Ernest Shackleton

Ernest Shackleton

Antarctic Explorer
Born Feb 15, 1874

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton, CVO, OBE, FRGS was an Anglo-Irish polar explorer, one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. His first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery Expedition, 1901–04, from which he was sent home early on health grounds.… Read More

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1874 Birth Ernest Shackleton was born on 15 February 1874 in Kilkea near Athy, County Kildare, Ireland, about from Dublin. … Read More
1880 6 Years Old In 1880, when Ernest was six, Henry Shackleton gave up his life as a landowner to study medicine at Trinity College, Dublin, moving his family into the city. … Read More


1894 20 Years Old …  In August 1894, he passed his examination for Second Mate and accepted a post as third officer on a tramp steamer of the Welsh Shire Line.
1898 24 Years Old 1 More Event
Two years later, he had obtained his First Mate's ticket, and in 1898, he was certified as a Master Mariner, qualifying him to command a British ship anywhere in the world.
1899 25 Years Old Following the outbreak of the Boer War in 1899, Shackleton transferred to the troopship Tintagel Castle where, in March 1900, he met an army lieutenant, Cedric Longstaff, whose father Llewellyn W. Longstaff was the main financial backer of the National Antarctic Expedition then being organised in London. … Read More
1901 27 Years Old 1 More Event
…  His first experience of the polar regions was as third officer on Captain Robert Falcon Scott's Discovery Expedition, 1901–04, from which he was sent home early on health grounds, after he and his companions Scott and Wilson set a new southern record by marching to latitude 82°S. During the second expedition 1907–1909 he and three companions established a new record Farthest South latitude at 88°S, only 97 geographical miles (112 statute miles, 180 km) from the South Pole, the largest advance to the pole in exploration history. … Read More
1902 28 Years Old …  During the Antarctic winter of 1902, in the confines of the iced-in Discovery, Shackleton edited the expedition's magazine The South Polar Times. … Read More
1903 29 Years Old …  After a medical examination (which proved inconclusive), Scott decided to send Shackleton home on the relief ship Morning, which had arrived in McMurdo Sound in January 1903. … Read More


1904 - 1908 5 More Events
1909 35 Years Old …  On 9 January 1909, Shackleton and three companions (Wild, Eric Marshall and Jameson Adams) reached a new Farthest South latitude of 88° 23' S, a point only from the Pole. … Read More
In 1910, Shackleton made a series of three recordings describing the expedition using an Edison Phonograph. … Read More
1911 37 Years Old Filchner had left Bremerhaven in May 1911; in December 1912, the news arrived from South Georgia that his expedition had failed. … Read More


1914 40 Years Old Shackleton published details of his new expedition, grandly titled the "Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition", early in 1914. … Read More
1917 43 Years Old 1 More Event
When Shackleton returned to England in May 1917, Europe was in the midst of World War I. … Read More
1918 44 Years Old 1 More Event
He returned home in April 1918. … Read More
1919 45 Years Old Shackleton returned to the lecture circuit and published his own account of the Endurance expedition, South, in December 1919. … Read More
1920 46 Years Old In 1920, tired of the lecture circuit, Shackleton began to consider the possibility of a last expedition. … Read More
In 1921, he returned to the Antarctic with the Shackleton-Rowett Expedition, but died of a heart attack while his ship was moored in South Georgia. … Read More
He refused a proper medical examination, so Quest continued south, and on 4 January 1922, arrived at South Georgia. … Read More
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