Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Born Jun 21, 1818

Ernest II, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha was the second sovereign duke of the German duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, reigning from 1844 to his death. Ernest was born in Coburg as the eldest child of Ernest III, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, and his duchess, Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg. Fourteen months later, his family would be joined by one brother, Prince Albert, later consort of Queen Victoria.… Read More

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1818 Birth Ernest, Hereditary Prince of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, was born at Ehrenburg Palace in Coburg on 21 June 1818. … Read More
1820 2 Years Old In May 1820, his mother described Ernest as "very big for his age, as well as intelligent. … Read More
1824 6 Years Old In 1824, Ernest I and Louise divorced; she subsequently left Coburg and was disallowed from seeing her sons again. She soon remarried to Alexander von Hanstein, Count of Pölzig and Beiersdorf, dying in 1831 at the age of thirty. … Read More


1836 18 Years Old In 1836, Ernest and Albert visited their matrimonially eligible cousin Princess Victoria of Kent, spending a few weeks at Windsor. … Read More
1837 19 Years Old Ernest entered military training later that year. In April 1837, Ernest and Albert and their household moved to the University of Bonn. Six weeks into their academic term, Victoria succeeded as Queen of the United Kingdom. As rumors of an impending marriage between her and Albert interfered with their studies, the two brothers left on 28 August 1837 at the close of the term to travel around Europe. … Read More


1839 21 Years Old …  Ernest had been so visibly deteriorating in appearance as a result that Sarah Lyttelton, a lady-in-waiting of Queen Victoria, observed at Windsor in 1839 that he was "very thin and hollow-cheeked and pale, and no likeness to his brother, nor much beauty. … Read More
1842 24 Years Old 1 More Event
In 1842, Ernest married Princess Alexandrine of Baden in what was to be a childless marriage. … Read More
1844 26 Years Old On 29 January 1844, Ernest's father died in Gotha, one of the territories their family had recently acquired. … Read More


1848 30 Years Old 1 More Event
Extravagant to a great degree, Ernest had many money troubles throughout his reign. In January 1848, Ernest visited his brother in the midst of political unrest in Germany. … Read More
1849 31 Years Old …  As commander of a German corps, Ernest was instrumental in winning the 5 April 1849 battle of Eckernförde against Danish forces. … Read More


1861 43 Years Old 1 More Event
…  The princes' relationship experienced phases of closeness as well as minor arguments as they grew older; after Albert's death in 1861, Ernest became gradually more antagonistic to Victoria and her children, as well as increasingly bitter toward the United Kingdom, publishing anonymous pamphlets against various members of the British royal family.
1862 44 Years Old He was elected with 95% of the vote in the Greek head of state referendum of 1862. … Read More
1863 45 Years Old 1 More Event
…  Despite Ernest's disprovable, Bertie was duly married to Alexandra on 10 March 1863.
1864 46 Years Old …  This was partly because Alfred was second-in-line to the United Kingdom until the birth of his nephew Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale, in 1864. … Read More


1871 53 Years Old …  Victoria's husband Crown Prince Frederick was also pleased with Ernest's decision, writing in his journal 28 September 1871, that the duke's "society always affords me peculiar pleasure, especially when his heart beats so warmly for Germany". … Read More


1886 68 Years Old In 1886, Ernest published Co-Regents and Foreign Influence in Germany, a pamphlet that greatly angered his family; though produced anonymously, no one doubted that it was written by Ernest. … Read More
1891 73 Years Old In 1891, they met in France; Victoria's lady-in-waiting commented "the old Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha has been here today with his wife. … Read More
1893 75 Years Old 1 More Event
Ernest II died at Reinhardsbrunn on 22 August 1893 after a short illness. … Read More
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