Enrique Bolaños
President of Nicaragua
Enrique Bolaños
Enrique José Bolaños Geyer was the President of Nicaragua from 10 January 2002 to 10 January 2007. President Bolaños is of Spanish and German heritage and was born in Masaya. He received his education in the United States, graduating with a Bachelor's degree in Industrial Engineering from Saint Louis University in 1962. He publicly opposed the Sandinista controlled government of the 1980s, resulting in brief imprisonment.
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Enrique Bolaños's personal information overview.
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Exempleados del Minsa se sienten burlados - El Nuevo Diario
Google News - over 5 years
La dramática situación de los extrabajadores inició durante el gobierno del expresidente Enrique Bolaños, cuando la institución recibió un préstamo millonario del Banco Mundial para ajustarse a un plan de retiro voluntario. Dicho plan contemplaba el
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Autorizan arranque de campaña de PLI-UNE - Nicaragua Hoy - Nicaragua Hoy
Google News - over 5 years
Por su parte, el diputado Wilfredo Navarro (PLC, de Arnoldo Alemán), Primer Secretario de la Asamblea Nacional dijo, que (el aspirante) "Fabio Gadea es el clon de (Enrique) Bolaños en maldad, traición e hipocresía". "Por un lado te habla de respeto a
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Alemán busca aliento en la emblemática Matiguás - El Nuevo Diario
Google News - over 5 years
... sitio de peregrinación para los políticos no sandinistas desde los 80, arrancó su romería por el poder el candidato de la Alianza PLC-PC, Arnoldo Alemán, en un intento de reeditar el éxito del “ingrato”, como él le llama a Enrique Bolaños, en 2001
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El clan de los Bolaños empezó hace 4 décadas - El Telégrafo (Ecuador)
Google News - over 5 years
Roberto padre, de 57 años, y Freddy, de 55, empezaron la historia en la década del 60, con la influencia informal de su padre Enrique Bolaños Elías y su madre Carmen Terán, quien era arreglista, pero también se dedicaban al comercio
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Batalla electoral en campo minado - El Nuevo Diario
Google News - over 5 years
Sus adversarios le encuentran un parecido al expresidente Enrique Bolaños. Su fuerza discursiva radica en ofrecer un gobierno diferente, no excluyente y ético; severo contra la corrupción y su respaldo económico aparenta ser discreto y austero,
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“Demócratas” de pasarela - El Nuevo Diario
Google News - over 5 years
Dice el cable de octubre 18: “Las declaraciones fueron hechas durante la entrega de ayuda a campesinos pobres en el norte del país, donde coincidió con el candidato del oficialista Partido Liberal Constitucionalista (PLC, derecha), Enrique Bolaños”
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Alemán quiere manchar con el pacto a Bolaños - La Prensa (Nicaragua) (Suscripción)
Google News - over 5 years
Arnoldo Alemán, expresidente de la República, le atribuye el pacto que llevó a Daniel Ortega a la presidencia, al también expresidente Enrique Bolaños. Comentando sobre la fotografía del pacto libero-sandinista, Alemán, señaló que “si hubiera habido
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Señalan naturaleza antidemocrática a opositores en Nicaragua - Prensa Latina
Google News - over 5 years
En cambio, agrega el texto, cuestionan las actuales operaciones comerciales entre privados mediante la Alianza Bolivariana para los Pueblos de Nuestra América (ALBA), "obligadas a ser privadas por la testarudez del presidente (Enrique) Bolaños de
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Entrega y esfuerzo especial - El Diario CoLatino
Google News - over 5 years
En gimnasia lo hizo Cecilia Martínez, Dora Mancía, Daniela Ávalos y Claudia Martínez; en pesas lo hicieron Enrique Bolaños, Francisco Matute, Billy Calderón y Mario Ponce. Fue en halterofilia donde estuvo la figura de la delegación,
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How Nicaragua made the most of Hugo Chavez's riches - GlobalPost
Google News - over 5 years
He explains that the previous administration of President Enrique Bolaños (2001-2006) “depended almost totally on foreign aid,” receiving amounts that nearly equaled the country's annual export totals. But under Ortega, he said, “the dependency on
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Nicarágua: Ortega promete acelerar concessão de propriedade - Diário Digital
Google News - over 5 years
O presidente da Nicarágua, Daniel Ortega, disse quarta-feira que durante o seu mandato irá entregar 116.428 títulos de propriedade, o triplo do outorgado pelas anteriores administrações de Violeta Chamorro, Arnoldo Alemán e Enrique Bolaños de 1990 a
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Callahan se despide de Nicaragua - El Nuevo Diario
Google News - over 5 years
Ante un nutrido grupo de invitados, entre los que destacaban el Vicepresidente de la República, Jaime Morales Carazo, y el ex presidente Enrique Bolaños Geyer, el embajador de Estados Unidos, Robert J. Callahan se despidió oficialmente de Nicaragua,
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Vaticinan problemas de cooperación de Venezuela a Nicaragua por salud de Chávez - lajornadanet
Google News - over 5 years
... del Banco Central en tiempos del ex presidente Enrique Bolaños Geyer, Mario Arana, en su segundo informe de la coyuntura económica 2011, reiteró de los peligros que significa para la economía de Nicaragua depender de los “fondos de Venezuela”
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Investidura de Ortega: “entre el circo y el caos” - El Nuevo Diario
Google News - over 5 years
Trivelli destacó el papel protagónico que tuvo en todo el acto el presidente venezolano, en detrimento de las otras delegaciones oficiales, incluso en detrimento del presidente saliente, Enrique Bolaños, quien según Trivelli fue “ignorado” por el nuevo
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Quique, por dos - El Diario de Hoy
Google News - over 5 years
Los presentes lo aplaudieron en el Olímpico de OAKA, y Enrique Bolaños se abrazó fuerte con su "profe", Joaquín Castro. Es que Quique había sufrido para agenciarse ambos metales en banco y peso muerto, de la categoría 52 kilogramos
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Vaticano presionó para apartar a Obando - Confidencial
Google News - over 5 years
Santa Sede culpó al cardenal Obando por tensiones entre la Iglesia y el gobierno del presidente Enrique Bolaños. Foto: Daniel Ortega le entrega un "presente" al Cardenal Miguel Obando y Bravo. La Embajada de Estados Unidos en Managua y la Santa Sede
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Timeline
Learn about memorable moments in the evolution of Enrique Bolaños
    LATE_ADULTHOOD
  • 2007
    Age 78
    Bolaños turned over the presidency to his longtime political opponent Daniel Ortega on 10 January 2007.
    More Details Hide Details By nature of his status as outgoing President, he was legally entitled to a seat in the new session of the National Assembly, but has since remained out of the political arena and never assumed his seat. He also faced a series of verbal allegations from opposition party members ranging from mismanagement of public funds to human trafficking, however evidence was never presented and he was never formally accused at the courts nor charged. Bolaños argued that the accusations were false and politically motivated. Following his presidency, Bolaños has retired from politics. He currently runs a non-profit educational foundation that provides free and democratic access to all documents from Bolaños' presidency as well as many digitized collections of Nicaraguan historical, political, cultural and juridical documents. It is the first Nicaraguan presidential library, and one of Latin America's first virtual presidential libraries.
  • 2006
    Age 77
    In the 2006 presidential election campaign Bolaños' Alliance for the Republic party joined the Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance, whose candidate Eduardo Montealegre took second place.
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  • 2005
    Age 76
    In September 2005 Bolaños publicly announced what he called a “slow motion coup” by the joint efforts of the PLC and the FSLN.
    More Details Hide Details The executive branch was partially stripped of its powers to appoint ministers and public officials, but with backing from the international community, particularly the OAS, the EU and the United States, any constitutional changes were postponed until the following year http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/americas/4329688.stm http://www.sciencedaily.com/upi/?feed=TopNews&article=UPI-1-20051011-09331600-bc-nicaragua-politics.xml. This reversal coincided with passage of the CAFTA by the Nicaraguan legislature http://news.moneycentral.msn.com/provider/providerarticle.asp?feed=AP&Date=20051011&ID=5178952. Bolaños has been frequently criticized for his previous close ties to Alemán. It has been argued that during his term Bolaños received a substantial pension from his tenure as vice-president, as well as a $300,000 a year salary for the presidency. However, the monthly presidential salary was reduced at the outset of the Bolanos administration, and the pension from his tenure as vice-president was eliminated by the National Assembly. Bolaños attempted to work closely with the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in attempts to reduce Nicaragua’s foreign debt by means of cooperation with Structural Adjustment Programs. He also created a long-term National Development Plan meant to reduce poverty and diversify Nicaragua’s traditionally agriculture dominated economy.
  • 2002
    Age 73
    Enrique Bolaños was sworn in as President of the Republic of Nicaragua on 10 January 2002 to serve a five-year term (2002–2007).
    More Details Hide Details Two days later, he began an anti-corruption campaign to investigate and prosecute all former and current state employees who engaged in corrupt behavior. Arnoldo Alemán, then serving as a member of the National Assembly and the Central American Parliament, was formally charged with corruption in December 2002, and was stripped of his parliamentary immunity. Alemán, along with some family members and other high-ranking party officials, was convicted of money laundering, embezzlement of over $100,000,000 and corruption. He was sentenced to 20 years in prison from which he was recently released. Immediately following the prosecution of Alemán, Bolaños was kicked out of the PLCthe party which Alemán still retains strong influence overand helped to form another political party, APRE (Alliance for the Republic).
  • 2001
    Age 72
    Bolaños served as vice president under his predecessor, Arnoldo Alemán. On 4 November 2001 he defeated Daniel Ortega of the Sandinista National Liberation Front party in the presidential elections and was sworn in as president on 10 January 2002.
    More Details Hide Details He was a member of the Constitutional Liberal Party (PLC) until he broke with it to help form the Alliance for the Republic (APRE). At the beginning of his term he led an anti-Corruption campaign against his predecessor and the head of the PLC Arnoldo Alemán politically isolating himself from the influential Liberal Party. Institutional struggles for power between the legislative, executive and judicial branches resulted in great inefficiency for the Bolaños government.
    Public polls showed Ortega and Bolaños virtually tied up to the elections held on 5 November 2001.
    More Details Hide Details On election day, a massive 90% voter turnout overburdened the polls. Some Nicaraguans waited in line for as much as 10 hours before casting their vote. Bolaños won the presidential elections with 56.3% of the vote, Daniel Ortega received 42.3% and Conservative Party candidate Alberto Saborio received 1.4%. International observers from the United States, United Nations and Europe declared the elections clean and fair, and there was no violence and minimal public disturbance during the elections.
    In August 2001 he publicly denounced corruption in the presidency, distancing himself from Alemán without publicly attacking him.
    More Details Hide Details Bolaños also accused Daniel Ortega of “destroying” the country’s economy during the 1980s and criticized his close ties to Fidel Castro, Hugo Chávez and Muammar al-Gaddafi.
    Bolaños was chosen as the presidential candidate for the 2001 elections at the Grand Convention of the Constitutionalist Liberal Party (PLC) meeting in 2001. Former President Arnoldo Alemán handpicked Bolaños as his successor. La Prensa and other Nicaraguan newspapers have since reported that Alemán chose Bolaños as an interim president. Because the Nicaraguan constitution forbids consecutive presidential terms, it is believed that Alemán sought a candidate who could be easily manipulated, allowing him to govern from behind the scenes until the 2006 elections, when he would seek re-election.
    More Details Hide Details Alemán has denied these allegations. While Bolaños had the support of the powerful PLC, he was widely regarded as an American “puppet” candidate and was also seen as apathetic and lacking charisma. Many voters saw him as a weak public figure, particularly because he had failed to speak out against the rampant corruption present during Alemán’s tenure as president. Daniel Ortega, the main opposition candidate, commonly referred to Bolaños as a “candidate for the wealthy” and a “senile” old man unfit for office. He was nicknamed by some “bola de años” a pun on his surname literally translated as “bunch of years.”
  • 1998
    Age 69
    Following the devastation of Hurricane Mitch in 1998, Bolaños was responsible for the management of foreign aid.
    More Details Hide Details He spearheaded a movement to review and redact Nicaragua’s laws concerning the prevention and management of natural disasters.
  • 1997
    Age 68
    Alemán defeated Ortega with 51% of the vote, and Alemán and Bolaños were sworn in as president and vice president, respectively, on 10 January 1997.
    More Details Hide Details During his tenure as vice president, Bolaños kept a discrete profile even with rising allegations of corruption against Alemán and many members of his cabinet.
  • 1996
    Age 67
    Bolaños was also elected as campaign manager for the Liberal Party in the 1996 elections.
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    In 1996 Bolaños was chosen by presidential candidate and former mayor of Managua Arnoldo Alemán as vice-presidential candidate for the PLC (Liberal Constitutionalist Party).
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    After the nationalization of his business, Bolaños worked as a freelance computer programmer until his election to the vice-presidency in 1996.
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  • 1990
    Age 61
    In the 1990 elections, Bolaños was denied presidential candidacy for the National Opposition Union (UNO, a coalition of multiple anti-Sandinista parties), as he was considered too stubborn and difficult to work with in the context of democratization and national reconciliation.
    More Details Hide Details Violeta Chamorro was chosen instead.
  • FIFTIES
  • 1983
    Age 54
    Bolaños served as an active member of the influential COSEP (Supreme Council for Private Enterprise), and served as president from 1983 to 1988.
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  • 1982
    Age 53
    In July 1982 he was jailed after sponsoring a conference of potential American investors at his cotton plantation in Masaya.
    More Details Hide Details Under the government's controversial agrarian reform program SAIMSA was confiscated and reappropriated to small farmers.
  • 1981
    Age 52
    He was arrested on 20 October 1981 for having violated censorship laws.
    More Details Hide Details One month later he was imprisoned again upon returning from an AIL (Association of Latin American Enterprises) conference in Venezuela.
  • TWENTIES
  • 1952
    Age 23
    In 1952 he began a successful agro-production company, SAIMSA (Industrial Agricultural Services of Masaya), which grew to become one of the largest cotton producers in Central America.
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  • 1949
    Age 20
    Enrique Bolaños received his primary and secondary education in Nicaragua, and graduated from Saint Louis University with a degree in industrial engineering. He married Lila T. Abaúnza in 1949 and bore five children: Enrique José, Lucía Amanda, Jorge Alejandro (deceased, 2005), Javier Gregorio (deceased, 2007) and Alberto (deceased, 1976).
    More Details Hide Details Enrique José Bolaños Abaunza married Lourdes Chamorro Cesar and have five children: Enrique José Bolaños, Lila Maria Bolaños, Alberto José Bolaños, Leandro José Bolaños and Gabriel José Bolaños. Jorge Alejandro Bolaños leaves behind one daughter: Valerie Bolaños. Javier Gregorio Bolaños leaves behind three daughters: Jennifer Bolaños, Michelle Bolaños and Linnete Bolaños.
  • CHILDHOOD
  • 1939
    Age 10
    The Bolaños family has played a minor role in Nicaraguan politics, traditionally associated with the deep-rooted Liberal Party that brought Somoza dynasty to power in 1939.
    More Details Hide Details Bolaños, however, carefully aligned himself with the anti-Somoza Liberal Constitutionalist Party founded by Ramiro Sacasa Guerrero in 1968. The Bolaños family has usually maintained a hands-off approach to Nicaraguan politics, focusing rather on business endeavors.
  • 1928
    Born
    Enrique Bolaños was born in Masaya on 13 May 1928 to Nicolás Bolaños Cortés (1890–1963) and wife Amanda del Rosario Geyer Abaunza, and paternal grandson of Alejandro Bolaños Cuadra (1858–1914) and wife and cousin Cándida Cortés Bolaños (1854–1918).
    More Details Hide Details His father, a wealthy businessman, was poisoned by an employee. He was also a maternal relative of Justo Abaunza, 25th and 27th President of Nicaragua.
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