully completed his standard 5 and 6 at Mumbwa Boarding School from 1956–1957 and enrolled at Kafue Trade School for a Building course.
    More Details Hide Details Although it was a three-year course, he was selected to enter Hodgson Technical College. Since the college only accepted applicants with "O" Levels, he sat for an entry examination, and achieved a first class result. This enabled him to enroll for a four-year City and Guilds Industrial Building Course.
  • 1955
    Age 8
    He completed his early education up to Standard 4 at Lundi Primary School in Mnangagwa Village, Zvishavane, but the repressive political situation forced his family to relocate to Northern Rhodesia in 1955 where he completed Standard 4.
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  • 1946
    Born
    Born on September 15, 1946.
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